Red Rock, Oklahoma

Last updated
Red Rock

Íno Súje
OKMap-doton-RedRock.PNG
Location of Red Rock, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°27′36″N97°10′45″W / 36.46000°N 97.17917°W / 36.46000; -97.17917 Coordinates: 36°27′36″N97°10′45″W / 36.46000°N 97.17917°W / 36.46000; -97.17917
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Noble
Area
  Total0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
  Land0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
925 ft (282 m)
Population
  Total294
  Density1,199.6/sq mi (463.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
74651
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-62650 [1]
GNIS feature ID1097121 [2]

Red Rock (Otoe: Íno Súje pronounced [ĩꜜno suꜜdʒɛ] , meaning "Rock Red") is a town in northern Noble County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 283 at the 2010 census, a decline from 293 at the 2000 census. The headquarters of the Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians is located in Red Rock. [3]

Chiwere was a Siouan language originally spoken by the Missouria, Otoe, and Iowa peoples, who originated in the Great Lakes region but later moved throughout the Midwest and plains. The language is closely related to Ho-Chunk, also known as Winnebago. Christian missionaries first documented Chiwere in the 1830s, but since then virtually nothing has been published about the language. Chiwere suffered a steady decline after extended European-American contact in the 1850s, and by 1940 the language had almost totally ceased to be spoken.

Noble County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Noble County is located in the north central part of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,561. Its county seat is Perry. It was part of the Cherokee Outlet in Indian Territory until Oklahoma Territory was created in 1890, and the present county land was designated as County P. After the U. S. government opened the area to non-Indian settlement in 1893, it was renamed Noble County for John Willock Noble, then the United States Secretary of the Interior.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Contents

History

In 1886, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad built a line through what would become Noble County. The land around the railroad crossing of Red Rock Creek still belonged to the Otoe-Missouri reservation, but Rufus N.Dunagan operated a trading post there. A post office named "Magnolia" opened at the trading post in March 1890. The name was changed to Red Rock in June 1892. [3]

On April 26, 1991, a large F4 tornado touched down within one mile of the town. The tornado was rated F4 because of the minimal damage that occurred. But the tornado held the record for the highest recorded wind speed of 270 mph until the Bridge Creek, Oklahoma tornado of May 3, 1999, in the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak, which had a wind gust of 318 mph.

The Fujita scale (F-Scale), or Fujita–Pearson scale, is a scale for rating tornado intensity, based primarily on the damage tornadoes inflict on human-built structures and vegetation. The official Fujita scale category is determined by meteorologists and engineers after a ground or aerial damage survey, or both; and depending on the circumstances, ground-swirl patterns, weather radar data, witness testimonies, media reports and damage imagery, as well as photogrammetry or videogrammetry if motion picture recording is available. The Fujita scale was replaced with the Enhanced Fujita scale (EF-Scale) in the United States in February 2007. In April 2013, Canada adopted the EF-Scale over the Fujita scale along with 31 "Specific Damage Indicators" used by Environment Canada (EC) in their ratings.

1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak

The 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak was a significant tornado outbreak that affected much of the Central and parts of the Eastern United States, with the highest record-breaking wind speeds of 301 ± 20 mph (484 ± 32 km/h). During this week-long event, 154 tornadoes touched down, more than half of them on May 3 and 4 when activity reached its peak over Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Texas, and Arkansas.

Geography

Red Rock is located at 36°27′36″N97°10′45″W / 36.46000°N 97.17917°W / 36.46000; -97.17917 (36.459934, -97.179226). [4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), all of it land.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 575
1920 329−42.8%
1930 37514.0%
1940 3955.3%
1950 253−35.9%
1960 2623.6%
1970 233−11.1%
1980 37661.4%
1990 321−14.6%
2000 293−8.7%
2010 283−3.4%
Est. 2015284 [5] 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 293 people, 97 households, and 71 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,199.6 people per square mile (471.4/km²). There were 107 housing units at an average density of 438.1 per square mile (172.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 20.48% White, 73.72% Native American, and 5.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 97 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.68.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the town, the population was spread out with 32.8% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $17,031, and the median income for a family was $23,750. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $16,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $7,185. About 30.4% of families and 34.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 30.6% of those sixty five or over.

Education

In 1989, the Red Rock School District consolidated with the Marland district. The consolidated district was renamed Frontier School District. [3]

Sports

The Frontier Mustangs have made it to the state tournament 14 times in a row [7] (the longest running record in Oklahoma)[ citation needed ] and have won 6 state championships in the 20 years of the school's existence. [8]

Notable person

Notes

  1. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. 1 2 3 Betty L. Waters, "Red Rock," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed March 29, 2015.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. "No drama for Frontier in win over Rattan". NewsOK.com. 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2019-04-19.
  8. "Year-by-Year Results - Frontier Mustangs Basketball (Red Rock, OK)". www.maxpreps.com. Retrieved 2019-04-19.

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