Rajendra Kumar

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Rajendra Kumar Tuli
RajendraKumarActor.jpg
Born(1929-07-20)20 July 1929
Died12 July 1999(1999-07-12) (aged 69)
Other namesJubilee Kumar [1]
OccupationActor, Producer, Director
Years active1949–1998
Spouse(s)Shukla
Children3, including Kumar Gaurav
Awards Padma Shri (1969)

Rajendra Kumar Tuli (20 July 1929 – 12 July 1999) was an Indian film actor who starred in Bollywood films. Starting his career in 1950, he appeared in more than 80 films in a career spanning over four decades. He was considered one of the most successful Indian Bollywood actors in the 1960s. He also produced several films starring his son Kumar Gaurav. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Shri in 1969.

Bollywood Hindi language film industry

Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood and formerly known as Bombay cinema, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The term is a portmanteau of "Bombay" and "Hollywood". The industry is related to Tamil film industry (Kollywood), Telugu film industry (Tollywood) and other industries, making up Indian Cinema – the world's largest.

Kumar Gaurav Indian actor

Kumar Gaurav is an Indian film actor and son of late actor Rajendra Kumar. He has acted in several hit films such as Love Story, Teri Kasam, Naam and Kaante.

Government of India Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of India

The Government of India, often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic. It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.

Contents

He was born in a Punjabi Hindu family in Sialkot, in the Punjab province of British India. [2]

Sialkot City in Punjab, Pakistan

Sialkot is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. Sialkot is Pakistan's 13th largest city and located 9 km from Ghuinke, and is located in north-east Punjab — one of Pakistan's most industrialised regions. Along with the nearby cities of Gujranwala and Gujrat, Sialkot forms part of the so-called Golden Triangle of industrial cities with export-oriented economies.

Career

Rajendra Kumar's family was based in Punjab, Pakistan former British India. His grandfather was a successful military contractor and his father had a textile business in Karachi, Sindh, British India. During the Partition of India, the family had to leave all the land and property behind and move to India. When they came to Bombay, Kumar decided to try his luck in the Hindi film industry. He never wanted to be a hero and took up work with director H. S. Rawail as an assistant. For nearly five years, he worked with Rawail as an assistant in films like Patanga, Sagai, Pocketmaar.

Punjab, Pakistan Province in Pakistan

Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province by area, after Balochistan, and it is the most populated province, with an estimated population of 110,012,442 as of 2017. Forming the bulk of the transnational Punjab region, it is bordered by the Pakistan provinces of Sindh, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the enclave of Islamabad, and Azad Kashmir. It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir. The provincial capital of Punjab is the city Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based.

Pakistan federal parliamentary constitutional republic in South Asia

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

Karachi Metropolis in Sindh, Pakistan

Karachi is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh. It is the most populous city in Pakistan, and sixth-most-populous city proper in the world. Ranked as a beta world city, the city is Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre and is considered as the cultural, economic, philanthropic, educational, and political hub of the country. Karachi is also Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city. Situated on the Arabian Sea, Karachi serves as a transport hub, and is home to Pakistan's two largest seaports, the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, as well as the Pakistan's busiest airport, Jinnah International Airport.

During this time he made his film debut with a small role in Kidar Sharma's 1950 film Jogan , opposite Dilip Kumar and Nargis. It was producer Devendra Goel who noticed Kumar in Jogan and gave him a break in Vachan in 1955. Kumar was paid only fifteen hundred rupees for the film; however, the film was a hit and was Kumar's first silver jubilee film and he was given a title – 'A star is Born'. [3] He got further success with his supporting role in Mehboob Khan's blockbuster epic film Mother India in 1957 in which he played Nargis's character's son. His first major success as a romantic leading man was in Amit Saxena's musical Goonj Uthi Shehnai (1959), co-starring Ameeta.

Kidar Sharma Indian film director

Kidar Nath Sharma, also Kedar Sharma, was an Indian film director, producer, screenwriter, and Lyricist of Hindi films. While he had great success as a director of such movies as Neel Kamal (1947), Bawre Nain (1950) and Jogan (1950), he is often most remembered for starting the acting careers of Bollywood greats Geeta Bali, Madhubala, Raj Kapoor, Mala Sinha, Bharat Bhushan and Tanuja.

Dilip Kumar Indian actor

Muhammad Yusuf Khan, better known as Dilip Kumar, is an Indian film actor, who is among the most honored and popular stars in film history. Popularly known as The Tragedy King and The First Khan, he has been credited with bringing realism to film acting since his first film and is regarded as one of the greatest actors of world cinema.

Nargis Indian actress

Nargis Dutt, also known by her stage name Nargis, was an Indian film actress, who starred in classic films of Bollywood. Regarded as one of the greatest actresses in the history of Hindi cinema, she made her screen debut in a minor role at the age of 5 with Talash-E-Haq (1935), but her acting career actually began with the film Tamanna (1942).

The 1960s saw Kumar rise to stardom. There were times when he had six or seven films which had run for more than 25 weeks (known in India as a "silver jubilee film"), all running at the cinema at the same time, which rendered him the nickname "Jubilee Kumar". [4] He starred in many box office hits including Dhool Ka Phool (1959), Dil Ek Mandir (1963), Mere Mehboob (1963), Sangam (1964), Ayee Milan Ki Bela (1964), Arzoo (1965), Suraj (1966), Jhuk Gaya Aasmaan (1968), Talash (1969) and Ganwaar (1970). He received the Filmfare Nomination for Best Actor for Dil Ek Mandir (1963), Ayee Milan Ki Bela (1964), Arzoo (1965), and as Best Supporting Actor for Sangam (1964). [5]

<i>Dhool Ka Phool</i> 1959 Indian film directed by Yash Chopra

Dhool Ka Phool is a 1959 Indian Bollywood film. Produced by B. R. Chopra, it was directed by B.R.'s brother Yash Chopra, this being Yash's first movie as a director, having been an assistant director in B.R.'s earlier film Naya Daur. The film stars Mala Sinha, Rajendra Kumar, Nanda, Leela Chitnis, Jeevan and Ashok Kumar. The story revolves around a Muslim bringing up an "illegitimate" Hindu child and featured the classic song Too Hindu Banega Na Musalman Banega, Insaan Ki Aulaad Hai, Insaan Banega on Manmohan Krishna, who also won the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as Abdul Rasheed. Besides that, Mala Sinha received a nomination for Best Actress and Mukhram Sharma for Best Story. The movie was remade in Telugu as Jeevana Teeralu.

<i>Dil Ek Mandir</i> 1963 film by C. V. Sridhar

Dil Ek Mandir is a 1963 Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film directed by C. V. Sridhar. The film stars Rajendra Kumar, Meena Kumari, Raaj Kumar and Mehmood. The film's music is by Shankar Jaikishan. All the songs of this film were hits and were loved by everyone. The film was a major hit at the box office. The film was a remake of the Tamil film Nenjil Or Aalayam (1962), also directed by Sridhar.

<i>Mere Mehboob</i> 1963 film by H. S. Rawail

Mere Mehboob is a 1963 Indian film directed by Harnam Singh Rawail and starring Rajendra Kumar, Sadhana, Ashok Kumar, Nimmi, Pran, Johnny Walker and Ameeta. The film became a big hit and took the number one position at the box office in 1963. A Muslim social film, it drew a background from Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh and traditional Lucknow. The famous song "Mere Mehboob Tujhe Mere" was shot in the University Hall and in a couple of places, one gets to see the University. The opening scene of the movie shows the famous residential hall and the associated clock tower; "Victoria Gate".

From 1972 onwards, he faced competition from Rajesh Khanna and many of his films were flops. He then switched to character roles in the late 1970s and 1980s. He was offered a role in the film Saajan Bina Suhaagan opposite Nutan in 1978 which was a success. He also starred in a number of Punjabi films like Teri Meri Ek Jindari. His brother Naresh Kumar was also a director and directed him in the 1975 film Do Jasoos .

Rajesh Khanna Bollywood actor

Rajesh Khanna was an Indian actor, film producer and politician who is known for his work in Hindi cinema. He is referred to as the "first superstar". He starred in 15 consecutive solo hit films from 1969 to 1971, still an unbroken record.

Nutan Indian actress

Nutan Bahl, better known as Nutan, was an Indian film actress. In a career spanning nearly four decades, she appeared in more than 70 Hindi films, many in starring roles. Regarded as one of the finest female actors in the history of Indian cinema, Nutan was noted for playing unconventional parts and her performances often received praise and accolades. Nutan holds the record of five wins of the Best Actress award at Filmfare, which was held only by her for over 30 years until it was matched by her niece Kajol in 2011. In 1974, she was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India.

<i>Do Jasoos</i> 1975 film by Naresh Kumar

Do Jasoos is a 1975 Hindi film. Produced and directed by Naresh Kumar, the film stars Raj Kapoor, Rajendra Kumar, Aruna Irani, Prem Chopra, Farida Jalal and Asit Sen. The music is by Ravindra Jain.

In 1981, Rajendra introduced his son Kumar Gaurav in the film Love Story which he produced and also starred in. The film was declared a blockbuster. [6] Rajendra produced a few other films starring his son but none matched the success of Love Story with the exception of the 1986 film Naam , which featured his son starring alongside Sanjay Dutt. His last production was the 1993 film Phool which also didn't do well. In 1995 he acted in the television serial Andaz which was his last acting role.

Personal life

He married Shukla (producer/director O. P. Ralhan's sister) and had a son and two daughters. His son Kumar Gaurav also had a brief acting career.

Kumar acted with Sunil Dutt and Nargis in the film Mother India (1957) where Sunil Dutt and Rajendra Kumar played natural sons of Nargis's character. He had a special relationship with Dutt and used to actively participate in campaigning for him, whenever the latter used to contest for elections. Dutt quoted as having said that "Even though Rajendra Kumar did not win any award throughout his career, he was one of the most genuine human beings I have ever encountered. When I was struggling with the troubles related to the arrest of my son Sanjay Dutt and my house was repeatedly being searched by means of numerous police raids, Rajendra Kumar was the one who came to my rescue by staying at my house and ensuring that raids were conducted using due procedures, false evidences were not planted in the house and valuables were not stolen."[ This quote needs a citation ] Kumar was best friends with Raj Kapoor, so much so that his son Kumar Gaurav was engaged to the latter's daughter, Reema. As fate would have it, this friendship could not last long after their children broke the engagement and Kumar Gaurav got married to Sunil Dutt and Nargis's daughter Namrata.

He attained a Ph.D. and had a title of 'Doctor' prefixed to his name.

For the premier of his film Vachan , he was asked if he wanted any seats for his relatives or friends, and thinking that it would be complimentary, he answered ten. After some days when he went to get his fees from the producer's accountant, he was given a lesser amount and when he asked why he was told that the money was deducted for the seats he took for his relatives and friends. He took this lesson as a principle of production and when he produced Naam, he deducted some amount from Amrita Singh's fees for the long calls she had made from Hong Kong to India.

Death

Known to refuse taking any medication, he succumbed to cancer on 12 July 1999, just a day after his son's 39th birthday, and just 8 days before his 70th birthday. [7]

Honours and recognitions

Kumar on a 2013 stamp of India Rajendra Kumar 2013 stamp of India.jpg
Kumar on a 2013 stamp of India

Awards and nominations

Filmfare Awards

Rajendra Kumar was nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor for three consecutive years in 1964, 1965 and 1966. In the year 1965 he was nominated both for Filmfare Award for Best Actor and Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor. [9]

Filmfare Award for Best Actor
Nominations
YearFilmRoleNotes
1964 Dil Ek Mandir Dr. Dharmesh Nominated
1965 Ayee Milan Ki Bela Shyam
1966 Aarzoo Gopal/Sarju
Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominations
1965 Sangam Gopal Verma Nominated

Filmography

As actor

Films as actor
YearFilmRoleNotes
1949 Patanga small role
1950 Jogan Vijay's friendPlays a small role.
1955 Vachan Kishore
1956 Toofan Aur Deeya Satish Sharma/ Master-Ji
AawazAshok
1957 Mother India Ramu
Ek Jhalak
Duniya Rang Rangili Shyam
1958Devar BhabhiRamu
Ghar Sansar Deepak
KhazanchiHarish Mohan
Talaaq Ravi Shankar Chaube
1959 Chirag Kahan Roshni Kahan Dr. Anand
Dhool Ka Phool Mahesh Kapoor
Do Behnen
Goonj Uthi Shehnai Kishan
Santan
1960 Kanoon Advocate
Kailash Khanna
Maa Baap Raj Kumar 'Raju'
Mehndi Rang Lagyo Anil Gujarati film
Patang Dr. Rajan
1961 Aas Ka Panchhi Rajan 'Raju' Khanna
Dharmputra Special appearance
Amar Rahe Yeh Pyar Advocate Iqbal Hussain
Gharana Kamal
Pyaar Ka SaagarKishen Chand Gupta
Zindagi aur Khwab Inspector Manoj
Sasural Shekhar
SanjogGuest role
1963Akeli Mat JaiyoPrince Amardeep
Dil Ek Mandir Dr. DharmeshNominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor
Gehra Daag Shekhar
HamrahiShekhar
Mere Mehboob Anwar
1964 Ayee Milan Ki Bela ShyamNominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor
Sangam Magistrate Gopal VermaNominated for Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor
Zindagi Rajan
1965 Arzoo Gopal/SarjuNominated for Filmfare Award for Best Actor
1966 Suraj Suraj Singh
1967 Palki Naseem Baig
Aman Dr. Gautamdas
1968 Saathi Ravi
Jhuk Gaya Aasman Sanjay/Tarun Kumar 'Battu' 'Pappu' Saxena
1969 Anjaana Raju
Shatranj Jai/Vijay/Shinranz
Talash Raj Kumar 'Raju'
1970 Mera Naam Joker Mahender Kumar
Geet Suraj 'Sarju' Kumar
Ganwaar Gopal Rai
Dharti Bharat
1971 Aap Aye Bahaar Ayee Kumar Verma
1972 Tangewala Rai Bahadur Kishandas/Raju/Dilbahadur Khan
Gora Aur Kala Karan Singh/Kali Singh (Kalua)Double role
Gaon Hamara Shaher Tumhara Brij "Birju" Bhushan
Aan Baan Suraj
Lalkaar Wing Commander Rajan Kapoor
1974 Dukh Bhanjan Tera Naam Boatsman
Do Sher SheraPunjabi film
1975 Do Jasoos Karamchand Jasoos
Rani Aur Lalpari Rani's dad
Sunehra Sansar Chandrashekhar
Teri Meri Ik Jindri Jaggar Singh FaujiSpecial appearance
1976 Mazdoor Zindabaad Ram Singh
1977 Daku Aur Mahatma
Do Sholay Punjabi Movie Do Sher 1974 dubbed in Hindi
Shirdi Ke Sai Baba Doctor (Pooja's husband)
1978 Sone Ka Dil Lohe Ke Haath Shankar
Aahuti CID Inspector Ram Prasad/Rocky
Saajan Bina Suhagan Raj Kumar
1979 Bin Phere Hum Tere Jagdish Sharma
1980Gunehgaar
Badla Aur BalidanBarrister Avinash Kumar
Dhan Daulat Raj Saxena
Oh BewafaR K
1981Yeh Rishta Na TootayPolice Inspector Vijay Kumar
Saajan Ki SaheliBarrister Avinash Kumar
Love Story Vijay Mehra
1982RustomJ. D. Mehta
1983 Lovers Christian Priest
1988 Main Tere Liye Shiva
1989 Clerk Rahim U. Khan
1991 Insaaf Ka Khoon Judge Kumar
1993 Phool DharamraajAlso producer of the film
TV show
YearFilmRoleChannelNotes
1995Andaz Zee TV one episode
VanshZee TV

Producer

Films as producer
YearFilmDirectorNotes
1981 Love Story Rahul Rawail To launch son Kumar Gaurav
1983 Lovers P. Bharathiraja
1986 Naam Mahesh Bhatt
1991 Jurrat David Dhawan Also editor of the film
1993 Phool Singeetam Srinivasa Rao
1994The Jungle Book(co-executive producer)
(co-producer)
[ citation needed ]

Presenter

Soundtrack

Thanks

Self

Archive footage

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References

  1. https://www.thequint.com/entertainment/bollywood/how-did-rajendra-kumar-become-jubilee-kumar
  2. Raheja, Dinesh. "Bollywood's Jubilee Kumar" . Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  3. Rajendra Kumar – Memories. "Cineplot.com". Retrieved on 8 November 2018.
  4. Movies: Bollywood's Jubliee Kumar. Rediff.com (July 2002). Retrieved on 8 November 2018.
  5. 1st Filmfare Awards 1953. Deep750.googlepages.com. Retrieved on 8 November 2018.
  6. Box Office Results 1981. boxofficeindia.com
  7. Rediff On The NeT: Rajendra Kumar passes away. Rediff.com (12 July 1999). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  8. Arts Tribune. Tribuneindia.com (16 July 1999). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  9. "Rajendra Kumar Awards". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.