Reginald Innes Pocock

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Reginald Innes Pocock
R. I. Pocock.jpg
Born(1863-03-04)4 March 1863
Died9 August 1947(1947-08-09) (aged 84)
NationalityBritish
Scientific career
Fields Zoology
Institutions Natural History Museum, London, London Zoo

Reginald Innes Pocock F.R.S. [1] (4 March 1863 – 9 August 1947) was a British zoologist. [2]

Contents

Pocock was born in Clifton, Bristol, the fourth son of Rev. Nicholas Pocock and Edith Prichard. He began showing interest in natural history at St. Edward's School, Oxford. He received tutoring in zoology from Sir Edward Poulton, and was allowed to explore comparative anatomy at the Oxford Museum. He studied biology and geology at University College, Bristol, under Conwy Lloyd Morgan and William Johnson Sollas. In 1885, he became an assistant at the Natural History Museum, and worked in the section of entomology for a year. He was put in charge of the collections of Arachnida and Myriapoda. He was also given the task to arrange the British birds collections, in the course of which he developed a lasting interest in ornithology. The 200 papers he published in his 18 years at the museum soon brought him recognition as an authority on Arachnida and Myriapoda; he described between 300 and 400 species of millipedes alone, [3] and also described the scorpion genus Brachistosternus . [4]

In 1904, he left to become superintendent of the London Zoo, remaining so until his retirement in 1923. He then worked, as a voluntary researcher, in the British Museum, in the mammals department.

He described the leopon in a 1912 letter to The Field, based on examination of a skin sent to him by W. S. Millard, the secretary of the Bombay Natural History Society.

His brother Edward Innes Pocock played international rugby for Scotland and was part of Cecil Rhodes' Pioneer Column. His great grandfather was marine artist Captain Nicholas Pocock.

The standard author abbreviation Pocock is used to indicate this individual as the author when citing a zoological name. [5]

Selected works

Related Research Articles

Panthera is a genus within the family Felidae that was named and described by Lorenz Oken in 1816 who placed all the spotted cats in this group. Reginald Innes Pocock revised the classification of this genus in 1916 as comprising the species tiger, lion, jaguar, and leopard on the basis of common cranial features. Results of genetic analysis indicate that the snow leopard also belongs to the Panthera, a classification that was accepted by IUCN Red List assessors in 2008.

Viverridae

Viverridae is a family of small to medium-sized mammals, the viverrids, comprising 15 genera, which are subdivided into 38 species. This family was named and first described by John Edward Gray in 1821. Viverrids occur all over Africa, southern Europe, and South and Southeast Asia, across the Wallace Line. Their occurrence in Sulawesi and in some of the adjoining islands shows them to be ancient inhabitants of the Old World tropics.

<i>Neofelis</i>

Neofelis is a genus comprising two extant cat species in Southeast Asia: the clouded leopard of mainland Asia, and the Sunda clouded leopard of Sumatra and Borneo.

Asiatic linsang

The Asiatic linsang (Prionodon) is a genus comprising two species native to Southeast Asia: the banded linsang and the spotted linsang. Prionodon is considered a sister taxon of the Felidae.

<i>Pardofelis</i>

Pardofelis is a genus of the cat family Felidae. This genus is defined as including one species native to Southeast Asia: the marbled cat. Two other species, formerly classified to this genus, now belong to the genus Catopuma.

Felinae

The Felinae are a subfamily of the family Felidae. This subfamily comprises the small cats having a bony hyoid, because of which they are able to purr but not roar.

<i>Leopardus</i>

Leopardus is a genus comprising eight species of small cats native to the Americas. This genus is considered the oldest branch of a genetic lineage of small cats in the Americas whose common ancestor crossed the Bering land bridge from Asia to North America in the late Miocene.

Jacksons mongoose Species of mongoose from Central Africa

Jackson's mongoose is a mongoose species native to montane forests in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. It appears to be rare and has been classified as Near Threatened since 2008.

African wildcat Small wild cat

The African wildcat is a small wildcat species native to Africa, West and Central Asia up to Rajasthan in India and Xinjiang in China. The IUCN Red List status Least Concern is attributed to the species Felis silvestris, which at the time of assessment also included the African wildcat as a subspecies.

Viverrinae

The Viverrinae represent the largest subfamily within the Viverridae comprising five genera, which are subdivided into 22 species native to Africa and Southeast Asia. This subfamily was denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864.

Felis margarita margarita, sometimes called the Saharan sand cat, is a subspecies of the sand cat native to the Sahara.

<i>Heteroscodra</i> Genus of spiders

Heteroscodra is a genus of Central African tarantulas that was first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1900. Like many Old World tarantulas, they have a strong venom, and can inflict a painful bite. As of March 2020 it contains two species, found in Africa: H. crassipes and H. maculata.

Arthur Stanley Hirst

Arthur Stanley Hirst also known as Stanley Hirst, was an English arachnologist and myriapodologist on the staff of the British Museum, and was an authority on Arachnida, especially Acari Myriapoda.

Urodacus manicatus, commonly known as the black rock scorpion, is a species of scorpion belonging to the subfamily Urodacinae. It is native to eastern Australia.

Eucratoscelus is a genus of East African tarantulas that was first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1898. As of March 2020 it contains two species, found in Tanzania and Kenya: E. constrictus and E. pachypus.

Sasonichus is a monotypic genus of Asian brushed trapdoor spiders containing the single species, Sasonichus sullivani. It was first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1900, and has only been found in India. The species Sipalolasma arthrapophysis was briefly placed here before being moved to Sipalolasma in 1985.

Heterophrictus is a genus of Indian tarantulas that was first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1900.

Sarotesius is a monotypic genus of East African huntsman spiders containing the single species, Sarotesius melanognathus. It was first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1898, and is found in Africa.

Eucamptopus is a monotypic genus of Indian nursery web spiders containing the single species, Eucamptopus coronatus. It was first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1900, and is only found in India.

<i>Cheloctonus jonesii</i>

Cheloctonus jonesii is a species of scorpion in the family Hemiscorpiidae (Liochelidae) native to southern Africa.

References

  1. Hindle, Edward (1948). "Reginald Innes Pocock. 1863-1947". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society . 6 (17): 189–211. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1948.0025. JSTOR   768917. S2CID   161865216.
  2. Schwarz, Ernest (1948). "Reginald Innes Pocock, F. R. S". Journal of Mammalogy. 29 (1): 93. doi:10.2307/1375287. JSTOR   1375287.
  3. Sierwald, Petra; Bond, Jason E. (1 January 2007). "Current Status of the Myriapod Class Diplopoda (Millipedes): Taxonomic Diversity and Phylogeny". Annual Review of Entomology. 52 (1): 401–420. doi:10.1146/annurev.ento.52.111805.090210. PMID   17163800.
  4. Jan Ove Rein (2012). "Bothriuridae Simon, 1880". The Scorpion Files. Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
  5. "The Code Online". International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature.