Ram Kumar (artist)

Last updated

Ram Kumar
Born(1924-09-23)23 September 1924 [1]
Died14 April 2018(2018-04-14) (aged 93)
NationalityIndian
EducationSharada Ukil School of Art, New Delhi (1945)
Known forPainting
Awards Fellowship of the Lalit Kala Akademi, 2011 [2]

Padma Bhushan, 2010 [3]
Lifetime Achievement Award,
Government of Delhi [4]

Contents

Officers Arts et Letter, 2003
Kalidas Samman, 1986
Premchand Puraskar, 1972
Padmashree, 1972

J. D. Rockefeller III Fellowship, New York, 1970 [5]

Ram Kumar (23 September 1924 [6] – 14 April 2018) was an Indian artist and writer who has been described as one of India's foremost abstract painters. [7] He was associated with the Progressive artists' group along with greats like M.F. Hussain, Tyeb Mehta, S.H. Raza. [8] He is said to be one of the first Indian artists to give up figurativism for abstract art. [9] His art commands high prices in the domestic and international market. His work "The Vagabond" fetched $1.1 million at Christie's, setting another world record for the artist. He is also one of the few Indian Modernist masters accomplished in writing as well as painting. [10]

Early life and education

Ram Kumar Verma was born in Shimla, the capital of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh in a large middle-class family of eight brothers and sisters. [11] His father was a government employee from Patiala in Punjab, India who worked in the Civil and Administrative Division in the British Government. [12] [13] While pursuing M.A. in Economics from St. Stephen's College, Delhi, [14] he chanced upon an art exhibition in 1945. [15] One evening, after "loitering" around Connaught Place with his friends from St Stephen's College, he landed up at an art exhibition. [16]

I saw paintings like that for the first time and it made me so intrigued that I returned several times". [16]

Ram Kumar took classes at the Sharda Ukil School of Art under Sailoz Mukherjee and gave up employment at a bank in 1948 to pursue art. [17] Sailoz Mukherjee was a painter from Shantiniketan School [18] who introduced him to still life painting with live models. [19] While a student there, he met Raza at an exhibition. Raza and Ram became good friends. [20] He convinced his father to pay for a one-way ticket to Paris and studied further there under Andre Lhote and Fernand Léger. [21] In Paris, the pacificist peace movement attracted him and he joined the French Communist Party. Seeking inspiration in the Social Realists such as Kathe and Fourgenon. [22] He was befriended by S.H. Raza and MF Hussain who are two major artists. [23]

Career

Ram Kumar painted abstract landscapes, usually in oil or acrylic. [24] He was also associated with the Progressive artists' group. [25]

Ram Kumar has participated in various exhibitions in and out of India, including the 1958 Venice Biennale [26] and the Festival of India shows in the then USSR and Japan in 1987 and 1988. [27] One of Ram Kumar's latest solo exhibitions was in 2008 in Delhi. [28] Ram Kumar also wrote in Hindi and eight collections of his works have been published, as well as two novels and a travelogue. [29]

The human condition is the main concern of the painter [30] manifested in his early works by the alienated individual within the city. [21] Later the city, specifically Varanasi with its dilapidated, crammed houses, conveys a sense of hopelessness. [31] Increasingly abstract works done in sweeping strokes of paint evoke both exultation of natural spaces and more recently an incipient violence within human habitation. [21]

As the interest in Indian art has grown, paintings by Ram Kumar are getting increasing recognition in the art market. [32]

Ram Kumar received the Padma Shri in 1972 [33] and the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian honour, in 2010. [34] Lal Bhi Udhaas Ho Sakta Hai (Even Red Can be Sad), a 2015 documentary feature directed by Amit Dutta and produced by the Government of India's Films Division charts the various works of Kumar. [35]

Personal life

Ram Kumar was also the older brother of the famous Hindi writer, Nirmal Verma and younger brother of Colonel, Raj Kumar Verma. He lived and worked in Delhi until his death in 2018. [36]

Awards and honours

Related Research Articles

Nirmal Verma

Nirmal Verma was a Hindi writer, novelist, activist and translator. He is credited as being one of the pioneers of the Nai Kahani literary movement of Hindi literature, wherein his first collection of stories, Parinde (Birds) is considered its first signature.

Tyeb Mehta

Tyeb Mehta was an Indian painter, sculptor and film maker. He was part of the Bombay Progressive Artists' Group and the first post-colonial generation of artists in India, like John Wilkins who also broke free from the nationalist Bengal school and embraced Modernism instead, with its post-impressionist colours, cubist forms and brusque, expressionistic styles.

Gulam Mohammed Sheikh

Ghulam Mohammed Sheikh is a painter, poet and art critic from Gujarat, India. He was awarded the Padmashri in 1983 and Padmabhushan in 2014 for his contribution in field of art.

Anjolie Ela Menon Indian artist

Anjolie Ela Menon is one of India's leading contemporary artists. Her paintings are in several major collections, including the NGMA, the Chandigarh Museum and the Peabody Essex Museum. In 2006, her triptych work "Yatra" was acquired by the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, California. Other works also been a part of group exhibitions including 'Kalpana: Figurative Art in India', presented by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) in London's Aicon Gallery in 2009. Her preferred medium is oil on masonite, though she has also worked in other media, including Murano glass, computer graphics and water colour. She is a well known muralist. She was awarded the Padma Shree in 2000. She lives and works in New Delhi.

S. H. Raza

Sayed Haider Raza was an Indian painter who lived and worked in France since 1950, while maintaining strong ties with India. He was born in Kakkaiya, Central Provinces, British India, which is now present-day Madhya Pradesh.

Achutan Ramachandran Nair, popularly known as A. Ramachandran, is an Indian painter, born in 1935 in Attingal, Kerala. In 2002, he was elected a Fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi and in 2005, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian honour, for outstanding service to the nation. In 2013, he was conferred with an honorary doctorate by Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala.

Narayan Shridhar Bendre, was a 20th-century Indian artist and one of the founder members of Baroda Group Narayan Shridhar Bendre was born in Indore. He made a name for himself as a landscape artist. In 1992 he was awarded the Padma Bhushan.

Vasudeo S. Gaitonde (1924–2001) was regarded as one of India's foremost abstract painters. He received the Padma Shri Award in 1971.

Akbar Padamsee Indian artist

Akbar Padamsee was an Indian artist and painter, considered one of the pioneers in modern Indian painting along with S.H. Raza, F.N. Souza and M.F. Husain. Over the years he also worked with various mediums from oil painting, plastic emulsion, water colour, sculpture, printmaking, to computer graphics, and photography. In addition, he worked as a film maker, sculptor, photographer, engraver, and lithographer. Today his paintings are among the most valued by modern Indian artists. His painting Reclining Nude was sold for US$1,426,500 at Sotheby's in New York on 25 March 2011.

Arpita Singh

Arpita Singh is an Indian artist. She was born in 1937 at Baranagar in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Known to be a figurative artist and a modernist, her canvases have both a story line and a carnival of images arranged in a curiously subversive manner. Her artistic approach can be described as an expedition without destination. Her work reflects her background. She brings her inner vision of emotions to the art inspired by her own background and what she sees around the society that mainly affects women. Her works also include traditional Indian art forms and aesthetics, like miniaturist painting and different forms of folk art, employing them in her work regularly.

Richard Bartholomew

Richard Lawrence Bartholomew was an Indian art critic, photographer, painter, poet, and writer.

Srimati Priyadarshini Lal was an artist, poet, writer, art critic, art authenticator and curator. She held over twenty exhibitions of her art internationally.

Kekoo Gandhy

Kekoo Gandhy was an Indian art gallerist, art collector and art connoisseur, who pioneered the promotion of Indian modern art from the 1940s. He established Chemould Frames, a frame manufacturing business in 1941, soon he started displaying works of young modern artists K. H. Ara, S. H. Raza, K. K. Hebbar and M. F. Husain in his showroom windows. This led to gradual rise of modern art movement and post-colonial art in India. Eventually Gallery Chemould, India's first commercial art gallery, was opened in 1963 on the first floor of the Jehangir Art Gallery.

Ajit Ram Verma (1921-2009) was an Indian physicist. For his work in crystallography, he was awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize in 1964. He was Director of the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) for almost seventeen years (1965-1982). In 1982, the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award, was conferred on him by the President of India.

Brahmdeo Ram Pandit is an Indian studio potter and craftsman, known for his expertise in making pottery. He was honoured by the Government of India, in 2013, by bestowing on him the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award, for his contributions to the field of art.

Ram Kumar Caroli is an Indian cardiologist and a former head of the Department of Cardiology at Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi. A Fellow of the Cardiology Society of India, he served as the personal physician to four presidents of India and as the cardiologist to Jawaharlal Nehru and Lal Bahadur Shastri. He was honoured by the Government of India in 1969, with the award of Padma Shri, the fourth highest Indian civilian award and the government followed it up with the third highest civilian award of Padma Bhushan in 1974.

Laxman Pai Indian artist and painter

Laxman Pai was an Indian artist and painter. He was a principal of the Goa College of Art, a post he held from 1977 to 1987. Pai was a recipient of several awards including India's third highest civilian honour of Padma Bhushan, awarded by the Government of India.

Shanti Dave is an Indian painter and sculptor, considered by many as one of the major Indian artists of the twentieth century. He is a former member of the Lalit Kala Akademi and the Sahitya Kala Parishad. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest Indian civilian honour of Padma Shri in 1985.

Manu Parekh is an Indian painter, known for his several paintings on the city of Varanasi. Reported to be influenced by Rabindranath Tagore and Ram Kinker Baij, Parekh is a recipient of the 1982 Lalit Kala Akademi Award. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian award of the Padma Shri, in 1991.

D. P. Roy Choudhury

Debi Prasad Roy Choudhury MBE (1899–1975) was an Indian sculptor, painter and the founder chairman of the Lalit Kala Akademi. He was known for his bronze sculptures, including Triumph of Labour and Martyr's Memorial, and is rated by many as one among the major artists of modern Indian art. He was a fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi, selected in 1962. The Government of India awarded him the third highest civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan, in 1958, for his contributions to Art.

References

  1. India Who's who 1995-96, p. 273
  2. 1 2 "The fellowship of Shri Ram Kumar". Lalit Kala Akademi. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
  3. "Padma Bhushan Awardees" . Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  4. "Lifetime Achievement Award". The Times of India . Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  5. "Bio Summary" . Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  6. "India Who's who". 1995.
  7. Indian and Foreign Review. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India). 24: 20. 1986. ISSN   0019-4379.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. "Progressive artist's group" . Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  9. "Ram Kumar artistic intensity of an ascetic" . Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  10. "Portrait of an Artist". Outlook. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  11. "Biography" . Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  12. "ArtistInterview". Saffron Art. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  13. "Nirmal Verma Obituary". Rediff. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  14. Lal, Sham; Gagan Gill (1996). Ram Kumar: a journey within. Vadehra Art Gallery. p. 209. OCLC   36556291.
  15. "Ram Kumar Interview". Saffron Art. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  16. 1 2 "True Colours". The Indian Express. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  17. "Ram Kumar: Artistic Intensity of an Ascetic" . Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  18. "Oil Paintings from Bengal" . Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  19. "Ram Kumar a transition from figurative" . Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  20. "Artist Profile". The Art Trust. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  21. 1 2 3 Treves, Toby (2006). Indian art: the moderns revisited, Volume 1. Vadehra Art Gallery. p. 42. ISBN   978-81-87737-19-3.
  22. "Artistic intensity of an ascetic" . Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  23. Kapur, Geeta (1978). Contemporary Indian artists. Vikas. p. 49. ISBN   978-0-7069-0527-4.
  24. Chawla, Rupika (1995). Surface and depth: Indian artists at work. Viking. p. 105. ISBN   978-0-670-86174-3.
  25. "Progressive artist's group" . Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  26. Jachec, Nancy (2008). Politics and painting at the Venice Biennale, 1948–64: Italy and the idea of Europe. Manchester University Press. p. 175. ISBN   978-0-7190-6896-6.
  27. Vishwambara, K. S. (1998). Movement in Indian art, a tribute. Karnataka Chitrakala Parishath. p. 91. OCLC   62857926.
  28. "A colourful friendship". The Indian Express . 18 January 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
  29. Kumar, Ram (2004). The face & other stories. Vadehra Art Gallery. p. 16. ISBN   978-81-87737-06-3.
  30. Lal, Sham (2003). Indian realities in bits and pieces. Rupa & Co. p. 513. ISBN   978-81-291-0247-8.
  31. "Breadth of lifescapes". The Hindu . 7 July 2002. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
  32. "Second knock". Lucknow Newsline. Indian Express Group. 24 September 2005. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
  33. "Search Awardees". My India, My Pride. National Informatics Centre . Retrieved 26 September 2009.
  34. "Doctors and artists in Delhi's Padma gallery". The Times of India . 26 January 2010. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2010.
  35. "Even Red Can be Sad | Films Division". filmsdivision.org. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  36. http://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/art-and-culture/ram-kumar-1924-2018-in-memoriam/
  37. Kumar "Artist Bio" Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 29 March 2012.