Region of Southern Denmark

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Region of Southern Denmark
Region Syddanmark
Flag of Region Syddanmark.svg
Syddanmark in Denmark.svg
Coordinates: 55°20′N9°40′E / 55.333°N 9.667°E / 55.333; 9.667 Coordinates: 55°20′N9°40′E / 55.333°N 9.667°E / 55.333; 9.667
Country Denmark
Largest city Odense
Capital Vejle
Municipalities
Government
  Chairman Stephanie Lose (V)
Area
  Total12,191 km2 (4,707 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2021) [1]
  Total1,224,100
  Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
HDI (2019)0.930 [2]
very high · 3rd of 5
Website www.regionsyddanmark.dk

The Region of Southern Denmark [3] (Danish : Region Syddanmark, pronounced  [ʁekiˈoˀn ˈsyðˌtænmɑk] ; German : Region Süddänemark, pronounced [ʁeˈɡi̯oːn zyːtˈdɛːnəˌmaʁk] ; North Frisian : Regiuun Syddanmark) is an administrative region of Denmark established on Monday 1 January 2007 as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, which abolished the traditional counties ("amter") and set up five larger regions. At the same time, smaller municipalities were merged into larger units, cutting the number of municipalities from 271 before 1 January 2007 to 98. The reform diminished the power of the regional level dramatically in favor of the local level and the central government in Copenhagen. The Region of Southern Denmark has 22 municipalities. The reform was implemented in Denmark on 1 January 2007, although the merger of the Funish municipalities of Ærøskøbing and Marstal, being a part of the reform, was given the go-ahead to be implemented on Sunday 1 January 2006, one year before the main reform. It borders Schleswig-Holstein (Germany) to the south and Central Denmark Region to the north and is connected to Region Zealand via the Great Belt Fixed Link.

Contents

The regional capital is Vejle but Odense is the region's largest city and home to the main campus of the University of Southern Denmark with branch campuses in Esbjerg, Kolding and Sønderborg. The responsibilities of the regional administration include hospitals and regional public transport, which is divided between two operators, Sydtrafik on the mainland and Als, and Fynbus on Funen and adjacent islands. On the island municipalities of Ærø (since 2016) [4] [5] and Fanø (since 2018), [6] [7] the municipalities themselves are responsible for public transport.

Geography

The Region of Southern Denmark is the westernmost of the Danish administrative regions (Region Zealand being the southernmost).

It consists of the former counties of Funen, Ribe and South Jutland, adding ten municipalities from the former Vejle County. The territories formerly belonging to Vejle County consist of the new municipalities of Fredericia (unchanged by the reform), Vejle (a merger of Vejle, Børkop, parts of Egtved, Give, and Jelling) and Kolding (a merger of Kolding, parts of Lunderskov, Vamdrup, and parts of both Egtved and Christiansfeld - the latter from South Jutland County). A total of 78 municipalities were combined to a total of 22 new entities.

Municipalities

Map of the municipalities of the region Syddanmark municipalities.svg
Map of the municipalities of the region

The region is subdivided into 22 municipalities:

GDP

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 57.3 billion € in 2018, accounting for 19.0% of Denmark's economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 35,100 € or 116% of the EU27 average in the same year. [8]

North Schleswig Germans

The Region of Southern Denmark is home to the only officially recognised ethno-linguistic minority of Denmark proper, the North Schleswig Germans of North Schleswig. This minority makes up about 6% of the total population of the municipalities of Aabenraa/Apenrade, Haderslev/Hadersleben, Sønderborg/Sonderburg and Tønder/Tondern. In these four municipalities, the German minority enjoys certain linguistic rights in accordance with the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.[ citation needed ]

Regional Council

The five regions of Denmark each have a regional council of 41 members. These are elected every four years, during the local elections.

ElectionPartyTotal
seats
Elected
chairman
A B C D F I O V Ø ...
2005 141623131141Carl Holst (V)
2009 121464131
2013 1213215152
2017 1012615142Stephanie Lose (V)
2021 1223221172
Data from Kmdvalg.dk

See also

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Jutland County</span> Former county in Denmark

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aabenraa Municipality</span> Municipality in Southern Denmark, Denmark

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sønderborg Municipality</span> Municipality in Southern Denmark, Denmark

Sønderborg Municipality, is a municipality in Region of Southern Denmark partially on the Jutland peninsula and partially on the island of Als in south Denmark, at the border with Germany. The municipality covers an area of 495.86 km2 (191.45 sq mi), and has a population of 75,264. Its mayor as of 1 January 2014 is Erik Lauritzen, a member of the Social Democratic party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tønder Municipality</span> Municipality in Southern Denmark, Denmark

Tønder is a municipality in Region of Southern Denmark on the Jutland peninsula in south Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 1,278 km2, and has a total population of 37,777 (2018). Its mayor is Henrik Frandsen, a member of the Venstre political party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rudkøbing Municipality</span> Former municipality in Denmark

Until January 1, 2007 Rudkøbing Municipality was a municipality in the former Funen County, on the central parts of the island of Langeland. It also included the islands of Strynø, Strynø Kalv and a number of small uninhabited islands. The municipality covered an area of 62.94 km2, and had a total population of 6,647 (2006). Its last mayor was Johan Norden, a member of the Social Democrats political party.

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References

  1. FOLK1: Population 1 October database from Statistics Denmark
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. "The Region of Southern Denmark". regionsyddanmark.dk. Retrieved 2022-01-22.
  4. Dalgaard Nielsen, Kirstine (8 January 2016). "Nu kører Ærø selv bussen" . Fyns Amts Avis (in Danish). Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  5. Jørgensen, Sune (7 November 2017). "Langeland vil fyre Fynbus og gøre busserne gratis". TV 2/Fyn (in Danish). Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  6. "Kollektiv Trafik - Bus 2018". fanoe.dk (in Danish). Fanø Municipality. Archived from the original on 28 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  7. Bjerre-Christensen, Heidi (28 April 2017). "Skilsmisse mellem Fanø og Sydtrafik en realitet". JydskeVestkysten (in Danish). Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  8. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.