Ram Baran Yadav
|1st President of Nepal|
23 July 2008 –29 October 2015
|Prime Minister|| Girija Prasad Koirala |
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Madhav Kumar Nepal
Jhala Nath Khanal
Khil Raj Regmi
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
|Vice President||Parmanand Jha|
|Preceded by||Position established|
Girija Prasad Koirala Acting Head of State of Nepal
|Succeeded by||Bidhya Devi Bhandari|
|Born||4 February 1948|
|Political party||Nepali Congress (1968-2008)|
|Alma mater|| University of Calcutta |
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Ram Baran Yadav (born 4 February 1948) –1994 Nepali Congress government. He was elected to the House of Representatives in the 1999 election as a candidate of the Nepali Congress. After that election, he became Minister of Health.is a Nepalese politician and physician who served as the First President of Nepal following the declaration of a republic in 2008. He served as a Nepalese President from 23 July 2008 to 29 October 2015. Previously he served as Minister of Health from 1999 to 2001 and General Secretary of the Nepali Congress. Yadav was Minister of State for Health in the 1991
The Nepalis are citizens of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal under the provisions of Nepali nationality law. The country is home to people of many different national and ethnic origins. As a result, people of Nepal do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance. Although citizens make up the majority of Nepali, non-citizen residents, dual citizen and expatriates may also claim a Nepali identity.
The President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is the head of state of Nepal and commander in chief of the Nepalese Armed Forces. The office was created in May 2008 after the country was declared as a republic. The first President of Nepal was Ram Baran Yadav. The current president is Bidhya Devi Bhandari, elected in October 2015. She is the first female Nepali head of state. The President is to be formally addressed as "The Right Honourable".
A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government is also a minister and is designated the "prime minister", "premier", "chief minister", "Chancellor" or other title.
In May 2007, Yadav's residence in Janakpur was attacked by militants of the Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM). The JTMM put up a seizure notice at the house, hoisted their flags at it and detonated a bomb.
The Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM) is a terrorist organisation,claiming to be a revolutionary organisation in Nepal. It was formed in 2004 as a split from the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN-M) around Jay Krishna Goit. The group accused the CPN-M of not guaranteeing the autonomy of the Terai region.
Yadav contested the Dhanusa-5 constituency in the April 2008 Constituent Assembly election. He won the seat, obtaining 10,392 votes.
Dhanusha District,, a part of Province No. 2, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Janakpur as its district headquarter, covers an area of 1,180 km² and has a population (2011) of 754,777.
Yadav was elected as the first President of Nepal in a second round of voting on 21 July 2008. He received 308 out of the 590 votes cast in the Constituent Assembly,defeating Ram Raja Prasad Singh, who had been nominated by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), in a second round of voting. Yadav was sworn in as President on 23 July 2008. Chief Justice of Nepal Kedar Prasad Giri administered the oath of office and secrecy to Yadav at the presidential palace, Shital Niwas, Rastrapati Bhawan. Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala among others were present. Yadav also administered oath to Vice-President Parmananda Jha.
Ram Raja Prasad Singh was a Nepalese politician. In July 2008, Singh was proposed by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), a Nepalese political party which merged with other communist parties and renamed to Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre) नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (माओवादी)केन्द्र, or CPN(M-C) as their candidate in the first presidential election in the country.
The Chief Justice of Nepal is the head of the judicial branch of Nepal and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Nepal. The Chief Justice is the highest judicial officer in the country, and acts as a chief administrative officer for all the judicial system.
An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations. Such oaths are often required by the laws of the state, religious body, or other organization before the person may actually exercise the powers of the office or any religious body. It may be administered at an inauguration, coronation, enthronement, or other ceremony connected with the taking up of office itself, or it may be administered privately. In some cases it may be administered privately and then repeated during a public ceremony.
Yadav began his political career while studying medicine in Calcutta, India. He came in contact with several Nepali politicians who had self-exiled themselves in India, such as B. P. Koirala, Ganesh Man Singh, Subarna Shamsher Rana, Pushpa Lal Shrestha, and Saroj Koirala. Inspired by these leaders, Yadav started engaging himself in politics actively. He championed the cause for multi-party democracy during the referendum held in 1980. While practicing as a physician for several years in janakpur. he engaged himself in politics as an active cadre of the Nepali Congress Party. He was a rural private practitioner for several years as well as a personal physician to Koirala, the first elected Prime Minister of Nepal, from 1980 to 1982.[ clarification needed ][ citation needed ]
Ganesh Man Singh was the leader of the democratic movement of 1990 in Nepal. He is revered as the Father of Democracy and the Iron-man of Nepali politics. He joined Praja Parishad to protest against the autocratic rule of the Ranas.
Subarna Shamsher Rana was a leading figure in the movement to overthrow the ruling Rana oligarchy and to establish democracy in Nepal. He was one of the three leaders of the Nepali Congress in the late 1940s, opposing his relatives, the Rana family, who held power in Nepal at the time. He is one of the most revered leaders of Nepali Congress. He died in Calcutta on 9 November 1977. Sashi Sumsher and Yog Prasad Upadhyay brought his ashes back to Nepal.
Pushpa Lal Shrestha was a Nepali politician. He was the founding general secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal as well as leader.
Yadav was imprisoned for some time until restoration of multiparty democratic dispensation in Nepal in 1990. Thereafter, he was elected twice as a Member of the House of Representatives from the Constituency No. 5 of Dhanusa district of Nepal. He was the Minister of State for Health from 1991 to 1994. He again took charge of the Ministry of Health as the Cabinet Minister from 1999 to 2001. Yadav was elected as a Member of the Constituent Assembly from the same constituency of Dhanusa District during the elections held on 10 April 2008.[ citation needed ]
Yadav discharged various responsibilities in the Nepali Congress Party. He was a member of the Central Working Committee for 15 years, and also a member of Parliamentary Board, and a member of the Discipline Committee of the Party. Before being elected as President, he was General Secretary of the Nepali Congress Party.
He visited India in 2010 and went to Tirupati Balaji and Chandigarh, where he received his medical degree. On March 26, 2015, he departed for an official visit to China at the invitation of the Chinese government.
The Nepali Congress is a social-democratic political party in Nepal. It is the largest opposition party in the House of Representatives and the National Assembly.
Pushpa Kamal Dahal, also known as Prachanda, is a Nepalese politician, co-chair of the Nepal Communist Party and twice Prime Minister of Nepal, from 2008 to 2009 and from 2016 to 2017.
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Nepal Ratna Girija Prasad Koirala, affectionately known as Girija Babu, also known as G.P. Koirala, was a Nepalese politician. He headed the Nepali Congress and served as the Prime Minister of Nepal on four occasions, including from 1991 to 1994, 1998 to 1999, 2000 to 2001, and from 2006 to 2008. He was the Acting Head of State of Nepal between January 2007 and July 2008 as the country transitioned from a monarchy to a republic.
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The following lists events that happened during 2008 in Nepal.
On 23 May 2009, Madhav Kumar Nepal was elected the new Prime Minister of Nepal, after his predecessor Pushpa Kamal Dahal resigned as the head of the government after president Ram Baran Yadav overruled the former cabinet's decision to dismiss the chief of the Nepalese Army. About 20 of the 25 parties represented in the 1st Nepalese Constituent Assembly voted in favour of Madhav Nepal, who was up for vote without an opponent. Three days after his election, the new Prime Minister was sworn in and started to form his coalition cabinet. After almost three weeks of talks, the cabinet was finalized on 17 June 2009.
Girija Prasad Koirala
| President of Nepal |
Bidhya Devi Bhandari