Rail transport in Colombia

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Railroads of Colombia Mapa de Colombia (ferrocarriles).svg
Railroads of Colombia

The Colombia railway network has a total length of 3,304 kilometres (2,053 mi). There are 150 kilometres (93 mi) of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge connecting Cerrejón coal mines to the maritime port of Puerto Bolivar at Bahia Portete, and 3,154 kilometres (1,960 mi) of 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge of which 2,611 kilometres (1,622 mi) are in use. [1] The state-owned railway company, Ferrocarriles Nacionales de Colombia (National Railways of Colombia), was liquidated in the 1990s. Since then passenger service is provided as tourist trains on the Bogotá savanna railway, now called Turistren, between Bogotá and Zipaquirá, and Coopsercol that provides general daily passenger service around Barrancabermeja, and its surroundings (Sogmoso, Garcia Cadena, Puerto Berrio, and Puerto Parra).

Contents

Railway concessions

Railway concessions were awarded on July 27, 1999, to Ferrocarriles del Norte de Colombia S.A. (FENOCO), as the Atlantic concession, and on November 4, 1998, to the Sociedad Concesionaria de la Red Férrea del Pacífico SA, later named Tren de Occidente SA as the Pacific concession. Since 1991 the section La Loma – Puerto Drummond, with 192 kilometres (119 mi), transports coal. Also from July 2003, the section Bogotá - Belencito, with 257 kilometres (160 mi), is operating on the Atlantic concession transporting cement. In the Pacific concession the section between La Paila and Buenaventura has a total of 292 kilometres (181 mi).

In November 2009, the Colombian government set up a new team of consultants and specialists to oversee the estimated $440m Sistema Ferroviario Central railway concession. The project involves building a 1,050 kilometres (650 mi) railway from La Dorada to Chiriguaná, linking Colombia's central area to the Santa Marta port on the Atlantic coast. Part of the proposed project are the construction of the La Dorada stretch, renovating the stretches connecting the districts of La Dorada and Buenos Aires, Puerto Berrío, Envigado and La Dorada and Facatativá, and maintaining the Chiriguaná-Buenos Aires stretch. The tender was suspended due to concerns of corruption, but restarted in February 2011. [2]

Investment programmes

The Medellin Metro, in Medellin Metro de Medellin-Antiguos trenes.jpg
The Medellín Metro, in Medellín
Heritage railway Tren de la Sabana, runs between Bogota and Zipaquira Turistren with steam engine No 76 at Usaquen station.JPG
Heritage railway Tren de la Sabana, runs between Bogotá and Zipaquirá

There is a US$600 million investment programme planned for 2008 and studies for a US$350 million new line between Puerto Berrío and Saboya. [3] Under this contract sections of the Atlantic network Neiva  Villavieja and 177 km Ibagué  – La Dorada would be built. Other sections to be built include Sogamoso  Tunja and Puerto Berrío  – Cisneros.

China is looking into constructing a 220 kilometres (140 mi) stretch of railway that would complete the link between the port cities Buenaventura and Cartagena, connecting Colombia's Pacific and Caribbean coasts. This railway alternative would compete with the Panama Canal. [4] [5] [6] Besides linking two coasts, China aims to make the import of Colombian coal and the export of Chinese manufactured goods to the Americas easier with this railway. Colombia hopes China's growing economic presence in the region will further the ratification of the Free Trade Agreement with the United States, the country's biggest trading partner.[ citation needed ]

A £47m agreement between the Colombian Ministry of Transport and UK Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg on February 3, 2014 plans to allow for the rehabilitation of two narrow gauge railway lines (one, 750 kilometres (470 mi) line from La Dorada to Chiriguaná and a second, 300 kilometres (190 mi) line from Belencito to Bogotá). [7] The construction will use local contractors and is expected to take 18 to 24 months. The lines will be for freight traffic and the government is funding the construction but plans to privatize the route upon completion. [7]

Stations served

Metro

Medellín is the only city thus far (2019) to have built a metro (rapid transit) system. Planning for a Bogotá Metro has been underway for years, and is hoped to open in 2024.

Table

National Rail System, p. 4
RailwayLineConstruction period
Ferrocarril de Bolívar Barranquilla - Puerto Salgar - Puerto Colombia 1869-1873
Ferrocarril de Santa Marta Santa Marta - Ciénaga - Aracataca - Fundación 1881-1906
Ferrocarril de Cartagena Cartagena - Calamar1889-1894
Ferrocarril de Girardot Girardot - Apulo - Facatativá (connection with FC de La Sabana)1881-1909
Ferrocarril de La Sabana y CundinamarcaBogotá - Facatativá - Puerto Salgar1881-1909
Ferrocarril del NorteBogotá - Puente del Común - Cajicá - Zipaquirá - Chiquinquirá - Barbosa 1889-1935
Ferrocarril del Sur Soacha - Sibaté - Bogotá (connection with FC de La Sabana) - Tequendama Falls 1895-1927
Ferrocarril del OrientePuente Nuñez - Fucha River - Yomasa - Usme 1914-1931
Ferrocarril del Carare Tunja - Vélez 1925-1928
Ferrocarril del NordesteBogotá - Usaquén - Albarracín - Tunja - Sogamoso - Paz del Río1925-1938
Ferrocarril del PacíficoBuenaventura - Córdoba - Dagua - Yumbo - Cali - Palmira - Buga - Tuluá - Bugalagrande - Zarzal - Cartago and Cali - Jamundí - Popayán1872-1927
Ferrocarril del Tolima-HuilaGirardot - Ibagué (connection with FC Armenia) - Chicoral - Espinal - Villavieja - Neiva1893-1937
Ferrocarril de AntioquiaPuerto Berrío - Pavas - Medellín1874-1914
Ferrocarril Armenia - IbaguéArmenia (connection with FC Pacífico) - Ibagué (connection with FC Tolima)1914-1949
Ferrocarril de CaldasPereira - Puerto Caldas - Manizales and Pereira - Quimbaya - Armenia (connection with FC Pacífico)1915-1929
Ferrocarril de Cúcuta Cúcuta - Puerto Santander - Venezuela and Cúcuta - Río Táchira 1878-1888
Ferrocarril del Atlántico Puerto Wilches - Puerto Berrío, Puerto Salgar - Puerto Berrío - Gamarra - Fundación y La Dorada - Puerto Berrío 1950-1961

See also

Related Research Articles

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Nuevo Central Argentino

Nuevo Central Argentino S. A. is an Argentine company that utilises the operation and infrastructure of the national railway system of the former Mitre Railway division of Ferrocarriles Argentinos, by a concession granted on 23 December 1992 as part of railway privatisation carried out during the presidency of Carlos Menem.

Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado

Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado (EFE) is the national railway of Chile.

Ferrovías

Ferrovías S.A.C. is a privately owned company which, on 1 April 1994, took over the concession, granted by the Argentine government as part of railway privatisation during the presidency of Carlos Menem, for the operation of the 1,000 mm Belgrano Norte Line commuter rail service in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Rail transport in Costa Rica

Rail transport in Costa Rica is primarily under the stewardship of Incofer, an autonomous institution of the state. Incofer owns the national railway infrastructure and operates virtually all freight and passenger services, which consist primarily of commuter trains through the highly populated Central Valley. The whole Incofer network is 1,067 mm narrow gauge, although there are several small tourist railways of other gauges.

State Railways Institution

The State Railways Institution is a state-run organization of Venezuela that manages the railway systems of the country. Its headquarters are located in Caracas, Venezuela.

Rail transport in Central America

Rail transport in Central America consists of several isolated railroad lines with freight or passenger service. The most famous one is the Panama Canal Railway, the oldest transcontinental railroad in the world, connecting Panama City with Colón since 1855. Other railroads in Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama were built by private and public investors mainly to facilitate the transport of local agricultural produce to export markets and harbors. Their market share and profitability went into decline in the second half of the twentieth century and most lines have been decommissioned by the end of the 1990s. As of 2018, railroads operate locally in Honduras, Costa Rica and Panama only; all rail transport has been suspended in Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua. The railways still operating do not cross national borders.

General Bartolomé Mitre Railway

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General Urquiza Railway

The General Urquiza Railway (FCGU), named after the Argentine general and politician Justo José de Urquiza, is a standard gauge railway of Argentina which runs approximately northwards from Buenos Aires to Posadas, with several branches in between. It was also one of the six state-owned Argentine railway companies formed after President Juan Perón's nationalisation of the railway network in 1948. The six companies were managed by Ferrocarriles Argentinos which was later broken up during the process of railway privatisation beginning in 1991 during Carlos Menem's presidency.

Ferroexpreso Pampeano

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Mitre Line

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San Martín Line

The San Martín line is a 70-kilometre (43 mi), 22-station commuter rail service in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The San Martín line operates from the city-centre terminus of Retiro north-west to Doctor Cabred in Luján Partido along a broad gauge line built by the British-owned Buenos Aires and Pacific Railway.

Rail transport in Argentina

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Rail transport in Uruguay

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Odinsa S.A is a Colombian construction and infrastructure development and publicly traded company. It engages in road, highway, airport and railway construction in addition to real estate and private/public grant projects. Real estate projects are developed through the subsidiary Odinsa Holding Inc. The company also does business outside of Colombia, mostly in the Dominican Republic and other parts of the Caribbean. In 2002 it participated in a Social Interest Housing Project which built 450 homes.

Ferrocarril Económico Correntino

Ferrocarril Económico Correntino was the informal name for some former narrow gauge State-owned railway lines in Corrientes Province of Argentina that used a gauge of 600 mm.

Antioquia Railway

The Antioquia Railway is a historic railway system in Colombia of freight and passenger trains that joined much of the central regions of the Antioquia department along the Magdalena river, and ultimately extended to provinces located south of the department, including Caldas and the Valle del Cauca. It took 55 years to build: from 1874 to its opening on 7 August 1929. The Antioquia Railway was for decades an important link among regions that had previously been isolated and was a large contributor to economic development in the region. With the construction of alternative forms of transportation, especially roads, the use of the train declined in the 20th century. The railway was officially sold in 1961.

Buenos Aires al Pacífico S.A.

Buenos Aires al Pacífico S. A. was an Argentine company that exploited the operation and infrastructure of the 1,676 mm San Martín Railway freight rail transport system.

References

  1. "Country profile: Colombia" (PDF). Library of Congress – Federal Research Division. February 2007. p. 18. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
  2. "Ferroviario Central Back On The Tenders List – Corporate Financing Week" . Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  3. "Colombia to launch US$600m tender package". Railway Gazette International . October 2007.
  4. John Paul Rathbone, Naomi Mapstone (2011-02-13). "China in talks over Panama Canal rival (subscription required)". Financial Times. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
  5. Wheatley, Jonathan (2011-02-14). "Colombia's smart canal". Financial Times. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
  6. "China in talk with Columbia over transcontinental railway: Colombian president". Xinhuanet. 2011-02-14. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
  7. 1 2 Colombian railway revival gets underway, 10 Feb 2014, http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/news/cs-america/single-view/view/colombian-railway-revival-gets-underway.html
  8. South American rail forum, http://www.railpage.com.au/f-t11342426.htm

Further reading

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