Ram Manohar Lohia
|Died||12 October 1967 57) (aged|
|Alma mater|| University of Calcutta (BA)|
Humboldt University of Berlin (PhD)
|Political party|| Indian National Congress |
Praja Socialist Party
Samyukta Socialist Party
|Movement|| Quit India Movement |
Indian independence movement
Ram Manohar Lohia pronunciation (help·info), (23 March 1910 – 12 October 1967) was an activist in the Indian independence movement and a socialist political leader. During the last phase of British rule in India, he worked with the Congress Radio which was broadcast secretly from various places in Bombay until 1942.
Ram Manohar Lohia was born on 23 March 1910 at Akbarpur, modern-day Uttar Pradeshin a Bania family. His mother died in 1912, when he was just two years old, and he was later brought up by his father Hiralal who never remarried. In 1918 he accompanied his father to Bombay where he completed his high school education. He attended the Banaras Hindu University to complete his intermediate and work after standing first in his school's matriculation examinations in 1927. He then joined the Vidyasagar College, under the University of Calcutta and in 1929, earned his B.A. degree. He decided to attend Frederick William University (today's Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany), choosing it over the educational institutes in Britain, to convey his dim view of British philosophy. He soon learnt German and received financial assistance based on his outstanding academic performance, studying national economy as his major subject as a doctoral student from 1929 to 1933.
Lohia wrote his Ph.D thesis paper on the topic of Salt Taxation in India ,focusing on Gandhi's socio-economic theory.
Lohia was one of the founders of the Congress Socialist Party and editor of its mouthpiece Congress Socialist. In 1936, he was selected by Jawaharlal Nehru as the secretary of the Foreign Department of the All India Congress Committee (A.I.C.C), the highest body of the Congress Party. By the time he quit that responsibility in 1938, Lohia started to develop his own political standpoint by critically examining positions held by the Gandhian leadership of the Congressand the Communists who had poured into the CSP. In June 1940, he was arrested and sentenced to a jail term of two years for delivering anti-war speeches. Already released by the end of 1941, Lohia became one of the leading figures of the Central Directorate which clandestinely tried to organise the Quit India revolt, sparked by Gandhi in August 1942. Captured in May 1944, he was incarcerated and tortured in Lahore Fort. As one of the last high security prisoners, Lohia, together with Jayaprakash Narayan, was finally released on 11 April 1946. He was the one who gave the idea of sapta kranti.
As a member of the Congress Socialist Party Lohia joined with that party when it left Congress. He remained a member of the Socialist Party when it fused in 1952 with the Kisan Majdoor Praja Party to form the Praja Socialist Party. Unhappy with the new party Lohia led a split from it to reform the Socialist Party (Lohia) in 1956. He lost to Nehru in 1962 general election in Phulpur. In 1963 Lohia became a member of the Lok Sabha after a by-election in Farrukhabad (Lok Sabha constituency) and in 1965 merged the Socialist Party (Lohia) into the ranks of the Samyukta Socialist Party. The two socialist factions merged, split and re-merged several times. In 1967, Lohia played an instrumental role in formation of the first non-Congress government in Uttar Pradesh. This alliance was formed by Lohia and Bharatiya Jan Sangh leader Nanaji DeshmukhHe won Lok Sabha general election of 1967 from Kannauj (Lok Sabha constituency), but died a few months later.
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Dr. Rammanohar Lohia Avadh University, also known as Dr. R.M.L.A University or simply Avadh University, is a university located on NH330 in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was established in 1975 by the government of Uttar Pradesh.
Mahamaya Rajkiya Allopathic Medical College or Mahamaya Government Allopathic Medical College, generally known as Mahamaya Medical College, is one of the state run medical colleges with multispeciality hospitals in Akbarpur, Ambedkar Nagar. The institution, as a mega project, is built within the constituency of chief minister of Uttar Pradesh Km. Mayawati with an expenditure of more than ₹400 crore. This institute has been established under the special component action plan.
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Nandini Nagar Mahavidyalaya (NNM) is located at Nawabganj, in Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh. The college is affiliated to Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Awadh University, Faizabad and approved by Pharmacy Council of India for providing diploma in pharmacy.
ERA's Lucknow Medical College is a private medical college in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, established in 1997. Till 2016, it was affiliated with Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University. Since 2016, the college has been affiliated to the deemed Era University.
Institute of Engineering & Technology, Ayodhya is an engineering college based in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, India in Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University. It was approved by the All India Council For Technical Education (AICTE).
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