Rangitīkei (before 2008 styled as Rangitikei without a macron) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Rangitīkei is Ian McKelvie of the National Party.He has held this position since 2011.
The electorate has existed continuously since the 1861 general election.
Rangitīkei is the third largest general electorate by area in the North Island. It encircles, but does not include, Palmerston North. The electorate straddles State Highway 1 through Bulls, Marton, Taihape, and Waiouru as far as Mount Ruapehu. Its western boundary, from south of Whanganui, extends northwards to include the communities of Ohakune, National Park, and Taumarunui. At the 2014 boundary review, the population of the RangitĪkei electorate was below tolerance and projected to decline further, so the Representation Commission shifted population around Shannon from Ōtaki into RangitĪkei.
Between Census 2006 and Census 2013 the RangitĪkei electorate experienced a 0.4% decline in population in comparison to a 5.3% increase in New Zealand as a whole. One in ten (10.0%) stated their highest qualification as a Level 2 certificate, the fourth-largest share among general electorates. One in ten (10.4%) also listed their occupation as a community and personal service worker, the fifth-largest percentage. Six industries accounted for close to two-thirds (61.3%) of those working in 2013: agriculture, forestry, and fishing (16.8%); manufacturing (9.3%); education and training (9.0%); public administration (8.9%); health care and social assistance (8.9%); and retail trade (8.4%).
A seat named Wanganui and Rangitikei was contested at the very first general election in New Zealand in 1853. The use of an electorate named Rangitikei in its own right dates from the third session of the New Zealand Parliament. In a somewhat auspicious start for the seat, the first Member of Parliament for the seat in 1861 was future Prime Minister William Fox. Fox resigned twice; first on 16 May 1865, causing the 1865 by-election (won by Robert Pharazyn), and then on 11 March 1875, causing the 1875 by-election (won by John Ballance).
Three members died while holding the seat: Douglas Hastings Macarthur died on 24 May 1892 and was succeeded by John Stevens; Arthur Remington died on 17 August 1909 and was succeeded by Robert Smith; and Sir Roy Jack died on 24 December 1977 and was succeeded by Bruce Beetham.
The current boundaries of the seat date from the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996. The seat was created by adding the southern tip of King Country to the northern tip of the Manawatu seat, and drafting in the towns to the east of Whanganui from Waitotara. The rural conservative nature of the seat makes it a safe National seat, though this belies the fact that for six years it was held by a third party MP, Social Credit leader Bruce Beetham.
Independent Conservative Liberal Reform Labour National Social Credit
|1861 election||William Fox|
|1865 by-election||Robert Pharazyn|
|1866 election||William Hogg Watt|
|1868 by-election||William Fox|
|1875 by-election||John Ballance|
|1879 election||William Willis|
|1880 by-election||William Fox|
|1881 election||John Stevens|
|1884 election||Robert Bruce|
|1890 election||Douglas Macarthur|
|1892 by-election||Robert Bruce|
|1893 election||John Stevens|
|1896 election||Frank Lethbridge|
|1902 election||Arthur Remington|
|1909 by-election||Robert Smith|
|1911 election||Edward Newman|
|1919 election||William Spiers Glenn|
|1928 election||James Thomas Hogan|
|1931 election||Alexander Stuart|
|1935 election||Ormond Wilson|
|1938 election||Edward Gordon|
|1954 election||Norman Shelton|
|1972 election||Sir Roy Jack|
|1978 by-election||Bruce Beetham|
|1984 election||Denis Marshall|
|1999 election||Simon Power|
|2011 election||Ian McKelvie|
|2017 general election: Rangitīkei|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Rob Stevenson||2,923||7.95||+1.09||3,900||10.35||−0.90|
|Total Valid votes||37,163||37,678|
|2014 general election: Rangitīkei|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Romuald Rudzki||2,352||6.86||+6.86||3,914||11.25||+3.99|
|Total Valid votes||34,305||34,784|
|2011 general election: Rangitīkei|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||31,058||31,731|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 41,343
|2008 general election: Rangitīkei|
|Labour||Jills Angus Burney||9,759||29.41||9,298||27.53|
|United Future||John Langford||300||0.90||388||1.15|
|Bill and Ben||291||0.86|
|Total Valid votes||33,181||33,768|
|2005 general election: Rangitikei|
|NZ First||Murray Strawbridge||1,335||4.22||2,363||7.39|
|United Future||Rob Moodie||718||2.27||1,027||3.21|
|Total Valid votes||31,641||31,979|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Rangitikei for a list of candidates.
|Social Credit||Bruce Beetham||6,804||48.03||+11.64|
|Labour||Dr John Joseph Stewart||1,614||11.39||-2.63|
|Values||Dr Denis Hocking||264||1.68||+0.12|
|Social Credit gain from National||Swing|
|Independent||James Thomas Hogan||4,147||49.91|
|Independent||James Thomas Hogan||4,628||51.96|
|Reform||William Spiers Glenn||3,394||38.11|
|Liberal||James Jervis Bagnall||1,453||39.10|
|Independent Liberal||Edward Gascoigne||278||7.48|
|Independent Liberal||John Stevens||1,033||48.57|
|Conservative||Douglas Hastings Macarthur||978||50.84|
|Independent||William Hogg Watt||105||43.03|
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