Rangitīkei (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated
Rangitikei electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Rangitikei electorate, 2014.svg
Rangitīkei electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Rangitīkei (before 2008 styled as Rangitikei without a macron) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Rangitīkei is Ian McKelvie of the National Party. [1] He has held this position since 2011.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Ian Robert Flockhart McKelvie is a New Zealand politician and a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He is a member of the National Party.

Contents

The electorate has existed continuously since the 1861 general election.

1860–61 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1860–61 was held between 12 December 1860 and 28 March 1861 to elect 53 MPs to the third session of the New Zealand Parliament. 13,196 electors were registered.

Profile

Rangitīkei is the third largest general electorate by area in the North Island. It encircles, but does not include, Palmerston North. The electorate straddles State Highway 1 through Bulls, Marton, Taihape, and Waiouru as far as Mount Ruapehu. Its western boundary, from south of Whanganui, extends northwards to include the communities of Ohakune, National Park, and Taumarunui. At the 2014 boundary review, the population of the RangitĪkei electorate was below tolerance and projected to decline further, so the Representation Commission shifted population around Shannon from Ōtaki into RangitĪkei. [2]

Palmerston North Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Palmerston North is a city in the North Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Manawatu-Wanganui region. Located in the eastern Manawatu Plains, the city is near the north bank of the Manawatu River, 35 km (22 mi) from the river's mouth, and 12 km (7 mi) from the end of the Manawatu Gorge, about 140 km (87 mi) north of the capital, Wellington. Palmerston North is the country's seventh-largest city and eighth-largest urban area, with an urban population of 86,600.

New Zealand State Highway 1 road in New Zealand

State Highway 1 is the longest and most significant road in the New Zealand road network, running the length of both main islands. It appears on road maps as SH 1 and on road signs as a white number 1 on a red shield, but it has the official designations SH 1N in the North Island, SH 1S in the South Island.

Bulls, New Zealand Minor urban area in Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand

Bulls is a small town near Palmerston North on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. It is in a fertile farming area in the Rangitikei District at the junction of State Highways 1 and 3 about 160 kilometres north of Wellington. According to a June 2018 Statistics New Zealand estimate, Bulls has a population of 1,770 inhabitants.

Between Census 2006 and Census 2013 the RangitĪkei electorate experienced a 0.4% decline in population in comparison to a 5.3% increase in New Zealand as a whole. One in ten (10.0%) stated their highest qualification as a Level 2 certificate, the fourth-largest share among general electorates. One in ten (10.4%) also listed their occupation as a community and personal service worker, the fifth-largest percentage. Six industries accounted for close to two-thirds (61.3%) of those working in 2013: agriculture, forestry, and fishing (16.8%); manufacturing (9.3%); education and training (9.0%); public administration (8.9%); health care and social assistance (8.9%); and retail trade (8.4%). [2]

History

A seat named Wanganui and Rangitikei was contested at the very first general election in New Zealand in 1853. The use of an electorate named Rangitikei in its own right dates from the third session of the New Zealand Parliament. In a somewhat auspicious start for the seat, the first Member of Parliament for the seat in 1861 was future Prime Minister William Fox. Fox resigned twice; first on 16 May 1865, causing the 1865 by-election (won by Robert Pharazyn), and then on 11 March 1875, causing the 1875 by-election (won by John Ballance). [3]

Wanganui and Rangitikei is a former parliamentary electorate that existed from 1853 to 1860. It was represented by two Members of Parliament.

1853 New Zealand general election

The 1853 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 1st term. It was the first national election ever held in New Zealand, although Parliament did not yet have full authority to govern the colony, which was part of the British Empire at that time.

The third New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Elections for this term were held between 12 December 1860 and 28 March 1861 in 43 electorates to elect 53 MPs. Two electorates were added to this during this term, Gold Fields District and a new Dunedin electorate created by splitting the existing City of Dunedin into Dunedin and Suburbs North and Dunedin and Suburbs South, increasing the number of MPs to 57. During the term of this Parliament, six Ministries were in power.

Three members died while holding the seat: Douglas Hastings Macarthur died on 24 May 1892 and was succeeded by John Stevens; Arthur Remington died on 17 August 1909 and was succeeded by Robert Smith; and Sir Roy Jack died on 24 December 1977 and was succeeded by Bruce Beetham.

Douglas Hastings Macarthur was a 19th-century independent conservative Member of Parliament in the Manawatu region of New Zealand.

John Stevens (New Zealand politician) New Zealand politician

John Stevens was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

Arthur Edward Remington was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

The current boundaries of the seat date from the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996. The seat was created by adding the southern tip of King Country to the northern tip of the Manawatu seat, and drafting in the towns to the east of Whanganui from Waitotara. The rural conservative nature of the seat makes it a safe National seat, though this belies the fact that for six years it was held by a third party MP, Social Credit leader Bruce Beetham.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Independent     Conservative     Liberal     Reform     Labour     National     Social Credit   

ElectionWinner
1861 election William Fox
1865 by-election Robert Pharazyn
1866 election William Hogg Watt
1868 by-election William Fox
1871 election
1875 by-election John Ballance
1876 election
1879 election William Willis
1880 by-election William Fox
1881 election John Stevens
1884 election Robert Bruce
1887 election
1890 election Douglas Macarthur
1892 by-election Robert Bruce
1893 election John Stevens
1896 election 1899 election Frank Lethbridge
1902 election 1905 election 1908 election Arthur Remington
1909 by-election Robert Smith
1911 election 1914 election Edward Newman
1919 election 1922 election 1925 election William Spiers Glenn
1928 election James Thomas Hogan
1931 election Alexander Stuart
1935 election Ormond Wilson
1938 election 1943 election 1946 election 1949 election 1951 election Edward Gordon
1954 election 1957 election 1960 election 1963 election 1966 election 1969 election Norman Shelton
1972 election 1975 election Sir Roy Jack
1978 by-election 1978 election 1981 election Bruce Beetham
1984 election 1987 election 1990 election 1993 election 1996 election Denis Marshall
1999 election 2002 election 2005 election 2008 election Simon Power
2011 election 2014 election 2017 election Ian McKelvie

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Rangitīkei [4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Ian McKelvie 20,80959.59−0.1319,47251.68−1.78
Labour Heather Warren10,51928.61+1.1310,86728.84+10.42
NZ First Rob Stevenson2,9237.95+1.093,90010.350.90
Green Robin McCandless2,0825.661,6534.393.40
Conservative Cedric Backhouse2210.603.791140.305.78
ACT Neil Wilson2170.59+0.071730.46+0.08
Opportunities  8522.26
Māori  1690.45−0.11
Legalise Cannabis  1470.39−0.04
Ban 1080  960.250.05
Outdoors  440.12
United Future  370.100.12
People's Party  180.05
Democrats  110.030.01
Mana  100.030.57 [lower-alpha 1]
Internet  30.010.59 [lower-alpha 2]
Informal votes392112
Total Valid votes37,16337,678
Turnout 37,92783.51 [5] +2.10
National holdMajority10,29030.981.26

2014 election

2014 general election: Rangitīkei [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Ian McKelvie 20,48759.72+0.8518,59653.46−0.48
Labour Deborah Russell 9,42727.48−1.186,40818.42−2.77
NZ First Romuald Rudzki2,3526.86+6.863,91411.25+3.99
Conservative Roy Brown1,5054.39+0.662,1156.08+1.86
ACT Neil Wilson1790.52−0.451310.38−1.13
Green  2,7097.79−1.65
Internet Mana  2080.60+0.40 [lower-alpha 3]
Māori  1950.56−0.22
Legalise Cannabis  1510.43−0.05
Ban 1080  1060.30+0.30
United Future  750.22−0.60
Civilian  230.07+0.07
Democrats  150.04−0.05
Independent Coalition  120.03+0.03
Focus  70.02+0.02
Informal votes355119
Total Valid votes34,30534,784
National holdMajority11,06032.24+2.03

2011 election

2011 general election: Rangitīkei [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Ian McKelvie 18,28458.87-6.8317,11553.94+1.49
Labour Josie Pagani8,90228.66-0.756,72321.19-6.35
Green Maree Brannigan2,1086.79+6.792,9949.44+4.00
Conservative Ian Robertson1,1593.73+3.731,3334.20+4.20
ACT Hayden Fitzgerald3020.97-0.644781.51-2.78
Mana Peter Cleave1100.35+0.35620.20+0.20
Independent Charles Turner1020.33+0.33
Independent Grant Seton910.29+0.29
NZ First  2,3057.26+2.17
United Future  2600.82-0.33
Māori  2470.78-0.13
Legalise Cannabis  1520.48-+0.08
Democrats  270.09+0.03
Libertarianz  230.07+0.01
Alliance  120.04-0.06
Informal votes695363
Total Valid votes31,05831,731
National holdMajority9,38230.21-6.08

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 41,343 [8]

2008 election

2008 general election: Rangitīkei [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Simon Power 21,80165.7017,71152.45
Labour Jills Angus Burney9,75929.419,29827.53
Independent Steve Gibson7862.37+2.37
ACT Jean Thompson5351.611,4484.29
United Future John Langford3000.903881.15
Green  1,8365.44
NZ First  1,7195.09
Progressive  3090.92
Māori  3070.92
Bill and Ben  2910.86
Legalise Cannabis  1350.40
Kiwi  1320.39
Family Party  800.24
Alliance  330.10
Libertarianz  220.07
Workers Party  200.06
Democrats  180.05
Pacific  170.05
RAM  20.01
RONZ  20.01
Informal votes362138
Total Valid votes33,18133,768
National holdMajority12,04236.29


2005 election

2005 general election: Rangitikei [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Simon Power 19,11960.4214,72146.03
Labour Marilyn Brown9,45929.8911,53836.08
NZ First Murray Strawbridge1,3354.222,3637.39
United Future Rob Moodie 7182.271,0273.21
Independent Richard Peirce4261.35
Māori Abe Hepi3691.171950.61
ACT John Waugh2150.684461.39
Green  1,0833.39
Progressive  2870.90
Destiny  1140.36
Legalise Cannabis  850.27
Christian Heritage  470.15
Alliance  220.07
Democrats  120.04
Libertarianz  120.04
One NZ  90.03
99 MP  60.02
Family Rights  50.02
RONZ  50.02
Direct Democracy  20.01
Informal votes216100
Total Valid votes31,64131,979
National holdMajority9,66030.53

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Rangitikei for a list of candidates.

1978 by-election

1978 Rangitikei by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Social Credit Bruce Beetham 6,804 48.03 +11.64
National Jim Bull5,46938.61-8.66
Labour Dr John Joseph Stewart 1,61411.39-2.63
Values Dr Denis Hocking2641.68+0.12
Independent M. Leniston130.09-
Majority1,3359.42
Turnout 14,164
Social Credit gain from National Swing

1931 election

1931 general election: Rangitikei [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Alexander Stuart 4,162 50.09
Independent James Thomas Hogan 4,14749.91
Majority150.18
Informal votes230.28
Turnout 8,33282.39
Registered electors 10,113

1909 by-election

1909 Rangitikei by-election: Second ballot [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Robert Smith 2,410 54.51 +29.26
Reform Frank Hockly 2,01145.49+8.45
Majority3999.03
Turnout 4,421
1909 Rangitikei by-election: First ballot [13] [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Frank Hockly 1,548 37.04
Liberal Robert Smith 1,055 25.25
Liberal William Meldrum 90321.61
Independent James Georgetti3408.14
Liberal–Labour Robert Hornblow 3337.97
Turnout 4,179

1899 election

1899 general election: Rangitikei [15] [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Frank Lethbridge 1,985 53.42
Liberal James Jervis Bagnall1,45339.10
Independent Liberal Edward Gascoigne2787.48
Majority53214.32
Turnout 3,71666.25
Registered electors 5,609

1892 by-election

1892 Rangitikei by-election [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Robert Bruce 1,094 51.43
Independent Liberal John Stevens 1,03348.57
Majority612.87
Turnout 2,127

1890 election

1890 general election: Rangitikei [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Douglas Hastings Macarthur 978 50.84
Conservative Francis Arkwright 94649.16
Majority321.66
Turnout 1,92459.45
Registered electors 3,236

1880 by-election

1880 Rangitikei by-election [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent William Fox 233 54.82
Independent Donald Fraser12328.94
Independent Henry Lyon6916.24
Majority11025.88
Turnout 425

1876 election

1876 general election: Rangitikei [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent John Ballance 201 61.28 +15.38
Independent James Bull12738.72
Majority7422.56+19.70
Turnout 32826.64
Registered electors 1,231

1875 by-election

1875 Rangitikei by-election [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent John Ballance 112 45.90
Independent William Hogg Watt 10543.03
Independent George Hutchison 2711.06
Majority72.86
Turnout 244

Table footnotes

  1. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  2. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  3. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. New Zealand Parliament - Simon Power MP
  2. 1 2 "Rangitīkei electorate profile". Parliamentary Library. June 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2017. CC-BY-icon-80x15.png  This article incorporates textby the Parliamentary Library available under the CC BY 3.0 license.
  3. Scholefield 1950, p. 107.
  4. "E9 Statistics – Rangitīkei – Official Results". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  5. "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  6. "Official Count Results -- Rangitīkei (2014)". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  7. 2011 election results
  8. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  9. 2008 election results
  10. election result Rangitīkei 2005
  11. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  12. "The Rangitikei By-election". Wanganui Herald. 44 (12882). 24 September 1909. p. 5. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  13. "Final Returns". Taranaki Herald . 55 (14012). 17 September 1909. p. 3. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  14. "The Electoral District of Rangitikei". Wanganui Herald . XXXIV (12873). 13 September 1909. p. 1. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  15. "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  16. "Rangitikei Election". Feilding Star. XXI (141). 14 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  17. 1 2 "Rangitikei Election". Evening Star . 28 (3425). 10 May 1880. p. 2. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
  18. "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  19. "The Rangitikei Election". VIII (2672). Wanganui Herald. 6 January 1876. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  20. McIvor 1989, p. 53.

Related Research Articles

1879 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1879 was held between 28 August and 15 September 1879 to elect a total of 88 MPs to the 7th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 8 September. A total of 82,271 (66.5%) European voters turned out to vote, plus 14,553 Māori voters. Following the election, John Hall formed a new government.

Palmerston North (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Palmerston North is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate was first formed for the 1890 election and was called Palmerston until 1938. The current MP for Palmerston North is Iain Lees-Galloway of the Labour Party. He has held this position since the 2008 election.

Invercargill (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Invercargill is an electorate of the New Zealand Parliament that has existed since 1866. Since the 2014 election, the electorate's representative is Sarah Dowie of the National Party.

Rātana pā Town in Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand

Rātana pā, or Ratana Community, is a town in the North Island of New Zealand, near Whanganui and Marton in the Manawatu-Wanganui Region, which developed around the Rātana church there. It is a site of pilgrimage for the Maori followers of the Rātana faith. Due to the importance of the Rātana movement in New Zealand politics, leading New Zealand politicians often attend annual gatherings at Rātana pā.

Auckland Central (New Zealand electorate)

Auckland Central is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its current representative is Nikki Kaye, a member of the National Party; she has represented the seat since 2008.

Coromandel (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Coromandel is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives. It is currently represented by Scott Simpson, a member of the National Party.

Dunedin South Current New Zealand electorate

Dunedin South is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It first existed from 1881 to 1890, then from 1905 to 1946 and was re-established for the introduction of MMP in 1996. A Labour Party stronghold, it has been represented by Clare Curran since the 2008 election.

Napier (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Napier is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It is named after the city of Napier, the main urban area within the electorate. The electorate was established for the 1861 election and has existed since. Since the 2014 general election, Napier has been held by Stuart Nash of the New Zealand Labour Party. Previously, it had been held by Chris Tremain of the New Zealand National Party, who stood down prior to the 2014 election.

Nelson (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand Parliamentary electorate

Nelson is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. From 1853 to 1860, the electorate was called Town of Nelson. From 1860 to 1881, it was City of Nelson. The electorate is the only one that has continuously existed since the 1st Parliament in 1853.

Tauranga (New Zealand electorate)

Tauranga is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Tauranga is Simon Bridges of the National Party, who won the seat in the 2008 New Zealand general election, after the previous MP, Bob Clarkson of the National Party, retired.

Wairarapa (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Alastair Scott since the 2014 election.

Whanganui (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Whanganui is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first established in 1860 for the 3rd Parliament and has existed continuously since then.

Te Tai Hauāuru

Te Tai Hauāuru is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives, that was first formed for the 1996 election. The electorate was represented by Tariana Turia from 2002 to 2014, first for the Labour Party and then for the Māori Party. Turia retired and was succeeded in 2014 by Labour's Adrian Rurawhe who again retained the seat in 2017.

Rangitata (New Zealand electorate)

Rangitata is an electorate in the South Island of New Zealand. It first existed for two parliamentary terms in the late 19th century and was re-established for the 2008 general election. It largely replaced the Aoraki electorate, but included parts of the Rakaia electorate as well. It is held by Andrew Falloon of the National Party. Rangitata is a relatively safe National seat, though not as safe relative to its surrounding neighbours Selwyn and Waitaki due to both Timaru and Temuka being Labour Party strongholds.

Waitotara was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in South Taranaki. It existed from 1881 to 1893, and again from 1978 to 1996. It was represented by four Members of Parliament.

Patea is a former New Zealand electorate in south Taranaki. It existed from 1893 to 1963.

Thames is a former New Zealand electorate, in the Thames-Coromandel District. It existed from 1871 to 1946.

Wakatipu was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, from 1871 to 1928.

The 1909 Rangitikei by-election was a by-election held during the 17th New Zealand Parliament in the Rangitikei electorate of the North Island. This was the sixth by-election since the Rangitikei electorate was established for the 1861 election. The previous by-election took place in 1892 and the following one took place in 1978. The Second Ballot Act 1908 was in force and in the first ballot, and Frank Hockly of the opposition Reform Party won the first ballot, but Robert William Smith of the governing Liberal Party was ultimately chosen in the second ballot.

References