Regency Council (Iran)

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The Regency Council (Persian : شورای سلطنت, romanized: Šūrā-ye Salṭanat) of Imperial State of Iran, was a nine-members body formed on 13 January 1979 by Mohammad Reza Shah to carry out his duties [1] after he left Iran amidst Iranian Revolution and served as the symbol of his continued claim on power. [2]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajik Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.

Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language with the Latin script. Several different romanization schemes exist, each with its own set of rules driven by its own set of ideological goals.

Iranian Revolution Revolution in Iran to overthrow the Shah replace him with Ayatollah Khomeini.

The Iranian Revolution, also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution, was a series of events that involved the overthrow of the last monarch of Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and the replacement of his government with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt. The movement against the United States-backed monarchy was supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.

Contents

The council was practically dissolved within days, when its head resigned on 22 January 1979 to meet Ayatollah Khomeini. [2]

Members

#Name [3] Latest Office [3] Position in the Council
1Jalaleddin TehraniFormer Senator
Head
2Mohammad Ali VarastehFormer Minister of Finance
Deputy
3 Shapour Bakhtiar Prime Minister
Member
4Mohammad Sajjadi President of the Senate
5 Javad Saeid Speakers of the Parliament
6Gen. Abbas Gharabaghi Chief-of-Staff of Imperial Iranian Army
7Aligholi ArdalanMinister of Royal Court
8 Abdullah Entezam Former Chairman of National Iranian Oil Company
9Abdolhossein Ali AbadiFormer Prosecutor-General

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References

  1. R.W. Apple Jr (14 January 1979). "A Regency Council is Named to Assume Duties of the Shah". The New York Times . p. 1. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  2. 1 2 Ronald Koven (23 January 1979). "Head of Iranian Regency Council Resigns in Paris". Washington Post . Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  3. 1 2 Sepehr Zabir (2012). The Iranian Military in Revolution and War (RLE Iran D). CRC Press. pp. 52–53. ISBN   978-1-136-81270-5.