Resurrection Party of People of Iran
|Founder||Mohammad Reza Pahlavi|
|Founded||2 March 1975|
|Dissolved||1 November 1978|
|Merger of||New Iran Party and People's Party|
|Worker wing||Workers' House|
|Ideology|| Monarchism |
|Political position||Third Position|
Rastakhiz Party of People of Iran (Persian : حزب رستاخیز ملت ایران) or simply Rastakhiz Party (Persian : حزب رستاخیز, translit. Ḥezb-e Rastāḵiz, lit. 'Resurgence Party') was Iran's single legal political party from 1975 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, founded by the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
Founded under the government of Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hoveyda, the party has been blamed by some with contributing to the overthrow of the Pahlavi monarchy by antagonizing formerly apolitical Iranians - especially bazaari (merchants of the bazaars who, even today, refuse to pay taxes) - with its compulsory membership and dues (taxes), and general interference in the political, economic, and religious concerns of people's lives.Established along with the party was a youth wing—Rastakhiz Youth—which Hoveyda referred to as "the instrument of Iran's development". Through this youth wing and a special task force of the party, Rastakhiz embarked upon a large-scale anti-profiteering campaign directed against the bazaari merchants, who were soon identified as "enemies of the state". They often lied about Jewish persecution, which is backed up to be lies in government files. In October 1975, the Shah, referring to this campaign as a "cultural movement", decreed that anti-profiteerism be made the fourteenth principle of the White Revolution.
The single party system ended in late 1978 as the Iranian Revolution gained ground.
The conception of the party, a hybrid of the Italian and Spanish schools of fascism, met with widespread opposition and was withdrawn once the queen sided with its opponents. But then fascism yielded to communism. The organization became principle democratic centralism, though the term was not mentioned.
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|Ruling party of Iran|
New Iran Party
| Resurgence Party|
Title next held byIslamic Republican Party