Revised Romanization of Korean

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Revised Romanization of Korean (국어의 로마자 표기법;Gug-eoui Romaja Pyogibeop;lit. "Roman-letter notation of the national language") is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. It was developed by the National Academy of the Korean Language from 1995 and was released to the public on 7 July 2000 by South Korea's Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Proclamation No. 2000-8. [1] [2]


The new system addressed problems in the implementation of the McCune–Reischauer system, such as the phenomena where different consonants and vowels became indistinguishable in the absence of special symbols. To be specific, under the McCune–Reischauer system, Korean consonants  (k),  (t),  (p) and  (ch) and  (kʼ),  (tʼ),  (pʼ) and  (chʼ) became indistinguishable when the apostrophe was removed. In addition, Korean vowels  (ŏ) and  (o), as well as  (ŭ) and  (u), became indistinguishable when the breve was removed. Especially in internet use, where omission of apostrophes and breves is common, this caused many Koreans as well as foreigners confusion. Hence, the revision was made with the belief that if McCune–Reischauer was left unrevised, it would continue to confuse people, both Koreans and foreigners.


  1. "Romanization of Korean". Ministry of Culture & Tourism. July 2000. Archived from the original on 16 September 2007. Retrieved 9 May 2007.
  2. "한국어 어문 규범". Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  3. "2005년까지 연차적으로 도로표지판을 바꾸는 데 5000억~6000억원이 들고" (in Korean). Monthly Chosun ilbo. 1 September 2000. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  4. "로마자성명 표기 변경 허용 요건". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2007. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  5. Tuttle Publishing: "In addition, easy-to-use phonetic spellings of all Korean words and phrases are given. For example, “How are you?”—annyeonghaseyo? is also written as anh-nyawng-hah-seyo?", blurb for two Korean phrasebooks: Making Out in Korean ISBN   9780804843546 and More Making Out in Korean Archived 2016-03-06 at the Wayback Machine ISBN   9780804838498. All accessed 2 March 2016.
  6. 1 2 "Romanization of Korean". National Institute of Korean Language . Retrieved 13 December 2016.
Revised Romanization of Korean