Reginald Rose

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Reginald Rose
Photo of Reginald Rose.jpg
Born(1920-12-10)December 10, 1920
Manhattan, New York City, U.S.
DiedApril 19, 2002(2002-04-19) (aged 81)
Years active1951–1987
  • Barbara Langbart
    (m. 1943,divorced)
  • Ellen McLaughlin
    (m. 1963)

Reginald Rose (December 10, 1920 April 19, 2002) was an American screenwriter. He wrote about controversial social and political issues. His realistic approach was particularly influential in the anthology programs of the 1950s.


Rose was born and raised in Manhattan. He was best known for his courtroom drama Twelve Angry Men , exploring the members of a jury in a murder trial. It was adapted for a film of the same name, directed by Sidney Lumet and released in 1957.

Early years

Reginald Rose was born in Manhattan on December 10, 1920, [1] the son of Alice (née Obendorfer) and William Rose, a lawyer.[ citation needed ] Rose attended Townsend Harris High School and briefly attended City College (now part of the City University of New York). He served in the U.S. Army during World War II, from 1942–46, where he was promoted to first lieutenant. [2]

Rose began trying to write when he was 15 years old and living in Harlem, but he said, "I didn't make it until I was 30." [3] In the interim, he worked as an ad agency's copywriter, a publicist for Warner Bros, [3] a window washer, a clerk, and a counselor at a camp. [4]


He sold Bus to Nowhere, his first teleplay, in 1951 to the live dramatic anthology program Studio One . [5] They bought his play, Twelve Angry Men , four years later. This latter drama, set entirely in a room where a jury is deliberating the fate of a teenage boy accused of murder, was inspired by Rose's service on a similar trial. The play later was adapted as the 1957 film of the same name, directed by Sidney Lumet.

Rose said about his own jury service: "It was such an impressive, solemn setting in a great big wood-paneled courtroom, with a silver-haired judge, it knocked me out. I was overwhelmed. I was on a jury for a manslaughter case, and we got into this terrific, furious, eight-hour argument in the jury room. I was writing one-hour dramas for Studio One then, and I thought, wow, what a setting for a drama." [1]

Rose received an Emmy for his teleplay Twelve Angry Men and an Oscar nomination for its 1957 feature-length film adaptation. From 1950 to 1960, Rose wrote for all three of the major broadcast networks. In 1961 he created and wrote for The Defenders . The weekly courtroom drama was spun off from one of Rose's episodes of Studio One. The Defenders won two Emmy awards for his dramatic writing. [1]

Rose co-wrote the 1986 TV movie My Two Loves , starring Mariette Hartley and Lynn Redgrave.

Twilight Zone

His teleplay "The Incredible World of Horace Ford" was the basis for a 1963 episode of the television series The Twilight Zone . It starred Pat Hingle, Nan Martin, and Ruth White. The episode was broadcast on CBS on April 18, 1963, as Episode 15 of Season Four. The theme was how individuals glorify the past by repressing and exercising censorship of the negative aspects: we remember the good while we forget the bad. The teleplay had originally been produced in 1955 as a Studio One episode.


Rose wrote screenplays for many dramas, beginning with Crime in the Streets (1956), an adaptation of his 1955 teleplay for The Elgin Hour. He made four movies with British producer Euan Lloyd: The Wild Geese , The Sea Wolves , Who Dares Wins and Wild Geese II .

Personal life and death

Rose married Barbara Langbart in 1943, with whom he had four children. After they divorced, he married Ellen McLaughlin (not the playwright and actress) in 1963, with whom he had two children. [2]

Rose died on April 19, 2002, in a Norwalk, Connecticut, hospital, aged 81. [1] The cause of death was complications of heart failure. [2]


Rose's papers are housed in the Wisconsin Historical Society Archives at the Wisconsin Center for Film and Theater Research. The collection includes "variant drafts of scripts, correspondence, clippings, and production information". [6] Films and tape recordings are included in addition to printed documents. [6] Columbia University Libraries also have scripts, "cast lists, shooting schedules, and allied notes and papers" related to The Defenders. The material is housed in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library. [7]


Related Research Articles

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Twelve Angry Men is a play by Reginald Rose adapted from his 1954 teleplay of the same title for the CBS Studio One anthology television series. Staged first in San Francisco in 1955, the Broadway debut came 50 years after CBS aired the play, on October 28, 2004, by the Roundabout Theatre Company at the American Airlines Theatre, where it ran for 328 performances.

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"Twelve Angry Men" is a 1954 teleplay directed by Franklin J. Schaffner and written by Reginald Rose for the American anthology television series Studio One. It follows the titular twelve members of a jury as they deliberate a supposedly clear-cut murder trial, and details the tension among them when one juror argues that the defendant might not be guilty. Initially staged as a CBS live production on September 20, 1954, the drama was later rewritten for the stage in 1955 under the same title, and as a feature film in 1957 titled 12 Angry Men. The episode garnered three Emmy Awards for writer Rose, director Schaffner, and Robert Cummings as Best Actor.

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Vaaimai is a 2016 Indian Tamil-language courtroom drama film written and directed by A. Senthil Kumar. Inspired by the script of Reginald Rose's Twelve Angry Men (1954), the film stars Shanthnu Bhagyaraj and Muktha Bhanu amongst an ensemble cast. Goundamani, Thyagarajan, Ramki, Urvashi, Manoj K. Bharathi, Prithvi Pandiarajan and Poornima Bhagyaraj are also part of the cast. Though production had begun in 2013, the film released following a production delay on 8 September 2016, garnering negative reviews.

John Vlahos was, along with his contemporaries Horton Foote, Reginald Rose, and Rod Serling, one of the leading screenwriters of the 1950s and 1960s, writing for such series as The Philco Television Playhouse, Studio One, Robert Montgomery Presents, Goodyear Television Playhouse, The United States Steel Hour, Climax!, Playhouse 90, The Alcoa Hour, Boris Karloff’s Thriller, Route 66, The Defenders, The Nurses, Doctor Kildare, and Marcus Welby, M.D..

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"The Defender" is an American television play broadcast live in two parts on February 25, 1957, and March 4, 1957, as part of the CBS television series, Studio One. A courtroom drama, it was written by Reginald Rose and directed by Robert Mulligan. The cast included Ralph Bellamy and William Shatner as a father-son defense team, Steve McQueen as the defendant, and Martin Balsam as the prosecutor.


  1. 1 2 3 4 Kelley, Tina (April 21, 2002). "Reginald Rose, 81, TV Writer Noted for 'Twelve Angry Men'" . The New York Times. p. 40. Retrieved August 25, 2022.
  2. 1 2 3 Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2002: Film, Television, Radio, Theatre, Dance, Music, Cartoons and Pop Culture. 2008-10-24. ISBN   9780786452071.
  3. 1 2 Bowman, Pierre (July 30, 1980). "He's Reginald Rose, the legendary TV dramatist". The Honolulu Advertiser. p. 31. Retrieved August 25, 2022 via
  4. McManus, Margaret (August 27, 1961). "Rose Offering One for TV, Two for Stage". The Virginian-Pilot. Virginia, Norfolk. p. F-4. Retrieved August 25, 2022 via
  5. Buchanan, Jason. "Reginald Rose". AllMovie. Archived from the original on November 19, 2021. Retrieved August 25, 2022.
  6. 1 2 "Reginald Rose Papers, 1952-1979". Wisconsin Historical Society. University of Wisconsin Digital Collections. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved August 25, 2022.
  7. "The Defenders scripts and papers, 1960-1965". Columbia University Libraries. Archived from the original on June 26, 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2022.