Rakhee Gulzar

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Rakhee Gulzar
Rakhee Gulzar.jpg
Rakhee Gulzar in 2012
Born
Rakhee Majumdar

(1947-08-15) 15 August 1947 (age 73)
OccupationActor
Years active1967–2019
Spouse(s)
Ajay Biswas
(m. 1963;div. 1965)

(m. 1973)
Children Meghna Gulzar
Awards
Honors Padma Shri

Rakhee Gulzar (born Rakhee Majumdar on 15 August 1947 and widely known as Rakhee) is an Indian film actress [1] who has appeared in many Hindi films and Bengali films as well. [2] In four decades of acting, she has won three Filmfare Awards and one National Film Award, apart from many other awards. At Filmfare, Raakhee has been nominated 16 times in all (8 times for Best Actress and 8 times for Best Supporting Actress), making her the second most-nominated performer in the female categories, behind Madhuri Dixit and Rani Mukerji. She debuted in the Bengali film Bodhu Boron in 1967 with Geeta Dutta in the lead role. Her first Hindi film was Jeevan Mrityu in 1970.

Contents

Early life

Rakhee was born in a Bengali family at Ranaghat in the Nadia district of West Bengal in the early hours of 15 August 1947, just hours after the independence of India. She received her early education in a local girls' school. Her father had a flourishing shoe business in his native village in East Bengal, modern-day Bangladesh, before the partition of India, and thereafter he settled in West Bengal. While still a teenager, Raakhee had an arranged marriage to Bengali journalist/film director Ajay Biswas, which ended shortly afterwards.

At the start of her film career, she dropped her surname and was mentioned in film credits only as "Rakhee," by which name she attained stardom, but upon marrying lyricist-director Gulzar, she took that as her surname and is credited thereafter as Rakhee Gulzar.'

Career

In 1967, the 20-year-old Rakhee acted in her first Bengali film Bodhu Boron, after which she was offered the lead role in Rajshri Productions' Jeevan Mrityu (1970) opposite Dharmendra.

In 1971, Rakhee played a double role opposite Shashi Kapoor in Sharmilee , and also starred in Lal Patthar and Paras ; all three films became hits and she established herself as a leading actress of Hindi Cinema. Shehzada (1972) opposite reigning superstar Rajesh Khanna and Aankhon Aankhon Mein (1972) opposite a relative newcomer Rakesh Roshan showcased her comic abilities though their box office performance was unsatisfactory. She continued to display versatility even in relatively small roles in Lal Patthar, Heera Panna (1973) and Daag: A Poem of Love (1973), with her strong performances. The phenomenal success of Rajshri Productions' Tapasya (1976) a heroine-dominated movie where she played the sacrificing sister opposite Parikshit Sahni established her as a box-office name to reckon with. Rakhee regards her performances in Blackmail (1973), Tapasya (1976) and Aanchal as her best.

She acted with Dev Anand in Heera Panna, Banarasi Babu (1973), Joshila (1973) and Lootmaar (1980). Rakhee starred opposite Shashi Kapoor in 10 released films: Sharmilee , Jaanwar Aur Insaan (1972), Kabhie Kabhie (1976), Doosra Aadmi (1977), the critically acclaimed Trishna (1978), Baseraa (1981), [3] Bandhan Kuchchey Dhaagon Ka (1983), Zameen Aasmaan (1984), and Pighalta Aasman (1985) and the unreleased Ek Do Teen Chaar. [4] Her exemplary chemistry with Amitabh Bachchan was showcased in eight films: Kabhie Kabhie (1976), Muqaddar Ka Sikander (1978), Kasme Vaade (1978), Trishul (1978), Kaala Patthar (1979), Jurmana (1979), Barsaat Ki Ek Raat (1981), and Bemisal (1982). In some films such as Jurmana , her name is even credited ahead of the hero. She also formed a popular pair with Sanjeev Kumar with films like Hamare Tumhare (1979) and Shriman Shrimati (1982).

In 1981, a 23-year-old aspiring director Anil Sharma asked her to star in an out and out female oriented role in his debut film Shradhanjali. After the success of the film Raakhee was flooded by strong heroine-dominated roles. At the peak of her career as a popular heroine, she surprised everyone by accepting strong character roles as sister-in-law to Rajesh Khanna in Aanchal (1980), Shashi Kapoor and Amitabh in Shaan (1980), Mithun Chakraborty in Dhuan, and mother to Amitabh in Shakti (1982) and Rishi Kapoor in Yeh Vaada Raha (1982).

She acted in other Bengali films; Paroma (1984) and was awarded the BFJA Award for Best Actress.

Towards the late 1980s and 1990s she played strong character roles as the elderly mother or a woman of principles in commercially successful films such as Ram Lakhan (1989), Anari (1993), Baazigar (1993), Khalnayak (1993), Karan Arjun (1995), Border (1997), Soldier (1998), Ek Rishtaa: The Bond of Love (2001) and Dil Ka Rishta (2002).

In 2003 she appeared in Rituparno Ghosh directed film Shubho Mahurat for which she won the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actress.

In one of her interviews, she said in 2012 that her favourite heroes were Rajesh Khanna and Shashi Kapoor. [5]

In 2019 Kolkata International Film Festival the film Nirbon directed by Goutam Halder was premiered, where Rakhee portrayed the role of Bijolibala, a seventy years old lady with a strong conviction. “Doing films is not on my agenda right now, but the story fascinated me” Rakhee said about the adaptation of Moti Nandi's novel Bijolibalar Mukti. [6]

Rakhee Gulzar has diverse experiences in a wide range of activities she has been associated with in the film industry. In many occasions she extended her contributions beyond acting and delved into various other field of activities, some of which are listed below: 1998 - Pyaar To Hona Hi Tha - Costume Designer1999 - Dil Kya Kare - Dress AssistantIn 1982 she lent her voice for the film Taaqat in the song Teri nindiya ko lag jaye aag re sung in duet with Kishore Kumar.

Personal life

In her second marriage, Raakhee married film director, poet and lyricist Gulzar. The couple have a daughter, Meghna Gulzar. When their daughter was only one year old, they separated. [7] After completing her graduation in films from New York University, Meghna went on to become a director of films including Filhaal... , Just Married and Dus Kahaniyaan , [8] and authored a biography of her father in 2004. [9]

At one point, Raakhee stayed in her bungalow, "Muktangan" (bought from the Marathi playwright P. L. Deshpande), on Sarojini Road in Khar, Mumbai. Later, she sold the property and moved to an apartment two buildings away, though the new high rise is still called by the same name, as she had wished. As of 2015 she mostly stays in the Panvel farmhouse on the Mumbai outskirts. [10] [11]

“My mother has lived her professional and personal life with tremendous dignity and grace.” said Meghna Gulzar, daughter of Rakhee, in an interview. [12] Presently she lives in recluse in her farmhouse at Panvel, spending time in tending to a huge flock of animals, growing vegetables and reading books. [13]

Awards and nominations

Filmography

YearTitleRoleDirectorNotes
1967Badhu Bharan-Dilip NagBengali film
1968 Baghini Bijay BoseBengali film
1970AparajeyaBina [17] ChaturangaAssamese film
Jeevan Mrityu DeepaSatyen Bose
1971 Sharmilee Kanchan/Kamini Samir Ganguly
Reshma Aur Shera Gopal's WifeSunil Dutt
Paaras Barkha SinghC.P. Dixit
Lal Patthar SumitaSushil Majumdar
1972 Anokhi Pehchan Satyen Bose
Aan Baan RekhaPrakash Mehra
Aankhon Aankhon Mein ParvatiRaghunath Jhalani
Beimaan Sohanlal Kanwar
Janwar Aur Insaan MeenaTapi Chanakya
Shehzada ChandaK. Shankar
Shaadi Ke Baad ShovaL.V. Prasad
Sub Ka SaathiRosieA. Bhimsingh
WafaaSaraswatiRamanna
Yaar Mera Atma Ram
1973 Heera Panna Reema SinghDev Anand
Daag ChandniYash Chopra
Blackmail Asha MehtaVijay Anand
Banarasi Babu NeelaShankar Mukherjee
Joshila SapnaYash Chopra
1974PagliGoriC.P. Dixit
27 Down ShaliniAwtar Krishna Kaul
1975 Mere Sajna KammoKewal Kumar
AngaareyShovaGovind Saraiya
1976 Tapasya Indrani Sinha "Indu"Anil Ganguly
Kabhi Kabhie Pooja KhannaYash Chopra
1977 Doosra Aadmi NishaRamesh Talwar
1978Chameli MemsahebChameli [18] Indar SenBangla film
Trishna Aarti S. GuptaAnil Ganguly
Kasme Vaade SumanRamesh Behl
Trishul GeetaYash Chopra
Muqaddar Ka Sikandar KaamnaPrakash Mehra
1979 Hamare Tumhare MayaUmesh Mehra
Jurmana Rama SharmaHrishikesh Mukherjee
Kaala Patthar Dr. Sudha SenYash Chopra
Shyamla-Joginder Shelly
1980LootmaarRaksha BhagatDev Anand
Aanchal ShantiAnil Ganguly
Hum KadamIndu GuptaAnil Ganguly
Shaan Sheetal KumarRamesh Sippy
1981 Rocky ParvatiSunil Dutt
Laawaris VidyaPrakash Mehra
Dhuaan Dulal Guha
Barsaat Ki Ek Raat Shakti Samanta
AnusandhanRajniShakti SamantaBengali/ Hindi
Baseraa Sharda Balraj KohliRamesh Talwar
ShradhanjaliAnil Sharma
1982 Yeh Vaada Raha Mrs. Sharda Rai BahadurKapil Kapoor
TaaqatNarendra Bedi
Shriman Shrimati Parvati DeviVijay Reddy
Bemisal Kavita Chaturvedi (Sakhi)Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Dil Aakhir Dil HaiKusum DesaiEsmayeel Shroff
Shakti Sheetal Ramesh Sippy -
1983 Bandhan Kuchchey Dhaagon Ka Anil Sharma
1984 Anand Aur Anand Mrs. Arun AnandDev Anand
Bandh Honth-Raj Marbros
Parama ParamaAparna SenBengali
Zindagi Jeene Ke LiyeK.S. Sethu Madhavan
Zameen Aasmaan KavitaBharat Rangachary
1985 Pighalta Aasman AartiShammi
Saaheb Sujata SharmaAnil Ganguly
1986AmmaShantaJiten
Zindagani Sumitra DeviPrabhat Roy
1987 Muqaddar Ka Faisla LaxmiPrakash Mehra
Dacait Devi ChoudhrainRahul Rawail
1988Gold MedalShobha / DimpleRavikant Nagaich
Mere BaadVidyaVishwamitra
FalakDurga VermaShashilal K. Nair
PrateekSunandaPrabhat RoyBengali film
Sagar Sangam-Dulal Guha
1989 Ram Lakhan Mrs. Sharda Pratap SinghSubhash Ghai
Santosh RachnaBalbir Wadhawan
1990 Jeevan Ek Sangharsh Dharam Verma Rahul Rawail
1991 Saugandh GangaRaj Sippy
Pratikar Saraswati DeviTatineni Rama Rao
1993 Rudaali Bhikni/EuliKalpana Lajmi
PratimurtiBimal Dutta
Khal Nayak Mrs. Aarti PrasadSubhash Ghai
Kshatriya Maheshwari DeviJ. P. Dutta
Dil Ki Baazi Nirmala DeviAnil Ganguly
Anari K. Murali Mohana Rao
Baazigar Mrs. Shobha SharmaAbbas-Mustan
1994 Phiriye Dao Arjun's motherChiranjitBengali film
Vivekananda-G.V. Iyer
1995 Karan Arjun Durga SinghRakesh Roshan
Kismat GeetaHarmesh Malhotra
1996Durjan-Sanjay Bhattacharya
JaanRukminiRaj Kanwar
1997Achena Atithi-Ashim S. Samanta
Border Dharamvir's motherJ. P. Dutta
Jeevan Yudh Mrs. RaiPartho Ghosh
Ankhon Mein Tum Ho Ranimaa (Mrs. Burman)Ashim Samanta
1998Sham GhanshamGanga Satyadev SinghAshok Ghai
Barood Gayetri SharmaPramod Chakravorty
Soldier Geeta MalhotraAbbas Alibhai Burmawalla, Mastan Alibhai Burmawalla
1999 Baadshah Chief Minister Gayatri BachchanAbbas Alibhai Burmawalla, Mastan Alibhai Burmawalla
Dil Kya Kare-Prakash Jha
2001 Ek Rishtaa: The Bond of Love Pratima KapoorSuneel Darshan
2003 Talaash: The Hunt Begins PurnimaSuneel Darshan
Dil Ka Rishta Mrs. SharmaNaresh Malhotra
Shubho Mahurat Ranga PishimaRituparno GhoshBengali film
2009Classmates-
2019NirbaanBijolibabaGoutam Halder

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References

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