Rangitīkei (before 2008 styled as Rangitikei without a macron) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Rangitīkei is Ian McKelvie of the National Party.He has held this position since 2011.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Ian Robert Flockhart McKelvie is a New Zealand politician and a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He is a member of the National Party.
The electorate has existed continuously since the 1861 general election.
The New Zealand general election of 1860–61 was held between 12 December 1860 and 28 March 1861 to elect 53 MPs to the third session of the New Zealand Parliament. 13,196 electors were registered.
Rangitīkei is the third largest general electorate by area in the North Island. It encircles, but does not include, Palmerston North. The electorate straddles State Highway 1 through Bulls, Marton, Taihape, and Waiouru as far as Mount Ruapehu. Its western boundary, from south of Whanganui, extends northwards to include the communities of Ohakune, National Park, and Taumarunui. At the 2014 boundary review, the population of the RangitĪkei electorate was below tolerance and projected to decline further, so the Representation Commission shifted population around Shannon from Ōtaki into RangitĪkei.
Palmerston North is a city in the North Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Manawatu-Wanganui region. Located in the eastern Manawatu Plains, the city is near the north bank of the Manawatu River, 35 km (22 mi) from the river's mouth, and 12 km (7 mi) from the end of the Manawatu Gorge, about 140 km (87 mi) north of the capital, Wellington. Palmerston North is the country's seventh-largest city and eighth-largest urban area, with an urban population of 86,600.
State Highway 1 is the longest and most significant road in the New Zealand road network, running the length of both main islands. It appears on road maps as SH 1 and on road signs as a white number 1 on a red shield, but it has the official designations SH 1N in the North Island, SH 1S in the South Island.
Bulls is a small town near Palmerston North on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. It is in a fertile farming area in the Rangitikei District at the junction of State Highways 1 and 3 about 160 kilometres north of Wellington. According to a June 2018 Statistics New Zealand estimate, Bulls has a population of 1,770 inhabitants.
Between Census 2006 and Census 2013 the RangitĪkei electorate experienced a 0.4% decline in population in comparison to a 5.3% increase in New Zealand as a whole. One in ten (10.0%) stated their highest qualification as a Level 2 certificate, the fourth-largest share among general electorates. One in ten (10.4%) also listed their occupation as a community and personal service worker, the fifth-largest percentage. Six industries accounted for close to two-thirds (61.3%) of those working in 2013: agriculture, forestry, and fishing (16.8%); manufacturing (9.3%); education and training (9.0%); public administration (8.9%); health care and social assistance (8.9%); and retail trade (8.4%).
A seat named Wanganui and Rangitikei was contested at the very first general election in New Zealand in 1853. The use of an electorate named Rangitikei in its own right dates from the third session of the New Zealand Parliament. In a somewhat auspicious start for the seat, the first Member of Parliament for the seat in 1861 was future Prime Minister William Fox. Fox resigned twice; first on 16 May 1865, causing the 1865 by-election (won by Robert Pharazyn), and then on 11 March 1875, causing the 1875 by-election (won by John Ballance).
Wanganui and Rangitikei is a former parliamentary electorate that existed from 1853 to 1860. It was represented by two Members of Parliament.
The 1853 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 1st term. It was the first national election ever held in New Zealand, although Parliament did not yet have full authority to govern the colony, which was part of the British Empire at that time.
The third New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Elections for this term were held between 12 December 1860 and 28 March 1861 in 43 electorates to elect 53 MPs. Two electorates were added to this during this term, Gold Fields District and a new Dunedin electorate created by splitting the existing City of Dunedin into Dunedin and Suburbs North and Dunedin and Suburbs South, increasing the number of MPs to 57. During the term of this Parliament, six Ministries were in power.
Three members died while holding the seat: Douglas Hastings Macarthur died on 24 May 1892 and was succeeded by John Stevens; Arthur Remington died on 17 August 1909 and was succeeded by Robert Smith; and Sir Roy Jack died on 24 December 1977 and was succeeded by Bruce Beetham.
Douglas Hastings Macarthur was a 19th-century independent conservative Member of Parliament in the Manawatu region of New Zealand.
John Stevens was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.
Arthur Edward Remington was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.
The current boundaries of the seat date from the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996. The seat was created by adding the southern tip of King Country to the northern tip of the Manawatu seat, and drafting in the towns to the east of Whanganui from Waitotara. The rural conservative nature of the seat makes it a safe National seat, though this belies the fact that for six years it was held by a third party MP, Social Credit leader Bruce Beetham.
Independent Conservative Liberal Reform Labour National Social Credit
|1861 election||William Fox|
|1865 by-election||Robert Pharazyn|
|1866 election||William Hogg Watt|
|1868 by-election||William Fox|
|1875 by-election||John Ballance|
|1879 election||William Willis|
|1880 by-election||William Fox|
|1881 election||John Stevens|
|1884 election||Robert Bruce|
|1890 election||Douglas Macarthur|
|1892 by-election||Robert Bruce|
|1893 election||John Stevens|
|1896 election 1899 election||Frank Lethbridge|
|1902 election 1905 election 1908 election||Arthur Remington|
|1909 by-election||Robert Smith|
|1911 election 1914 election||Edward Newman|
|1919 election 1922 election 1925 election||William Spiers Glenn|
|1928 election||James Thomas Hogan|
|1931 election||Alexander Stuart|
|1935 election||Ormond Wilson|
|1938 election 1943 election 1946 election 1949 election 1951 election||Edward Gordon|
|1954 election 1957 election 1960 election 1963 election 1966 election 1969 election||Norman Shelton|
|1972 election 1975 election||Sir Roy Jack|
|1978 by-election 1978 election 1981 election||Bruce Beetham|
|1984 election 1987 election 1990 election 1993 election 1996 election||Denis Marshall|
|1999 election 2002 election 2005 election 2008 election||Simon Power|
|2011 election 2014 election 2017 election||Ian McKelvie|
|2017 general election: Rangitīkei|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Rob Stevenson||2,923||7.95||+1.09||3,900||10.35||−0.90|
|Total Valid votes||37,163||37,678|
|2014 general election: Rangitīkei|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Romuald Rudzki||2,352||6.86||+6.86||3,914||11.25||+3.99|
|Total Valid votes||34,305||34,784|
|2011 general election: Rangitīkei|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||31,058||31,731|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 41,343
|2008 general election: Rangitīkei|
|Labour||Jills Angus Burney||9,759||29.41||9,298||27.53|
|United Future||John Langford||300||0.90||388||1.15|
|Bill and Ben||291||0.86|
|Total Valid votes||33,181||33,768|
|2005 general election: Rangitikei|
|NZ First||Murray Strawbridge||1,335||4.22||2,363||7.39|
|United Future||Rob Moodie||718||2.27||1,027||3.21|
|Total Valid votes||31,641||31,979|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Rangitikei for a list of candidates.
|Social Credit||Bruce Beetham||6,804||48.03||+11.64|
|Labour||Dr John Joseph Stewart||1,614||11.39||-2.63|
|Values||Dr Denis Hocking||264||1.68||+0.12|
|Social Credit gain from National||Swing|
|Independent||James Thomas Hogan||4,147||49.91|
|Liberal||James Jervis Bagnall||1,453||39.10|
|Independent Liberal||Edward Gascoigne||278||7.48|
|Independent Liberal||John Stevens||1,033||48.57|
|Conservative||Douglas Hastings Macarthur||978||50.84|
|Independent||William Hogg Watt||105||43.03|
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