Rómulo Díaz de la Vega
A painting of Rómulo Díaz de la Vega.
|23rd President of Mexico|
12 September 1855 –3 October 1855
|Preceded by||Martín Carrera|
|Succeeded by||Juan Álvarez|
|Born||23 May 1800|
|Died||3 October 1877 77) (aged|
Rómulo Díaz de la Vega (23 May 1800 — 3 October 1877) was de facto president of Mexico in 1855.He studied military science and rose to the rank of general.
The President of Mexico, officially known as the President of the United Mexican States, is the head of state and government of Mexico. Under the Constitution, the president is also the Supreme Commander of the Mexican armed forces. The current President is Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who took office on December 1, 2018.
In 1821, he joined the Plan of Iguala. He fought in the Texas War of Independence and for that he was appointed lieutenant. He fought in 1838 against the French invasion during the Pastry War. He also fought in the Mexican-American war and he was captured at the Battle of Resaca de la Palma on May 9, 1846.
The Plan of Iguala, also known as The Plan of the Three Guarantees or Act of Independence of North America, was a revolutionary proclamation promulgated on 24 February 1821, in the final stage of the Mexican War of Independence from Spain. The Plan stated that Mexico was to become a constitutional monarchy, whose sole official religion would be Roman Catholicism, in which the Peninsulares and Creoles of Mexico would enjoy equal political and social rights. It took its name from the city of Iguala in the modern-day state of Guerrero.
The Texas Revolution was a rebellion of colonists from the United States and Tejanos in putting up armed resistance to the centralist government of Mexico. While the uprising was part of a larger one that included other provinces opposed to the regime of President Antonio López de Santa Anna, the Mexican government believed the United States had instigated the Texas insurrection with the goal of annexation. The Mexican Congress passed the Tornel Decree, declaring that any foreigners fighting against Mexican troops "will be deemed pirates and dealt with as such, being citizens of no nation presently at war with the Republic and fighting under no recognized flag." Only the province of Texas succeeded in breaking with Mexico, establishing the Republic of Texas, and eventually being annexed by the United States.
The Pastry War, also known as the First French intervention in Mexico or the First Franco-Mexican War (1838–1839), began in November 1838 with the naval blockade of some Mexican ports and the capture of the fortress of San Juan de Ulúa in Veracruz by French forces sent by King Louis-Philippe. It ended several months later in March 1839 with a British-brokered peace. The intervention followed many claims by French nationals of losses due to unrest in Mexico.
Díaz de la Vega was military commander of Puebla in 1849 and Tamaulipas in 1850 and then Governor of Yucatán in 1853.
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When Martín Carrera left the presidency of the Republic in 1855, Díaz de la Vega, supported by the leaders of the military garrison, assumed the duties of President while someone else came to Mexico City to relieve him in office.His government lasted 22 days, from 12 September to 3 October 1855.
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After his presidency, Díaz de la Vega was a member of the group of the conservatives who appointed Maximilian of Habsburg as emperor in 1863. After the triumph of the Republic, he was sentenced to two years imprisonment, but the penalty was switched by confinement in Puebla, where he died in October 1877, exactly twenty-two years to the day his tenure as President ended.
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| President of Mexico |
12 September - 3 October 1855
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