Remscheid

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Remscheid
Deutsches Roentgenmuseum.jpg
German Röntgen Museum
DEU Remscheid COA.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Remscheid
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Red pog.svg
Remscheid
North Rhine-Westphalia location map 01.svg
Red pog.svg
Remscheid
Coordinates: 51°11′0″N07°12′0″E / 51.18333°N 7.20000°E / 51.18333; 7.20000 Coordinates: 51°11′0″N07°12′0″E / 51.18333°N 7.20000°E / 51.18333; 7.20000
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Urban districts of Germany
Government
   Lord Mayor Beate Wilding (SPD)
Area
  Total74.6 km2 (28.8 sq mi)
Elevation
365 m (1,198 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31) [1]
  Total110,584
  Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
42801-42899
Dialling codes 02191
Vehicle registration RS
Website www.remscheid.de
Town Hall of Remscheid. Remscheid rathaus.jpg
Town Hall of Remscheid.

Remscheid (German pronunciation: [ˈʁɛmʃaɪt] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on the south side of the Ruhr area.

North Rhine-Westphalia State in Germany

North Rhine-Westphalia is a state of Germany.

Wuppertal Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, in and around the Wupper valley, east of Düsseldorf and south of the Ruhr. With a population of approximately 350,000, it is the largest city in the Bergisches Land. Wuppertal is known for its steep slopes, its woods and parks, and its suspension railway, the Wuppertal Schwebebahn. It is the greenest city of Germany, with two-thirds green space of the total municipal area. From any part of the city, it is only a ten-minute walk to one of the public parks or woodland paths.

Solingen Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the northern edge of the region called Bergisches Land, south of the Ruhr area, and, with a 2009 population of 161,366, is after Wuppertal the second largest city in the Bergisches Land. It is a member of the regional authority of the Rhineland.

Contents

Remscheid had around 109,000 inhabitants in 2015.

Its highest point is the Brodtberg (378 m).

History

Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included Remissgeid (1217), Rymscheyd (1351), Reymscheyd (1487) and Rembscheid (1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. This is carried on today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories in Remscheid. Remscheid was part of the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822–1945.

Prussia state in Central Europe between 1525–1947

Prussia was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia on the southeast coast of the Baltic Sea. It was de facto dissolved by an emergency decree transferring powers of the Prussian government to German Chancellor Franz von Papen in 1932 and de jure by an Allied decree in 1947. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia, successfully expanding its size by way of an unusually well-organised and effective army. Prussia, with its capital in Königsberg and from 1701 in Berlin, decisively shaped the history of Germany.

Rhine Province province of Prussia

The Rhine Province, also known as Rhenish Prussia (Rheinpreußen) or synonymous with the Rhineland (Rheinland), was the westernmost province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia, within the German Reich, from 1822 to 1946. It was created from the provinces of the Lower Rhine and Jülich-Cleves-Berg. Its capital was Koblenz and in 1939 it had 8 million inhabitants. The Province of Hohenzollern was militarily associated with the Oberpräsident of the Rhine Province.

On 31 July 1943, during the second World War, Remscheid was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm. This bombing raid was the final operation of RAF's Battle of the Ruhr involving 273 aircraft. During 14 and 15 April 1945, Remscheid was captured by the 78th Infantry Division (United States). [2] [3]

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Firestorm conflagration which attains such intensity that it creates and sustains its own wind system

A firestorm is a conflagration which attains such intensity that it creates and sustains its own wind system. It is most commonly a natural phenomenon, created during some of the largest bushfires and wildfires. Although the term has been used to describe certain large fires, the phenomenon's determining characteristic is a fire with its own storm-force winds from every point of the compass. The Black Saturday bushfires and the Great Peshtigo Fire are possible examples of forest fires with some portion of combustion due to a firestorm, as is the Great Hinckley Fire. Firestorms have also occurred in cities, usually as a deliberate effect of targeted explosives, such as occurred as a result of the aerial firebombings of Hamburg, Dresden, firebombing of Tokyo and the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.

Battle of the Ruhr

The Battle of the Ruhr of 1943 was a 5-month British campaign of strategic bombing during the Second World War against the Nazi Germany Ruhr Area, which had coke plants, steelworks, and 10 synthetic oil plants. The campaign bombed 26 major Combined Bomber Offensive targets. The targets included the Krupp armament works (Essen), the Nordstern synthetic-oil plant (Gelsenkirchen), and the Rheinmetal–Borsig plant in Düsseldorf. The latter was safely evacuated during the Battle of the Ruhr.Although not strictly part of the Ruhr area, the battle of the Ruhr included other cities such as Cologne which were within the Rhine-Ruhr region and considered part of the same "industrial complex". Some targets were not sites of heavy industrial production but part of the production and movement of materiel.

An A-10 Thunderbolt II crashed in the city on 8 December 1988. Six people died.

1988 Remscheid A-10 crash aviation accident

The 1988 Remscheid A-10 crash occurred on December 8, 1988, when an A-10 Thunderbolt II attack jet of the United States Air Force crashed onto a residential area in the city of Remscheid, West Germany. The aircraft crashed into the upper floor of an apartment complex. In addition to the pilot, five people were killed. Fifty others were injured, many of them seriously.

Today, Remscheid comprises four boroughs, Alt-Remscheid, Remscheid-Süd, Lennep, and Lüttringhausen.

Lüttringhausen is a district of the German town of Remscheid with a population of 17,857 in 2005; 11,829 in 1905; 13,560, mostly Protestant, in 1910.

RankNationalityPopulation (31.12.2018) [4]
1Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 5,714
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 3,172
3Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 1,142
4Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 1,099
5Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 907
6Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 876
7Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia 711
8Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 618
9Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 519
10Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 454

Main sights

Müngsten Bridge railway bridge in Germany

Müngsten Bridge is the highest railway bridge in Germany. The bridge is 107 metres (351 ft) high and spans the valley of the river Wupper, connecting the cities of Remscheid and Solingen. This stretch is part of the Wuppertal-Oberbarmen–Solingen railway. It is used exclusively by the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn line S 7. On 1 April 2013, the Müngsten Bridge was closed for extensive renovation work: it reopened on 27 July 2015, but a further lengthy closure for a comprehensive corrosion treatment is planned for 2018. During the works, the train from Solingen Hbf to Remscheid Hbf terminated at Solingen Mitte and a bus continued to Remscheid.

Notable people

Twin towns

Related Research Articles

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Bergisches Land

The Bergisches Land is a low mountain range region within the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, east of Rhine river, south of the Ruhr. The landscape is shaped by woods, meadows, rivers and creeks and contains over 20 artificial lakes. Wuppertal is one of the biggest towns and seen as the region's capital, whereas the southern part nowadays has closer economic and socio-cultural ties to Cologne. Wuppertal and the neighbouring cities of Remscheid, Solingen form the Bergisches Städtedreieck.

Oberbergischer Kreis District in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Line S 7 is an S-Bahn line on the Rhine-Ruhr network in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, which has been operated by Abellio from Wuppertal Hauptbahnhof to Solingen Hauptbahnhof since 15 December 2013. It is operated at 20 minute intervals, using LINT 41 vehicles. The service was previously classified as Regionalbahn service RB 47, known as the Der Müngstener, a reference to the Müngsten Bridge, which it crosses and DB Regio had operated it on the same route with class 628 diesel multiple units since 1994. It was also operated at 20-minute intervals, in the evenings and on weekends, every 30 minutes.

Wuppertal-Oberbarmen–Solingen railway railway line

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Remscheid Hauptbahnhof railway station in Remscheid, Germany

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Remscheid-Lennep station railway station in Remscheid, Germany

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Wuppertal-Oberbarmen–Opladen railway railway line

The Wuppertal-Oberbarmen–Opladen railway was a line built by the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company in the Bergisches Land of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, running from Wuppertal via Remscheid-Lennep, Bergisch Born and Wermelskirchen to Opladen.

Wuppertal-Ronsdorf station railway station in Wuppertal, Germany

Wuppertal-Ronsdorf station is a station on the Wuppertal-Oberbarmen–Solingen railway in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 5 station. It is unusual in that it was once connected to lines with three different gauges.

Remscheid-Lüttringhausen station railway station in Remscheid, Germany

Remscheid-Lüttringhausen station is a station on the Wuppertal-Oberbarmen–Solingen railway in Lüttringhausen in the German state of North Rhine Westphalia. It is served by line S 7 of the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn.

Remscheid-Güldenwerth station railway station in Remscheid, Germany

Remscheid-Güldenwerth station is a station on the Wuppertal-Oberbarmen–Solingen railway in the Remscheid district of Güldenwerth in the German state of North Rhine Westphalia. It is served by line S 7 of the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn, branded as Der Müngstener, operated every 20 minutes from Monday to Friday and generally every half-hour on weekends and at off-peak times, using vehicles.

References

  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2017" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW . Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  2. http://tothosewhoserved.org/usa/ss/usass01/chapter5.html
  3. https://archive.org/details/Lightning78thInfantry
  4. "Bevölkerung und Bevölerungsentwicklung" (PDF). Stadt Remscheid. Retrieved 20 June 2018.