Red Schoendienst

Last updated

Red Schoendienst
Red Schoendienst1983.jpg
Schoendienst in 1983
Second baseman / Manager
Born:(1923-02-02)February 2, 1923
Germantown, Illinois
Died: June 6, 2018(2018-06-06) (aged 95)
Town and Country, Missouri
Batted: SwitchThrew: Right
MLB debut
April 17, 1945, for the St. Louis Cardinals
Last MLB appearance
July 7, 1963, for the St. Louis Cardinals
MLB statistics
Batting average .289
Hits 2,449
Home runs 84
Runs batted in 773
Managerial record1,041–955
Winning %.522
Teams
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svgEmpty Star.svgEmpty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svgEmpty Star.svgEmpty Star.svg
Induction 1989
Election MethodVeterans Committee

Albert Fred "Red" Schoendienst ( /ˈʃndnst/ ; February 2, 1923 – June 6, 2018) was an American professional baseball second baseman, coach, and manager in Major League Baseball (MLB), and is largely known for his coaching, managing, and playing years with the St. Louis Cardinals. He played for 19 years with the Cardinals (1945–1956, 1961–1963), New York Giants (1956–1957) and Milwaukee Braves (1957–1960), and was named to 10 All Star teams. He then managed the Cardinals from 1965 through 1976 – the second-longest managerial tenure in the team's history (behind Tony La Russa). Under his direction, St. Louis won the 1967 and 1968 National League pennants and the 1967 World Series, and he was named National League Manager of the Year in 1967 and 1968. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1989. At the time of his death, he had worn a Major League uniform for 74 consecutive years as a player, coach, or manager, [1] [2] [3] and had served 67 of his 76 years in baseball with the Cardinals.

Contents

Early life

Schoendienst was born in Germantown, Illinois, approximately 40 miles (64 km) east of downtown St. Louis to Joe and Mary Schoendienst, one of seven children. [4] His father was a coal miner, and the family lived without running water or electricity. [5]

Schoendienst showed a marked aptitude for baseball at a young age. In school he would handicap himself by hitting left-handed. [4] In 1939, at age 16, he dropped out of school to join the Civilian Conservation Corps, a major public works employment program within President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. While working on a fence, he suffered a serious injury to his left eye from a nail. Many doctors recommended removal of the eye, but eventually Red found one willing to pursue non-surgical treatment. He endured constant headaches and years of rehabilitation. [5]

After the eye injury, Schoendienst found it very difficult to read breaking balls while batting right-handed against right-handed pitchers. To solve the problem, he used the left-handed batting skills he acquired as a youth to become a switch hitter. In the spring of 1942, he participated in a St. Louis Cardinals open tryout with about 400 other hopefuls. Though he was not signed at the tryout, Joe Mathes, the Cardinals' chief scout, later changed his mind and drove to Germantown to sign him for $75 a month ($1,174 in current dollar terms). [5]

Minor leagues and military service (1942–1944)

Schoendienst began his professional career in the D-level Georgia–Florida League with the Albany Cardinals, followed by the Union City Greyhounds of the Class D Kentucky–Illinois–Tennessee League. At Union City, he collected eight hits in his first eight at bats (AB) on his way to batting .407 in six games. In 1943, after playing nine games for the Lynchburg Cardinals in the Class B Piedmont League, he had attained 17 hits in 36 AB. This strong start earned him a promotion to the double-A International League's (IL) Rochester Red Wings, where he batted .337 in 136 games with 21 doubles, six home runs (HR) and 20 stolen bases (SB). His .337 average was the league's best; he won the IL's Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award and gained visibility as a top prospect. [6]

In 1944, still in Rochester, Schoendienst hit .373 in 25 games. He was drafted mid-season into the U.S. Army, [5] [7] but received a medical discharge on January 1, 1945, due to his eye injury and sustained trauma incurred while shooting bazookas. [8]

Major league playing career (1945–1963)

Schoendienst circa 1953 Red Schoendienst.jpg
Schoendienst circa 1953

The Cardinals invited Schoendienst for spring training in Cairo, Illinois, in 1945. Schoendiest had been a shortstop in the minor leagues. but as the Cardinals had Marty Marion, who had won the National League's (NL) MVP Award in 1944, as their shortstop, St. Louis assigned Schoendienst to be their left fielder. [5] Totaling 137 games in his rookie season, he batted .278 with a league-high 26 SB. In 1946, the Cardinals moved Schoendienst to play second base on their way to their third World Series title in five years. During the 1946 offseason, he won the televised home run derby. With sure hands and quick reflexes, he led the National League's second basemen for seven seasons and handled 320 consecutive chances without an error in 1950. In that season's All-Star Game, he won the contest for the National League with a home run in the top of 14th inning. It was the first All-Star game to go to extra innings. [5] His 1956 league record fielding percentage of .9934 stood for 30 years until broken by Ryne Sandberg. [9]

In a trade that was extremely unpopular with Cardinals fans and his best friend Stan Musial, Schoendienst, along with Jackie Brandt, Bill Sarni, Dick Littlefield and Bobby Stephenson, was sent to the New York Giants for Alvin Dark, Whitey Lockman, Ray Katt and Don Liddle on June 14, 1956. The transaction was made possible after the Cardinals switched Don Blasingame from shortstop to second base to replace Schoendienst. [10] [11]

The following season, the Giants traded Schoendienst to the Milwaukee Braves for Bobby Thomson, Ray Crone, and Danny O'Connell. Schoendienst helped lead the team to its first pennant in nine years, [12] batting .309 and finishing third in the NL MVP vote. In the World Series the Braves defeated the New York Yankees to win their only title in Milwaukee, and the franchise's first since 1914. Milwaukee repeated as NL champions in 1958 but lost to the Yankees in their World Series rematch; Schoendienst flied out to Mickey Mantle for the Series' final out. [13]

During the 1958–59 off-season Schoendienst was diagnosed with tuberculosis and underwent a partial pneumonectomy in February 1959. Despite being told that he would never play again, he returned to the Braves in 1960—only to be released at the end of the season. In 1961 he rejoined the Cardinals, first as a pinch hitter, then as a coach when Johnny Keane replaced Solly Hemus as the Cardinals' manager. In his final two playing seasons he served as a player-coach, batting over .300 in both 1962 and 1963. [5]

In 19 seasons as a player, Schoendienst compiled a .289 batting average with 84 home runs, 773 RBI, 1,223 runs, 2,449 hits, 427 doubles, 78 triples and 89 stolen bases in 2,216 games played. His defensive statistics as a second baseman included 4,616 putouts, 5,243 assists, 1,368 double plays, and 170 errors in 10,029 total chances for a .983 fielding average. [14]

Coaching and managerial career (1964–2018)

CardsRetired2.PNG
Red Schoendienst's number 2 was retired by the St. Louis Cardinals in 1996.

Keane resigned the day following the Cardinals' 1964 World Series victory over the Yankees, and Schoendienst was named as his replacement. [15] Three years later, the Cardinals defeated the Boston Red Sox—Schoendienst's fourth World Series title, and third as a Cardinal. His managerial record over 12 full seasons (1965–76) and two subsequent stints as interim manager (1980 and 1990) was 1,041–955 (.522). [16] After two years as a coach for the 1977–78 Oakland Athletics, Schoendienst returned to the Cardinals as coach and special assistant to the general manager. He won his fifth Series title in 1982. He remained an employee of the Cardinals organization with the title of Special Assistant Coach, and in 2017 completed his 72nd consecutive season as a Major League player, coach, or manager. [17]

Schoendienst was a member of five winning World Series teams, all of which were won in seven games: as a player with the Cardinals and Braves in 1946 and 1957 respectively; as the Cardinals manager in 1967; and as a Cardinals coach in 1964 and 1982. He was also a member of three teams that lost the Series after leading three games to one: the 1958 Milwaukee Braves (to the Yankees), the 1968 Cardinals (to the Detroit Tigers), and the 1985 Cardinals (to the Kansas City Royals). [18]

Schoendienst at the 2013 NLCS, Busch Stadium Red Schoendienst 2013.jpg
Schoendienst at the 2013 NLCS, Busch Stadium

In 1989, the Veterans Committee elected Schoendienst to the Baseball Hall of Fame. [19] The Cardinals retired his number 2 in 1996. [20] In 1998 he was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame. [21] The Cardinals named Schoendienst, among 21 other former players and personnel, to be inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum for the inaugural class of 2014. [22] The Milwaukee Braves Historical Association inducted Schoendienst into the Milwaukee Braves Honor Roll, located in Miller Park, in 2015. [23]

Managerial record

TeamFromToRegular season recordPost–season record
GWLWin %GWLWin %
St. Louis Cardinals 1965 1976 19351010925.5221477.500
St. Louis Cardinals 1980 1980371819.486
St. Louis Cardinals 1990 1990241311.542
Total19961041955.5221477.500
Ref.: [16]

Personal life

In 1947, Schoendienst married the former Mary Eileen O'Reilly, who died in 1999, after 52 years of marriage. [24] The Schoendiensts had four children. He also had 10 grandchildren (though two predeceased him), and seven great-grandchildren. At the time of his death, Schoendienst lived in Town and Country, Missouri, a western suburb of St. Louis, [25] and had served 67 of his 76 years in baseball with the Cardinals. [26]

On November 13, 2017, Schoendienst, 94, became the oldest living member of the Hall of Fame when Bobby Doerr died at 99, and the oldest living manager of a World Series-winning, pennant-winning or post-season team. He was also the last living member of the Cardinals team that won the 1946 World Series, opposing Doerr's Boston Red Sox team. There are no living players who played on an earlier World Series-winning team. He said of Doerr, "I didn't want him to go." [27]

Schoendienst died at age 95 on June 6, 2018. [25]

See also

Related Research Articles

Enos Slaughter American baseball player

Enos Bradsher Slaughter, nicknamed "Country", was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) right fielder. He played for 19 seasons on four major league teams from 1938–1942 and 1946–1959. He is noted primarily for his playing for the St. Louis Cardinals and is best known for scoring the winning run in Game 7 of the 1946 World Series. A ten-time All-Star, he has been elected to both the National Baseball Hall of Fame and St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame.

Joe Torre American baseball player, coach, manager

Joseph Paul Torre is an American professional baseball executive, serving as a special assistant to the Commissioner since 2020. He previously served in the capacity of Major League Baseball's (MLB) chief baseball officer from 2011 to 2020. A former player, manager and television color commentator, Torre ranks fifth all-time in MLB history with 2,326 wins as a manager. With 2,342 hits during his playing career, Torre is the only major leaguer to achieve both 2,000 hits as a player and 2,000 wins as a manager. From 1996 to 2007, he was the manager of the New York Yankees and guided the team to four World Series championships.

Bill Mueller American baseball player and coach

William Richard Mueller is an American retired professional baseball third baseman who played in Major League Baseball (MLB). Mueller's MLB playing career was spent with the San Francisco Giants, Chicago Cubs (2001–2002), Boston Red Sox (2003–2005), and Los Angeles Dodgers (2006).

Bill McKechnie American baseball player, coach, and manager

William Boyd McKechnie was an American professional baseball player, manager and coach. He played in Major League Baseball as a third baseman during the dead-ball era. McKechnie was the first manager to win World Series titles with two teams, and remains one of only two managers to win pennants with three teams, also capturing the National League title in 1928 with the St. Louis Cardinals. His 1,892 career victories ranked fourth in major league history when he ended his managing career in 1946, and trailed only John McGraw's NL total of 2,669 in league history. He was nicknamed "Deacon" because he sang in his church choir and generally lived a quiet life.

Don Blasingame American baseball player

Donald Lee Blasingame, nicknamed Blazer, was an American professional baseball second baseman. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the St. Louis Cardinals (1955–1959), San Francisco Giants (1960–1961), Cincinnati Reds (1961–1963), Washington Senators (1963–1966), and Kansas City Athletics (1966). Blasingame threw right-handed, batted left-handed and was listed as 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m) tall and 160 pounds (73 kg).

Ted Simmons American baseball player and coach

Ted Lyle Simmons is an American former professional baseball player and coach. A switch-hitter, Simmons was a catcher for most of his Major League Baseball (MLB) career with the St. Louis Cardinals (1968–1980), the Milwaukee Brewers (1981–1985) and the Atlanta Braves (1986–1988). Although he was often overshadowed by his contemporary, Johnny Bench, Simmons is considered one of the best hitting catchers in MLB history. While he did not possess Bench's power hitting ability, he hit for a higher batting average.

Fred Haney American baseball player, manager, and executive

Fred Girard Haney was an American third baseman, manager, coach and executive in Major League Baseball (MLB). As a manager, he won two pennants and a world championship with the Milwaukee Braves. He later served as the first general manager of the expansion Los Angeles Angels in the American League. For years, Haney was one of the most popular baseball figures in Los Angeles. In 1974 he was presented with the King of Baseball award given by Minor League Baseball.

John Jacob Quinn was an American executive in Major League Baseball. His career spanned over 40 years and included almost 28 full seasons as a general manager in the National League for the Boston and Milwaukee Braves and Philadelphia Phillies. He produced three National League pennants and one World Series championship during his 1945–58 tenure with the Braves.

Del Rice American baseball player and manager

Delbert Rice Jr. was an American professional baseball player, coach and manager. He played for 17 seasons as a catcher in Major League Baseball from 1945 to 1961, most notably for the St. Louis Cardinals. Although Rice was a relatively weak hitter, he sustained a lengthy career in the major leagues due to his valuable defensive abilities.

Zack Taylor (baseball) American baseball player, scout, and manager

James Wren "Zack" Taylor was an American professional baseball player, coach, scout and manager. He played in Major League Baseball as a catcher with the Brooklyn Robins, Boston Braves, New York Giants, Chicago Cubs, New York Yankees, and again with the Brooklyn Dodgers. Although Taylor was not a powerful hitter, he sustained a lengthy career in the major leagues due to his valuable defensive abilities as a catcher. After his playing career, he became better known as the manager for the St. Louis Browns owned by Bill Veeck. His baseball career spanned 58 years.

Louis Frank Klein was an American professional baseball player, manager, coach and scout. During his active career he was an infielder in the Major Leagues for the St. Louis Cardinals, Cleveland Indians and Philadelphia Athletics, and was known as one of the players who "jumped" to the Mexican League in 1946. He was subsequently suspended by Commissioner of Baseball Happy Chandler for a five-year span. Born in New Orleans, he attended Peters High School in that city. As a player, he was listed as 5 feet 11 inches (1.80 m) tall and 167 pounds (76 kg) and threw and batted right-handed.

1964 St. Louis Cardinals season Major League Baseball season

The 1964 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 83rd season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 73rd season in the National League. The Cardinals went 93–69 during the season and finished first in the National League, edging the co-runners-up Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies by one game each on the last day of the regular-season to claim their first NL pennant since 1946. They went on to win the World Series in 7 games over the New York Yankees.

The 1957 Milwaukee Braves season was the fifth in Milwaukee and the 87th overall season of the franchise. It was the year that the team won its first and only World Series championship while based in Milwaukee. The Braves won 95 games and lost 59 to win the National League pennant by eight games over the second-place St. Louis Cardinals.

Nippy Jones American baseball player

Vernal Leroy "Nippy" Jones was an American professional baseball first baseman. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for three National League clubs during the 1940s and 1950s, and won World Series rings with the St. Louis Cardinals in 1946 and the Milwaukee Braves in 1957. He threw and batted right-handed, stood 6 feet 1 inch (1.85 m) tall and weighed 185 pounds (84 kg).

The 1989 Major League Baseball season saw the Oakland Athletics win their first World Series title since 1974.

The 1963 Major League Baseball season was contested from April 8 to October 6, 1963. The American League and National League both featured ten teams, with each team playing a 162-game schedule.

References

  1. Schoendienst, Red: Baseball Hall of Fame Retrieved September 7, 2011
  2. Jobe, Dave (January 18, 2013). "Red Schoendienst's 90th birthday party". Fox2now.com archive (St. Louis). Retrieved February 28, 2013.
  3. Megdal, H. Cardinal Red For Life. Sports On Earth. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  4. 1 2 Leggett, William (October 7, 1968). "Manager of the money men". Sports Illustrated . Retrieved February 8, 2014.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 PugetSoundCardsAddict (February 3, 2014). "Cardinals legend preparing for 70th consecutive season in a major league uniform". Viva El Birdos . Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  6. "Title in batting to Schoendienst; Red Wing Shortstop, With .337 Mark, Led in International League – Levy Runner-Up". The New York Times. January 25, 1944. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  7. "Red Schoendienst minor league statistics & history". Baseball-Reference.com . Retrieved February 8, 2014.
  8. Harlan, B: The St. Louis Cardinals 1971 Official Guide and Record Book, p. 8
  9. Leggett, William (October 7, 1968): Manager Of The Money Men. Sports Illustrated archive Retrieved September 13, 2011
  10. Vanderberg, Bob. Frantic Frank Lane: Baseball's Ultimate Wheeler-Dealer. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, Inc., 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2018
  11. "Alvin Dark". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  12. "Danny O'Connell". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  13. "October 9, 1958: Yankees rally late to beat Braves in Game 7 of World Series". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  14. "Red Schoendienst stats". Baseball Reference. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  15. https://www.si.com/vault/1968/10/07/550863/manager-of-the-money-men
  16. 1 2 "Red Schoendienst". Baseball Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  17. Eschman, Todd (July 3, 1953). "St. Louis Cardinals legend Red Schoendienst dead at 95 | Belleville News-Democrat". Bnd.com. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  18. "Red Schoendienst World Series Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  19. "Vets Name Schoendienst, Al Barlick to Hall of Fame". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. February 28, 1989. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  20. "Cardinals great Red Schoendienst dies at 95, was oldest living Hall of Famer". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  21. St. Louis Walk of Fame. "St. Louis Walk of Fame Inductees". stlouiswalkoffame.org. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  22. Cardinals Press Release (January 18, 2014). "Cardinals establish Hall of Fame & detail induction process". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
  23. Haudricourt, Tom (April 1, 2015). "Red Schoendienst to make Braves Honor Roll". Archive.jsonline.com. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  24. "Mary Schoendienst, Wife of Cardinals Great, Dies". St. Louis Post Dispatch. December 14, 1999. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2011 via Highbeam Business.
  25. 1 2 "Hall of Famer Red Schoendienst dies at 95; he was 'Mr. Cardinal'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch . June 6, 2018.
  26. "Hall of Famer Schoendienst dies at 95: Spent 67 of his 76 years in baseball with Cardinals". MLB.com. June 6, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  27. "Schoendienst, 94, now is oldest living Hall of Famer". St. Louis Post-Dispatch . November 14, 2017.

Bibliography