Richard H. Kirk

Last updated
Richard Harold Kirk
Richard H Kirk DJ at Music For Real Airports Project 2010-04-24.jpg
Richard H. Kirk performing as DJ at Music for Real Airports event in Sheffield (2010)
Background information
Also known asElectronic Eye, Sandoz, Trafficante
Born (1956-03-21) 21 March 1956 (age 62)
Origin Sheffield, England
Genres Electronica, industrial, techno
Occupation(s) Composer, producer, musician
Instruments Multi-instrumentalist
Years active1973–present
Labels Industrial, Doublevision, Rough Trade , Warp, Touch, Beyond, Alphaphone, Blast First , Intone, Mute/EMI
Associated acts Cabaret Voltaire

Richard Harold Kirk (born 21 March 1956) is an English musician who has specialised in electronic music since the 1970s.

Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology. In general, a distinction can be made between sound produced using electromechanical means, and that produced using electronics only. Electromechanical instruments include mechanical elements, such as strings, hammers, and so on, and electric elements, such as magnetic pickups, power amplifiers and loudspeakers. Examples of electromechanical sound producing devices include the telharmonium, Hammond organ, and the electric guitar, which are typically made loud enough for performers and audiences to hear with an instrument amplifier and speaker cabinet. Pure electronic instruments do not have vibrating strings, hammers, or other sound-producing mechanisms. Devices such as the theremin, synthesizer, and computer can produce electronic sounds.



Kirk first came to prominence in the 1970s as a member of the seminal industrial band Cabaret Voltaire. His first release as a solo artist, Disposable Half-Truths , was released in 1980 and he maintained a career as a solo artist alongside Cabaret Voltaire until the band's dissolution in 1994. He reformed the band in 2014 as the sole remaining member, performing sporadicly with all-new material more akin to his solowork than the output of the original incarnation of Cabaret Voltaire.

Industrial music is a genre of experimental music which draws on harsh, transgressive or provocative sounds and themes. AllMusic defines industrial music as the "most abrasive and aggressive fusion of rock and electronic music" that was "initially a blend of avant-garde electronics experiments and punk provocation". The term was coined in the mid-1970s with the founding of Industrial Records by members of Throbbing Gristle and Monte Cazazza. While the genre name originated with Throbbing Gristle's emergence in the United Kingdom, concentrations of artists and labels vital to the genre also emerged in Chicago.

Cabaret Voltaire (band) British music group

Cabaret Voltaire are an English music group formed in Sheffield in 1973 and initially composed of Stephen Mallinder, Richard H. Kirk, and Chris Watson. The group was named after the Cabaret Voltaire, the Zürich nightclub that served as a centre for the early Dada movement.

<i>Disposable Half-Truths</i> album by Richard Kirk

Disposable Half-Truths is a solo album by Richard H. Kirk, released originally on cassette by Industrial Records in 1980. Recorded at Western Works Studio. In 1992, The Grey Area re-released the CD version.

During the 1990s his solo output increased considerably. Kirk’s works have explored multiple types of electronic/dance music under many pseudonyms. His prolific work has resulted in AllMusic calling him contemporary techno's busiest man. [1]

AllMusic online music guide service website

AllMusic is an online database music website. It catalogs more than 3 million album entries and 30 million tracks, as well as information on artists and bands. It was launched in 1991, predating the World Wide Web.


In addition to solo releases under his own name, Richard H. Kirk has used the following aliases:

  • Agents With False Memories
  • Al Jabr
  • Anarchia
  • Biochemical Dread
  • Blacworld
  • Chemical Agent
  • Citrus
  • Cold Warrior
  • Countzero
  • Dark Magus
  • Destructive Impact
  • Dr. Xavier
  • Electronic Eye
  • Extended Family
  • Frightgod
  • Future Cop Movies
  • Harold Sandoz
  • International Organisation
  • King Of Kings
  • Multiple Transmission
  • Nine Miles Dub
  • Nitrogen
  • Orchestra Terrestrial
  • Outland Assassin
  • Papadoctrine
  • Pat Riot
  • Port-au-Prince
  • PSI Punky Dread Allstars
  • Reflexiv
  • The Revolutionary Army
  • Robots + Humanoids
  • Sandoz
  • Signals Intelligence
  • The Silent Age
  • Sweet Exorcist
  • Trafficante
  • Ubermenschlich
  • Ubu Rahmen
  • Wicky Wacky
  • Vasco de Mento

Partial discography


Industrial Records is a record label established in 1976 by industrial music group and performance artists Throbbing Gristle. The group created the label primarily for self-releases but also signed several other groups and artists. The label gave a name to the industrial music genre.

<i>Time High Fiction</i> album by Richard Kirk

Time High Fiction is a solo album by Richard H. Kirk, released on the Doublevision label. Recorded at Western Works Studio, Sheffield, October 1979 - April 1982. Manufactured and distributed by Rough Trade Records, 1983. The album was re-released by The Grey Area.

<i>Black Jesus Voice</i> album by Richard Kirk

Black Jesus Voice is a solo album by Richard H. Kirk, released by Rough Trade Records in 1986. The album was also released on cassette doubled up with Kirk's Ugly Spirit album. In 1995, The Grey Area (Mute) re-released the CD.

As Sandoz

  • Digital Lifeforms (1993, Touch)
  • Intensely Radioactive (1994, Touch)
  • Every Man Got Dreaming (1995, Touch)
  • Dark Continent (1996, Touch)
  • God Bless the Conspiracy (1997, Alphaphone)
  • In Dub: Chant to Jah (1998, Touch; 2002, Soul Jazz)
  • Afrocentris (2001, Intone)
  • Live in the Earth: Sandoz in Dub Chapter 2 (2006, Soul Jazz)
  • In Dub: Chapter Two/Extra Time (Under The Stones) (2006, Intone)
  • Acid Editions (303 Excursions) (2009, Intone)
  • Digital Life Time (2012, Intone)
  • #9294 (Collected Works 1992-1994) (2016, Mute Records)

Soul Jazz Records is a British record label based in London. The label started in the 1992 to draw "cross cultural connections between various music genres". These genres include reggae, soul, ska, dub, jazz, Brazilian music, and Latin music. The label expanded its range and released compilations of post-punk, electronica, Chicago house music and world music, as well as a number of artist studio albums and singles.

Mute Records Ltd. is a British independent record label owned and founded in 1978 by Daniel Miller. It has featured several prominent musical acts on its roster, such as Depeche Mode, Erasure, Fad Gadget, Goldfrapp, Grinderman, Inspiral Carpets, Moby, New Order, Nitzer Ebb, Wire, Yeasayer, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Yazoo, and M83.

As Electronic Eye

  • Closed Circuit (1994, Beyond)
  • The Idea of Justice (1995, Beyond)
  • Neurometrik (2000, Alphaphone)
  • Autoshark (2006, Intone)

Beyond Records was an English record label founded in Birmingham in 1992, best known for its ambient dub compilations, which were to define the genre.

12-inch singles


The following is a list of groups and artists Kirk has worked with:

Related Research Articles

<i>Extended Play</i> (Cabaret Voltaire EP) EP by Cabaret Voltaire

Extended Play is an extended play and the debut release by English industrial band Cabaret Voltaire. It was released in November 1978, through record label Rough Trade.

<i>Micro-Phonies</i> (album) album by Cabaret Voltaire

Micro-Phonies is the sixth full-length studio album by British electronic band Cabaret Voltaire. Released in November 1984, the album was the group's most mainstream hit to date, with the singles "Sensoria" and "James Brown" gaining popularity, especially the former, due to the music video finding MTV airplay. The album sees Cabaret Voltaire continuing to change, pursuing the more synthpop-oriented direction they had started shifting towards on The Crackdown.

<i>International Language</i> (album) album by Cabaret Voltaire

International Language is the twelfth studio album by English electronic band Cabaret Voltaire, released in October 1993 on the band's own label, Plastex.

<i>Mix-Up</i> (Cabaret Voltaire album) 1979 Cabaret Voltaire album

Mix-Up is the debut studio album by English band Cabaret Voltaire. It was released on 23 October 1979, through record label Rough Trade.

<i>Live at the Y.M.C.A. 27-10-79</i> live album by Cabaret Voltaire

Live at the Y.M.C.A 27-10-79 is a live album by industrial/post-punk band Cabaret Voltaire, recorded in 1979 and originally released in 1980 by Rough Trade. It was re-released on CD in 1990 on Mute Records in the UK and on Restless Records in the US. The album contains an unrecognizable cover of The Velvet Underground's "Here She Comes Now" from their album White Light/White Heat.

<i>Red Mecca</i> album by Cabaret Voltaire

Red Mecca is the third studio album by English band Cabaret Voltaire. It was released in September 1981, through record label Rough Trade.

<i>A Factory Sample</i> extended play

A Factory Sample is a 7-inch double sampler EP released on 24 December 1978 by Factory Records of Manchester, England. Funded by a small inheritance which had recently been bequeathed to Tony Wilson, it was the first vinyl recording to be released by the label. The cover of the EP is made of rice paper, dyed silver and sealed inside a thin plastic bag.

<i>The Voice of America</i> (album) 1980 Cabaret Voltaire album

The Voice of America is the second studio album by English band Cabaret Voltaire. It was released in July 1980, through record label Rough Trade.

<i>Hai!</i> (Live in Japan) 1982 live album by Cabaret Voltaire

Hai! is a 1982 live album by the U.K. industrial band Cabaret Voltaire. It was recorded at the Tsubaki House in Tokyo, Japan on 23 March 1982, and was released on CD in 1991 by Mute Records Ltd. The original master tapes being lost, the CD was transferred from a vinyl copy.

<i>Darkness at Noon</i> (Richard H. Kirk album) album by Richard Kirk

Darkness At Noon is a solo album by Richard H. Kirk of Cabaret Voltaire. Released originally by Touch Records Recorded at Western Works Studios, Sheffield, England, as part of a performance for Phonotaktik, Wien, Austria, April 1999. Licensed from Alphaphone Recordings, Sheffield.

<i>Johnny Yesno: The Original Soundtrack From the Motion Picture</i> album by Cabaret Voltaire

Johnny Yesno: The Original Soundtrack from the Motion Picture is an album by the Industrial band Cabaret Voltaire. It was made as a soundtrack to Peter Care's movie of the same title, which in turn led to Peter Care directing the video for Cabaret Voltaire's hit song "Sensoria". This started a music video-making career for Peter Care, who has since then directed films for R.E.M., Bruce Springsteen, Roy Orbison, and Depeche Mode, amongst others.

<i>The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord</i> (album) album by Cabaret Voltaire

The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord is the seventh full-length studio album by the Electronic band Cabaret Voltaire. The album was released on Some Bizarre Label in November 1985. The album's title was shortened to The Arm of the Lord for the United States.

Groovy, Laidback and Nasty is the ninth studio album by English electronic band Cabaret Voltaire, released in April 1990 by record label Parlophone.

Mark Pritchard (music producer) electronic musician

Mark Pritchard is an English electronic musician, resident in Australia and currently signed to Warp Records.

The Grey Area is a Mute Records division founded in 1990 to restore and reissue the catalogue of artists who influenced Daniel Miller, head of Mute Records, and to reissue previous recordings of Mute artists. In 1983, Mute had to partner with Industrial Records for the reissue of Throbbing Gristle albums. This division was created following the partnerships signed with Can and Cabaret Voltaire.

Chakk were an industrial funk band from Sheffield, who existed from 1981 until 1987. Members were Alan Cross, Mark Brydon, Dee Boyle, Sim Lister, Jake Harries and Jon Stuart. The band never achieved commercial success, but have been noted for their wide influence on later British dance music, particularly via Fon Studios. Mark Brydon later went on to form and achieved success with Moloko.

Sweet Exorcist was a British music duo consisting of Richard Barratt and Richard H. Kirk. Their sound is usually categorized as techno and IDM.

Forgemasters was a British electronic music act composed of Robert Gordon, Winston Hazel and Sean Maher. Their single "Track with No Name" was the first release by Warp Records and would help define the sound of Warp and bleep techno.


  1. Sean Cooper (1956-03-21). "Richard H. Kirk | Biography & History". AllMusic . Retrieved 2017-01-05.
  2. "Richard H. Kirk - Reality Is Opposite (File, Album)". 2011-12-12. Retrieved 2017-01-05.