Recording Industry Association of Japan

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Recording Industry Association of Japan
Nippon Rekōdo Kyōkai
Recording Industry Association of Japan logo.svg
Kyodo News (former head office).jpg
The head office is located in the Kyodo Tsushin Kaikan building
Formation1942
TypeTechnical standards, licensing and royalties
HeadquartersKita-Aoyama, Minato, Tokyo
Location
Membership
19 main members, 15 associated members and 24 supporting members (all as of August 2009)
Hirohumi Shigemura (King Record)
Key people
Vice-Chairmen: Hirohumi Shigemura (King), Shinji Hayashi (Avex)
Directors: Shinichi Yoshida (Nippon Columbia), Seiichi Ishibashi (Teichiku), Naoshi Fujikara (UMG Japan), Kazunobu Kitajima (Nippon Crown), Masahiro Shinoki (Tokuma Japan), Takashi Yoshimura (Pony Canyon), Kazuyuki Kobayashi (WMG Japan), Shuji Hanafusa (VAP), Yutaka Goto (For Life), Shunsuke Muramatsu (Sony Music)
Senior Managing Director and Chief Operating Officer: Kotaro Taguchi
Managing Director: Kenji Takasugi
Executive Director and Director-General: Yoichiro Hata
Auditors: Mitsuo Takako (DreaMusic), Nobuyuki Ogino (Yamaha Music), Atty. Hideto Ishida (reference: [1] )
Website Recording Industry Association of Japan - in English
Former Chairman Naoki Kitagawa, on April 7, 2013 Naoki Kitagawa.jpg
Former Chairman Naoki Kitagawa, on April 7, 2013

The Recording Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ)(日本レコード協会,Nippon Rekōdo Kyōkai) is an industry trade group composed of Japanese corporations involved in the music industry. It was founded in 1942 as the Japan Phonogram Record Cultural Association, and adopted its current name in 1969.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Music industry companies and individuals that create and sell music

The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators. Among the many individuals and organizations that operate in the industry are: the songwriters and composers who create new songs and musical pieces; the singers, musicians, conductors and bandleaders who perform the music; the companies and professionals who create and sell recorded music and/or sheet music ; and those that help organize and present live music performances.

Contents

The RIAJ's activities include promotion of music sales, enforcement of copyright law, and research related to the Japanese music industry. It publishes the annual RIAJ Year Book, a statistical summary of each year's music sales, as well as distributing a variety of other data.

Japanese copyright laws consist of two parts: "Author's Rights" and "Neighbouring Rights". As such, "copyright" is a convenient collective term rather than a single concept in Japan. Japan was a party to the original Berne convention in 1899, so its copyright law is in sync with most international regulations. The convention protected copyrighted works for 50 years after the author's death. However, in 2004 Japan extended the copyright term to 70 years for cinematographic works. At the end of 2018, as a result of the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations, the 70 year term was applied to all works. Works that had entered the public domain between 1999 and 2018 would become copyright-protected again, depending on when the author died.

Headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, the RIAJ has twenty member companies and a smaller number of associate and supporting members; some member companies are the Japanese branches of multinational corporations headquartered elsewhere.

Minato, Tokyo Special ward in Kantō, Japan

Minato is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan. It is also called Minato City in English.

Tokyo Metropolis in Kantō

Tokyo, officially Tokyo Metropolis, one of the 47 prefectures of Japan, has served as the Japanese capital since 1869. As of 2014, the Greater Tokyo Area ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world. The urban area houses the seat of the Emperor of Japan, of the Japanese government and of the National Diet. Tokyo forms part of the Kantō region on the southeastern side of Japan's main island, Honshu, and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands. Tokyo was formerly named Edo when Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarters in 1603. It became the capital after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from Kyoto in 1868; at that time Edo was renamed Tokyo. Tokyo Metropolis formed in 1943 from the merger of the former Tokyo Prefecture and the city of Tokyo. Tokyo is often referred to as a city but is officially known and governed as a "metropolitan prefecture", which differs from and combines elements of a city and a prefecture, a characteristic unique to Tokyo.

Multinational corporation large corporation doing business in many countries

A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization which owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country. Black's Law Dictionary suggests that a company or group should be considered a multinational corporation if it derives 25% or more of its revenue from out-of-home-country operations. A multinational corporation can also be referred to as a multinational enterprise (MNE), a transnational enterprise (TNE), a transnational corporation (TNC), an international corporation, or a stateless corporation. There are subtle but real differences between these three labels, as well as multinational corporation and worldwide enterprise.

The association is responsible for certifying gold and platinum albums and singles in Japan.

RIAJ Certification

In 1989, the Recording Industry Association of Japan introduced the music recording certification systems. It is awarded based on shipment figures of compact disc or cassette tape which was reported by record labels. In principle, the criteria are limitedly applied to the materials released after January 21, 1989.

Music recording certification

Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units. The threshold quantity varies by type and by nation or territory.

Certification awards

Currently, all music sales including singles, albums, digital download singles are on the same criteria. Unlike many countries, the highest certification is not called "Diamond" or "Platinum", but "Million".

Thresholds per award
GoldPlatinum2× Platinum3× PlatinumMillionMulti-Million
100,000250,000500,000750,0001,000,0002,000,000+

Old criteria (until June 2003)

Before the unification of criteria and introduction of music videos category in July 2003, a separate scale had been used for certification awards. [2]

FormatTypeThresholds per award [2]
GoldPlatinum2x PlatinumMillion3x Platinum4x Platinum
AlbumsDomestic200,000400,000800,0001,000,0001,200,0001,600,000
International100,000200,000400,000600,000800,000
SinglesDomestic200,000400,000800,0001,200,0001,600,000
International50,000100,000200,000300,000400,000

Digital certifications

Certifications for songs and albums released digitally began on September 20, 2006, using download data collected since the early 2000s. [3] From 2006 until 2013, there were three categories for certifications: Chaku-uta(着うた(R), "Ringtone"), Chaku-uta Full(着うたフル(R), "Full-length Ringtone") (i.e. a download to a cellphone) and PC Haishin(PC配信, "PC Download") for songs purchased on services such as iTunes. On February 28, 2014, the Chaku-uta Full and PC categories were merged to create the Single Track(シングルトラック) category. [4]

While digital album certifications are possible, only certain album have rarely received this certification since the beginning of digital certifications, including the 2011 Songs for Japan charity album. [5] and Hikaru Utada's sixth studio album Fantôme among others.

FormatThresholds per award [4]
GoldPlatinum2x Platinum3x PlatinumMillion
Chaku-uta (R)500,000750,0001,000,000
Single Track100,000250,000
Album

Members

Main members

Associate members

Supporting members

¹Member, International Federation of the Phonographic Industry.

See also

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References

  1. "Board of Directors" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved December 25, 2010.
  2. 1 2 "The Record - August 2003 - Page 15" (PDF) (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved December 23, 2010.
  3. レコード協会調べ 8月度有料音楽配信認定 [Record Association Investigation: August Digital Music Download Certifications]. RIAJ (in Japanese). September 20, 2006. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
  4. 1 2 音楽配信認定の基準 [Digital Music Certification Criteria] (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. February 28, 2014. Archived from the original on March 6, 2014. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  5. レコード協会調べ 5月度有料音楽配信認定 [Record Association Investigation: May Digital Music Download Certifications]. RIAJ (in Japanese). June 20, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2014.