Rai 1

Last updated

Rai 1
Rai 1 - Logo 2016.svg
CountryItaly
Headquarters Rome, Italy
Programming
Language(s)Italian
Picture format 1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
Owner RAI
Sister channels Rai 2
Rai 3
Rai 4
Rai 5
Rai Gulp
Rai Movie
Rai News 24
Rai Premium
Rai Scuola
Rai Sport
Rai Storia
Rai Yoyo
Rai Ladinia
Rai Südtirol
Rai Italia
History
Launched3 January 1954;70 years ago (1954-01-03)
Former namesProgramma Nazionale (1953–1975)
Rete 1 (1975–1983)
Raiuno (1983–2010)
Links
Website rai.it/rai1
Availability
Terrestrial
Digital terrestrial television Channel 1 (HD)
Channel 501 (SD)
Streaming media
RaiPlay Live streaming(Only in Italy)

Rai 1 (Italian: [ˈraiˈuːno] ) is an Italian free-to-air television channel owned and operated by state-owned public broadcaster RAI – Radiotelevisione italiana. It is the company's flagship television channel, and is known for broadcasting mainstream and generalist programming, usually aimed towards families, including TG1 news bulletins, prime time drama, cinema and entertainment, and major breaking news, sports and special events.

Contents

It was launched on 3 January 1954 as the first regular television service in Italy. It was the only one until 4 November 1961, when RAI launched a second channel. The channel was initially referred to as "Programma Nazionale". It received other names, such as "Rete 1" and "Raiuno" until it adopted its current name "Rai 1". It has the highest viewership in Italy, and regularly competes with Mediaset's Canale 5.

In the United Kingdom, it is available in free to air satellite broadcast from Hot Bird 13B.

Early history

La Rai − Radiotelevisione Italiana inizia oggi il suo regolare servizio di trasmissioni televisive.

Rai – Italian Radiotelevision starts its regular television broadcasting service today.

Fulvia Colombo announcing the start of TV broadcasting, 3 January 1954

The first set of programming for Rai 1 was almost completely educational with no advertising, except for the popular Carosello. Early shows were meant to teach a common language to a country torn apart by World War II. Shows like Non è mai troppo tardi... were simply shot in a classroom setting and meant to help with reconstruction. While televisions were not widely available nor affordable, those who could spend the money on them became community leaders and often invited the neighborhood to visit. Bars and cafés turned from places where men would meet to argue or play cards into miniature cinemas where arguments over what show to watch would break out. Women and children were also more accepted inside the bars due to the lack of men post-war and their need to enter working society. Churches also bought televisions are a means of drawing people to spend time as part of those communities.

High-definition feed

The channel launched an HDTV 1080i simulcast in September 2013, available nationwide on subscription-television providers and on DTT (channel 1). Previously, HD programs used to be aired on Rai HD.

Broadcast in outside Italy

In Slovenia, France, Greece, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Croatia, San Marino and Vatican City (except Monaco) The channel is also available to watch in satellite via Hellas Sat 4.

Logos

Directors of Rai 1

NamePeriod
Giuseppe MatteucciJanuary 3, 1954 - March 14, 1976
Mimmo Scarano March 15, 1976 - March 6, 1980
Paolo Valmarana March 7 - October 9, 1980 (ad interim)
Emmanuele Milano October 10, 1980 - April 6, 1987
Giuseppe Rossini April 7, 1987 - December 8, 1988
Carlo Fuscagni December 9, 1988 - October 25, 1993
Nadio Delai October 26, 1993 - September 16, 1994
Brando Giordani September 17, 1994 - August 14, 1996
Giovanni Tantillo August 15, 1996 - May 31, 1998
Agostino Saccà June 1, 1998 - June 18, 2000
April 30, 2001 - May 5, 2002
Pier Luigi Celli June 19 - September 10 2000
Maurizio Beretta September 11, 2000 - April 29, 2001
Fabrizio Del Noce May 6, 2002 - May 27, 2009
Mauro Mazza May 28, 2009 - November 28, 2012
Giancarlo Leone November 29, 2012 - February 17, 2016
Andrea Fabiano February 18, 2016 - October 11, 2017
Angelo Teodoli October 12, 2017 - November 26, 2018
Teresa De Santis November 27, 2018 - January 14, 2020
Stefano Coletta January 14, 2020 - June 2022

From June 2022, as part of a management reorganization of Rai, network managements have been abolished in favor of gender ones.

Current programmes

News

Events

Entertainment

Documentaries and Culture

TV Series

Sports

Kids

Early programmes

Until the autumn 1976/77 season, regular broadcasting was in monochrome (black and white), with very few exceptions (shown in bold). Regular color broadcasting began during the winter 1976/77 season.

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References

  1. "Addio a Raimondo Vianello Anche il calcio piange". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 15 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qQwjq08tUU4 An abridgement of the epilogue
  3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=13fa7j13124 A scene from the first episode