Regions of Morocco

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Regions of Morocco
جهات المغرب (Arabic)
Timnaḍin n Murakuc (Berber)
Morocco Regions 2015.png
Morocco provinces
Category Unitary state
Location Kingdom of Morocco
Number12 Regions
Populations142,955 (Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab) – 6,861,737 (Casablanca-Settat)
GovernmentRegional council
Subdivisions Provinces and prefectures
The 12 administrative Regions of Morocco (in their native Berber names) Tasgiwin n Murakuc - Regions of Morocco.png
The 12 administrative Regions of Morocco (in their native Berber names)

Moroccan administrative division Moroccan administrative division 2015.svg
Moroccan administrative division

Regions are currently the highest administrative divisions in Morocco. Since 2015, Morocco officially administers 12 regions, including one (Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab) that lies completely within the disputed territory of Western Sahara and two (Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra and Guelmim-Oued Noun) that lie partially within it. The regions are subdivided into a total of 75 second-order administrative divisions, which are prefectures and provinces. [1]

Contents

A region is governed by a directly elected regional council. The president of the council is responsible for carrying out the council's decisions. Prior to the 2011 constitutional reforms, this was the responsibility of the Wali, the representative of the central government appointed by the King, who now plays a supporting role in the administration of the region. [2]

Regions since 2015

On 3 January 2010, the Moroccan government established the Consultative Commission for the Regionalization (CCR), which aimed to decentralize power to the regions, and confer a greater autonomy to the regions coinciding with the Western Sahara. The commission published provisional names and numbers for the new regions, [3] and their names were officially fixed in the Bulletin Officiel dated 5 March 2015. [4] The new regional councils elected their presidents on 14 September 2015 [5] and regional governors were appointed on 13 October 2015. [6]

Map
number
RegionCapital
1 Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma Tangier
2 L'Oriental Oujda
3 Fès-Meknès Fès
4 Rabat-Salé-Kénitra Rabat
5 Béni Mellal-Khénifra Béni Mellal
6 Casablanca-Settat Casablanca
7 Marrakech-Safi Marrakech
8 Drâa-Tafilalet Errachidia
9 Souss-Massa Agadir
10 Guelmim-Oued Noun [A] Guelmim
11 Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra [A] El Aaiun
12 Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab [A] Dakhla

A. ^ Lies partially or completely within the disputed territory of Western Sahara.

Morocco Regions 2011 Proposition1 Numbered Rel1.svg
Main proposal
Morocco Regions 2011 Proposition2 Midelt Rel1.svg
Alternate proposal with
Midelt Province in Fès-Meknès (3) instead of Béni Mellal-Khénifra (5)
Morocco Regions 2011 Proposition3 Figuig.svg
Alternate proposal with
Figuig Province in Oriental (2) instead of Drâa-Tafilalet (8)
The different regional configurations proposed in 2010

1997 to 2010: Full unitary system

Between 1997 and 2010, Morocco had 16 regions. [7]

The old regions of Morocco (1997-2015) Morocco Regions 97-11 numbered.svg
The old regions of Morocco (1997–2015)
Map
number
RegionCapital
1 Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira Dakhla
2 Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra Laâyoune
3 Guelmim-Es Semara Guelmim
4 Souss-Massa-Drâa Agadir
5 Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen Kénitra
6 Chaouia-Ouardigha Settat
7 Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Marrakesh
8 Oriental Oujda
9 Grand Casablanca Casablanca
10 Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer Rabat
11 Doukkala-Abda Safi
12 Tadla-Azilal Béni Mellal
13 Meknès-Tafilalet Meknès
14 Fès-Boulemane Fès
15 Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate Al Hoceima
16 Tangier-Tetouan Tangier

The entirety of Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira (1), the vast majority of Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra (2), and part of Guelmim-Es Semara (3) were situated within the disputed territory of Western Sahara. The sovereignty of Western Sahara is disputed between Morocco and the Polisario Front which claims the territory as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Most of the region is administered by Morocco as its Southern Provinces. The Polisario Front, based in headquarters at Tindouf in south western Algeria, controls only those areas east of the Moroccan Wall.

Regions before 1997

Before 1997, Morocco was divided into 7 regions: Central, Eastern, North-Central, Northwestern, South-Central, Southern, Tansift. [8]

See also

Related Research Articles

Politics of Morocco take place in a framework of a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Morocco is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives of Morocco and the Assembly of Councillors. The Moroccan Constitution provides for a monarchy with a Parliament and an independent judiciary.

Western Sahara disputed territory in northwestern Africa

Western Sahara is a disputed territory on the northwest coast and in the Maghreb region of North and West Africa. About 20% of the territory is controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, while the remaining 80% of the territory is occupied and administered by neighboring Morocco. Its surface area amounts to 266,000 square kilometres (103,000 sq mi). It is one of the most sparsely populated territories in the world, mainly consisting of desert flatlands. The population is estimated at just over 500,000, of which nearly 40% live in Laayoune, the largest city in Western Sahara.

Laayoune Capital of Western Sahara

Laâyoune or El Aaiún is the largest city of the disputed territory of Western Sahara, with a population of 217,732 in 2014, and de facto administered by Morocco. The modern city is thought to have been founded by the Spanish captain Antonio de Oro in 1938. In 1940, Spain designated it as the capital of the Spanish Sahara. Laâyoune is the capital of the Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra region administered by Morocco under the supervision of the UN peace-keeping mission in Western Sahara (MINURSO).

ISO 3166-2:MA is the entry for Morocco in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

Southern Provinces Moroccan-occupied territory in Western Sahara

The Southern Provinces or Moroccan Sahara are the terms used by the Moroccan government for Western Sahara. These two official Moroccan denominations explicitly include all of Western Sahara, which spans three of country's 12 top-level administrative regions. A frequent use of the term "Southern Provinces" is found for example in Moroccan state television.

Guelmim-Es Semara Region

Guelmim-Es Semara was formerly one of the sixteen regions of Morocco from 1997 to 2015. It covered an area of 122,825 km² and had a population of 501,921. The regional capital was Guelmim.

Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region of Morocco

Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab is one of the twelve regions of Morocco. Before September 2015 it was known as Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira. It is situated in the disputed territory of Western Sahara, considered by Morocco to be the southern part of the country. The Polisario Front and other independence-seeking Sahrawis consider this to be a part of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. The United Nations and most countries do not recognize either Moroccan sovereignty over the area, or the self-declared Sahrawi republic.

Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra Region

Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra was one of the sixteen regions of Morocco from 1997 to 2015. It was mainly located in the disputed territory of Western Sahara, covered an area of 139,480 square kilometres (53,850 sq mi) and had a population of 301,744. Its capital was Laayoune. In September 2015, the region was combined with Es-Semara Province in Guelmim-Es Semara to form the new region of Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra.

Administrative divisions of Morocco

In Morocco, the 75 second-level administrative subdivisions are 13 prefectures and 62 provinces. They are subdivisions of the 12 regions of Morocco. Each prefecture or province is subdivided into arrondissements, municipalities or urban municipalities in other urban areas, and districts in rural areas. The districts are subdivided into rural municipalities. One prefecture (Casablanca) is also subdivided into préfectures d'arrondissements, similar to districts (cercles) except they are grouping a few arrondissements instead of rural municipalities.

ISO 3166-2:EH is the entry for Western Sahara in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

Es Semara is a province in the Moroccan economic region of Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra, and the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Its population in 2004 was 60,426. Its major town is Es Semara.

Laâyoune Province Province of Marokko

Laâyoune is a delineated province in the north-west of Moroccan economic region of Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra, which is situated within the northern part of the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Its population in 2004 was 210,023. In today's limits of the province the population was 199,603. Its main town is Laayoune.

Oued Ed-Dahab is a province in the Moroccan economic region of Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab, in the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Its population at the 2004 Census was 65,378. Its major town is Dakhla.

Tarfaya Province province of Morocco

Tarfaya is a province in the Moroccan economic region of Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra, which includes the southwestern part of the territory of Morocco as of before 1975, and the northern part of the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Its population in 2004 was 10420. Its main town is Tarfaya.

Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra Region of Morocco

Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra is one of the twelve regions of Morocco. It is mainly located in the disputed territory of Western Sahara: the western part of the region is administered by Morocco and the eastern part by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. The region as claimed by Morocco covers an area of 140,018 square kilometres (54,061 sq mi) and had a population of 367,758 as of the 2014 Moroccan census. The capital of the region is Laâyoune.

Guelmim-Oued Noun Region of Morocco

Guelmim-Oued Noun is one of the twelve regions of Morocco. The southeastern part of the region is located in the disputed territory of Western Sahara and a small strip of land in this area is administered by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. The region as a whole covers an area of 46,108 km2 and had a population of 433,757 as of the 2014 Moroccan census. The capital of the region is Guelmim.

Souss-Massa Region of Morocco

Souss-Massa is one of the twelve regions of Morocco. It covers an area of 51,642 km² and had a population of 2,676,847 as of the 2014 Moroccan census. The capital of the region is Agadir.

Bir Tiguisit Locality in Western Sahara

Bir Tiguisit, Buir Tiguisit or Bir Tighissit is a locality located in the southern part of Saguia el-Hamra, in Western Sahara. It is located south of Tifariti, near the border with Mauritania. It is currently controlled by the Polisario Front, in the so-called Liberated Territories or Free Zone. The Moroccan authorities have integrated it into the Es-Semara Province in the region of Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra.

Ismaïl Ayoune is a Moroccan road cyclist. He rode at the 2013 UCI Road World Championships.

References

  1. "Morocco in Figures 2003: A document by the Moroccan Embassy in the USA" (PDF). themoroccanembassy.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  2. "Maroc: Fiche technique" (PDF) (in French). ARLEM. 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 October 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  3. "Moroccan Government website concerning the regionalization". regionalisationavancee.ma. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  4. "Décret fixant le nom des régions" (PDF). Portail National des Collectivités Territoriales (in French). Archived from the original (pdf) on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  5. "Ministère de l'Intérieur : l'élection des présidents des Conseils des régions s'est déroulée dans de bonnes conditions et dans un climat de transparence" [Ministry of the Interior: the regional council presidential elections took place under good conditions and in an air of transparency] (Press release) (in French). Maghreb Arabe Press. 14 September 2015. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  6. "SM le Roi a procédé à la nomination les Walis des régions" [HM the King appointed the Walis of the regions]. La Vie Éco (in French). 14 October 2015. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2015.
  7. "Régions". Portail national du Maroc. Government of Morocco. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  8. "Morocco Regions". www.statoids.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2018.