Ratchaprasong

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The Ratchaprasong junction and the Erawan Shrine in January 2015 Bangkok ErawanShrine1.jpg
The Ratchaprasong junction and the Erawan Shrine in January 2015
Ratchaprasong in light green, adjacent Siam District in yellow located in Pathum Wan Map Siam Ratchaprasong.png
Ratchaprasong in light green, adjacent Siam District in yellow located in Pathum Wan

Ratchaprasong (Thai : ราชประสงค์, pronounced  [râːt.t͡ɕʰā.prā.sǒŋ] , also written Rajprasong) is the name of an intersection, and a shopping district named after it, in Pathum Wan District, Bangkok, adjacent to Siam area. Located at the BTS Skytrain's Chit Lom Station and the intersection of Phloen Chit, Rama I, and Ratchadamri Roads. The area is home to many shopping malls and hotels.

Thai language language spoken in Thailand

Thai, Central Thai, is the sole official and national language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai Chinese. It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family. Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. It is a tonal and analytic language, similar to Chinese and Vietnamese.

Pathum Wan District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Pathum Wan is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by seven other districts : Ratchathewi, Watthana, Khlong Toei, Sathon, Bang Rak, Pom Prap Sattru Phai, and Dusit.

Bangkok Special administrative area in Thailand

Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep. The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River delta in central Thailand, and has a population of over eight million, or 12.6 percent of the country's population. Over fourteen million people lived within the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region at the 2010 census, making Bangkok the nation's primate city, significantly dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in terms of importance.

Contents

Attractions

Central World CentralWorld in Bangkok viewed from the adjacent corner.jpg
Central World
Grand Hyatt Erawan Hotel Grand Hyatt Bangkok Ratchadamri.jpg
Grand Hyatt Erawan Hotel
Gaysorn Shopping Mall GaysornShoppingCentre.jpg
Gaysorn Shopping Mall
Red Shirts demonstration at the junction (2010) Red Shirt ratchaprasong.jpg
Red Shirts demonstration at the junction (2010)
Erawan Shrine Shrine in Bangkok to Phra Phrom

The Erawan Shrine, formally the Thao Maha Phrom Shrine, is a shrine in Bangkok, Thailand which houses a statue of Phra Phrom, the Thai representation of Brahma, the Hindu god of creation. It often features performances by Thai dance troupes who are hired by worshippers in return for seeing their prayers answered at the shrine. A bomb exploded near the shrine on 17 August 2015, killing 20 and injuring 125 more.

Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, "the eternal tradition", or the "eternal way", beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions, with diverse roots and no founder. This "Hindu synthesis" started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE, after the end of the Vedic period, and flourished in the medieval period, with the decline of Buddhism in India.

Buddhism World religion, founded by the Buddha

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists. Buddhism encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism originated in ancient India as a Sramana tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, spreading through much of Asia. Two major extant branches of Buddhism are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada and Mahayana.

Shopping

CentralWorld shopping mall in Thailand

CentralWorld is a shopping plaza and complex in Bangkok, Thailand. It is the eleventh largest shopping complex in the world. The complex, which includes a hotel and office tower, is owned by Central Pattana. In 2006, after three years of design and renovation, CentralWorld was expanded to 550,000 square metres of shopping mall and 830,000 square metres of complex, topping nearby rival Siam Paragon in terms of size.

Amarin Plaza

Amarin Plaza is a shopping mall located in the centre of Bangkok's Ratchaprasong shopping district.

Hotels

Anantara Siam Bangkok Hotel is a hotel property located in the Rajadamri area in the Pathum Wan District of Central Bangkok, Thailand. Formerly known as the Four Seasons Bangkok it is situated opposite the Royal Bangkok Sports Club. The hotel is part of the Anantara Hotels, Resorts & Spas chain that is managed by the Minor International corporation.

Transportation

BTS Skytrain elevated railway in Bangkok, Thailand

The Bangkok Mass Transit System, commonly known as the BTS or the Skytrain, is an elevated rapid transit system in Bangkok, Thailand. It is operated by Bangkok Mass Transit System PCL (BTSC), a subsidiary of BTS Group Holdings, under a concession granted by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA). The system consists of 43 stations along two lines: the Sukhumvit Line running northwards and eastwards, terminating at Mo Chit and Kheha respectively, and the Silom Line which serves Silom and Sathon Roads, the central business district of Bangkok, terminating at National Stadium and Bang Wa. The lines interchange at Siam station and have a combined route length of 48.7 kilometers (30.3 mi). The system is formally known as "the Elevated Train in Commemoration of HM the King's 6th Cycle Birthday".

Royal Bangkok Sports Club

The Royal Bangkok Sports Club is an exclusive sports club in Bangkok, Thailand, best known to the public for its horse racing venue. Founded in 1901, it was the first racecourse in the country and one of the oldest golf courses. Originally serving Western expatriates and Thai aristocrats, the club was at the centre of development in the introduction of modern sport to the country during the early 20th century. The club has since maintained its exclusivity, and has a reputation as a domain of high society.

MRT (Bangkok) rapid transit system serving the Bangkok Metropolitan Region in Thailand

The Metropolitan Rapid Transit or MRT is a mass rapid transit system serving the Bangkok Metropolitan Region in Thailand. The MRT system comprises three heavy rail lines and two monorail lines. The first section of the MRT Blue Line, officially the Chaloem Ratchamongkhon Line, between Hua Lamphong and Bang Sue opened in 2004 as Bangkok's second metro system, The MRT Purple Line, officially the Chalong Ratchadham Line, began full service on 6 August 2016 and connected Tao Poon with Khlong Bang Phai in Nonthaburi in the northwest of Greater Bangkok. It was the first public transit line to extend outside Bangkok province, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. .

Incidents

In 2010, the Ratchaprasong intersection was one of the main sites of the 2010 Thai political protests. From March to May the "Red Shirt" protesters occupied a large area around Ratchaprasong intersection in a political campaign aimed at reinstalling the government under Thaksin Shinawatra. The stage area and the surrounding tent city became known as "the red city." The major shopping malls and five-star hotels in the vicinity were forced to close during the occupation. Most residents of the area moved out for security concerns and because of the inconvenience. [4]

After weeks of failed negotiations, the Thai army moved in to clear the Ratchaprasong intersection on May 19, 2010. The violent government crackdown against the "Red Shirt" protesters resulted in the deaths of about 90 civilians and soldiers. Protestors set fire to buildings in the area; [5] this resulted in the partial destruction of Bangkok's largest shopping mall, the CentralWorld complex. [6] As of June 2012, reconstruction at the Ratchaprasong intersection is complete.

In 2014, there were demonstrations protesting Yingluck Shinawatra's government. [7] [8]

In August 2015, a bomb exploded at the Ratchaprasong intersection, [9] [10] killing twenty people and injuring 125.

See also

Related Research Articles

Lumphini Subdistrict subdistrict in Pathum Wan district, Bangkok, Thailand

Lumphini is one of the 180 sub-districts (khwaeng) of Bangkok. It has the geocode 100704, and is part of the district (khet) Pathum Wan.

Bang Rak District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Bang Rak is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by four other districts : Pathum Wan, Sathon, Khlong San, and Samphanthawong. It was established in 1912. As of 2017, Bang Rak's population was 47,817.

Siam BTS station railway station

Siam station is the cross-platform interchange station for the BTS Skytrain in Pathum Wan District, Bangkok, Thailand. The largest and busiest station on the BTS with 40,000–50,000 passengers per day, it is where passengers on the Sukhumvit and Silom Lines change trains.

Gaysorn Village shopping mall

Gaysorn Village is a building complex in the Ratchaprasong area of Bangkok. It also includes the Gaysorn Tower, an office tower block, and the Amarin Plaza shopping centre.

Khlong Saen Saep boat service

The Khlong Saen Saep boat service is a water bus operating on the Saen Saep Canal in Bangkok through the city's commercial districts. The Khlong Saen Saep boat service has been in operation since 1990.

Ratchadamri BTS station railway station

Ratchadamri station is a BTS skytrain station, on the Silom Line in Pathum Wan District, Bangkok, Thailand. The station is on Ratchadamri Road between Ratchaprasong intersection and Lumphini Park, amid condominiums, office towers, hotels, and the Royal Bangkok Sports Club racetrack. There is a skyway from the station concourse to St Regis hotel.

Phloen Chit BTS station

Phloen Chit station is a BTS skytrain station, on the Sukhumvit Line in Pathum Wan District, Bangkok, Thailand. The station is located on Phloen Chit Road at Phloen Chit intersection to Wireless Road next to the beginning of Sukhumvit Road. It is surrounded by hotels, skyscrapers, office towers and many embassies especially the British and American embassies on Wireless Road.

Chit Lom BTS station

Chit Lom station is a BTS skytrain station, on the Sukhumvit Line in Pathum Wan District, Bangkok, Thailand. The station is located on Phloen Chit Road at Chit Lom intersection to Lang Suan and Chit Lom Road. It is also linked by Skybridge directly to Central Chidlom department store, and Sky Walk to Ratchaprasong intersection where Central World, Gaysorn Plaza and Erawan Shrine is situated next to Pratunam clothing market within walking distance from the intersection. The Sky Walk also links the station with Siam station, with cluster of luxury shops in Siam Square and Siam Paragon shopping mall.

Siam area

Siam is an area in the Pathum Wan District of Bangkok. It is a de facto district/neighborhood that consists of roughly 43 acres (170,000 m2) of the Thai Royal Family's estate, of which 17 acres (69,000 m2) is the Sra Pathum Palace; the remaining 26 acres (110,000 m2), formerly home to the Siam Intercontinental Hotel and its royal gardens, are leased by the Crown Property Bureau to several shopping complexes on either side of Rama I Road. Though no district of Bangkok by the name "Siam" legally exists, local Thais refer to this area as such, and consider it to be the very heart of Bangkok. Siam is connected to the adjacent Ratchaprasong area via a number of footbridges.

Si Lom MRT station subway station in Bangkok, Thailand

Si Lom station is an underground station of the Bangkok MRT, on the Blue Line. The station is located between Rama IV Road and Si Lom Road in the Bangkok CBD. A skywalk connects the station to Sala Daeng BTS station.

Sala Daeng

Sala Daeng is the name of the intersection and neighbourhood at the beginning of Si Lom Road in Bangkok, Thailand. It is located within Pathum Wan District, next to its border with Bang Rak, where Si Lom meets Rama IV and Ratchadamri Roads. The Thai–Japan Flyover Bridge, constructed in 1992, passes over Sala Daeng intersection, as well as the westward Henri Dunant and Sam Yan intersections, along Rama IV Road. A small street, known as Sala Daeng Road, branches off Si Lom Road and connects to the parallel Sathon Road.

Phloen Chit Road

Phloen Chit Road is a major road in central Bangkok. Located entirely within in Lumphini Subdistrict of Pathum Wan District, it runs a short distance of 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) between Ratchaprasong Intersection and the Maenam railway branch line, forming a continuation of the westward Rama I Road and then itself continuing on to the east as Sukhumvit Road. It serves the neighbourhoods of Ratchaprasong, Chit Lom Intersection and Phloen Chit Intersection, which are home to major shopping malls, hotels and office towers. The areas are served by the Chit Lom and Phloen Chit Stations of the BTS skytrain, whose Sukhumvit Line runs above Phloen Chit Road.

Ratchadamri Road street in Bangkok, Thailand

Ratchadamri Road is a road in Bangkok. It runs a distance of 2.3 kilometres (1.4 mi) in a north–south direction from Pratu Nam Intersection, where it meets Phetchaburi and Ratchaprarop Roads, to Sala Daeng Intersection, where it meets Rama IV and Si Lom Roads, forming the boundary between the Pathum Wan and Lumphini Subdistricts of Pathum Wan District. It passes through Ratchaprasong Intersection at the heart of Bangkok's main shopping district, as well as the green open spaces of the Royal Bangkok Sports Club and Lumphini Park, making its eponymous neighbourhood one of the top prime real estate locations in Bangkok.

Nana, Bangkok road intersection in Bangkok, Thailand

Nana is an intersection and neighbourhood at the beginning of Sukhumvit Road in Khlong Toei Subdistrict, Khlong Toei District, Bangkok. It's the four-way intersection of Sukhumvit Road, Soi Sukhumvit 3 or Soi Nana Nuea and Soi Sukhumvit 4 or Soi Nana (ซอยนานา), which toward the Thailand Tobacco Monopoly. It can be considered as an intersection next to Phloen Chit Intersection on Phloen Chit Road in the area of Lumphini Subdistrict, Pathum Wan District.

Rama I Road

Rama I Road is a road in Bangkok. It starts from the end of Bamrung Mueang road at junction of Krung Kasem road in border between Pom Prap Sattru Phai and Pathum Wan districts. It crosses Khlong Phadung Krung Kasem including the railway from Hua Lamphong railway station nearby on the Kasat Suek bridge or popularly known as Yotse bridge. Then it runs until ends at the Ratchaprasong intersection, which is the four-way of Ratchadamri, Rama I and Phloen Chit roads, total distance is 2.8 km.

References

Coordinates: 13°44′40″N100°32′24″E / 13.74444°N 100.54000°E / 13.74444; 100.54000