Rhinoceros Party

Last updated

Parti Rhinocéros Party
Leader Sébastien CoRhino [1]
Founder François Gourd
FoundedMay 21, 2006 (2006-05-21)
Headquarters454 Tessier Street, Rimouski, Québec G5L 4L1
Ideology Political satire
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House of Commons
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Logo used from 2006 to 2010 Neorhino.gif
Logo used from 2006 to 2010

The Rhinoceros Party, officially the Parti Rhinocéros Party, [2] is a Canadian federal-level political party. It originally existed from 1963 to 1993. It was refounded in Montreal on May 21, 2006, and was recognized by Elections Canada as an official political party on August 23, 2007. [3] It was known as neorhino.ca until 2010, when the party changed its name, registering a new party logo.


The party was founded by François "Yo" Gourd, who was involved with the original incarnation of the First Rhinoceros Party. He has said that he named the new party (then under the name "neorhino") for the Rhinoceros Party and for Neo, the Matrix character. [4] The party is led by Sébastien Côrriveau [5] (who used the names "Sébastien CôRhino Côrriveau" and "Sébastien CoRhino" when running in the 2015 and 2019 federal elections, respectively [6] [7] ). It promises, like its predecessor, not to keep any of its promises if elected. [8]

Rhinoceros Party of Canada (1963–1993)

Rhinoceros Party of Canada
Parti Rhinocéros
Former federal party
Leader Cornelius the First
Founder Jacques Ferron
Ideology Satire
Animals as electoral candidates

The Rhinoceros Party (French : Parti Rhinocéros) was a registered political party in Canada from the 1960s to the 1990s. Operating within the tradition of political satire, the Rhinoceros Party's basic credo, their so-called primal promise, was "a promise to keep none of our promises". [9] They then promised outlandishly impossible schemes designed to amuse and entertain the voting public. [10]

The Rhinos were started in 1963 by Jacques Ferron, [11] "Éminence de la Grande Corne du parti Rhinocéros". In the 1970s, a group of artists joined the party and created a comedic political platform to contest the federal election. Ferron (1979), poet Gaston Miron (1972) and singer Michel Rivard (1980) ran against Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in his Montreal seat.

The party claimed to be the spiritual descendants of Cacareco, a Brazilian rhinoceros who was "elected" member of São Paulo's city council in 1958, and listed Cornelius the First, a rhinoceros from the Granby Zoo, east of Montreal, as its leader. [12] It declared that the rhinoceros was an appropriate symbol for a political party since politicians, by nature, are: "thick-skinned, slow-moving, dim-witted, can move fast as hell when in danger, and have large, hairy horns growing out of the middle of their faces". [13]

Some members of the Rhino party would call themselves Marxist-Lennonist, a parody of the factional split between the Communist Party of Canada and the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist), although the Rhinoceros Party meant the term in reference to Groucho Marx and John Lennon. [14]

The party used as its logo a woodcut of a rhinoceros by Albrecht Dürer, with the words D'une mare à l'autre (a French translation of Canada's Latin motto a mari usque ad mare, playing on the word mare, which means pond in French [15] ) at the top.

Policies and politics

In addition to the national platform promises released by the party leadership, individual candidates also had considerable freedom to campaign on their own ideas and slogans. Bryan Gold of the Rhinoceros Party described the party platform as two feet high and made of wood: "My platform is the one I'm standing on". A candidate named Ted "not too" Sharp ran in Flora MacDonald's Kingston and the Islands riding with the campaign slogan "Fauna, not flora", promising to give fauna equal representation. [16] He also took a stand on abortion (promising, if elected, never to have an abortion) and capital punishment: "If it was good enough for my grandfather, then it's good enough for me". To strengthen Canada's military, Sharp planned to tow Antarctica north to the Arctic Circle: "Once we have Antarctica, we'll control all of the world's cold. If another Cold War starts, we'll be unbeatable". [17]

In the 1988 election, the Rhinoceros Party ran a candidate named John Turner in the same riding as Liberal leader John Turner, and received 760 votes. [18] Penny Hoar, a safe sex activist, distributed condoms in Toronto while running under the slogan: "Politicians screw you—protect yourself". [19]

1979 campaign

  • Government:
  • Energy:
    • Building one nuclear power plant per household, including monthly distributions of lead underwear to Canadians. Indoor lighting would then be provided by radioactive citizens. [22]
    • Burning all the standing barns in Canada to provide energy, under the slogan Burn a barn for Britain. [22]
  • Gender issues:
    • Alimony payments would go directly to the federal government, and responsibility for withholding those payments would fall upon the federal government. [22]
    • Men would be allowed to work as prostitutes, wet nurses, secretaries and receptionists. [22]

1984 campaign

  • Economy
    • The Rhinoceros Party pledged to eliminate small businesses, and replace them with very small businesses, having less than one employee. [23]
    • Candidate Graham Ashley, standing in Ottawa-Vanier, pledged to take Canada off the Gold Standard, and implement a Snow Standard, which would improve the economy until the summer. [24]
  • Public works
    • Candidate Stardust the Magician promised to put a roof on Olympic Stadium, using only a $25-million handkerchief. [25]

Other campaigns

Other platform promises of the Rhinoceros Party included:

  • Repealing the law of gravity [26] [27]
  • Providing higher education by building taller schools [18] [28]
  • Instituting English, French and illiteracy as Canada's three official languages [18]
  • Tearing down the Rocky Mountains so that Albertans could see the Pacific sunset [27]
  • Eliminating unemployment by abolishing Statistics Canada, thereby eliminating the bureaucrats that measure unemployment. [29]
  • Making Montreal the Venice of North America by damming the St. Lawrence River [30]
  • Abolishing the environment because it's too hard to keep clean and it takes up so much space [18]
  • Annexing the United States, which would take its place as the third territory in Canada's backyard (after the Yukon and the Northwest Territories—Nunavut did not yet exist), in order to eliminate foreign control of Canada's natural resources [31]
  • Ending crime by abolishing all laws [32]
  • To provide more parking in the Maritimes by paving the Bay of Fundy, and to create the world's largest parking by paving the province of Manitoba [18] [27]
  • Turning Montreal's Saint Catherine Street into the world's longest bowling alley [18]
  • Amending Canada's Freedom of Information Act: "Nothing is free anymore; Canadians should have to pay for their information". [33]
  • Making the Canadian climate more temperate by tapping into the natural resource of hot air in Ottawa. [33]
  • Storing nuclear waste in the Senate: "After all, we've been storing political waste there for years". [33]
  • Adopting the British system of driving on the left; this was to be gradually phased in over five years with large trucks and tractors first, then buses, eventually including small cars, and bicycles and wheelchairs last. [20]
  • Selling the Senate of Canada at an antique auction in California [27] [31]
  • Putting the national debt on Visa [34]
  • Declaring war on Belgium because a Belgian cartoon character, Tintin, killed a rhinoceros in one of the cartoons [28] [35]
  • Offering to call off the proposed Belgium-Canada war if Belgium delivered a case of mussels and a case of Belgian beer to Rhinoceros "Hindquarters" in Montreal (the Belgian Embassy in Ottawa did, in fact, do this) [28] [35]
  • Painting Canada's coastal sea limits in watercolour so that Canadian fish would know where they were at all times [30]
  • Banning guns and butter, since both kill [30]
  • Banning lousy Canadian winters [18]
  • Building a bridge spanning the country, from Vancouver Island to Newfoundland. [36]
  • Making the Trans-Canada Highway one way only. [36]
  • Changing Canada's currency to bubble gum, so it could be inflated or deflated at will. [37]
  • Donating a free rhinoceros to every aspiring artist in Canada [31]
  • Counting the Thousand Islands to see if the Americans have stolen any [16]
  • Knocking down the Rocky Mountains and building giant bicycle paths sloping downhill in both directions, so Canadians could coast from coast to coast. [38]

The Rhino Party also declared that, should they somehow actually win an election, they would immediately dissolve and force a second election: "We Rhinos think that elections are so much fun, we want to hold them all the time". [39] They also declared victory after one election, claiming all candidates were Rhinoceroses, whether they knew or acknowledged it: thick-skinned, short-sighted, mean-tempered, etc.

Notable candidates

Michel Rivard once went on television (during free air time given to political parties) and stated: "I have but two things to say to you: Celery and Sidewalk. Thank you, good night".

A British Columbia splinter group proposed running a professional dominatrix for the position of party whip, renaming "British Columbia" to "La La Land", moving the provincial capital, and merging with the Progressive Conservative Party so as "not to split the silly vote".

Although not recognized in the United States, former baseball pitcher Bill Lee ran for President of the United States in 1988 on the Rhinoceros Party ticket. [40]

In the 2019 Canadian federal election, the Rhinoceros Party ran a candidate named Maxime Bernier in the riding of Beauce against the incumbent, unrelated Maxime Bernier, leader of the People's Party of Canada. [41] Neither candidate won, with both being defeated by Conservative Party candidate Richard Lehoux. [42]

Electoral record

The Rhinoceros Party never succeeded in winning a seat in the House of Commons. In the 1984 federal election, however, the party won the fourth-largest number of votes, after the three main political parties, but ahead of several well-established minor parties. Rhino candidates sometimes came in second in certain ridings, humiliating traditional Canadian parties in the process. In the 1980 federal election, for instance, the Rhinoceros party nominated a professional clown/comedian named Sonia "Chatouille" Côté ("chatouille" means "Tickles" in French) in the Laurier riding in Montréal. Côté came in second place, after the successful Liberal candidate, but ahead of both other major parties: the third place New Democrat, and the fourth-place Progressive Conservative candidate. [43] Chatouille received almost twice as many votes as the PC candidate.

Early in the party's history, when it was mainly composed of French-speaking Québécois, they chose their only unilingual anglophone party member as their official translator.

Electoral results

Election# of candidates nominated# of seats won# of total votes % of popular vote % of vote in ridings contested
618 [44]
1972 (1)


(1) The Rhinoceros Party ran 12 candidates in the 1972 election, but was not recognized as a registered party by Elections Canada, and therefore its candidates were listed as independents. (Source: Toronto Star , October 31, 1972.)

1993 abstention and subsequent dissolution

The party abstained from the 1993 federal election while they questioned the constitutionality of new rules that required the party to run candidates in at least 50 ridings at a cost of $1,000 per candidature. [45] On September 23, 1993, Canada's Chief Electoral Officer, Jean-Pierre Kingsley, refused to accept the party's abstention and ordered the removal of the Rhinoceros Party from the Registry of Canadian Political Parties, effectively eliminating them from the Canadian political system. Kingsley also directed the party's official agent, Charlie (le Concierge) McKenzie, to liquidate all party assets and return any revenues to the Receiver General of Canada. On instructions from the party, McKenzie refused. After two years of threatening letters, Ottawa refused to prosecute McKenzie, who now claims to hold the distinction of being Canada's "least-wanted fugitive".

In 2001, Brian "Godzilla" Salmi, who received his nickname because of the Godzilla suit he wore while campaigning, tried to revive the Rhinoceros Party to contest the British Columbia provincial election. While they pulled some pranks that earned some media coverage, only two of its candidates (Liar Liar in Vancouver-Mount Pleasant and Helvis in Vancouver-Burrard) appeared on the ballots, as the party claimed the $1000 candidate registration fee was a financial hardship. Unregistered candidates included Geoff Berner, who received national wire service coverage for promising "cocaine and whores to potential investors". [46] The party disbanded shortly thereafter.


François Gourd, a prominent Rhino, later started another political movement, the entartistes, who attracted attention in the 1990s by planting cream pies in the faces of various Canadian politicians. [47] In 2006, he led a group that set up Neorhino.ca in an attempt to recapture the Rhinoceros Party spirit, [48] and ran as a Neorhino candidate in the 2007 Outremont by-election.

Other Rhinoceros Party members founded the Parti citron (Lemon Party), which attempted to bring a similar perspective to provincial politics in Quebec. [27]

After the party's dissolution, a number of independent election candidates informally claimed the Rhinoceros Party label even though the party itself no longer existed. There were also a number of unsuccessful attempts to revive the Rhinos as a legally incorporated political party, though this was not fully achieved until Neorhino.ca.


On August 7, 2007, Brian Salmi, then-president of the Rhinoceros Party, announced a $50-million lawsuit contesting an election reform law that had stripped his party of its registered status in 1993.

Legally changing his name to Sa Tan, he had planned to run under the Rhino banner in the September 2007 by-election. However, a previous law from 1993 stated that registered parties must run candidates in at least 50 ridings, at a cost of $1,000 per riding, to keep their status. In protest of the new law, the party planned to abstain from the election. Canada's then-chief electoral officer, Jean-Pierre Kingsley, rejected the abstention and ordered the party removed from the registry of Canadian political parties. The lawsuit was filed as a result of the removal from the national party registry by Mr. Kingsley. Since Salmi had legally changed his name, the lawsuit was filed as Sa Tan vs. Her Majesty The Queen.

The lawsuit was dropped after the ruling of the chief electoral officer was reversed in a new law passed in 2004 that said a party only had to run one candidate in a federal election or federal by-election to be considered registered. [8]

Electoral record

To date, candidates of Neorhino.ca and the Rhinoceros Party have not recorded any electoral victories. Before the Neorhino.ca candidates that stood for the ridings of Outremont and Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot in the 2007 federal by-elections, Neorhino.ca and the Rhinoceros Party before them had not fielded a candidate since Bryan Gold's failed bid to win a 1990 by-election in the New Brunswick electoral district of Beauséjour.

Neorhino.ca candidates did not win any seats in the 2007 by-elections, the 2008 federal election, or the 2011 federal election.

2007/2008 by-elections

François Gourd 1450.66/12 Outremont September 17, 2007
Christian Willie Vanasse3841.26/7 Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot September 17, 2007
John Turner1110.45/6 Vancouver Quadra March 17, 2008

2008 federal election

Election# of candidates# of votes % of popular vote % in ridings run# of seats
2008 72,2630.02%0.67%0

2009 by-elections

Gabrielle Anctil1290.76/8 Hochelaga November 9, 2009

Rhinoceros Party

The party changed from neorhino.ca to its new formal name of the Rhinoceros Party in mid-2010. It also registered a new logo with Elections Canada.

Election# of candidates# of votes % of popular vote % in ridings run# of seats
2011 143,8000.026%0.57%0
2015 277,2630.04%0.52%0
2019 439,4080.04%0.45%0
2021 276,0850.04%0

2011 candidates

Ahuntsic QuebecJean-Olivier Berthiaume2990.646/6
Berthier—Maskinongé QuebecMartin Jubinville3730.666/6
Chicoutimi—Le Fjord QuebecMarielle Couture3400.676/6
Hochelaga QuebecHugo Samson Veillette2460.536/8
Honoré-Mercier QuebecValery Chevrefils-Latulippe1810.386/7
LaSalle—Émard QuebecGuillaume Berger-Richard2080.507/7
Laurier—Sainte-Marie Quebec François Yo Gourd 3980.796/9
Outremont QuebecTommy Gaudet1600.416/7
Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie QuebecJean-Patrick BerthiaumePolitician [49] Born in Saint-Jérôme, Berthiaume contested Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie in the 2008 federal election as a neorhino.ca candidate. [50] He was the leader of the Rhinoceros Party's Laboratoire des Sciences de la Démocratie (LSD) in 2011. [51] 4170.776/7
Sherbrooke QuebecCrédible Berlingot Landry2330.456/6
Trois-Rivières QuebecFrancis Arsenault2560.517/7
Westmount—Ville-Marie QuebecVictoria Haliburton1400.346/7
Peace River AlbertaDonovan Eckstrom3450.726/6
Cariboo—Prince George British ColumbiaJordan Turner2040.477/7

2015 candidates

Sebastien CoRhino Corriveau, leader of the Rhinoceros Party since 2014, shown here in 2019. Sebastien Corriveau, parti Rhinoceros 2019-08-09.jpg
Sébastien CoRhino Corriveau, leader of the Rhinoceros Party since 2014, shown here in 2019.

On August 17, Sébastien CôRhino declared in Montréal he was willing to nationalize Tim Hortons and privatize the Royal Canadian Army at the same time : "We'll look at the results after five years, after 10 years, after 50 years and with the results of these studies we'll be able to determine if other economic sectors should also be nationalized or be privatized." Montreal candidate Ben 97 also publicly announce he wants to move the capital to Kapuskasing, Ontario. That would bring democracy closer to Canadians, because Kapuskasing is in the center of Canada. [52] [53]

RidingProvinceCandidate NameOccupationNotesVotes%Placement
Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou QuebecMario Gagnon2580.756/6
Abitibi—Témiscamingue QuebecPascal Le Fou Gélinas4250.856/6
Ahuntsic-Cartierville QuebecCatherine Gascon-David2850.516/6
Avignon—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia QuebecÉric Normand1750.487/7
Compton—Stanstead QuebecKevin Côté3150.566/6
Edmonton Centre AlbertaSteven Stauffer2570.485/6
Edmonton Griesbach AlbertaBun Bun Thompson1440.307/8
Edmonton Strathcona AlbertaDonovan Eckstrom1330.247/10
Elgin—Middlesex—London OntarioLou Bernardi1850.326/6
Gaspésie—Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine QuebecMax Boudreau3000.766/6
Hochelaga QuebecNicolas Lemay4110.796/8
Jonquière QuebecMarielle Couture3820.796/6
Kings—Hants Nova ScotiaMegan Brown-Hodges1840.395/7
La Pointe-de-l'Île QuebecBen 97 Benoit3580.656/8
Lethbridge AlbertaSolly Krygier-Paine2090.376/6
Longueuil—Charles-LeMoyne QuebecMatthew Iakov Liberman3250.636/7
Montmagny—L'Islet—Kamouraska—Rivière-du-Loup QuebecBien Gras Gagné2870.586/6
Moose Jaw—Lake Centre—Lanigan SaskatchewanRobert Thomas2080.505/5
Ottawa Centre OntarioConrad Lukawski1670.226/8
Papineau QuebecTommy GaudetChallenged Liberal leader Justin Trudeau, who became Prime Minister of Canada after the election3230.647/10
Richmond—Arthabaska QuebecAntoine Dubois3840.666/6
Rimouski—Neigette—Témiscouata—Les Basques QuebecSébastien CôRhino CôrriveauLeader of party2730.616/6
Rivière du Nord QuebecFobozof A. Côté2610.466/6
Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie QuebecLaurent Aglat4950.856/8
Saskatoon—University SaskatchewanEric Matthew Schalm930.215/5
Sherbrooke QuebecHubert Richard2650.467/7
Ville-Marie—Le Sud-Ouest—Île-des-Sœurs QuebecDaniel Wolfe1610.326/7

2019 candidates

List of candidates and election results: [54] [55]

RidingProvinceCandidate NameOccupationNotesVotes%Placement
Québec QuébecSébastien CoRhinoLeader of the Rhinoceros Party and eternal commander of good humor [56] Party dealer [57] 3490.67/8
Beauce QuébecMaxime BernierRan against former cabinet minister Maxime Bernier 1,0720.87/7
Laurentides—Labelle QuébecLudovic Schneider2650.47/8
Ville-Marie—Le Sud-Ouest—Île-des-Sœurs QuébecTommy Douteulogue Gaudet1650.37/10
Hochelaga QuébecChinook Blais-Leduc3010.67/9
Thérèse-De Blainville QuébecAlain Lamontagne2130.47/8
LaSalle—Émard—Verdun QuébecRhino Jacques Bélanger2610.58/9
Laurier—Sainte-Marie QuébecMélissa Archie Morals Charron2030.47/10
Outremont QuébecMark John Hiemstra1510.47/7
West Vancouver—Sunshine Coast—Sea to Sky Country British ColumbiaGordon Jeffrey2060.36/7
Drummond QuébecRéal BatRhino2050.57/8
Compton—Stanstead QuébecJonathan Therrien2500.47/7
Thornhill OntarioNathan Bregman2170.45/6
Mégantic—L'Érable QuébecDamien Roy2500.57/8
Edmonton Centre AlbertaDonovan Eckstrom2010.46/8
Berthier—Maskinongé QuébecMartin Acetaria Caesar Jubinville1610.37/9
Calgary Signal Hill AlbertaChristina Bassett5050.86/7
Newmarket—Aurora OntarioLaurie Goble1010.27/7
Sherbrooke QuébecSteve A Côté DeLaTrack2210.47/8
Papineau QuébecJean-Patrick “Cacereco” BerthiaumeChallenged Prime Minister Justin Trudeau 3340.76/11
Montarville QuébecThomas Thibault-Vincent2080.47/7
Hull—Aylmer QuébecSébastien Grenier1910.48/8
Glengarry—Prescott—Russell OntarioMarc-Antoine GagnierAuthor and YouTuber [58] 1870.38/8
Gaspésie—Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine QuébecCowboy Jay3530.96/7
Dorval—Lachine—LaSalle QuébecXavier Watso1690.38/8
Chicoutimi—Le Fjord QuébecLine “Wallace” Bélanger2900.77/7
Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie QuébecJos Guitare Lavoie3420.66/9
Rimouski-Neigette—Témiscouata—Les Basques QuébecLysane Picker-Paquin1760.47/7
Brome—Missisquoi QuébecSteeve Cloutier3070.57/8
Regina—Qu'Appelle SaskatchewanÉric NormandChallenged Conservative Official Opposition leader Andrew Scheer 750.28/8
Windsor West OntarioConrad LukawskiN/AN/AN/A
Terrebonne QuébecPaul Vézina2520.47/8
Toronto Centre OntarioSean CarsonComedian and writer [59] 1430.36/9
Ottawa—Vanier OntarioDerek Miller3390.57/10
Kings—Hants Nova ScotiaNicholas Tan1470.36/7
Algoma—Manitoulin—Kapuskasing OntarioLe Marquis de Marmalade1240.36/6
Richmond Hill OntarioOtto Fungi Wevers1260.36/6
Avignon—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia QuébecMathieu CastonguayWeb programmer [60] 1780.57/7
Hamilton West—Ancaster—Dundas OntarioSpencer RocchiTeacher [61] 1590.26/6
Hamilton Mountain OntarioRichard PlettBusinessman [62] 1090.27/7
Regina—Qu'Appelle SaskatchewanDaniel GagnonRefused [63] N/AN/AN/A
Regina—Qu'Appelle SaskatchewanRyan HuardFirmware developer [64] Refused [64] N/AN/AN/A

2021 candidates

List of candidates and election results: [65]

Central Nova Nova ScotiaRyan Smyth650.168/8
Montmagny—L'Islet—Kamouraska—Rivière-du-Loup QuebecThibaud Mony2690.566/6
Rimouski-Neigette—Témiscouata—Les Basques QuebecMegan Hodges1920.468/8
Jonquière QuebecLine Bélanger3720.826/6
Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier QuebecTommy Pelletier4900.757/7
Saint-Maurice—Champlain QuebecDji-Pé Frazer2850.518/9
Richmond—Arthabaska QuebecMarjolaine Delisle4480.787/7
Beloeil—Chambly QuebecThomas Thibault-VincentChallenged Bloc Québécois leader Yves-François Blanchet 1850.289/10
Papineau QuebecAbove ZnoneoftheChallenged Prime Minister Justin Trudeau 4180.927/10
Hochelaga QuebecAlan Smithee2380.507/9
Abitibi—Témiscamingue QuebecJoël Lirette2750.608/8
Gatineau QuebecSébastien Grenier1780.348/9
Hull—Aylmer QuebecMike LeBlanc2030.408/9
Rivière-du-Nord QuebecJean-François René3730.657/8
Lanark—Frontenac—Kingston OntarioBlake Hamilton2110.346/6
Durham OntarioAdam SmithChallenged Conservative Official Opposition leader Erin O'Toole 1500.226/7
Etobicoke—Lakeshore OntarioSean Carson1190.197/7
Mississauga—Lakeshore OntarioKayleigh Tahk940.176/6
Burlington OntarioJevin David Carroll1220.186/6
Hamilton West—Ancaster—Dundas OntarioSpencer Rocchi1370.226/6
Kitchener South—Hespeler OntarioStephen Davis930.197/8
Saint Boniface—Saint Vital ManitobaSébastien CoRhinoLeader of the Rhinoceros Party and eternal commander of good humor [66] Party dealer [67] 800.186/21
Grande Prairie—Mackenzie AlbertaDonovan Eckstrom3140.596/6
Calgary Heritage AlbertaMark Dejewski2300.437/7
Calgary Nose Hill AlbertaVanessa Wang2850.576/9
Pitt Meadows—Maple Ridge British ColumbiaPeter Buddle1610.306/6
West Vancouver—Sunshine Coast—Sea to Sky Country British ColumbiaGordon Jeffrey1980.156/8


2019 campaign:

If elected, the Rhinoceros Party of Canada has promised to:


There is Rhinoceros Party fonds at Library and Archives Canada. [73]

See also

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pierre Nantel</span> Canadian politician

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The Parti éléphant blanc de Montréal (PÉBM) was a fringe political party in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, that existed for most of the period from 1989 to 2009.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament</span> 2015–2019 elections for vacant seats

By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament were held to fill vacancies in the House of Commons of Canada between the 2015 and the 2019 federal elections. The 42nd Canadian Parliament existed from 2015 to 2019 with the membership of its House of Commons having been determined by the results of the Canadian federal election held on October 19, 2015. The Liberal Party of Canada had a majority government during this Parliament.

The People's Party of Canada is a right-wing populist federal political party in Canada. The party was formed by Maxime Bernier in September 2018, shortly after his resignation from the Conservative Party of Canada. It is placed on the right-wing to far right of the left–right political spectrum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2022 Quebec general election</span>

The 2022 Quebec general election was held on October 3, 2022, to elect the members of the National Assembly of Quebec. Under the province's fixed election date law, passed in 2013, "the general election following the end of a Legislature shall be held on the first Monday of October of the fourth calendar year following the year that includes the last day of the previous Legislature", setting the date for October 3, 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2019 Outremont federal by-election</span>

A by-election was held in the federal riding of Outremont in Quebec on February 25, 2019 following the resignation of incumbent New Democratic MP Tom Mulcair. After 12 years in Parliament, the former Leader of the Official Opposition announced that he would resign his seat.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Results of the 2021 Canadian federal election by riding</span>

The following is the individual results for the 2021 Canadian federal election. Following the 2019 election a minority government was formed, increasing the likelihood of an early election call.

By-elections to the 44th Canadian Parliament may be held to fill vacancies in the House of Commons of Canada between the 2021 federal election and the 45th federal election. The 44th Canadian Parliament has existed since 2021 with the membership of its House of Commons having been determined by the results of the 44th Canadian federal election held on September 20, 2021. The Liberal Party of Canada has a minority government during this Parliament, supported by the New Democratic Party in a confidence-and-supply agreement.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2022 Mississauga—Lakeshore federal by-election</span>

A by-election was held in the federal riding of Mississauga—Lakeshore in Ontario on December 12, 2022, following the resignation of incumbent Liberal MP Sven Spengemann. After 6 years in Parliament, Spengemann resigned on May 27, 2022, to accept a role with the United Nations. The election was won by former Ontario finance minister Charles Sousa.


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