Râmnicu Sărat

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Râmnicu Sărat
Interbelic Ramnicu Sarat CoA.png
Coat of arms
Ramnicu Sarat jud Buzau.png
Location in Buzău County
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Râmnicu Sărat
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°22′48″N27°3′36″E / 45.38000°N 27.06000°E / 45.38000; 27.06000 Coordinates: 45°22′48″N27°3′36″E / 45.38000°N 27.06000°E / 45.38000; 27.06000
CountryFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
County Buzău
Government
  MayorSorin Cîrjan [1] (PSD)
Area
8.77 km2 (3.39 sq mi)
Elevation
118 m (387 ft)
Population
 (2011) [2]
33,843
  Density3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zone EET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
125300
Vehicle reg. BZ
Website www.primariermsarat.ro

Râmnicu Sărat (also spelled Rîmnicu Sărat, Romanian pronunciation:  [ˌrɨmniku səˈrat] , German : Rümnick or Rebnick; Turkish : Remnik) is a city in Buzău County, Romania, in the historical region of Muntenia. It was first attested in a document of 1439, and raised to the rank of municipiu in 1994.

Contents

The city rises from a marshy plain, east of the Carpathians, and west of the cornlands of southern Moldavia. It lies on the left bank of the Râmnicul Sărat River. Salt and petroleum are worked in the mountains, and there is a considerable trade in agricultural produce and preserved meat.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1859 5,707    
1900 13,134+130.1%
1912 14,496+10.4%
1930 15,007+3.5%
1948 19,267+28.4%
1956 19,095−0.9%
1966 22,336+17.0%
1977 28,689+28.4%
1992 41,405+44.3%
2002 38,805−6.3%
2011 31,256−19.5%
Source: Census data

History

Râmnicu Sărat was the scene of battles between the Wallachians and Ottomans in 1634, 1434 and 1573.

It was also here that, in 1789 (during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–1792), an army of Imperial Russian and Habsburg troops, commanded by Alexander Suvorov, defeated the Ottoman forces in the Battle of Rymnik. For this victory, Suvorov was awarded the victory title of "Count of Rymnik" or "Rimniksky" (граф Рымникский) by empress Catherine the Great of Russia.

In 1854 the city was almost destroyed by fire and was rebuilt. From 1901 to 1963, the Râmnicu Sărat prison operated in the city.

Educationals institutions

Natives

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References

  1. "Results of the 2016 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  2. "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Râmnicu Sarat"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 877.