Regions of Slovakia

Last updated
Regions of Slovakia
Kraje Slovenska
Category Unitary state
Location Slovak Republic
Number8 Regions
Populations563,591 (Trnava) – 825,022 (Prešov)
Areas2,052.6 km2 (792.5 sq mi) (Bratislava) – 9,454.8 km2 (3,650.5 sq mi) (Banská Bystrica)
Government
Subdivisions

Since 1949 (except 1990–1996), Slovakia has been divided into a number of kraje (singular kraj; usually translated as "Regions" with capital R). [1] Their number, borders and functions have been changed several times. There are currently eight regions of Slovakia and they correspond to the EU's NUTS 3 level of local administrative units. Each kraj consists of okresy (counties or districts). There are currently 79 districts.

Contents

List

After a period without kraje and without any equivalent (1990–1996), the kraje were reintroduced in 1996. As for administrative division, Slovakia has been subdivided into 8 kraje since 24 July 1996:

FlagArmsRegionCapitalPopulation (2018)Area (km2)DensityNUTS level 3Seats

in Regional Council

Bratislavsky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Bratislava Region.svg Bratislava Bratislava Increase2.svg 659,5982,052.6321.34SK01050
Trnavsky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Trnava Region.svg Trnava Trnava Increase2.svg 563,5914,172.2135.08SK02140
Trenciansky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Trencin Region.svg Trenčín Trenčín Decrease2.svg 585,8824,501.9130.14SK02247
Nitriansky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Nitra Region.svg Nitra Nitra Decrease2.svg 676,6726,343.4106.67SK02354
Zilinsky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Zilina Region.svg Žilina Žilina Increase2.svg 691,3686,808.4101.54SK03157
Banskobystricky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Banska Bystrica Region.svg Banská Bystrica Banská Bystrica Decrease2.svg 647,8759,454.868.52SK03249
Presovsky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Presov Region.svg Prešov Prešov Increase2.svg 825,0228,974.591.92SK04162
Kosicky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Kosice Region.svg Košice Košice Increase2.svg 800,4146,751.9118.32SK04257
Total5 427 91749 035  111.3416

Since 2002, Slovakia is divided into 8 samosprávne kraje (self-governing regions), which are called by the Constitution vyššie územné celky (Higher Territorial Units), abbr. VÚC. The territory and borders of the self-governing regions are identical with the territory and borders of the kraje. Therefore, the word "kraj" can be replaced by "VÚC" or "samosprávny kraj" in each case in the above list. The main difference is that organs of samosprávne kraje are self-governing, with an elected chairperson and assembly, while the organs of kraje are appointed by the government.

Name

The term "Region" (Slovak : kraj) should not be confused with:

History

Prior to 1949

Historically, Slovakia was not divided into kraje, but into counties (Slovak: župy or stolice). This was the case when present-day Slovakia was part of:

In 1928–1939 (and formally also 1945–1948) Slovakia as a whole formed the administrative unit "Slovak land" (Krajina slovenská) within Czechoslovakia.

24 December 1948/1 January 1949 – 30 June 1960

Each kraj was named after its principal city.

July 1, 1960 – December 19, 1990

Note: The kraje were abolished from July 1, 1969 to December 28, 1970 and reintroduced then.

See also

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Prešov Region Region of Slovakia

The Prešov Region, also Priashiv Region is one of the eight Slovak administrative regions and consists of 13 districts (okresy) and 666 municipalities, from which 23 have a town status. The region was established in 1996 and is the most populous of all the regions in the country. Its administrative center is the city of Prešov.

Trenčín Region Region of Slovakia

The Trenčín Region is one of the eight Slovak administrative regions. It consists of 9 districts (okresy). The region was established in 1996: previously it had been a part of West-Slovak region and partly central Slovak region. Industry is a main branch of region economy.

This article deals with historic administrative divisions of Czechoslovakia up to 1992, when the country was split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia and the divisions were changed.

Žilina Region Region of Slovakia

The Žilina Region is one of the eight Slovak administrative regions and consists of 11 districts (okresy) and 315 municipalities, from which 18 have a town status. The region was established in 1923, however, in its present borders exists from 1996. It is a more industrial region with several large towns. Žilina is the region administrative center and there is a strong cultural environment in Martin.

Banská Bystrica Region Region of Slovakia

The Banská Bystrica Region is one of the eight regions of Slovakia. It is the largest region by area, and has a lower population density than any other region. The Banská Bystrica region was established in 1923; its borders were last adjusted in 1996. Banská Bystrica consists of 514 municipalities, 24 of which have town status. Its administrative center is the eponymous town of Banská Bystrica, which is also the region's largest town. Other important towns are Zvolen and Brezno.

Košice Region Region of Slovakia

The Košice Region is one of the eight Slovak administrative regions. The region was first established in 1923 and its present borders were established in 1996. It consists of 11 districts (okresy) and 440 municipalities, 17 of which have a town status. About one third of the region's population lives in the agglomeration of Košice, which is its main economic and cultural centre.

Statistics of Slovak Superliga for the 1993–94 season.

Statistics of Slovak Superliga in season 1996/1997.

In the NUTS codes of Slovakia (SK), the three levels are:

The 2011–12 Tatran Prešov season is the 13th straight season that the club will play in the Slovak First League, the highest tier of football in Slovakia.

The 2011–12 MŠK Žilina season is the 18th straight season that the club will play in the Slovak First League, the highest tier of football in Slovakia.

The 2012–13 Tatran Prešov season is the 14th straight season that the club will play in the Slovak First League, the highest tier of football in Slovakia.

Elections were held in Slovakia's eight self-governing regions on 9 November 2013. Elected were Regional Governors and City Councilors.

Elections were held in Slovakia's 8 self-governing regions on 4 November 2017.

References

  1. "Regions". Slovakia.com.