This article needs additional citations for verification . (January 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Radha Krishna Choudhary
Choudhary at Deoghar, Bihar, 1965
|Born||15 January 1921|
|Died||15 March 1985 64)(aged|
|Occupation||Writer, Historian, Educationist|
Professor Radha Krishna Choudhary (15 February 1921 – 15 March 1985) was a historian, thinker and writer of Bihar. He has contributed to the historical and archaeological studies of Bihar as well as to Maithili literature. He published numerous original researches on the history of Bihar and was acclaimed as a researcher. He was a professor at Ganesh Dutt College, Begusarai, Bihar and was a noted educationist. His languages of choice for academic works were Hindi and English and for literary work was Maithili.
Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the twelfth-largest Indian state, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east. Three main regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur.
Begusarai is the administrative headquarters of Begusarai district, which is one of the thirty-eight districts of the Indian state of Bihar. The district lies on the northern bank of river Ganga. It is located at latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E. It was established in 1870.
Hindi or Modern Standard Hindi, is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language. In India, the official standardized variety of the language is based primarily on the Khariboli dialect of Delhi and other nearby areas of northern India. Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, is one of the official languages of the Government of India, along with the English language. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of the Republic of India. Contrary to the popular belief, Hindi is not the national language of India because no language was given such a status in the Indian constitution.
Tapasa vai ganga
Maithili is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian subcontinent, mainly spoken in India and Nepal. In India, it is spoken in the states of Bihar and Jharkhand and is one of the 22 recognised Indian languages. In Nepal, it is spoken in the eastern Terai and is the second most prevalent language of Nepal. It is also one of the 122 recognized Nepalese languages. Tirhuta was formerly the primary script for written Maithili. Less commonly, it was also written in the local variant of Kaithi. Today it is written in the Devanagari script.
Vidyapati (1352–1448), also known by the sobriquet Maithil Kavi Kokil, was a Maithili and Sanskrit poet, writer and polyglot.
Maithils, also known as Maithili people, are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group from the Indian subcontinent, who speak the Maithili language as their native language. They inhabit the Mithila region, which comprises Tirhut, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Munger, Bhagalpur and Santhal Pargana divisions of India and some adjoining districts of Nepal. The Maithil homeland forms an important part of Hindu mythology as it is said to be the birthplace of Sita, the wife of Ram.
Rajkamal Choudhary (1929–1967) was an Indian poet, short story writer, novelist, critic and thinker in Maithili, Hindi and Bengali languages. He was known as "a bold leader of new poetry" and writer who "stands out differently" from most other experimentalists.
Binod Bihari Verma (1937–2003) was a Maithili writer, doctor and member of the military. He is most noted for his pioneering work on Panjis, which are ancient genealogical charts, Maithili Karna Kayasthak Panjik Sarvekshan. He is also known for his depiction of rural poor of the Mithila region in his writings. He worked as a medical officer in the Indian Army, as a lecturer in a Dental College, and as a private medical practitioner. He simultaneously carried on his literary works by independent publishing and in the magazines Mithila Mihir and Karnamrit. He had command over a number of languages including Urdu, Sanskrit, Odia, Assamese and Bengali and scripts of various Indian languages, such as old Maithili, Assamese, Gurmukhi, Odia and Nepali.
Laheriasarai is a city in North Bihar and considered as twin-city of Darbhanga. It has had a long cultural history. It's long been an integral part of Mithila and has a religious significance for Hindus. Maithili is the mother tongue of this city and most of the people speak hindi. Darbhanga is the district headquarters and many of its important offices are situated in Laheriasarai. It is named after a caste called Lahiri engaged in Lahathi making. Laheriasarai consist of many small villages like Kharajpur, Barheta etc. Laheriasarai is the administrative area of darbhanga district. There is a famous Nehru stadium in Laheriasarai. In nehru stadium there is badminton indoor court, table tennis hall, indoor gym, cricket, football, lawn tennis stadium.
Ramavriksha Benipuri was a freedom fighter, Socialist Leader, editor and Hindi writer. He was born in a small village named Benipur in a Bhumihar Brahmin family in the Indian state of Bihar. He had spent nine years in prison for fighting for India's independence. He was the founder of Bihar Socialist Party in 1931 and Congress Socialist Party in 1934. He served as the president of Patna District Congress Committee of Indian National Congress from 1935 to 1937 during the 1937 Indian provincial elections. He was elected as the Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) from Katra North in 1957. In 1958, he was elected as the Syndicate Member of Bihar University, Muzaffarpur.
Mithila, also known as Tirhut and Tirabhukti, is a geographical and cultural region of the Indian subcontinent, mainly located in the Indian state of Bihar. This region is bounded by the Mahananda River in the east, the Ganges in the south, the Gandaki River in the west and by the foothills of the Himalayas in the north. It extends into the eastern Terai of Nepal.
Bihari culture refers to the culture of the Indian state of Bihar. Bihari culture includes Mithila culture, Bhojpuri Culture and the culture of Magadha.It preseves some of the oldest vedic culture and practices such as worship of sun god and Nature, the Havans and Homas practices of Agni and vedic cults.
In the field of literature, Bihar has produced a number of writers in its regional languages like Bhojpuri Maithili language, Magahi language, Angika and Bajjika including Bhikhari Thakur, Heera Dom, Viveki Rai etc are writers of Bhojpuri, Vidyapati in maithilli. Besides its regional languages, Bihar also have produced writes in Hindi including Raja Radhika Raman Prasad Sinha, Acharya Ramlochan Saran, Acharya Shivpujan Sahay, Divakar Prasad Vidyarthy, Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar', Ram Briksh Benipuri, Phanishwar Nath 'Renu', Gopal Singh "Nepali", Ramesh Chandra Jha and Baba Nagarjun. Writer and Buddhist scholar Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan was born in Uttar Pradesh but spent his life in the land of Lord Buddha, i.e., Bihar. Hrishikesh Sulabh is a short story writer, playwright and theatre critic. Arun Kamal and Aalok Dhanwa are poets.
Professor Pandit Nalin Vilochan Sarma (1916–1961) was a professor of Hindi Literature in University of Patna. He started the Nakenwad movement in Hindi literature. He was the son of Mahamahopadhyaya Pandit Ram Avatar Sharma and was born in a Bhumihar Brahmin family of scholars and pursued the same path of scholarship becoming the professor of Hindi Literature in University of Patna.
Maithili literature is the entire collection of poetry, novels, short stories, documents and other writings in the Maithili language. The most famous literary figure in Maithili is the poet Vidyapati (1350–1450), who wrote his poems in the language of the people, i.e., Maithili, at a time when state's official language was Sanskrit and Sanskrit was being used as a literary language. The use of Maithili, instead of Sanskrit, in literature became more common after Vidyapati.
Gajendra Thakur is an Indian author. He writes in the Maithili language, a language spoken in Northern Bihar and South-Eastern Nepal. He is an author, lexicographer, historian ; and palaeographer, he has deciphered ancient and medieval palm leaf inscriptions in Tirhuta script of Maithili Language. These panjis are genealogical records of Maithil Brahmin community of Mithila region and contain details of around 100 inter-caste marriages. Besides it provides written historical records of people and personalities, hitherto considered mythical ones. Besides he deciphered scripts inscribed on temples/ dilapidated buildings throughout the length and breadth of Mithila.
Hetukar Jha was an Indian author, professor, researcher, and Fulbright Scholar. He was an honorary managing trustee of the Maharajadhiraja Kameshwar Singh Kalyani Foundation.
Patna College, established in 1863 during the British Raj, is one of the oldest colleges in the state of Bihar. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in science, arts and commerce as well some vocational courses like BBA,BMC & BCA. The college is affiliated to Patna University. It is also considered to be the oldest institution of higher education in Bihar.
Jayakant Mishra was an Indian scholar and author. He was a professor of English at Allahabad University, and an advocate for the Maithili language, where he petitioned the Government of Bihar to make its language instruction available for primary schools in the area., He worked tirelessly for the statehood of Mithila in India carving out from Bihar and Jharkhand from 1994 till his death.
Surendra Jha 'Suman', also referred to as 'Suman Ji' or Acharya Surendra Jha 'Suman', was a Maithili poet, writer, publisher, editor and elected member of legislative assembly and parliament. He is also known for his role as publisher, editor, journalist, social and cultural reformer and promoter of Mithila culture. He authored about forty books in Maithili and was also the Editor of various publications and books in Maithili, Sanskrit and Hindi. He served the Governing Bodies of various literary and academic institutions in different capacities in his State. He was also the recipient of Sahitya Akademy Award in 1971 for Payaswini and in 1995 for Translation Rabindra Natakavali Vol. I. He was born in a village known as Ballipur in the Samastipur district of Bihar.
Prabhas Kumar Choudhary was an Indian author, editor and publisher known for his novels and short stories, written in Maithili and Hindi languages. He had a short but remarkable life as he received the Sahitya Akademi Award for Maithili language in 1990 for Prabhasak Katha, a collection of short stories and authored other books. He also won the Vaidehi Puraskar in 1982 for his book Raja Pokhair Me Katek Machri.
Nanyadeva was the founder and the first king of Karnata dynasty and ancestor of Harisimhadeva. He established his capital in Simraungadh and ruled the greater Mithila region for 50 years. He is known for his generosity, courage, and patronage of scholars. He was from Karnataka Kshatriya Kula and began to rule Mithila from Simraungadh in 1097 CE. The stone inscription found at Simraongarh and Nepālavaṃśāvalī clearly states that he made an erection in a Singha Lagna of a Saturday in a Sravana, the tithi being Sukla seven and the Naksatara Svati in the year 1019 Shaka.