Residency (country subdivision)

Last updated
The British Residency at Hyderabad The British Residency at Hyderabad.jpg
The British Residency at Hyderabad

A Residency was a subdivision of

See also

Related Research Articles

East Java Province of Indonesia

East Java is a province of Indonesia. It has a land border only with the province of Central Java to the west; the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean border its northern and southern coasts, respectively, while the narrow Bali Strait to the east separates Java from Bali. Located in eastern Java, it also includes the island of Madura, which is connected to Java by the longest bridge in Indonesia, the Suramadu Bridge, as well as the Kangean and Masalembu archipelagos located further east and north, respectively. Its capital is Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia, a major industrial center and also a major business center. Banyuwangi is the largest regency in East Java and the largest on the island of Java.

Batavia, Dutch East Indies Capital of the Dutch East Indies

Batavia, also called Batauia in the city's Malay vernacular, was the capital of the Dutch East Indies. The area corresponds to present-day Jakarta, Indonesia. Batavia can refer to the city proper or its suburbs and hinterland, the Ommelanden, which included the much-larger area of the Residency of Batavia in the present-day Indonesian provinces of Jakarta, Banten and West Java.

Javanese language Austronesian language

Javanese is the language of the Javanese people from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, in Indonesia. There are also pockets of Javanese speakers on the northern coast of western Java. It is the native language of more than 98 million people.

Central Java Province of Indonesia

Central Java is a province of Indonesia, located in the middle of the island of Java. Its administrative capital is Semarang. It is bordered by West Java in the west, the Indian Ocean and the Special Region of Yogyakarta in the south, East Java in the east, and the Java Sea in the north. It has a total area of 32,548 km², with a population of 34,552,500 in mid 2019, making it the third-most populous province in both Java and Indonesia after West Java and East Java. The province also includes the island of Nusakambangan in the south, and the Karimun Jawa Islands in the Java Sea. Central Java is also a cultural concept that includes the Special Region and city of Yogyakarta. However, administratively the city and its surrounding regencies have formed a separate special region since the country's independence, and is administrated separately. Although known as the "heart" of Javanese culture, there are several other non-Javanese ethnic groups, such as the Sundanese on the border with West Java. Chinese Indonesians, Arab Indonesians, and Indian Indonesians are also scattered throughout the province.

Mataram Sultanate

The Sultanate of Mataram was the last major independent Javanese kingdom on Java before the island was colonised by the Dutch. It was the dominant political force radiating from the interior of Central Java from the late 16th century until the beginning of the 18th century.

KNILM

Koninklijke Nederlandsch-Indische Luchtvaart Maatschappij was the airline of the former Dutch East Indies. Headquartered in Amsterdam, KNILM was not a subsidiary of the better-known KLM, despite the similar name. The airline had its headquarters in Amsterdam and an office in on the grounds of Tjililitan Airfield in Batavia.

Great Post Road

The Great Post Road is the name for the historical road that runs across Java that connects Anyer and Panarukan. It was built during the reign of Herman Willem Daendels (1808–1811), governor-general of the Dutch East Indies.

Rogier Verbeek

Rogier Diederik Marius Verbeek was a Dutch geologist and natural scientist.

North Coast Road (Java) Road in Indonesia

The North Coast Road is the name for the road, 1,430 km in length, that connects Merak and Banyuwangi along the northern coast of Java, particularly between Jakarta and Surabaya.

Parahyangan

Parahyangan is a cultural and mountainous region in West Java province on the Indonesian island of Java. Covering an approximately a little less than one sixth of Java, it is the heartland of Sundanese people and their culture. It is bordered to the West by Banten province, to the North by the northern coast region of Subang, Cirebon and Indramayu, to the east by Central Java provinve, and to the south by the Indian Ocean.

Freemasonry in Indonesia

Freemasonry was introduced by the Dutch to what is today Indonesia during the VOC era in the 18th century, and spread throughout the Dutch East Indies during a wave of westernisation in the 19th century. Freemasons originally only included Europeans and Indo-Europeans, but later also indigenous people with a Western education.

Henri Maclaine Pont

Henri Maclaine Pont was a Dutch architect and archaeologist active in Indonesia, acclaimed for his synthesis of Javanese and western architecture. He is seen as the "father" of modern vernacular architecture of Indonesia.

Siege of Batavia

The Siege of Batavia was a military campaign led by Sultan Agung of Mataram to capture the Dutch port-settlement of Batavia in Java. The first attempt was launched in 1628, and the second in 1629; both were unsuccessful. Jan Pieterszoon Coen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, managed to repel the sieges and beat off all of Sultan Agung's attacks.

French and British interregnum in the Dutch East Indies were a relatively short period of French and followed by British interregnum on the Dutch East Indies that took place between 1806 and 1815. The French ruled between 1806 and 1811. The British took over for 1811 to 1815, and transferred its control back to the Dutch in 1815.

1678 Kediri campaign Military campaign in which Mataram and VOC forces took Kediri from Trunajaya

The 1678 Kediri campaign took place from August to December 1678 in Kediri during the Trunajaya rebellion. The forces of the Mataram Sultanate, led by Amangkurat II, and the Dutch East India Company (VOC), led by Anthonio Hurdt, marched inland into eastern Java against Trunajaya's forces. After a series of marches beset by logistical difficulties and harassment by Trunajaya's forces, the Mataram–VOC army crossed the Brantas River on the night of 16–17 November. They then marched on Trunajaya's capital and stronghold at Kediri and took it by direct assault on 25 November. Kediri was plundered by the Dutch and Javanese victors, and the Mataram treasury—captured by Trunajaya after his victory at Plered—was completely lost in the looting. Trunajaya himself fled Kediri and continued his greatly weakened rebellion until his capture at the end of 1679.

Oei Tjie Sien was a Chinese-born colonial Indonesian tycoon and the founder of Kian Gwan, Southeast Asia's largest conglomerate at the start of the twentieth century. He is better known as the father of Oei Tiong Ham, Majoor-titulair der Chinezen (1866–1924), who modernized and vastly expanded the Oei family's business empire.

The Tan family of Cirebon was an influential family of government officials, sugar barons and landowners in the Dutch East Indies, particularly in the Residency of Cirebon. The preeminent and oldest family of the ‘Cabang Atas’ gentry in Cirebon all through the 19th and early 20th century, their most well-known member today is Tan Tjin Kie, Majoor-titulair der Chinezen.

Tan Tjin Kie, Majoor-titulair der Chinezen was a high-ranking bureaucrat, courtier, sugar baron and head of the prominent Tan family of Cirebon, part of the ‘Cabang Atas’ or Chinese gentry of the Dutch East Indies. He is best remembered today for his lavish, 40-day-long funeral ceremony of 1919, reputedly the most expensive ever held in Java.

Librecht Jan Temminck was a Dutch colonial administrator who served both on the Gold Coast and in the Dutch East Indies.

Selompret Melajoe

Selompret Melajoe was one of the first Malay language newspapers to publish in the Dutch East Indies. It was printed in Semarang, Central Java from 1860 to 1920.

References

  1. "Jambi - muaru, ft, residency and dutch".
  2. "Batavia - residency, buitenzorg, dutch and government".
  3. "Topographische kaart der residentie Krawang : opgenomen ingevolge Gouvernements Besluit van den 6den Julij 1866, no. 8, in de jaren 1866-1869 / door den 1ste Luitenant F. v. Balluseck ; met medewerking van de 1ste Luitenants Diderich en Von Winning en de opnemers Schmidt ... [et al.] ; te zamengesteld op de schaal van 1:100.000 en in steendruk gebracht aan de Topographische Inrichting te 's-Gravenhage :: Oude kaarten".
  4. "Palembang - dutch, sumatra, road, residency, muara, banka, enim and indies".
  5. 1 2 "Semarang - residency, coast and java".
  6. "Madiun - east, pajitan and south".
  7. "Cheribon - java, residency, europeans and west".
  8. "Kediri - pop, ft, south, java, kedu and east".
  9. "Surabaya - java, sugar, dutch, east, pop, basin and kali".
  10. "Lampongs the - betong, teluk, pepper, palembang and coast".