|District||Urban districts of Germany|
|• Lord mayor (2020–25)||Burkhard Mast-Weisz (SPD)|
|• Total||74.6 km2 (28.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||365 m (1,198 ft)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Remscheid (German pronunciation: [ˈʁɛmʃaɪt] ( listen )) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on the south side of the Ruhr area.
Remscheid had around 109,000 inhabitants in 2015. At the end of 2019 it had 113,703 inhabitants.
Remscheid comprises four boroughs, Alt-Remscheid, Remscheid-Süd, Lennep, and Lüttringhausen.
Its highest point is the Brodtberg (378 m).
Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included Remissgeid (1217), Rymscheyd (1351), Reymscheyd (1487) and Rembscheid (1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. This is carried on today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories in Remscheid. Remscheid was part of the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822 to 1945.
On 31 July 1943, during the World War II, Remscheid was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm. This bombing raid was the final operation of RAF's Battle of the Ruhr involving 273 aircraft. During 14 and 15 April 1945, Remscheid was captured by the 78th Infantry Division (United States).
An A-10 Thunderbolt II crashed in the city on 8 December 1988. Six people died.
As of 31 December 2019, the city's population was 113,703, of which 92,726 (81.6%) were German citizens and 20,977 (18.4%) were non-Germans (Ausländer); of the non-German population, the top 10 nationalities represented were as follows:
The current Mayor of Remscheid is Burkhard Mast-Weisz of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), elected in 2014 and re-elected in 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:
|Burkhard Mast-Weisz||Social Democratic Party||22,431||60.6|
|Heidemarie Alexa Bell||Christian Democratic Union||9,710||26.2|
|Peter Keck||Pro Remscheid||1,908||5.2|
|Fritz Beinersdorf||The Left||1,309||3.5|
|Roland Kirchner||W.i.R. Remscheid||877||2.4|
|Bettina Stamm||Real Remscheid||775||2.1|
|Source: State Returning Officer|
The Remscheid city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:
|Social Democratic Party (SPD)||12,718||34.5||0.3||20||1|
|Christian Democratic Union (CDU)||11,036||29.9||7.3||17||3|
|Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne)||5,409||14.7||6.3||9||5|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||1,945||5.3||0.6||3||1|
|Pro Remscheid (PRO)||1,870||5.1||0.7||3||1|
|The Left (Die Linke)||1,700||4.6||1.4||3||±0|
|W.i.R. Remscheid (WIR)||1,092||3.0||1.5||2||±0|
|Real Remscheid (Echt)||788||2.1||New||1||New|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||358||1.0||New||0||New|
|Source: State Returning Officer|
Remscheid is twinned with:
Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located some 25 km east of Düsseldorf along the northern edge of the region called Bergisches Land, south of the Ruhr area, and, with a 2009 population of 161,366, is after Wuppertal the second largest city in the Bergisches Land. It is a member of the regional authority of the Rhineland.
The Oberbergischer Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Ennepe-Ruhr, Märkischer Kreis, Olpe, Altenkirchen, Rhein-Sieg, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, and the urban districts Remscheid and Wuppertal.
The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the Cologne Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Kreis Mettman, Oberbergischer Kreis and Rhein-Sieg, and the district-free cities Cologne, Leverkusen, Solingen and Remscheid.
Dinslaken is a town in the district of Wesel, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is known for its harness racing track, its now closed coal mine in Lohberg and its wealthy neighborhoods Hiesfeld and Eppinghoven.
Kamen is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, in the district Unna.
Mülheim, officially Mülheim an der Ruhr and also described as "City on the River", is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. It is located in the Ruhr Area between Duisburg, Essen, Oberhausen and Ratingen. It is home to many companies, especially in the food industry, such as the Aldi Süd Company, the Harke Group and the Tengelmann Group.
Kerpen is the most populated town in the Rhein-Erft-Kreis. It is located about 20 kilometres southwest from Cologne.
Heiligenhaus is a town in the district of Mettmann, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, in the suburban Rhine-Ruhr area. It lies between Düsseldorf and Essen.
Erkrath is a town in the district of Mettmann, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Hilden is a town in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is situated in the District of Mettmann, 10 km (6.21 mi) west of Solingen and 15 km (9.32 mi) east of Düsseldorf on the right side of the Rhine. It is a middle sized industrial town with a forest and numerous attractions.
Recklinghausen is the northernmost city in the Ruhr-Area and the capital of the Recklinghausen district. It borders the rural Münsterland and is characterized by large fields and farms in the north and industry in the south. Recklinghausen is the 60th-largest city in Germany and the 22nd-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Gevelsberg is a town in the district of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Werl is a town located in the district of Soest in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Fröndenberg is a town in the district of Unna, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Wermelskirchen is a town in the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, southeast of Remscheid. It is home to one of Europe's biggest live Christmas trees.
Leichlingen is a town in the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Leichlingen is a centre for apple and berry growing in the region.
Lünen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located north of Dortmund, on both banks of the River Lippe. It is the largest town of the Unna district and part of the Ruhr Area.
Ahaus is a town in the district of Borken in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located near the border with the Netherlands, lying some 20 km south-east of Enschede and 15 km south from Gronau. Ahaus is the location of one of Germany's interim storage faciities for radioactive spent fuel.
Lengerich is a town in the district of Steinfurt, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated on the southern slope of the Teutoburg Forest, approx. 15 km south-west of Osnabrück and 30 km north-east of Münster.
The Wuppertal-Oberbarmen–Opladen railway was a line built by the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company in the Bergisches Land of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, running from Wuppertal via Remscheid-Lennep, Bergisch Born and Wermelskirchen to Opladen.
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