|Born||Raimundo da Mota de Azevedo Correia|
May 13, 1859
São Luís, Brazil
|Died||September 13, 1911 52) (aged|
|Occupation||Poet, judge, magistrate|
|Alma mater||University of São Paulo|
|Notable works||Primeiros Sonhos|
Raimundo da Mota de Azevedo Correia (May 13, 1859 – September 13, 1911) was a Brazilian Parnassian poet, judge and magistrate. Alongside Alberto de Oliveira and Olavo Bilac, he was a member of the "Parnassian Triad".
He founded and occupied the 5th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1897 until his death in 1911.
Correia was born on a ship anchored in the shores of São Luís, Maranhão, to desembargador José da Mota de Azevedo Correia and Maria Clara Vieira da Mota de Azevedo Correia. Correia made his secondary course at the Colégio Pedro II, and graduated in Law in 1882, at the Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de São Paulo. He would serve as a successful judge in Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais.
Correia's first book, Primeiros Sonhos, was published in 1879, and its poems have a strong influence of Brazilian Romantic poets such as Fagundes Varela, Casimiro de Abreu and Castro Alves. However, he would join Parnassianism in 1883, with him book Sinfonias. Some of his poems are also considered to forerun the Symbolist movement in Brazil.
Correia died in 1911 in Paris while he was searching for a treatment for his diseases.
Olavo Brás Martins dos Guimarães Bilac, often known as Olavo Bilac, was a Brazilian Parnassian poet, journalist and translator. Alongside Alberto de Oliveira and Raimundo Correia, he was a member of the "Parnassian Triad". He was elected the "Prince of Brazilian Poets" in 1907 by the magazine Fon-Fon. He wrote the lyrics of the Brazilian Flag Anthem.
Brazilian literature is the literature written in the Portuguese language by Brazilians or in Brazil, including works written prior to the country's independence in 1822. Throughout its early years, literature from Brazil followed the literary trends of Portugal, whereas gradually shifting to a different and authentic writing style in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, in the search for truly Brazilian themes and use of Brazilian forms.
Antônio Gonçalves Dias was a Brazilian Romantic poet, playwright, ethnographer, lawyer and linguist. A major exponent of Brazilian Romanticism and of the literary tradition known as "Indianism", he is famous for writing "Canção do exílio", the short narrative poem I-Juca-Pirama, the unfinished epic Os Timbiras, and many other nationalist and patriotic poems that would award him posthumously with the title of national poet of Brazil. He was also an avid researcher of Native Brazilian languages and folklore.
Raul d'Ávila Pompeia was a Brazilian novelist, short story writer and chronicler. He is famous for the Impressionist romance O Ateneu.
José Oswald de Souza Andrade was a Brazilian poet novelist and cultural critic. He was born and spent most of his life in São Paulo.
Parnassianism was a French literary style that began during the positivist period of the 19th century, occurring after romanticism and prior to symbolism. The style was influenced by the author Théophile Gautier as well as by the philosophical ideas of Arthur Schopenhauer.
Artur Nabantino Gonçalves de Azevedo was a Brazilian playwright, short story writer, chronicler, journalist and Parnassian poet. He is famous for consolidating in Brazil the "comedy of manners" genre, initiated by Martins Pena.
Manuel Antônio Álvares de Azevedo, affectionately called "Maneco" by his close friends, relatives and admirers, was a Brazilian Romantic poet, short story writer, playwright and essayist, considered to be one of the major exponents of Ultra-Romanticism and Gothic literature in Brazil. His works tend to play heavily with opposite notions, such as love and death, platonism and sarcasm, sentimentalism and pessimism, among others, and have a strong influence of Musset, Chateaubriand, Lamartine, Goethe and – above all – Byron.
Joaquim Osório Duque-Estrada was a Brazilian poet, essayist, journalist, literary critic and professor. He is famous for writing in 1909 a poem that would become the lyrics of the Brazilian National Anthem in 1922.
Antônio Mariano de Oliveira was a Brazilian poet, pharmacist and professor. He is better known by his pen name Alberto de Oliveira.
Bernardo Joaquim da Silva Guimarães was a Brazilian poet and novelist. He is the author of the famous romances A Escrava Isaura and O Seminarista. He also introduced to Brazilian poetry the verso bestialógico, also referred to as pantagruélico — poems whose verses are very nonsensical, although very metrical. Under the verso bestialógico, he wrote polemical erotic verses, such as "O Elixir do Pajé" and "A Origem do Mênstruo". A non-erotic poem written in verso bestialógico is "Eu Vi dos Polos o Gigante Alado".
Sílvio Vasconcelos da Silveira Ramos Romero was a Brazilian "Condorist" poet, essayist, literary critic, professor, journalist, historian and politician.
Alfredo Bosi is a Brazilian historian, literary critic, and professor. He is member of the Academia Brasileira de Letras, occupying Chair number 12. One of his most famous books is "História Concisa da Literatura Brasileira", widely used in Brazilian universities in literature courses. Bosi also wrote several studies about Italian literature and about major Brazilian writers as well as essays on the field of hermeneutics.
José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva was a French-born Brazilian poet, teacher and senator. He is known as "the Younger" to distinguish him from his grand-uncle, José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva, "the Elder" or "the Patriarch", a famous statesman who was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence.
Teófilo Odorico Dias de Mesquita was a Brazilian poet, journalist and lawyer, nephew of the famous Romantic author Gonçalves Dias.
Events in the year 1908 in Brazil.
Events in the year 1911 in Brazil.
Events in the year 1889 in Brazil.
Cândido Motta Filho was a Brazilian lawyer, professor, journalist, essayist and politician.
|Portuguese Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
Bernardo Guimarães (patron)
Brazilian Academy of Letters - Occupant of the 5th chair
1897 — 1911