Refugio Creek

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Refugio Creek by Creekside Center in Hercules, California Refugio Creek1.png
Refugio Creek by Creekside Center in Hercules, California
Refugio Creek
stream
Country United States
State California
Region Contra Costa County
City Rodeo, California
Source
 - location 4 mi (6 km) south of Crockett, California
 - elevation 660 ft (201 m)
 - coordinates 37°59′48″N122°13′27″W / 37.99667°N 122.22417°W / 37.99667; -122.22417   [1]
Mouth San Pablo Bay
 - location southwest of Rodeo, California
 - elevation 3 ft (1 m) [1]
 - coordinates 38°1′18″N122°17′7″W / 38.02167°N 122.28528°W / 38.02167; -122.28528 Coordinates: 38°1′18″N122°17′7″W / 38.02167°N 122.28528°W / 38.02167; -122.28528   [1]

Refugio Creek (pronounced REH-foo-GEE-oh from Spanish refugio meaning: shelter) is a 4.4-mile-long (7.1 km) [2] watercourse running through the Refugio Valley from the hills of western Contra Costa County, California.

Contra Costa County, California County in California, United States

Contra Costa County is a county in the state of California in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,049,025. The county seat is Martinez. It occupies the northern portion of the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, and is primarily suburban. The county's name is Spanish for "opposite coast", referring to its position on the other side of the bay from San Francisco. Contra Costa County is included in the San Francisco–Oakland–Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

It runs from the hills to its mouth at San Pablo Bay through the city of Hercules and unincorporated areas, including the town of Rodeo. The creek passes through a dense suburban area in addition to Refugio Valley Park. The creek is almost entirely at the surface level and unaltered although its riparian habitat is largely destroyed in the more developed areas. Refugio means "refuge" in the Spanish language.

San Pablo Bay bay in San Francisco Bay area

San Pablo Bay is a tidal estuary that forms the northern extension of San Francisco Bay in the East Bay and North Bay regions of the San Francisco Bay Area in northern California.

Hercules, California City in California, United States

Hercules is a city in western Contra Costa County, California. Situated along the coast of San Pablo Bay, it is located in the eastern region of the San Francisco Bay Area, about 10 miles (16 km) north of Berkeley, California. As of 2010, its population was 24,060, according to the United States Census Bureau. The site of Hercules was first developed in 1881 as a manufacturing facility of the California Powder Works for the production of its patented dynamite formulation, Hercules powder. In 1882, the Hercules Powder Company was incorporated and assumed responsibility for the Hercules site. It was one of several explosive manufacturers that were active along the Pinole shoreline in the late 19th to the mid-20th century. The small company town that grew up near the facility subsequently became known as "Hercules", and was incorporated at the end of 1900. Starting in the 1970s, Hercules was heavily redeveloped as suburban bedroom community that lies along the I-80 corridor in Western Contra Costa County. It has a very ethnically diverse population.

Rodeo, California Census-designated place in California, United States

Rodeo is a census-designated place (CDP) located in Contra Costa County, California, in the East Bay sub-region of the San Francisco Bay Area, on the eastern shore of San Pablo Bay, 25 miles northeast of San Francisco. The population was 8,679 at the 2010 census. The town is named for the livestock roundups common in the late 19th century. Cattle from the surrounding hills were regularly driven down through the old town to a loading dock on the shoreline of San Pablo Bay for shipment to slaughterhouses, a practice which continued through the early 20th century. The town of Rodeo is served by the Interstate 80 freeway and State Route 4. The Southern Pacific Railroad main line passes through Rodeo. Rodeo has not been a stop on the railroad since the 1950s.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Refugio Creek
  2. U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed March 15, 2011

See also