Richard Chenevix (bishop)

Last updated


Richard Chenevix
Bishop of Waterford and Lismore
Miscellaneous works of the late Philip Dormer Stanhope Fleuron N005220-9.png
Richard Chenevix
Installed15 January 1746
Term ended11 September 1779
Predecessor Charles Este
Successor William Newcome
Other post(s) Bishop of Killaloe
Personal details
Birth nameRichard Chenevix
Died11 September 1779
Waterford
Denomination Church of Ireland
ChildrenPhilipa Melosina, Philip Chenevix
Alma mater Peterhouse, Cambridge

Richard Chenevix (1698 – 11 September 1779) was Bishop of Waterford and Lismore. [1] He was the grandfather of Melesina Trench and was responsible for her upbringing after she was orphaned, until his death.

Contents

Family

Chenevix was the son of Major Philip Chenevix of the guards, [2] and grandson of Reverend Philip Chenevix. Philip Chenevix had been the Protestant pastor of Limay, had settled in England after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes as his brother had been murdered because of his religion. [3]

He had a daughter Phillipa Melosina who married Henry Alcock, who became M.P. for Waterford. She died giving birth to a son, 14 May 1765. [4]

He also had a son Philip Chenevix, who married Mary Elizabeth Gervais, and they had a single child, Melesina, in 1768. Both Philip and Mary died before Melesina's fourth birthday, and she was sent to live with her grandfather. He looked after her until his death when she was eleven. He determined that she had a promise of genius and rejected traditional female education as inappropriate for her, instead he encouraged her to read as much as possible, and she explored his library. [5] When he died Melesina was his sole heir.

Life

Chenevix was educated at Bishop's Stortford School and Peterhouse, Cambridge, being admitted in 1713, graduating BA in 1717, MA in 1732, DD in 1744. [6]

In 1719 he took orders and entered into the service of the Earl of Scarbrough as domestic chaplain, then in 1728 he entered the service of the Earl of Chesterfield. When in 1745 the Earl of Chesterfield was appointed to be Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Chenevix accompanied him as domestic chaplain. It was through the influence of the Earl of Chesterfield that Chenevix was appointed as Bishop of Killaloe on 20 May 1745 before being translated to the more lucrative bishopric of Waterford and Lismore on 15 January 1746. He remained as Bishop of Waterford and Lismore until his death at Waterford in 1779.

Chenevix was persuaded to replace the old Gothic cathedral in Waterford with a new Cathedral, which was begun in 1773 and completed in the year of Chenevix's death in 1779. [7] The bishop selected the architect, John Roberts, who had recently finished building his new bishops palace. [8] In fact Chenevix was so pleased with this work that he granted to the architect his old palace on long lease. [9]

Related Research Articles

Lismore Castle

Lismore Castle is the Irish home of the Duke of Devonshire. Located in the town of Lismore in County Waterford in the Republic of Ireland, it belonged to the Earls of Desmond, and subsequently to the Cavendish family from 1753. It was largely re-built in the Gothic style during the mid-nineteenth century for The 6th Duke of Devonshire.

Richard Chenevix Trench

Richard Chenevix Trench was an Anglican archbishop and poet.

Melesina Trench Irish writer

Melesina Trench was an Irish writer, poet and diarist. During her lifetime she was known more for her beauty than her writing, and it wasn't until her son, Richard Chenevix Trench, published her diaries posthumously in 1861 that her work received notice.

Richard Pococke English-born churchman, travel writer and Church of Ireland bishop (1704-1765)

Richard Pococke was an English-born churchman, inveterate traveller and travel writer. He was the Bishop of Ossory (1756–65) and Meath (1765), both dioceses of the Church of Ireland. However, he is best known for his travel writings and diaries.

Richard Chenevix may refer to:

Robert Fowler was an Anglo-Irish clergyman. He served as the Archbishop of Dublin in the Church of Ireland from 1779 until his death in 1801.

Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford Church in Ireland

Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford, or more formally, the Cathedral of The Holy Trinity, Christ Church, is a cathedral of the Church of Ireland in Waterford City, Ireland. It is in the ecclesiastical province of Dublin. Previously the cathedral of the Diocese of Waterford, it is now one of six cathedrals in the United Dioceses of Cashel and Ossory.

Michael Boyle, was Bishop of Waterford and Lismore.

Richard Boyle was an English bishop who became Archbishop of Tuam in the Church of Ireland. He was the second son of Michael Boyle, merchant in London, and his wife Jane, daughter and co-heiress of William Peacock. His younger brother was Michael Boyle, bishop of Waterford.

William Newcome 18th-century Anglican Irish bishop

William Newcome was an Englishman and cleric of the Church of Ireland who was appointed to the bishoprics of Dromore (1766–1775), Ossory (1775–1779), Waterford and Lismore (1779–1795), and lastly to the Primatial See of Armagh (1795–1800).

Charles Este, (1696–1745), was bishop of Ossory (1735–1740) and subsequently of Waterford and Lismore (1740–1745).

Edward Parry (bishop of Killaloe)

Edward Parry was Church of Ireland Bishop of Killaloe, County Clare, Ireland from 28 March 1647 until his death 20 July 1650.

Henry Stewart O’Hara was an eminent Church of Ireland bishop in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Nathaniel Foy Irish bishop

Nathaniel Foy, D.D., was a bishop of Waterford and Lismore who belonged to a new generation of reformers of the established church along with William King and Narcissus Marsh. He had defended the established church during the reign of James II when most bishops had fled the country.

Helen Chenevix was an Irish suffragist and trade unionist. In 1911, she worked with Louie Bennett to form the Irish Women's Suffrage Federation. The two later founded the Irish Women Workers' Union.

John Sterne (bishop)

John Sterne (1660–1745) was an Irish churchman, bishop of Dromore from 1713 and then bishop of Clogher from 1717.

Philip Twysden (1713–1752), was an Anglican clergyman who served in the Church of Ireland as Lord Bishop of Raphoe from 1747 to 1752. The circumstances of his death later became the subject of scandalous rumour.

Chenevix is a surname, and may refer to:

Catherine Fenton Boyle

Catherine Fenton Boyle, Countess of Cork was an Irish aristocrat and wife of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork.

John Roberts (architect) Irish architect

John Roberts was an Irish architect of the 18th century, working in the Georgian style. Born in the city of Waterford, he is best known for the buildings he designed in that city.

References

  1. Peerage.com website
  2. "English Army Lists and Commission Registers, 1661-1714 : Dalton, Charles, 1850-1913" Retrieved from the Internet Archive, archive.org/details/englisharmylists05dalt/page/20/mode/2up
  3. Stephens, Henry Morse (1887). "Chenevix, Richard (1698-1779)"  . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  4. Internet Archive – Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Ireland
  5. Chawton House Library Biographies
  6. "Chenevix, Richard (CHNS713R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  7. Christchurch Waterford website Archived 26 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  8. Irish Architectural Archive
  9. Genealogy Links website

Sources

H. M. Stephens, rev. Philip Carter. "Chenevix, Richard (1696/7–1779)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5216.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

Religious titles
Preceded by Bishop of Killaloe
1745–1746
Succeeded by
Nicholas Synge
Preceded by Bishop of Waterford and Lismore
1746–1779
Succeeded by