Razgrad

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Razgrad

Разград
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Razgrad flag.png
Flag
Emblem of Razgrad.png
Coat of arms
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Razgrad
Location of Razgrad
Coordinates: 43°32′N26°31′E / 43.533°N 26.517°E / 43.533; 26.517 Coordinates: 43°32′N26°31′E / 43.533°N 26.517°E / 43.533; 26.517
Country Bulgaria
Province Razgrad
Government
  MayorDencho Boyadzhiev (BSP)
Area
  City92.845 km2 (35.848 sq mi)
Elevation
270 m (890 ft)
Population
 (2015) [1]
  City35,049
  Density380/km2 (980/sq mi)
   Urban
50,457
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
7200
Area code(s) 084
Website www.razgrad.bg

Razgrad (Bulgarian : Разград [ˈrazɡrat] ) is a city in Northeastern Bulgaria in the valley of the Beli Lom river that falls within the historical and geographical region of Ludogorie. It is an administrative center of Razgrad Province.

Contents

Etymology

The ruins of Abrittus Abrittus 5.jpg
The ruins of Abrittus

The suffix "grad" means city in Bulgarian, while the origin and the meaning of the first part "raz" is obscure. During the Second Bulgarian Empire, around the present city there was a settlement, mentioned by the names of Hrasgrad, Hrazgrad and Hrizgrad'. These names come from the name of the Proto-Bulgarian and Slavic god Hors.

History

Razgrad clock tower, the symbol of the city, built in 1864 Rztarn.jpg
Razgrad clock tower, the symbol of the city, built in 1864

Razgrad was built upon the ruins of the Ancient Roman town of Abritus on the banks of the Beli Lom river. Abritus was built on a Thracian settlement of the 4th-5th century BC of unknown name. Several bronze coins of the Thracian king Seuthes III (330-300 BC) and pottery were found, as well as artifacts from other rulers and a sacrificial altar of Hercules.

Ahmet Bey mosque in Razgrad Mezquita Ahmet Bey, Razgrad, Bulgaria, 2016-05-27, DD 33.jpg
Ahmet Bey mosque in Razgrad

Some of Razgrad's landmarks include the Varosha architectural complex from the 19th century, the ethnographic museum and several other museums, the characteristic clock tower in the centre built in 1864, the St Nicholas the Miracle Worker Church from 1860, the Momina cheshma sculpture, the Mausoleum Ossuary of the Liberators (1879–1880) and the Ibrahim Pasha Mosque from 1530. The mosque is said to be one of the largest in the Balkans.

In 251, the town was the site of the Battle of Abrittus, during which the Goths defeated a Roman army under the emperors Trajan Decius and Herennius Etruscus. The battle is notable for being the first occasion of a Roman emperor being killed in a battle with barbarians.

Razgrad Peak on Greenwich Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Razgrad.

Population

In January 2012, Razgrad was inhabited by 33,416 people within the city limits, while the Razgrad Municipality with the legally affiliated adjacent villages had 50,457 inhabitants. [1] The number of the residents of the city (not the municipality) reached its peak in the period 1988-1991 when exceeded 55,000. [2] The following table presents the change of the population after 1887.

Razgrad
Year18871910193419461956196519751985199220012005200920112013
Population11,75213,95715,42115,01018,38926,39842,60949,58240,90638,94835,93234,59233,88033,005
Highest number 58,112 in 1991
Sources: National Statistical Institute, [2] [3] citypopulation.de, [4] pop-stat.mashke.org, [5] Bulgarian Academy of Sciences [6]

Ethnic composition

According to the latest 2011 census data, the individuals declared their ethnic identity were distributed as follows: [7] [8]

  • Bulgarians: 24,701 (79.1%)
  • Turks: 5,902 (18.9%)
  • Roma: 288 (0.9%)
  • Others: 140 (0.4%)
  • Indefinable: 195 (0.6%)
    • Undeclared: 2,654 (7.8%)

Total: 33,880

The Razgrad Province has the second largest Turkish population in Bulgaria behind the Kardzhali Province, though the municipality and the city of Razgrad have a lower proportion of Turks than the rest of the province.

Sport

Razgrad is widely recognizable for being home to the association football club Ludogorets Razgrad, who in recent years have become the dominant force in Bulgarian football after winning ten consecutive Bulgarian First League titles between 2012 and 2021. [9] After reaching the UEFA Europa League round of 16 during the 2013–14 season, the club also made their UEFA Champions League debut appearance a season later. Ludogorets play their home matches at Ludogorets Arena, a venue with a capacity for 10,500 people.

Climate

Climate data for Razgrad, Bulgaria (2000-2014)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)4.0
(39.2)
6.2
(43.2)
11.7
(53.1)
16.8
(62.2)
22.5
(72.5)
26.0
(78.8)
28.7
(83.7)
28.9
(84.0)
23.8
(74.8)
17.7
(63.9)
11.9
(53.4)
5.1
(41.2)
17.0
(62.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)0.5
(32.9)
1.6
(34.9)
6.9
(44.4)
11.6
(52.9)
17.1
(62.8)
20.7
(69.3)
23.1
(73.6)
23.2
(73.8)
18.5
(65.3)
13.1
(55.6)
8.1
(46.6)
1.7
(35.1)
12.2
(54.0)
Average low °C (°F)−3.1
(26.4)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.1
(35.8)
6.5
(43.7)
11.6
(52.9)
15.1
(59.2)
17.5
(63.5)
17.5
(63.5)
13.2
(55.8)
8.5
(47.3)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.6
(29.1)
7.5
(45.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches)42
(1.7)
37
(1.5)
35
(1.4)
50
(2.0)
58
(2.3)
67
(2.6)
42
(1.7)
31
(1.2)
35
(1.4)
50
(2.0)
63
(2.5)
49
(1.9)
560
(22.0)
Source: Stringmeteo.com [10]

Notable people born in Razgrad

Twin towns and sister cities

Razgrad is twinned with: [11]

Related Research Articles

Kardzhali Town in Bulgaria

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Haskovo Province Province of Bulgaria

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Razgrad Province Province of Bulgaria

Razgrad Province is a province in Northeastern Bulgaria, geographically part of the Ludogorie region. It is named after its administrative and industrial centre - the town of Razgrad. As of December 2009, the Province has a total population of 132,740 inhabitants on a territory of 2,639.7 km2 (1,019.2 sq mi) that is divided into 7 municipalities.

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Ludogorie Region of northeastern Bulgaria

The Ludogorie or Deliorman, is a region in northeastern Bulgaria stretching over the plateau of the same name. Major cities in the region are Razgrad, Novi Pazar, Pliska and Isperih. Part of the Danubian Plain, the region is hilly in the east, reaching up to 485.70 metres (1,593.5 ft) in height near the village of Samuil, but merges with the plains of Dobruja and the Danube to the north, with the lowest point near Yuper. The region is bordered to the west by the Provadiya River and the Beli Lom; to the east it transitions into the Dobruja plateau.

Isperih Place in Razgrad, Bulgaria

Isperih is a town in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Razgrad Province, situated in the central part of the Ludogorie region. It is the administrative centre of the eponymous Isperih Municipality. As of December 2009, the town has a population of 9,017 inhabitants.

Abritus

Abritus (Abrittus) was an impressive Roman walled city and one of the biggest urban centres in the province of Moesia Inferior. Its remains are in the Archaeological Park of Razgrad.

Getsovo Place in Razgrad, Bulgaria

Getsovo is a village in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Razgrad Municipality, Razgrad Province.

Loznitsa Place in Razgrad, Bulgaria

Loznitsa is a small town in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Razgrad Province, located in the geographic region of Ludogorie. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Loznitsa Municipality, which lies in the southernmost part of the Province. As of December 2009, the town has a population of 2,409 inhabitants.

Isperih Municipality Municipality in Razgrad, Bulgaria

Isperih Municipality is a municipality (obshtina) in Razgrad Province, Northeastern Bulgaria, located in the Ludogorie geographical region part of the Danubian Plain. It is named after its administrative centre - the town of Isperih.

Loznitsa Municipality Municipality in Razgrad, Bulgaria

Loznitsa Municipality is a municipality (obshtina) in Razgrad Province, Northeastern Bulgaria, located in the Danubian Plain. It is named after its administrative centre - the town of Loznitsa.

References

  1. 1 2 (in Bulgarian) National Statistical Institute - 2012 Archived 2012-11-13 at the Wayback Machine
  2. 1 2 (in Bulgarian) National Statistical Institute - Towns population 1956-1992 [ permanent dead link ]
  3. Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - towns in 2009
  4. „WorldCityPopulation“
  5. „pop-stat.mashke.org“
  6. (in Bulgarian) Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine
  7. (in Bulgarian) Population on 01.02.2011 by provinces, municipalities, settlements and age; National Statistical Institute
  8. Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (in Bulgarian)
  9. "Archive – First League – Bulgaria". soccerway.com. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  10. , Stringmeteo.com Retrieved December 03, 2013.
  11. "Списък на побратимени градове" (in Bulgarian). Archived from the original on 15 December 2008. Retrieved 9 July 2012.