Remscheid

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Remscheid
German Röntgen Museum

Coat of arms
Location of Remscheid
Remscheid
Remscheid
Coordinates: 51°11′0″N07°12′0″E / 51.18333°N 7.20000°E / 51.18333; 7.20000 Coordinates: 51°11′0″N07°12′0″E / 51.18333°N 7.20000°E / 51.18333; 7.20000
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Urban districts of Germany
Government
   Lord Mayor Beate Wilding (SPD)
Area
  Total74.6 km2 (28.8 sq mi)
Elevation
365 m (1,198 ft)
Population
(2016-12-31) [1]
  Total110,611
  Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
42801-42899
Dialling codes 02191
Vehicle registration RS
Website www.remscheid.de
Town Hall of Remscheid.

Remscheid (German pronunciation: [ˈʁɛmʃaɪt]  ( listen )) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on the south side of the Ruhr area.

Contents

Remscheid had around 109,000 inhabitants in 2015.

Its highest point is the Brodtberg (378 m).

History

Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included Remissgeid (1217), Rymscheyd (1351), Reymscheyd (1487) and Rembscheid (1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. This is carried on today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories in Remscheid. Remscheid was part of the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822–1945.

On 31 July 1943, during the second World War, Remscheid was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm. This bombing raid was the final operation of RAF's Battle of the Ruhr involving 273 aircraft. During 14 and 15 April 1945, Remscheid was captured by the 78th Infantry Division (United States). [2] [3]

An A-10 Thunderbolt II crashed in the city on 8 December 1988. Six people died.

Today, Remscheid comprises four boroughs, Alt-Remscheid, Remscheid-Süd, Lennep, and Lüttringhausen.

RankNationalityPopulation (31.12.2017) [4]
1  Turkey 5,749
2  Italy 3,154
3  Poland 1,061
4  Syria 978
5  Spain 900
6  Bulgaria 766
7  Macedonia 671
8  Croatia 613
9  Serbia 496
10  Portugal 464

Main sights

Notable people

Twin towns

References

  1. "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW . Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  2. http://tothosewhoserved.org/usa/ss/usass01/chapter5.html
  3. https://archive.org/details/Lightning78thInfantry
  4. "Bevölkerung und Bevölerungsentwicklung" (PDF). Stadt Remscheid. Retrieved 20 June 2018.