RIA Novosti

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Contents

FSUE Russian Agency of International Information «RIA Novosti»
(FSUE RAMI «RIA Novosti»)
Federal State Unitary Enterprise
Industry News media
Successor Rossiya Segodnya, Sputnik, ria.ru
Founded June 1941 (1941-06) (as Sovinformburo)
Defunct 1 April 2014
Headquarters Zubovsky Boulevard 4, Moscow, Russia
Key people
Svetlana Mironyuk
Products Wire service
Owner Rossiya Segodnya (previously wholly owned by federal government (as unitary enterprise))
Website http://ria.ru/ (Russian version) http://sputniknews.com (English version)

RIA Novosti (Russian : РИА Новости), sometimes RIA (Russian : РИА) for short, was Russia's international news agency until 2013 and continues to be the name of a state-operated domestic Russian-language news agency. [1] Operating under the purview of the Russian Ministry of Communications and Mass Media, RIA Novosti is headquartered in Moscow and operated about 80 bureaus internationally. On 9 December 2013 President of Russia Vladimir Putin ordered RIA Novosti's liquidation and the creation of a Russian international news agency Rossiya Segodnya. [2] Dmitry Kiselev, an anchorman of the Russia-1 channel was appointed to be the first president of the new information agency. [3] RIA Novosti was scheduled to be closed down in 2014; starting in March 2014, staff were informed that they had the option of transferring their contracts to Rossiya Segodnya or accepting voluntary redundancy. [4] On 10 November 2014, Rossiya Segodnya launched the Sputnik multimedia platform as the international replacement of RIA Novosti and Voice of Russia. Within Russia itself, however, Rossiya Segodnya continues to operate its Russian language news service under the name RIA Novosti with its ria.ru website. [5]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

News agency organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations

A news agency is an organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations, such as newspapers, magazines and radio and television broadcasters. A news agency may also be referred to as a wire service, newswire, or news service.

Moscow Capital city of Russia

Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits, 17 million within the urban area and 20 million within the metropolitan area. Moscow is one of Russia's federal cities.

The agency published news and analysis of social-political, economic, scientific and financial subjects on the Internet and via e-mail in the main European languages, as well as in Persian, Japanese and Arabic. [6] [7] It had a correspondent network in the Russian Federation, CIS and over 40 non-CIS countries. [6] Its clients include the presidential administration, Russian government, Federation Council, State Duma, leading ministries and government departments, administrations of Russian regions, representatives of Russian and foreign business communities, diplomatic missions, and public organizations. [6]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Japanese is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language. It is a member of the Japonic language family, and its relation to other languages, such as Korean, is debated. Japanese has been grouped with language families such as Ainu, Austroasiatic, and the now-discredited Altaic, but none of these proposals has gained widespread acceptance.

Commonwealth of Independent States regional organisation whose participating countries are former Soviet Republics

The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is a regional intergovernmental organization of 10 post-Soviet republics in Eurasia formed following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. It has an area of 20,368,759 km² and has an estimated population of 239,796,010. The CIS encourages cooperation in economical, political and military affairs and has certain powers to coordinate trade, finance, lawmaking and security. It has also promoted cooperation on cross-border crime prevention.

RIA Novosti was an award-winning news agency. [8] The last editor-in-chief of RIA Novosti was Svetlana Mironyuk, [6] the first woman appointed to the role in the agency's history. According to the organisation's Charter, enterprise's property was federally owned (because federal unitary enterprise) and was indivisible. [9] [10] According to the agency, it was partially government-subsidized (2.7–2.9 billion roubles in 2013 [11] ), but maintained full editorial independence. [12]

Svetlana Mironyuk Russian media executive

Svetlana Vasiliyevna Mironyuk is a Russian media executive, a graduate of Moscow State University. She was head and editor-in-chief of the RIA Novosti news agency, having been appointed chair of the board in 2003 and director general in 2004. She has overseen the organization's modernization. Before that, she was employed with the Media-Most holding owned by Vladimir Gusinsky.

A unitary enterprise is a government-owned corporation in Russia and some other post-Soviet states. Unitary enterprises are business entities that have no ownership rights to the assets that they use in their operations. This form is possible only for state and municipal enterprises, which respectively operate state or municipal property. The owners of the property of a unitary enterprise have no responsibility for its operation and vice versa.

Its Russian name was Federal State Unitary Enterprise Russian Agency of International Information «RIA Novosti» (Russian : Федеральное государственное унитарное предприятие Российское агентство международной информации «РИА Новости», Federal'noye Gosudarstvennoye Unitarnoye Predpyatye Rossiyskoye Agentsvo Mezhdunarodnoy Informatsii), FGUP RAMI «RIA Novosti» (Russian : ФГУП РАМИ «РИА Новости») for short. Its formal English name was Russian News & Information Agency "RIA Novosti". Early in 1990s it had the name state enterprise RIA «Novosti» (named after Soviet Press Agency «Novosti» and Information Agency «Novosti»). RIA means Russian Information Agency and Novosti means News in Russian. The common abbreviation in Russian is RIA.

History

RIA Novosti's history dates back to June 24, 1941, when by a resolution of the USSR Council of People’s Commissars and the Communist Party Central Committee, "On the Establishment and Tasks of the Soviet Information Bureau", the Soviet Information Bureau (Sovinformburo) was set up under the USSR Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee. Its main task was to oversee work to cover international, military events and the events of the country's domestic life in periodicals and on the radio (from October 14, 1941, to March 3, 1942, was based in Kuibyshev – modern-day Samara). [6]

Government of the Soviet Union main body of the executive branch of government in the Soviet Union

he Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was the main office of the executive branch of government of the Soviet Union. During its history of existence, the government carried two names: Council of People's Commissars and Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union. To underlined the Soviet form of government sometimes the term of "council" is substituted with the Russian term "soviet". During the process of dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 it adopted westernized form of cabinet.

Soviet Information Bureau

Soviet Information Bureau' was a leading Soviet news agency, operating from 1941 to 1961.

The bureau's main task was to compile reports on the situation on the frontline of the war, work on the home front, and the partisan movement for the radio, newspapers and magazines. Sovinformburo directed the activity of the All-Slavonic Committee, Anti-Nazi Committee of Soviet Women, Anti-Nazi Committee of the Soviet Youth, Anti-Nazi Committee of Soviet Scientists, and the Jewish Anti-Nazi Committee. In 1944, a special bureau on propaganda for foreign countries was set up as part of Sovinformburo. [6]

Through 1,171 newspapers, 523 magazines and 18 radio stations in 23 countries, Soviet embassies abroad, friendship societies, trade unions, women's, youth and scientific organizations, Sovinformburo informed readers and listeners about the struggle of the Soviet people against Nazism and in the post-war years about the main areas of Soviet domestic and foreign policies. [6]

Sovinformburo heads included A.S. Shcherbakov (1941–45), S. A. Lozovsky (1945–48) and Y.S. Khavinson, D.A. Polikarpov. [6]

Novosti operated this East Berlin news stall in 1984. Newspaper stall and women in East Berlin, with person in wheelchair, 1984.jpg
Novosti operated this East Berlin news stall in 1984.

In 1961, the Novosti Press Agency (APN) succeeded Sovinformburo. It became the leading information and press body of Soviet public organizations. The constituent conference was held on February 21, 1961. The conference of representatives of Soviet public organizations adopted a decision to create a press agency of public organizations named Novosti. The agency's guiding body was the Council of the Agency’s Founders. [6]

The APN founders were the USSR Journalists Union, USSR Writers Union, Union of Soviet Societies of Friendship and Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries, and the Znaniye Society. On April 3, 1961, the Agency charter was adopted. Under its charter, APN's aim was "to contribute to mutual understanding, trust and friendship among peoples in every possible way by broadly publishing accurate information about the USSR abroad and familiarizing the Soviet public with the life of the peoples of foreign countries." APN's motto was "Information for Peace, for the Friendship of Nations". APN had bureaus in over 120 countries. The Agency published 60 illustrated newspapers and magazines in 45 languages with a one-time circulation of 4.3 million copies. With the Union of Soviet Friendship Societies, APN published the newspaper, Moscow News, which in September 1990 became an independent publication. APN Publishing House put out over 200 books and booklets with a total annual circulation of 20 million copies. In 1989, a TV center opened in APN. Later, it was transformed into the TV-Novosti TV company. [6]

The APN heads included Boris Burkov (1961–70), Ivan Udaltsov (1970–75), Lev Tolkunov (1975–83), Pavel Naumov (1983–86), Valentin Falin (1986–88), Albert Vlasov (1988–90). [6]

The newsroom of the agency, 2008 Newsroom RIA Novosti, Moscow 2.jpg
The newsroom of the agency, 2008

By a decree of USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev, "On the Establishment of the Information Agency Novosti," the Information Agency Novosti (IAN) succeeded APN on July 27, 1990. "To provide information support for the USSR's state domestic and foreign policies and proceeding from the interests of the democratization of the mass media," the Novosti Press Agency was renamed the Information Agency Novosti (IAN). IAN's tasks remained the same – preparing and publishing printed, TV and radio materials in the USSR and abroad; studying public opinion on Soviet foreign and domestic policies in the USSR and abroad." A computer databank was created in the Agency. Initially, it contained over 250,000 documents. In 1991, the Infonews hotline started operating in the Agency. IAN had bureaus in 120 countries. It published 13 illustrated magazines and newspapers. The chairman of the IAN Board was Albert Ivanovich Vlasov. [6]

Russian Federation

RIA Novosti headquarters in Moscow Headquartered RIA Novosti 01.png
RIA Novosti headquarters in Moscow
RIA Novosti bureau in Washington DC Information Office - Embassy of Russia in Washington, D.C.JPG
RIA Novosti bureau in Washington DC

The Russian Information Agency Novosti was created in September 1991 on the basis of IAN and the Russian Information Agency. By a Presidential decree of the Russian president dated August 22, 1991, RIA Novosti was placed within the competence of the Press and Information Ministry. RIA Novosti had about 80 bureaus and news offices abroad, over 1,500 subscribers in CIS countries and about a hundred in non-CIS countries. A Presidential decree of the Russian president of September 15, 1993 "On the Russian Information Agency Novosti", transformed RIA Novosti to a state news-analytical agency. RIA Novosti's radio channel – RIA-Radio worked in 1996. In August 1997, the TV channel Kultura was set up on the basis of the RIA TV channel under the sponsorship of the VGTRK TV and radio broadcasting company. By a decree of the Russian president, "On Improving the Work of the State Electronic Media," the VGTRK information holding was created in May 1998, which RIA Novosti joined. [6]

In May 1998, the agency was renamed the Russian Information Agency Vesti. As a mass media body, it retained the name of RIA Novosti. [6] In 2005, RIA Novosti launched RT (originally Russia Today) a global multilingual television news network, which is a government-funded but autonomous, non-profit organization. RIA Novosti asserts that it "merely participated in establishing the channel" which retained "complete legal, editorial and operational independence." [13]

Closing

On 9 December 2013 Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the liquidation of RIA Novosti and merging it with the international radio service Voice of Russia to create Rossiya Segodnya. [2] Dmitry Kiselyov, a former anchorman of the Channel One Russia is appointed as the president of the new information agency. [3] [14] According to her interview, the editor-in-chief of the TV network RT, Margarita Simonyan was completely unaware about the reorganization of the information agency and got the information from listening to competitor radio station Kommersant-FM. [15] However, Rossiya Segodnya will not in any way be related to the television channel RT, which was known as Russia Today before its rebranding in 2009. [16]

See also

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References

  1. Country profile: Russia – Media, BBC News, last updated 6 March 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Указ о мерах по повышению эффективности деятельности государственных СМИ". Kremlin.ru.
  3. 1 2 "Путин ликвидировал РИА Новости". Lenta . 9 December 2013.
  4. "Ria Novosti Preps For Change". The St. Petersburg Times. 12 March 2014.
  5. http://rt.com/news/204231-sputnik-news-agency-launched/
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 11/3/2014 0:18. "The Russian News & Information Agency RIA Novosti". Rianovosti.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
  7. "RIA Arabic". Anbamoscow.com. 2012-12-14. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
  8. "RIA Novosti wins five Runet awards | Agency News | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2012-11-22. Archived from the original on 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
  9. "Роспечать - официальный сайт: Федеральное государственное унитарное предприятие Российское агентство международной информации "РИА НОВОСТИ"". Fapmc.ru. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
  10. http://www.fapmc.ru/dms-static/affccc2c-7683-4c32-a917-68b82ed8f099.pdf
  11. "Комитет Госдумы поддержал увеличение финансирования информагентств | РИА Новости". Ria.ru. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
  12. 11/3/2014 0:18. "RIA Novosti | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Archived from the original on 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
  13. Nikolaus von Twickel. Russia Today courts viewers with controversy. The Moscow Times . 23 March 2010.
  14. "RIA Novosti to Be Liquidated in State-Owned Media Overhaul". RIA Novosti. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  15. "Маргарита Симоньян узнала о создании агентства "Россия сегодня" из СМИ". Lenta.
  16. "Putin orders overhaul of top state news agency". RT. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013.