Rafael Caro Quintero

Last updated

Rafael Caro Quintero
Rafael Caro Quintero- FBI Most Wanted Poster.jpg
FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitive
Charges Drug Trafficking
Alias"Narco of Narcos"
Born (1952-10-03) October 3, 1952 (age 67)
La Noria, Badiraguato, Sinaloa, Mexico
OccupationDrug producer, trafficker
Penalty40 years (28 years served) [1]
StatusWanted by PGR, DEA for extradition to the US
AddedApril 12, 2018
Currently a Top Ten Fugitive

Rafael Caro Quintero (born October 3, 1952) is a Mexican drug trafficker who co-founded the now-disintegrated Guadalajara Cartel with Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo and other drug traffickers in the 1970s. He is the brother of fellow drug trafficker Miguel Caro Quintero, the founder and former leader of the defunct Sonora Cartel.


Having formed the Guadalajara Cartel in the 1970s, Caro Quintero worked with Gallardo, Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo, and Pedro Avilés Pérez by shipping large quantities of marijuana to the United States from Mexico. He was responsible for the kidnapping and murder of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Enrique "Kiki" Camarena, Camarena's pilot Alfredo Zavala Avelar, the American writer John Clay Walker, and dentistry student Alberto Radelat in 1985. After the murders, Caro Quintero fled to Costa Rica but was later arrested and extradited back to Mexico, where he was sentenced to 40-years in prison for murder. [1] Following his arrest, the Guadalajara Cartel disintegrated, and its leaders were incorporated into the Tijuana Cartel, Sinaloa Cartel, and Juárez Cartel.

Caro Quintero was freed from jail on August 9, 2013, after a state court concluded that he had been tried improperly. However, amid pressure from the federal government of the United States to re-arrest him, a Mexican federal court issued an arrest warrant against Caro Quintero on August 14. He remains at large, as a wanted fugitive in Mexico, the United States, and several other countries. The United States is offering a $20 million bounty for his arrest.

Early life

Rafael Caro Quintero was born in the community of La Noria, Badiraguato, Sinaloa, on October 3, 1952. [2] His parents, Emilio Caro Payán and Hermelinda Quintero, had twelve children; he was the oldest son. His father worked in agriculture and grazing, and died when Caro Quintero was 14 years old. With his father's absence, he worked to take care of his family alongside his mother. [3]

At the age of 16, he left La Noria and settled in Caborca, Sonora, where he worked in livestock grazing. [4] Two years later, he worked as a truck driver in Sinaloa. [5] He also worked at a bean and corn plantation in Sinaloa before deciding to leave his home state to join the drug trade altogether in the neighboring state of Chihuahua. [6]

Criminal career

When he was a teenager, Caro Quintero allegedly began to grow marijuana on a low scale, at the ranch owned by his brother Jorge Luis. In less than five years, Caro Quintero managed to buy several other ranches in the surrounding areas and began to amass a fortune.

He is said to have first worked for the drug traffickers Pedro Avilés Pérez and Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo before forming the Guadalajara Cartel with Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, Juan José Esparragoza Moreno, and others in the late 1970s. [5] [6] [7] He has been cited as a pioneer of the drug trade in Mexico and has been described as one of the preeminent drug traffickers of his generation. [8] [9]

Allegations of involvement in murders

John Clay Walker and Albert Radelat

Caro Quintero has been accused of ordering the abduction, torture, and murder of writer John Clay Walker and dentistry student Albert Radelat on January 30, 1985. According to the allegations, the two Americans were dining in a Guadalajara restaurant when they encountered Caro Quintero and his men as they accidentally walked into one of Caro Quintero's private parties.

Caro Quintero is alleged to have then ordered his men to seize the Americans and take them to a store room, where they were tortured with ice picks and interrogated. John Walker died on the scene from blunt force trauma to the head. Albert Radelat was still alive when he was wrapped in tablecloths, taken to a park near the city, and buried. [10] [11] The men's bodies were found six months later buried at the San Isidro Mazatepec Park in Zapopan. The authorities believe that Caro Quintero had mistaken Walker and Radelat for U.S. undercover agents. [11] [12]

Enrique Camarena

Caro Quintero has also been accused of involvement in the murder of US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Enrique "Kiki" Camarena Salazar. In November 1984, the Mexican authorities raided a 1,000-hectare (2,500-acre) ranch known as El Búfalo in the state of Chihuahua, owned by Caro Quintero. [4] The authorities reportedly burned more than 10,000 tons of marijuana – totaling a loss of around $160 million. [11] [13] Camarena, who had been working undercover in Mexico, was said to be responsible for leading the authorities to the ranch. This allegedly prompted Caro Quintero and other high-ranking members of the Guadalajara Cartel to seek revenge against the DEA and Camarena. [14] In retribution, Camarena and his pilot Alfredo Zavala Avelar were kidnapped in Guadalajara on February 7, 1985, taken to a residence owned by Quintero located at 881 Lope de Vega in the colonia of Jardines del Bosque, in the western section of the city, [15] brutally tortured, and murdered. [16] Caro Quintero then left Mexico on March 9, 1985 with his associates and his girlfriend Sara Cristina Cosío Gaona. [11] Former Mexican Judicial Police chief Armando Pavón Reyes, after receiving a $300,000 bribe, reportedly allowed Caro Quintero to flee from the airport in Guadalajara, in a private jet, to seek refuge in Costa Rica. The police chief was fired shortly afterward, and was charged with bribery and complicity in the Camarena murder. [17]


Locals from Badiraguato, Sinaloa, Caro Quintero's hometown, recall that Caro Quintero was a benefactor in the area in the 1980s. The town's mayor, Ángel Robles Bañuelos, said in a 2013 interview that Caro Quintero financed the construction of a 40-kilometre-long (25 mi) highway in Badiraguato and helped electrify the area. The mayor recalled that before the highway was built, it would take days for people to travel in and out of Badiraguato. [18]

Arrest and aftermath

On April 4, 1985, Caro Quintero was arrested in his Alajuela, Costa Rica mansion, while sleeping, just 800 metres (12 mi) from the Juan Santamaria International Airport and extradited to Mexico on charges of involvement in Camarena's murder. [19] [20] [21] He was sentenced to 40 years for the murder of Camarena and other crimes. [22] The US also hopes to try Caro Quintero, and the DEA still has him listed as a wanted fugitive. [23]

Caro Quintero was first imprisoned at the Federal Social Readaptation Center No. 1 maximum security prison Almoloya de Juárez, State of Mexico. Even though Caro Quintero was to face a maximum of 199 years in prison, Mexican law during that time did not allow for inmates to serve more than 40.

In 2007, he was transferred to another maximum security prison, known as Puente Grande, in the state of Jalisco. In 2010, a federal judge granted him the right to be transferred to another prison in Jalisco. [24]

Caro Quintero's Guadalajara Cartel fell apart in the early 1990s, and its remaining leaders went on to establish their own drug trafficking organizations: in Tijuana, a large family formed the Tijuana Cartel; in Chihuahua, a group controlled by Amado Carrillo Fuentes formed the Juárez Cartel; and the remaining faction moved to Sinaloa and formed the Sinaloa Cartel under the traffickers Joaquín El Chapo Guzmán and Ismael El Mayo Zambada. [25] Caro Quintero's brother Miguel Caro Quintero succeeded him and formed the Sonora Cartel, which branched out of the Sinaloa organization. [26] [27] The United States government believes that Caro Quintero ran his criminal empire behind bars through at least six of his family members, by creating a front that laundered millions of dollars through a gas station, construction company, shoe factory, restaurant, real estate development companies, among others. [28]


In the early hours of August 9, 2013, a tribunal ordered the immediate release of Caro Quintero after he had served 28 years in prison. [20] After a motion by Rosalía Isabel Moreno Ruiz, who is a state judge and magistrate [29] the Jalisco state court ruled that Caro Quintero was tried improperly in a federal courtroom for crimes that should have been treated at a state level: when Caro Quintero was given his 40-year sentence in the 1980s, he was convicted for murder (a state crime) and not for drug trafficking (a federal one). [30] [A 1] The magistrate ordered Caro Quintero's release after he had served time for other crimes he had committed throughout his reign as leader of the Guadalajara Cartel. [32]

The release of Caro Quintero outraged the administration of U.S. President Barack Obama; the United States Department of Justice said they were "extremely disappointed" with the drug lord's release and stated that they were going to pursue Caro Quintero for pending charges in the United States. [33] The Association of Former Federal Narcotics Agents expressed their disappointment, too, but stated that Caro Quintero's release was a result of the corruption that besets Mexico's judicial system. [34] Mexico's Attorney General Jesús Murillo Karam also expressed his concern vis-à-vis the case, stating that he was "worried" about Caro Quintero's release and that he would investigate whether additional charges were pending in Mexico. [35]

On August 14, 2013, a federal court granted the Office of the General Prosecutor (Spanish: Procuraduría General de la República, PGR) an arrest warrant against Caro Quintero after the United States government issued a petition to the Mexican government. Once the Mexican authorities re-arrest Caro Quintero, the U.S. government has a maximum limit of 60 days to present a formal extradition request. [36] Mexico's Attorney General clarified, however, that if arrested, Caro Quintero cannot be extradited to the United States for the murder of Camarena, because Mexican law prohibits criminals from being tried for the same crime in another country. U.S. lawyers, nonetheless, may argue that Caro Quintero's initial trial was illegitimate in the first place and that double jeopardy is not applicable. In order for Caro Quintero's extradition to be accepted by Mexico, the United States has to present other criminal charges and accept that he would not face the death penalty if convicted, because there are no laws for capital punishment in Mexico. [37]

Following Caro Quintero's release from prison on August 9, he has not been seen in public. [38] There were rumors, however, that he had paid a visit to his hometown of Badiraguato, Sinaloa. [39]

On March 7, 2018, the Mexican military used Black Hawk helicopters to search for Caro Quintero, dropping Marines into the mountain villages of La Noria, Las Juntas, Babunica, and Bamopa, all in the Badiraguato Municipality, but their hunt was unsuccessful. [40] Caro Quintero is among the 15 most-wanted fugitives of Interpol. If arrested abroad, he will be immediately extradited to Mexico. [41] [42] The US government is offering a $20 million bounty for his capture. [43] [44]

At the time of the arrest of Caro Quintero's cousin Quintero Navidad in the U.S. state of California in 2017, it was acknowledged Navidad had become an associate of Sinaloa Cartel leader Ismael Zambada-Garcia, a.k.a. Mayo. [45] On May 1, 2019, Caro Quintero's longtime associate Ezequiel Godinez-Cervantes was arrested for violating his parole. [46] In January 2020, Caro Quintero's nephew Ismael Quintero Arellanes was arrested in Mexico on drug and weapons charges. [47] [48]

Proceso interview

On July 24, 2016, while still on the run, Caro Quintero gave an interview to Proceso magazine. [49] In this interview he claims he did not kill Enrique Camarena. He told the reporter that after his release from prison, he was visited (separately) by "El Chapo" Guzman and Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada. He claims he told them he did not want to return to the business. He also told the reporter that he was no longer a drug trafficker, and peace was the only thing he desired.

Huffington Post interview

Huffington Post journalist Anabel Hernández visited Caro Quintero in his home in Mazatlán, Mexico in April 2018. [50] Despite having security guards, Caro Quintero was no longer able to live the lavish lifestyle he had when he was a major drug lord, was now living in a shabby mountain home, and appeared to be aging and frail. [50] During the interview, he rehashed that he wanted to be left in peace and that he also spends his days looking for drones. [50] He also revealed that he was suffering from an ill prostate and was not speaking to his wife Diane or any of his children. [50] He also denied allegations of being a senior leader in the Sinaloa cartel or being active in the drug trade. [50] Former DEA agent Mike Vigil, who previously led the DEA international operations and was highly active in investigating Mexican drug operations, [51] described Caro Quintero as "a shell" of his former self and stated that it was "ludicrous" to look into allegations that he might have leadership in the Sinaloa Cartel. [50] Vigil even stated "Right now, we don’t have any information that he is actually working with anybody." [50] It was acknowledged that Caro Quintero's cousin Sajid, who was arrested by US authorities in October 2017 and pled guilty to charges of drug trafficking and money laundering in a California courthouse on January 25, 2018, [50] may have started these allegations in order to make a deal with prosecutors. [50]

In media

Caro Quintero is portrayed in Narcos: Mexico by Tenoch Huerta Mejía.

See also


  1. Though DEA agent Enrique Camarena Salazar worked for the U.S. Embassy in Mexico, he did not hold a "diplomatic post". If he did, his murder would have been considered a federal crime under Mexican law. [31]

Related Research Articles

Tijuana Cartel Criminal organization based in Tijuana, Mexico

The Tijuana Cartel or Arellano-Félix Organization is a Mexican drug cartel based in Tijuana. The cartel once was described as "one of the biggest and most violent criminal groups in Mexico." However, since the 2006 Sinaloa Cartel incursion in Baja California and the fall of the Arellano-Félix brothers, the Tijuana Cartel has been reduced to a few cells. In 2016, the organization has become known as Cartel Tijuana Nueva Generación and has begun to align itself under the Jalisco New Generation Cartel, along with Beltrán Leyva Organization (BLO) to create an anti-Sinaloa alliance, in which the Jalisco New Generation Cartel heads, creating a possible powershift in Mexico.

Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán Mexican drug lord incarcerated in a US federal prison

Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera, commonly known as "El Chapo" because of his 168 cm stature, is a Mexican drug lord and former leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, an international crime syndicate. He is considered to have been the most powerful drug trafficker in the world.

Juan Ramón Matta-Ballesteros is a former major narcotics trafficker who has been credited with being one of the first to connect Mexican drug traffickers with the Colombian cocaine cartels. This connection paved the way for a major increase in the amount of cocaine smuggled into the United States during the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s. Matta was indicted for operating several major cocaine smuggling rings in United States in the early 1980s. He was also one of the narcotics traffickers accused of the kidnap and assassination of American DEA agent Enrique Camarena in 1985.

<i>Drug Wars: The Camarena Story</i> 1990 US miniseries directed by Brian Gibson

Drug Wars: The Camarena Story is a 1990 TV mini-series based on Elaine Shannon’s book Desperados and the Time magazine article of the same name. It was directed by Brian Gibson and starred Steven Bauer, Miguel Ferrer, Benicio del Toro, Treat Williams and Craig T. Nelson. It was the second most watched NBC mini-series of the year following The Kennedys and was followed up in 1992 with Drug Wars: The Cocaine Cartel starring Dennis Farina.

Francisco Rafael Arellano Félix former Mexican drug trafficker

Francisco Rafael Arellano Félix was a Mexican drug lord and former leader of the Tijuana Cartel, a drug trafficking organization. He was the oldest of seven brothers and headed the criminal organization early in the 1990s alongside them. Through his brother Benjamín, Francisco Rafael joined the Tijuana Cartel in 1989 following the arrest of Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, one of the most prominent drug czars in Mexico during the 1980s. When the Arellano Félix took control of the organization in the early 1990s, tensions with the rival Sinaloa Cartel prompted violent attacks and slayings from both fronts.

Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo Mexican drug trafficker

Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, commonly referred to by his alias El Padrino, is a convicted Mexican drug lord who formed the Guadalajara Cartel in the 1970s and controlled almost all of the drug trafficking in Mexico and the corridors along the Mexico–United States border.

The Guadalajara Cartel was a Mexican drug cartel which was formed in the 1980s by Rafael Caro Quintero, Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo and Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo in order to ship cocaine and marijuana to the United States. Among the first of the Mexican drug trafficking groups to work with the Colombian cocaine mafias, the Guadalajara cartel prospered from the cocaine trade.

Sandra Ávila Beltrán Mexican drug cartel leader

Sandra Ávila Beltrán is a Mexican drug cartel leader, dubbed "La Reina del Pacífico" by the media. She was arrested on September 28, 2007, and was charged with organized crime and conspiracy to drug trafficking. Some charges were later dropped but she was still held on possession of illegal weapons and money laundering, pending her extradition to the United States. On August 10, 2012, she was extradited to the United States to answer to criminal charges by the U.S. government.

The Colima Cartel was a Mexican drug trafficking and methamphetamine producing cartel operating in Guadalajara, Jalisco. It was founded and led by José de Jesús Amezcua Contreras and supported by his brothers Adán and Luis.

Héctor Luis Palma Salazar Mexican drug trafficker

Héctor Luis Palma Salazar is a former Mexican drug trafficker and leader of the Sinaloa Cartel alongside Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán. Palma was arrested on June 23, 1995, and extradited to the United States, where he served a jail sentence until June 2016. He was then deported back to Mexico in June 2016, when he was charged with a double murder in 1995, in Nayarit.

Javier Barba-Hernández was a Mexican former lawyer turned enforcer, hired by the Guadalajara Cartel to combat the Mexican Federal Judicial Police (FJP) and the American Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo, commonly referred to by his alias Don Neto, is a convicted Mexican drug lord and former leader of the Guadalajara Cartel, a defunct criminal group based in Jalisco. He headed the organization alongside Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo and Rafael Caro Quintero. Fonseca Carrillo was involved with drug trafficking since the early 1970s, primarily in Ecuador, and later moved his operations to Mexico.

Juan José Esparragoza Moreno Mexican drug trafficker

Juan José Esparragoza Moreno, commonly referred to by his alias El Azul, is a Mexican drug lord and leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, a drug trafficking organization. Originally a member of the Dirección Federal de Seguridad (DFS) police agency, he founded the Guadalajara Cartel in the 1970s along with other drug kingpins in Mexico. Following its disintegration in the late 1980s, he went on to lead the Juárez Cartel and eventually settled in the Sinaloa Cartel. He worked alongside Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, once considered Mexico's most-wanted drug lord.

The Sinaloa Cartel, also known as the Guzmán-Loera Organization, the Pacific Cartel, the Federation and the Blood Alliance, is an international drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime syndicate established during the late 1980s. The cartel is primarily based in the city of Culiacán, Sinaloa, with operations in the Mexican states of Baja California, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua. The 'Federation' was partially splintered when the Beltrán-Leyva brothers broke apart from the Sinaloa Cartel.

The Sonora Cartel, also known as Caro Quintero Organization, is a Mexico based criminal cartel. Upon the cartel's disintegration, its leaders were incorporated into the Tijuana Cartel and Sinaloa Cartel.

Miguel Ángel Caro Quintero is a Mexican convicted drug lord and former leader of the Sonora Cartel, a defunct criminal group based in Sonora.

The Beltrán Leyva Cartel was a Mexican drug cartel and organized crime syndicate, formerly headed by the five Beltrán Leyva brothers: Marcos Arturo, Carlos, Alfredo, Mario Alberto, and Héctor. Founded as a branch of the Sinaloa Cartel, the Beltrán Leyva cartel was responsible for transportation and wholesaling of cocaine, heroin and marijuana. It controlled numerous drug trafficking corridors, and engaged in human smuggling, money laundering, extortion, kidnapping, murder and gun-running.

The Dirección Federal de Seguridad was a Mexican intelligence agency. Created in 1947, at the eve of the Cold War, under Mexican president Miguel Alemán Valdés, with the assistance of U.S. intelligence agencies as part of the Truman Doctrine of Soviet Containment, with the duty of "preserving the internal stability of Mexico against all forms subversion and terrorist threats". It was merged into the Centro de Investigación y Seguridad Nacional (CISEN) in 1985.

Kiki Camarena DEA agent murdered by drug traffickers

Enrique S. "Kiki" Camarena Salazar was a Mexican-American undercover agent for the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) who was abducted on February 7, 1985, and then tortured and murdered, while on assignment in Mexico. Some journalists, historians, and witnesses in Mexico state that Camarena was killed with the complicity of the CIA after uncovering its drug trafficking operations in Mexico, used to fund the Contras in Nicaragua.

<i>Narcos: Mexico</i> Crime drama web television series

Narcos: Mexico is an American crime drama web television series created and produced by Chris Brancato, Carlo Bernard, and Doug Miro that premiered on Netflix on November 16, 2018. It was originally intended to be the fourth season of the Netflix series Narcos, but it was ultimately developed as a companion series. It focuses on the illegal drug trade in Mexico, whereas the parent series centered on the illegal drug trade in Colombia. On December 5, 2018, Netflix renewed the series for a second season, which premiered on February 13, 2020.


  1. 1 2 Veteran drug lord still trafficking after prison release, US Treasury says. Reuters. May 11, 2016.
  2. "¿Quién es Rafael Caro Quintero?". Milenio (in Spanish). August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  3. (subscription required) "Caro Quintero según Caro Quintero". Proceso (in Spanish). April 23, 1988. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  4. 1 2 Galarza, Gerardo (August 10, 2013). "1985, el año que se desató el narco". Excélsior (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 10, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  5. 1 2 "¿Quién es Rafael Caro Quintero?". Terra Networks (in Spanish). August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  6. 1 2 "Rafael Caro Quintero: uno de los pioneros del narcotráfico en México". CNNMéxico (in Spanish). Turner Broadcasting System. August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  7. "Treasury Sanctions Mexican Traffickers Tied to Camarena Murder". Drug Enforcement Administration. July 12, 2013. Archived from the original on July 4, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  8. Wilkinson, Tracy (August 9, 2013). "Convicted killer of DEA's 'Kiki' Camarena freed from Mexican prison". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on August 10, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  9. Strange, Hannah (August 9, 2013). "Mexican drug lord who ordered hit on US agent Enrique Camarena freed on appeal after 28 years". The Daily Telegraph . Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  10. United Press International (June 18, 1985). "Two Bodies Unearthed in Mexico Forest". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  11. 1 2 3 4 Aguilar Camín, Héctor (May 2007). "Narco Historias extraordinarias". Nexos (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  12. Ramírez Yáñez, Jaime (August 9, 2013). "La caída de Rafael Caro Quintero". El Economista (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  13. Seper, Jerry (March 5, 2010). "Brutal DEA agent murder reminder of agency priority". The Washington Times . Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  14. Lieberman, Paul (May 23, 1999). "Agents Say Mexico Officials Stymied Raid : Camarena trial: Prosecutors alleged that destroying more than 10,000 tons of marijuana enraged drug cartel prompted them to seek revenge against DEA". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  15. "The death house on Lope de Vega", MGR - the Mexico Gulf Reporter, 2013
  16. Tobar, Hector (December 13, 1989). "Drug Lord Convicted in Camarena's 1985 Murder : Narcotics: He draws a prison term of 40 years. A Mexican judge sentences his "enforcer" and 23 others in the U.S. drug agent's killing". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  17. Manning, Carl (August 13, 1986). "Former police commander convicted of bribery". The Associated Press . Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  18. García, Joan (August 13, 2013). "Edil pinta al narcotraficante Caro Quintero como benefactor". Excélsior (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  19. González 1996, p. 15.
  20. 1 2 Mosso, Rubén (August 9, 2013). "Ordenan libertad inmediata de Caro Quintero". Milenio (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  21. Fausset, Richard (June 12, 2013). "Decades after a Mexican kingpin's arrest, his fortune echoes". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  22. "Lanza DEA alerta para detener a Caro Quintero". Proceso (in Spanish). December 13, 2012. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  23. "DEA Fugitive: CARO-QUINTERO, Rafael". Drug Enforcement Administration. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  24. "Perfil: Rafael Caro Quintero". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  25. Edmonds-Poli 2012, p. 262.
  26. García, Carolina (October 8, 2009). "La historia de Kiki, Caro Quintero, y el listón rojo". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on March 12, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  27. Grayson, George W. "Mexico and the Drug Cartels". Foreign Policy Research Institute. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  28. "Treasury Sanctions the Network of Drug Lord Rafael Caro Quintero". United States Department of the Treasury. June 12, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  29. Magistrada que liberó a Caro Quintero, ahora abre puerta a 'Don Neto'. David Saúl Vela. El Financiero. April 3, 2017.
  30. "US Angry Over Release Of Mexican Drug Lord". NPR . August 11, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  31. Cawley, Marguerite (August 15, 2013). "Mexico Files for Arrest of Released Capo at US Request". InSight Crime . Archived from the original on August 16, 2013. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  32. "Rafael Caro Quintero, infamous Mexican drug lord, ordered released after 28 years in prison". CBS News . August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  33. Weissentein, Michael (August 11, 2013). "Rafael Caro Quintero Released: U.S. Angry Mexico Sets Free Drug Lord Who Killed DEA Agent". The Huffington Post . Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  34. McVeigh, Karen (August 11, 2013). "US 'deeply concerned' over freeing of Mexico drug lord Rafael Caro Quintero". The Guardian . Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  35. Jackson, David (August 11, 2013). "White House protests release of Caro Quintero". USA Today . Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  36. "Juez concede orden de detención contra Caro Quintero". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). August 14, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  37. Baker, Peter (August 14, 2013). "U.S. Seeks Arrest of Mexican Kingpin Who Was Freed in American's Murder". The New York Times . Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  38. Weissentein, Michael (August 14, 2013). "US Formally Requests Re-Arrest of Freed Drug Lord". ABC News . Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  39. Zúñiga, Carlos (August 12, 2013). "Caro Quintero no está en Badiraguato: alcalde". Milenio (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  40. Wilson, T.E. "Reports of human rights abuses in Sinaloa as Black Hawk helicopters hunt for Rafael Caro Quintero". Lapoliticaeslapolitica.com. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  41. "Búsqueda de Caro Quintero se extiende a 190 países". Univision (in Spanish). October 1, 2013. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
  42. "Caro Quintero, en la lista de los 15 delincuentes más buscados por la Interpol". Proceso (in Spanish). December 16, 2013. Archived from the original on December 17, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
  43. "The page you're looking for may have been moved or renamed". www.state.gov.
  44. The FBI Has Announced a $20 Million Reward for a Fugitive Mexican Drug Lord. Time. April 3, 2018.
  45. https://mx.usembassy.gov/32270-2/
  46. https://www.dea.gov/press-releases/2019/05/03/associate-rafael-caro-quintero-arrested-supervised-release-violations
  47. https://apnews.com/bfa67f5d87b3dba2bdb9e9f8c37e84f6
  48. https://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/mexico-arrests-nephew-drug-lord-rafael-caro-quintero-68629142
  49. "Borderland Beat: Interview of Caro Quintero I did not kill Enrique Camarena" Video, updated". www.borderlandbeat.com. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
  50. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Hernández, Anabel (April 4, 2018). "One Of The DEA's Most Wanted Drug Traffickers Pleads To Be Left In Peace" via Huff Post.
  51. https://www.pri.org/stories/2014-11-05/retired-dea-agent-dishes-his-years-spent-infiltrating-mexican-and-colombian