Remscheid

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Remscheid
Deutsches Roentgenmuseum.jpg
German Röntgen Museum
Flagge Remscheid.svg
Flag
DEU Remscheid COA.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Remscheid
Remscheid
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Remscheid
North Rhine-Westphalia location map 01.svg
Red pog.svg
Remscheid
Coordinates: 51°11′0″N07°12′0″E / 51.18333°N 7.20000°E / 51.18333; 7.20000 Coordinates: 51°11′0″N07°12′0″E / 51.18333°N 7.20000°E / 51.18333; 7.20000
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Urban districts of Germany
Government
   Lord mayor (202025) Burkhard Mast-Weisz [1] (SPD)
Area
  Total74.6 km2 (28.8 sq mi)
Elevation
365 m (1,198 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31) [2]
  Total111,516
  Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
42801-42899
Dialling codes 02191
Vehicle registration RS
Website www.remscheid.de
City Hall Remscheid rathaus.jpg
City Hall

Remscheid (German pronunciation: [ˈʁɛmʃaɪt] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on the south side of the Ruhr area.

Contents

Remscheid had around 109,000 inhabitants in 2015. At the end of 2019 it had 113,703 inhabitants.

Geography

Remscheid comprises four boroughs, Alt-Remscheid, Remscheid-Süd, Lennep, and Lüttringhausen.

Its highest point is the Brodtberg (378 m).

History

Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included Remissgeid (1217), Rymscheyd (1351), Reymscheyd (1487) and Rembscheid (1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. This is carried on today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories in Remscheid. Remscheid was part of the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822 to 1945.

On 31 July 1943, during the World War II, Remscheid was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm. This bombing raid was the final operation of RAF's Battle of the Ruhr involving 273 aircraft. During 14 and 15 April 1945, Remscheid was captured by the 78th Infantry Division (United States). [3] [4]

An A-10 Thunderbolt II crashed in the city on 8 December 1988. Six people died.

Demographics

As of 31 December 2019, the city's population was 113,703, of which 92,726 (81.6%) were German citizens and 20,977 (18.4%) were non-Germans (Ausländer); of the non-German population, the top 10 nationalities represented were as follows: [5]

RankNationalityPopulation (31.12.2019)
1Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 5,749
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 3,158
3Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 1,264
4Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 1,187
5Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 1,039
6Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 866
7Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia 748
8Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 646
9Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 583
10Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 493

Politics

Mayor

The current Mayor of RemscheidBurkhard Mast-Weisz is Bernd Tischler of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), elected in 2014 and re-elected in 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

CandidatePartyVotes %
Burkhard Mast-Weisz Social Democratic Party 22,43160.6
Heidemarie Alexa Bell Christian Democratic Union 9,71026.2
Peter KeckPro Remscheid1,9085.2
Fritz Beinersdorf The Left 1,3093.5
Roland KirchnerW.i.R. Remscheid8772.4
Bettina StammReal Remscheid7752.1
Valid votes37,01098.5
Invalid votes5481.5
Total37,558100.0
Electorate/voter turnout85,78343.8
Source: State Returning Officer

City council

The Remscheid city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

PartyVotes %+/-Seats+/-
Social Democratic Party (SPD)12,71834.5Decrease2.svg 0.320Decrease2.svg 1
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)11,03629.9Decrease2.svg 7.317Decrease2.svg 3
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne)5,40914.7Increase2.svg 6.39Increase2.svg 5
Free Democratic Party (FDP)1,9455.3Increase2.svg 0.63Increase2.svg 1
Pro Remscheid (PRO)1,8705.1Increase2.svg 0.73Increase2.svg 1
The Left (Die Linke)1,7004.6Decrease2.svg 1.43±0
W.i.R. Remscheid (WIR)1,0923.0Decrease2.svg 1.52±0
Real Remscheid (Echt)7882.1New1New
Alternative for Germany (AfD)3581.0New0New
Valid votes36,91698.4
Invalid votes5921.6
Total37,508100.058Increase2.svg 6
Electorate/voter turnout85,78343.7Increase2.svg 0.7
Source: State Returning Officer

Main sights

Twin towns – sister cities

Remscheid is twinned with: [6]

Notable people

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References

  1. Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 19 June 2021.
  2. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW . Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. http://tothosewhoserved.org/usa/ss/usass01/chapter5.html
  4. https://archive.org/details/Lightning78thInfantry
  5. "Informationen der Statistikstelle: Remscheider Einwohnerinnen und Einwohner am 31. Dezember 2019" (PDF). Stadt Remscheid. pp. 6, 12. Retrieved 9 May 2020. Available on Stadt Remscheid website under "Bevölkerung und Bevölkerungsentwicklung".
  6. "Partnerstädte". remscheid.de (in German). Remscheid. Retrieved 15 March 2021.