Raul Pompeia

Last updated
Raul Pompeia
Raul Pompeia.jpg
BornRaul d'Ávila Pompeia
(1863-05-12)12 May 1863
Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Empire of Brazil
Died25 December 1895(1895-12-25) (aged 32)
Rio de Janeiro City, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Pen nameRapp
Occupation novelist, short story writer, chronicler
Literary movement Realism; Naturalism; Impressionism
Notable works O Ateneu

Raul d'Ávila Pompeia (April 12, 1863 – December 25, 1895) was a Brazilian novelist, short story writer and chronicler. He is famous for the Impressionist romance O Ateneu .

Contents

He is patron of the 33rd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Biography

Pompeia was born in 1863, to Antônio d'Ávila Pompeia and Rosa Teixeira Pompeia. As a young man, he entered the Colégio Abílio, run by the Baron of Macaúbas, Abílio César Borges, where he was a good student, and the editor of school journal O Archote. In 1879, he was transferred to Colégio Pedro II, where he wrote his first book, Uma Tragédia no Amazonas.

In 1881 he moved to São Paulo in order to graduate in Law, where he was influenced by the Abolitionist and Republican ideals, and befriended Abolitionist Luís Gama. He wrote for many journals of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, frequently under pen name Rapp, but he had many others, such as Pompeu Stell, Um moço do povo, Lauro, Fabricius, Raul D., Raulino Palma. He published his book Canções Sem Metro and the novel As Joias da Coroa in the Jornal do Commercio.

After being reproved in 1883, he moved to Recife and there he concluded his Law course. Returning once more to Rio, he wrote his masterpiece O Ateneu in 1888.

After the Lei Áurea was proclaimed, Pompeia dedicated himself exclusively to the Republicanism. And after the republic was proclaimed in Brazil, he became Mythology teacher in the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes and director of the National Library of Brazil, being named for both positions by Brazilian president Floriano Peixoto. However, as a die-hard florianista, he was eventually fired from his post by President Prudente de Morais, towards whom he was charged with disrespect in a speech he made at the burial of Floriano Peixoto, who had died untimely shortly after the end of his presidential term. He had already been personally slandered for his allegedly closet homosexuality — something which led him to challenge his former friend, the poet Olavo Bilac, to a duel in 1892; he had also broken other friendships in the same resounding fashion. Eventually, he suffered a fatal breakdown: after being slandered for his Floriano speech in a piece by journalist Luís Murat entitled "A Madman in the Cemetery", feeling himself scorned everywhere, he committed suicide by shooting himself on the chest with a pistol on Christmas, 1895. [1]

Works

Translations

Related Research Articles

Prudente de Morais 3rd President of Brazil

Prudente José de Morais e Barros was the third President of Brazil. He is notable as the first civilian president of the country, the first to be elected by direct popular ballot under the permanent provisions of Brazil's 1891 Constitution, and the first to serve his term in its entirety. His presidency, which lasted from 15 November 1894 until 14 November 1898, was marked by the War of Canudos, a peasant revolt in the northeast of the country that was crushed by the Brazilian Army. He also had to face a break in diplomatic relations with Portugal that was successfully mediated by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Raul Seixas

Raul Santos Seixas was a Brazilian rock composer, singer, songwriter and producer. He is sometimes called the "Father of Brazilian Rock" and "Maluco Beleza", the last one roughly translated as "Groovy Nutcase". He was born in Salvador (Bahia), Brazil, and died of pancreatitis in São Paulo. Every year on Seixas' birthday, legions of fans, including thousands of impersonators, throw a parade in his honor in downtown São Paulo.

Marcelo Damy de Sousa Santos was a Brazilian physicist.

Castro Alves Brazilian poet and playwright

Antônio Frederico de Castro Alves was a Brazilian poet and playwright, famous for his abolitionist and republican poems. One of the most famous poets of the "Condorism", he won the epithet of "O Poeta dos Escravos".

Júlio César de Mello e Souza

Júlio César de Mello e Souza, was a Brazilian writer and mathematics professor. He is well known in Brazil and abroad by his books on recreational mathematics, most of them published under the pen names of Malba Tahan and Breno de Alencar Bianco.

Paulo César Silva Peixoto is a Portuguese football manager and former professional player who played mainly a left midfielder but occasionally as a left back.

Coelho Neto

Henrique Maximiano Coelho Neto was a Brazilian writer and politician. He founded and occupied the second chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, from 1897 until his death in 1934. He was also the president of the aforementioned Academy in 1926.

Revolta da Armada Series of mutinies in the Brazilian Navy

The Brazilian Naval Revolts, or the Revoltas da Armada, were armed mutinies promoted mainly by Admirals Custódio José de Melo and Saldanha Da Gama and their fleet of Brazilian Navy ships against the claimed unconstitutional staying in power of the central government in Rio de Janeiro.

Peixoto is a Portuguese surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Pardal Mallet Brazilian writer

João Carlos de Medeiros Pardal Mallet was a Brazilian journalist and novelist. He is the patron of the 30th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Luís Gama

Luís Gonzaga Pinto da Gama was a Brazilian Romantic poet, journalist, lawyer, Republican and a prominent abolitionist.

Proclamation of the Republic (Brazil)

The Proclamation of the Republic was a military coup d'état that established the First Brazilian Republic on 15 November 1889. It overthrew the constitutional monarchy of the Empire of Brazil and ended the reign of Emperor Pedro II.

Omar Aziz Brazilian politician

Omar José Abdel Aziz is a Brazilian politician. He served as the Governor of the Brazilian state of Amazonas from March 31, 2010 to 2014, following the resignation of his predecessor, Eduardo Braga, to become a Senator. Member of a family of Arab and Italian descent, Omar has already held the post of Alderman in Manaus and Amazonas State Assemblyman in the 1990. In 1996, he was elected Deputy Mayor of Manaus with Alfredo Nascimento as holder in Office. In 2000, were re-elected, but in May 2002, Omar left the post to compete with Eduardo Braga plate to the State Government as deputy-governor, election in which they were elected. In 2006, he was reelected with Braga. In 2008 was apply for as mayor of Manaus by PMN, having won the third place. In 2010, with the resignation of Braga to the State Government to run for Senate, Aziz took over the Government. In the elections of that year, he was re-elected Governor in the first round with 64% of the vote. In 2011, was one of the co-founders of the Social Democratic Party (PSD). Did the same as Braga in 2014 leaving the office of Governor and your vice-Governor, José Melo de Oliveira, took the office.

1895 in Brazil

Events in the year 1895 in Brazil.

1892 in Brazil

Events in the year 1892 in Brazil.

Ana Lúcia Torre Rodrigues is a Brazilian actress.

Ernani Braga

Ernani Braga was a Brazilian composer, pianist and conductor, concerned to belong to the second generation of the nationalists in music. He composed works for voice, choir, orchestra and piano. He is little known outside the South America. Antônio Francisco Braga (1868–1945), with whom he is sometimes confused, was his teacher and friend. Among Ernani Braga's pupils was Camargo Guarnieri.

Rodrigo Figueiredo de Carvalho is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Greek Super League 2 club Levadiakos.

References

  1. Alfredo Bosi, História concisa da literatura brasileira. São Paulo: Cultrix, 2006, ISBN   85-316-0189-4, 183. Available at .See, also

Further reading