Red Fort, Muzaffarabad

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Red Fort, Muzaffarabad
Rutta Qila
Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir
Red Fort Muzaffarabad.jpg
Coordinates 34°22′56.63″N73°27′53.18″E / 34.3823972°N 73.4647722°E / 34.3823972; 73.4647722 Coordinates: 34°22′56.63″N73°27′53.18″E / 34.3823972°N 73.4647722°E / 34.3823972; 73.4647722
TypeFort
Site information
Owner AJK Tourism and Archeology Department
Site history
Built1646 (1646)
In use1947 (1947)

Red Fort - also known as the Muzaffarabad Fort was built by the Chak rulers of Kashmir in the 16th century. The current locality is called Center Plate. [1] [2] Locally, it is known as the "Rutta Qila" or just "qila". [3]

Contents

Construction

Chak rulers of Kashmir anticipated threat to the city from the Mughals. Construction was initiated in 1559 at a strategic location. The Mughal Empire annexed Kashmir in 1587, and the fort lost its importance. [1] [2] [3] Finally, the construction of the fort was completed in 1646 in the reign of Sultan Muzaffar Khan of the Bomba Dynasty — the founder of Muzaffarabad city. [3]

Architecture

The architecture of the fort shows that great experts in design and structure participated in its construction. It is surrounded on three sides by the Neelum River formerly known as the Kishenganga River. The northern part of the fort had terraces with steps leading to the bank of the river. The eastern side was very well protected from the hazards of flood waters, but some parts on the north side have suffered damage. There used to be an inn at the entrance to the fort, but only traces of that structure remain now. [1] [2]

Abandonment

In 1846, Maharaja Gulab Singh of the Dogra dynasty began reconstruction and extension of the fort for political and military operations and his successor Maharaja Ranbeer Singh completed the work. The Dogra military then used the fort till 1926, after which a new cantonment was built, leaving the red fort abandoned once again. [3] Towards the middle of 1947, the Dogra forces left, leaving the fort abandoned. [1] [2]

Damage

Most of the fort's relics were stolen and a large portion was destroyed during the 2005 earthquake. [3]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Muzaffarabad: Barsala". AJK Tourism. Archived from the original on July 2, 2014. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Red Fort Muzaffarabad". AJK Tours. July 31, 2010. Archived from the original on July 2, 2014. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "A red fort, a Kashmiri chronicle". The Express Tribune. January 13, 2013. Archived from the original on July 2, 2014. Retrieved July 2, 2014.