Ram Baran Yadav

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Ram Baran Yadav
रामवरण यादव
Dr. Ram Baran Yadav.jpg
1st President of Nepal
In office
23 July 2008 29 October 2015
Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Madhav Kumar Nepal
Jhala Nath Khanal
Baburam Bhattarai
Khil Raj Regmi
Sushil Koirala
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
Vice President Parmanand Jha
Preceded byPosition established
Girija Prasad Koirala Acting Head of State of Nepal
Succeeded by Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Personal details
Born (1948-02-04) 4 February 1948 (age 70)
Sapahi, Nepal
Political party Nepali Congress (1968-2008)
Spouse(s)Julekha Yadav
ChildrenChandra Mohan
Chandra Shekhar
Anita Yadav
Alma mater University of Calcutta
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

Ram Baran Yadav (born 4 February 1948) [1] is a Nepalese politician and physician who served as the First President of Nepal following the declaration of a republic in 2008. [2] He served as a Nepalese President from 23 July 2008 to 29 October 2015. Previously he served as Minister of Health from 1999 to 2001 and General Secretary of the Nepali Congress. Yadav was Minister of State for Health in the 19911994 Nepali Congress government. [3] He was elected to the House of Representatives in the 1999 election as a candidate of the Nepali Congress. [4] After that election, he became Minister of Health. [5] [6]

Nepalis Citizens and people have allegiance to Nepal

The Nepalis are citizens of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal under the provisions of Nepali nationality law. The country is home to people of many different national and ethnic origins. As a result, people of Nepal do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance. Although citizens make up the majority of Nepali, non-citizen residents, dual citizen and expatriates may also claim a Nepali identity.

President of Nepal head of state of Nepal

The President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is the head of state of Nepal and commander in chief of the Nepalese Armed Forces. The office was created in May 2008 after the country was declared as a republic. The first President of Nepal was Ram Baran Yadav. The current president is Bidhya Devi Bhandari, elected in October 2015. She is the first female Nepali head of state. The President is to be formally addressed as "The Right Honourable".

A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government is also a minister and is designated the "prime minister", "premier", "chief minister", "Chancellor" or other title.

Contents

In May 2007, Yadav's residence in Janakpur was attacked by militants of the Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM). The JTMM put up a seizure notice at the house, hoisted their flags at it and detonated a bomb. [7]

The Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM) is a terrorist organisation,claiming to be a revolutionary organisation in Nepal. It was formed in 2004 as a split from the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN-M) around Jay Krishna Goit. The group accused the CPN-M of not guaranteeing the autonomy of the Terai region.

Yadav contested the Dhanusa-5 constituency in the April 2008 Constituent Assembly election. He won the seat, obtaining 10,392 votes. [8]

Dhanusa District District in Province No. 2, Nepal

Dhanusha District,, a part of Province No. 2, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Janakpur as its district headquarter, covers an area of 1,180 km² and has a population (2011) of 754,777.

Yadav was elected as the first President of Nepal in a second round of voting on 21 July 2008. He received 308 out of the 590 votes cast in the Constituent Assembly, [9] [10] defeating Ram Raja Prasad Singh, who had been nominated by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), in a second round of voting. Yadav was sworn in as President on 23 July 2008. Chief Justice of Nepal Kedar Prasad Giri administered the oath of office and secrecy to Yadav at the presidential palace, Shital Niwas, Rastrapati Bhawan. Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala among others were present. Yadav also administered oath to Vice-President Parmananda Jha. [11] [12]

Ram Raja Prasad Singh Nepalese politician

Ram Raja Prasad Singh was a Nepalese politician. In July 2008, Singh was proposed by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), a Nepalese political party which merged with other communist parties and renamed to Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre) नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (माओवादी)केन्द्र, or CPN(M-C) as their candidate in the first presidential election in the country.

Chief Justice of Nepal

The Chief Justice of Nepal is the head of the judicial branch of Nepal and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Nepal. The Chief Justice is the highest judicial officer in the country, and acts as a chief administrative officer for all the judicial system.

Oath of office an official promise by a person who has been elected to a public office to fulfill the duties of the office according to the law

An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations. Such oaths are often required by the laws of the state, religious body, or other organization before the person may actually exercise the powers of the office or any religious body. It may be administered at an inauguration, coronation, enthronement, or other ceremony connected with the taking up of office itself, or it may be administered privately. In some cases it may be administered privately and then repeated during a public ceremony.

Personal life

Ram Baran Yadav with Alaina B. Teplitz, Special Envoy and United States Ambassador to Nepal. AlainaB.Teplitz.jpg
Ram Baran Yadav with Alaina B. Teplitz, Special Envoy and United States Ambassador to Nepal.

Yadav began his political career while studying medicine in Calcutta, India. He came in contact with several Nepali politicians who had self-exiled themselves in India, such as B. P. Koirala, Ganesh Man Singh, Subarna Shamsher Rana, Pushpa Lal Shrestha, and Saroj Koirala. Inspired by these leaders, Yadav started engaging himself in politics actively. He championed the cause for multi-party democracy during the referendum held in 1980. While practicing as a physician for several years in janakpur. he engaged himself in politics as an active cadre of the Nepali Congress Party. He was a rural private practitioner for several years as well as a personal physician to Koirala, the first elected Prime Minister of Nepal, from 1980 to 1982.[ clarification needed ][ citation needed ]

Ganesh Man Singh Nepali politician

Ganesh Man Singh was the leader of the democratic movement of 1990 in Nepal. He is revered as the Father of Democracy and the Iron-man of Nepali politics. He joined Praja Parishad to protest against the autocratic rule of the Ranas.

Subarna Shamsher Rana Prime Minister of Nepal

Subarna Shamsher Rana was a leading figure in the movement to overthrow the ruling Rana oligarchy and to establish democracy in Nepal. He was one of the three leaders of the Nepali Congress in the late 1940s, opposing his relatives, the Rana family, who held power in Nepal at the time. He is one of the most revered leaders of Nepali Congress. He died in Calcutta on 9 November 1977. Sashi Sumsher and Yog Prasad Upadhyay brought his ashes back to Nepal.

Pushpa Lal Shrestha was a Nepali politician. He was the founding general secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal as well as leader.

Yadav was imprisoned for some time until restoration of multiparty democratic dispensation in Nepal in 1990. Thereafter, he was elected twice as a Member of the House of Representatives from the Constituency No. 5 of Dhanusa district of Nepal. He was the Minister of State for Health from 1991 to 1994. He again took charge of the Ministry of Health as the Cabinet Minister from 1999 to 2001. Yadav was elected as a Member of the Constituent Assembly from the same constituency of Dhanusa District during the elections held on 10 April 2008.[ citation needed ]

Yadav discharged various responsibilities in the Nepali Congress Party. He was a member of the Central Working Committee for 15 years, and also a member of Parliamentary Board, and a member of the Discipline Committee of the Party. Before being elected as President, he was General Secretary of the Nepali Congress Party. [1]

Ram Baran Yadav and Anita Yadav with the President of India, Pratibha Devisingh Patil and the Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh Rambaranyadavandanitayadav.jpg
Ram Baran Yadav and Anita Yadav with the President of India, Pratibha Devisingh Patil and the Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh
Ram Baran Yadav visiting a temple Nepali President Ram Baran Yadav visiting a temple as head of the state.jpg
Ram Baran Yadav visiting a temple

Foreign visits

He visited India in 2010 and went to Tirupati Balaji and Chandigarh, where he received his medical degree. On March 26, 2015, he departed for an official visit to China at the invitation of the Chinese government.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "DR. RAM BARAN YADAV PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF NEPAL". Office of The President, Nepal.
  2. "Physician to become Nepal's first president". International Herald Tribune. 2008-07-22. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
  3. Archived March 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine .
  4. Election Commission of Nepal Archived 2006-10-12 at the Wayback Machine .
  5. aung bakyu (1999-06-09). "N980412". Myanmargeneva.org. Archived from the original on 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
  6. Front Pagers May 31st, 1999 / Jestha 17, 2056 Awake Weekly Chronicle (Nepal) Archived June 19, 2006, at the Wayback Machine .
  7. "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - World". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
  8. "Ca Election report". Election.gov.np. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
  9. "No Nepali president candidate wins simple majority_English_Xinhua". Big5.xinhuanet.com. 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
  10. "Nepalnews.com, news from Nepal as it happens". Nepalnews.com. Retrieved 2010-08-09.[ permanent dead link ]
  11. thehimalayantimes.com, Yadav Sworn-in as First President of Nepal [ dead link ]
  12. "nepalnews.com, President Yadav, VP Jha sworn in". Nepalnews.com. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
Political offices
Preceded by
Girija Prasad Koirala
Acting
President of Nepal
2008–2015
Succeeded by
Bidhya Devi Bhandari