Reginald Doherty

Last updated

Reginald Doherty
R.F.Doherty by Voigt.jpg
Full nameReginald Frank Doherty
Country (sports)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Born(1872-10-14)14 October 1872
Wimbledon, London, England
Died29 December 1910(1910-12-29) (aged 38)
Kensington, England
Height1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HoF 1980 (member page)
Singles
Career record209–96
Career titles36
Highest rankingNo. 1 (1897, ITHF ) [1]
Grand Slam Singles results
Wimbledon W (1897, 1898, 1899, 1900)
US Open F (1902Ch)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Wimbledon W (1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1903, 1904, 1905)
US Open W (1902, 1903)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1903, 1904, 1905, 1906)
Medal record
Olympic Games – Tennis
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1900 Paris Doubles
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1900 Paris Mixed doubles
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1908 London Doubles
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 1900 Paris Singles

Reginald "Reggie" or "R. F." Frank Doherty (14 October 1872 – 29 December 1910) was a British tennis player and the older brother of tennis player Laurence Doherty. He was known in the tennis world as "R.F." rather than "Reggie". [2] He was a four-time Wimbledon singles champion and a triple Olympic Gold medalist in doubles and mixed doubles. [3]

Contents

Early life

Doherty was born on 14 October 1872 at Beulah Villa in Wimbledon, Surrey, the oldest son of William Doherty, a printer, and his wife, Catherine Ann Davis. [4] Doherty began tennis early in life and as a boy at Westminster School showed great promise. At age 14 he won the boys' singles title at an open championship in Llandudno. Doherty was educated at the University of Cambridge (Trinity Hall), where he played for the Cambridge University Lawn Tennis Club. [5] In 1895 and 1895 he was part of the Cambridge team that beat Oxford and won the Scottish and Essex championships.

Career

Grand Slam tournaments

Doherty played in his first Wimbledon Championships in 1894 and lost in the first round to Clement Cazalet in four sets. In 1897 Doherty won his first singles Wimbledon title after beating reigning champion Harold Mahony in three straight sets (6–4, 6–4, 6–3). He successfully defended his title for the next three years (1898, 1899, 1900). In 1898 he did so by beating his brother in the Challenge Round in five sets (6–3, 6–3, 2–6, 5–7, 6–1). In 1901 he finally lost his Wimbledon crown when he was defeated in the Challenge Round by Arthur Gore in four sets (6–4, 5–7, 4–6, 4–6). He was also a runner-up at the US Championships in 1902 where he was beaten by the defending American champion William Larned in four sets (6–4, 2–6, 4–6, 6–8). Together with his brother Laurie he won eight Wimbledon Championships doubles titles and two US Championship doubles titles.

Davis Cup

Doherty represented the British Isles in the prestigious Davis Cup contest from 1902 to 1906. In 1902 he won the doubles match with his brother but lost the final and decisive singles match against American Malcolm Whitman in straight sets (1–6, 5–7, 4–6). In 1903 he contributed significantly to his team's first Davis Cup title against the United States by winning the doubles match and the decisive singles match against Robert Wrenn. Doherty won the Davis Cup trophy a further three times (1904, 1905, 1906) although in these years he only competed, and won, in the doubles matches. [6]

Olympics

Doherty won the doubles title (gold medals were not given at the 1900 Games) at the 1900 Olympic Games in Paris with his brother. [7] He also competed in the singles tournament and reached the semifinal, where he was scheduled to play against his brother. Reggie withdrew, since the brothers refused to play each other before the final. [8] He also won the mixed doubles title with five-time Wimbledon champion Charlotte Cooper. Doherty did not compete in the 1904 Olympics in St. Louis. In the 1908 Olympics in London Reggie again won the doubles title, this time with compatriot George Hillyard. [9]

R.F. Doherty was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1980 together with his brother. [1]

Death

Doherty died of heart failure and neurasthenia on 29 December 1910 at age 38 at his home in Kensington a day after returning from a convalescence stay in a sanatorium in Davos, Switzerland. [4] [10]

According to his obituary in The New York Times , Doherty had "been in ill health for some time". The article further stated, he "held at various times every important championship the world of tennis has for a man to win. He was not beaten until he began to fail in health". [2] Both brothers apparently suffered from respiratory problems throughout their lives. [11]

R.F. and his brother had been urged to take up lawn tennis by their father, reportedly for health reasons. [2]

Grand Slam finals

Reginald Doherty - Beginning of a low backhand drive R.F.Doherty Beginning of Low Backhand Drive.jpg
Reginald Doherty – Beginning of a low backhand drive
Reginald Doherty (left) with his brother Laurence. Doherty Brothers.jpg
Reginald Doherty (left) with his brother Laurence.

Singles: 6 (4 titles, 2 runners-up)

ResultDateTournamentSurfaceOpponentScore
Win 1897 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harold Mahony 6–4, 6–4, 6–3 [12]
Win 1898 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty 6–3, 6–3, 2–6, 5–7, 6–1 [12]
Win 1899 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Arthur Gore 1–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 6–3 [12]
Win 1900 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sydney Smith 6–8, 6–3, 6–1, 5–7, 11–9 [12]
Loss 1901 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Arthur Gore 6–4, 5–7, 4–6, 4–6 [12]
Loss 1902 U.S. National Championships Grass Flag of the United States.svg William Larned 6–4, 2–6, 4–6, 6–8 [13]

Doubles: 13 (10 titles, 3 runners-up)

ResultDateTournamentSurfacePartnerOpponentsScore
Loss 1896 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harold Nisbet Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Herbert Baddeley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Wilfred Baddeley
6–1, 6–3, 4–6, 2–6, 1–6 [14]
Win 1897 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Herbert Baddeley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Wilfred Baddeley
6–4, 4–6, 8–6, 6–4 [14]
Win 1898 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United States.svg Clarence Hobart
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harold Nisbet
6–4, 6–4, 6–2 [14]
Win 1899 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United States.svg Clarence Hobart
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harold Nisbet
7–5, 6–0, 6–2 [14]
Win 1900 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Herbert Roper Barrett
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harold Nisbet
9–7, 7–5, 4–6, 3–6, 6–3 [14]
Win 1901 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United States.svg Dwight Davis
Flag of the United States.svg Holcombe Ward
4–6, 6–2, 6–3, 9–7 [14]
Loss 1902 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Frank Riseley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sydney Smith
6–4, 6–8, 3–6, 6–4, 9–11 [14]
Win 1902 U.S. National Championships Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United States.svg Dwight Davis
Flag of the United States.svg Holcombe Ward
11–9, 12–10, 6–4 [15]
Win 1903 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Frank Riseley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sydney Smith
6–4, 6–4, 6–4 [14]
Win 1903 U.S. National Championships Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United States.svg Kreigh Collins
Flag of the United States.svg L. Harry Waidner
7–5, 6–3, 6–3 [15]
Win 1904 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Frank Riseley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sydney Smith
6–1, 6–2, 6–4 [14]
Win 1905 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Frank Riseley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sydney Smith
6–2, 6–4, 6–8, 6–3 [14]
Loss 1906 Wimbledon Grass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Frank Riseley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sydney Smith
8–6, 4–6, 7–5, 3–6, 3–6 [14]

Career tournaments

Titles by surface
Clay (18–4)
Grass (14–12)
Hard (1–0)
Wood (3–0)

Singles titles

No.DateTournamentSurfaceOpponent in finalScore
1.1895 Essex Championships, [16] Colchester, EnglandGrass Flag of England.svg Herbert Ramon Yglesias6–3, 6–1, 6–0
2.1895 Scottish Championships, [17] Moffat, ScotlandGrass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Richard Millar Watsonwalkover
3.1895 Welsh Covered Court Championships, [18] Llandudno, WalesWood Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg William S. N. Heardwalkover
4.1895 Exmouth, Exmouth, EnglandGrass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harry S. Barlow 6–1, 7–5, 6–2
5.1896 Baden Baden International, Baden-Baden, GermanyClay Flag of the German Empire.svg Count Voss 6–1, 7–5, 6–2
6.1896 East of England Championships, EnglandGrass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Edward Roy Allen6–4, 8–6
7.1896 Essex Championships, Colchester, EnglandGrass Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
8.1896 Scottish Championships, [17] Moffat, ScotlandGrass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Edward Roy Allen13–11, 6–4 retired.
9.1896 The Homburg Cup, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, GermanyClay Flag of the United Kingdom.svg William M. Cranstonwalkover
10.1896 Welsh Covered Court Championships, [18] Llandudno, WalesWood Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
11.1897 Baden Baden International, Baden-Baden, GermanyClay Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
12.1897 Wimbledon Championships, London, EnglandGrass Wilberforce Eaves 6–3, 7–5, 2–0 ret
13.1897 South of France Championships, Nice, FranceClay Flag of the German Empire.svg Count Voss 6–2, 6–4, 3–6, 6–1
14.1897 The Homburg Cup, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, GermanyClay Flag of the United Kingdom.svg George Hillyard walkover
15.1897 Monte-Carlo Cup, [19] Monte Carlo, FranceClay Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Conway W. Blackwood Price6–2, 6–1, 6–2
16.1897 Scottish Championships, [20] Moffat, ScotlandGrass Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
17.1897 Cannes Championships, Cannes, FranceClay Flag of France.svg M.G. Gongoltz6–2, 6–4, 6–3
18.1897 Welsh Covered Court Championships, [18] Llandudno, WalesWood Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
19.1898 Wimbledon Championships, London, EnglandGrass Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty 6–3, 6–3, 2–6, 5–7, 6–1
20.1898 The Homburg Cup, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, GermanyClay Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
21.1898 Monte-Carlo Cup, [19] Monte Carlo, FranceClay Flag of the German Empire.svg Count Voss 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 4–0 Retired.
22.1899 Irish Championships Dublin, IrelandGrass Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg Harold Mahony 6–3, 6–4, 5–7, 6–4
23.1899 Wimbledon Championships London, EnglandGrass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Arthur Gore 1–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
24.1899 Monte-Carlo Cup, [19] Monte Carlo, FranceClay Flag of the German Empire.svg Count Voss 6–2 Ret.
25.1899 Heiligendammer Cup, Heiligendammer, GermanyClay Flag of the German Empire.svg Georg Wantzelius6–2, 6–1, 6–2
26.1899 The Homburg Cup, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, GermanyClay Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Clarence Hobart 3–6, 4–6, 6–0, 6–3, 6–4
27.1899 South of France Championships, Nice, FranceClay Flag of the German Empire.svg Count Voss 6–0, 6–0 6–0
28.1900 Irish Championships Dublin, IrelandGrass Flag of England.svg Arthur Gore 6–4, 7–5, 7–9, 7–9, 6–3
29.1900 Wimbledon Championships London, EnglandGrass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sydney Howard Smith 6–8, 6–3, 6–1, 6–2
30.1901 Irish Championships Dublin, IrelandGrass Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty 6–4, 4–6 ret.
31.1902 Monte-Carlo Cup, [19] Monte Carlo, FranceClay Flag of the United Kingdom.svg George Hillyard 6–1, 6–4, 6–3
32.1902 Paris International Championships, Paris, FranceClay Flag of France.svg Paul Lebreton walkover
33.1903 Monte-Carlo Cup, [19] Monte Carlo, FranceClay Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Frank Riseley 6–1, 14–16 Ret.
34.1903 Paris International Championships, Paris, FranceClay Flag of France.svg Max Decugis 6–4, 6–3, 8–6
35.1904 Monte-Carlo Cup, [19] Monte Carlo, FranceClay Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Josiah Ritchie 6–1, 7–5, 3–6, 7–5
36.1909 South African Championships, [21] Johannesburg, South AfricaHard Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Lionel Escombe 6–3, 6–1, 6–1

Singles finals

No.DateTournamentSurfaceOpponent in finalScore
1.1895 Colchester Championships, Colchester, EnglandGrass Flag of England.svg Charles Gladstone Allenwalkover
2.1896 Irish Championships, Dublin, IrelandGrass Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg Harold Mahony 6–2, 6–2, 6–4
3.1896 Queen's Club Championships, London, EnglandGrass Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg Harold Mahony 11–9, 6–4, 6–4
4.1896 Sussex Championships, Exmouth, EnglandGrass Flag of England.svg Wilfred Baddeley 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
5.1897 Irish Championships, Dublin, IrelandGrass Flag of England.svg Wilberforce Eaves 6–4, 6–3, 3–6, 6–2
6.1897 Northern Lawn Tennis Association Tournament, Manchester, EnglandGrass Flag of England.svg Wilfred Baddeley 6–2, 7–5, 2–6, 6–0
7.1898 South of France Championships, Nice, FranceClay Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
8.1898 Irish Championships, Dublin, IrelandGrass Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg Harold Mahony 6–3, 8–6, 6–3
9.1898 Scottish Championships, Moffat, ScotlandGrass Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
10.1899 Championship of Europe, Bad Homburg, GermanyClay Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg Harold Mahony walkover
11.1900 South of France Championships, Nice, FranceClay Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
12.1901 Wimbledon Championships, London, EnglandGrass Flag of England.svg Arthur Gore 4–6, 7–5, 6–4, 6–4
13.1902 U.S. National Championships, Newport, RI, USAGrass Flag of the United States.svg William Larned 4–6, 6–2, 6–4, 8–6
141902 South of France Championships, Nice, FranceClay Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
15.1902 Irish Championships, Dublin, IrelandGrass Flag of England.svg Laurence Doherty walkover
161905 East Grinstead, East Grinstead, EnglandGrass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Roderick James McNairwalkover

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References

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