|Richard Henry Yapp|
|Born||8 October 1871|
|Died||22 January 1929 (aged 57)|
Richard Henry Yapp (1871–1929) was an English botanist and an early ecologist, who held the Chair of Botany in Queen's University, Belfast, and the Mason Professorship of Botany at the University of Birmingham.
Yapp was born on 8 October 1871 at Orleton, Herefordshire, England, the son of Jane (née Gammidge) and Richard Keysall Yapp, a landowner and farmer.After attending a private school at Leominster he was educated at Hereford's County School , but his education ended when he was 15 due to the death of his father. Although working, his thirst for knowledge led him to attend a variety of classes, including some at University College, Nottingham, and in 1895 he was awarded a scholarship and entered St John's College, Cambridge. He studied botany under Harry Marshall Ward, Albert Seward and Frederick Blackman, graduating with First Class Honours. He was awarded the Frank Smart Studentship by Gonville and Caius College, to which he transferred in June 1899. He was captain of the university's lacrosse team for the year 1898–1899.
Yapp was appointed botanist to Cambridge University's 1899–1900 expedition to the North-Eastern Malay States, led by Walter William Skeat.Specimens he collected on the expedition went to the Cambridge University Herbarium, with some in the National Collection at Kew. The expedition also resulted in his paper, "Two Malayan Myrmecophilous Ferns".
On his return to Cambridge, he was curator of the university's herbarium from 1900 to 1903,and took up the study of the local fens, publishing a paper on Wicken Fen. He was appointed Professor of Botany at Aberystwyth University in 1904, adding to the university's museum collection specimens he collected in South Africa in 1905. While in Wales he studied the ecology of the Dovey Estuary.
He served on the central committee of the Study and Survey of British Vegetation, later renamed the British Vegetation Committee. This group evolved, in 1913, into the British Ecological Society,the first such society in the world.
In 1914 he became Chair of Botany at Queen's University, Belfast. He was also assistant to Sir Arthur Yapp, his older brother, in the Ministry of Food during World War I.
Yapp was appointed as the University of Birmingham's Mason Professor of Botany in 1919, succeeding George Stephen West and overseeing the department's move from the city centre to the new campus at Edgbaston, with laboratories arranged to his design.
For the year 1920–1921, he was President of the British Ecological Society.His 1923 textbook, "Botany: A Junior Book For Schools" was published in eighteen editions, the latest in 2013. An adapted edition was also produced for Australian schools, in 1934.
By the time the new laboratories at Edgbaston were opened, in October 1927, Yapp was showing signs of ill health, and was soon unable to attend conferences. Nonetheless, in 1928 he was appointed President of the Botanical Section of the British Association.
He died in Birmingham on 22 January 1929, aged 57.Obituaries, noting the unfinished work which he had planned, were published in The Times , Nature and the Journal of Ecology .
He was survived by his wife, Sofia Karolina (née Klintberg; 1886–1941) a Swedish woman whom he married in 1913, and a son and a daughter.
A fen is one of the main types of wetlands, the others being grassy marshes, forested swamps, and peaty bogs. Along with bogs, fens are a kind of mire. Fens are minerotrophic peatlands, usually fed by mineral-rich surface water or groundwater. They are characterized by their distinct water chemistry, which is pH neutral or alkaline, with relatively high dissolved mineral levels but few other plant nutrients. Continuous input of groundwater into fens maintains a stable water table throughout the course of a year. The stable water table helps maintain multiple defining characteristics of fens, namely the neutral pH, high base saturation, and low nutrient availability. They are usually dominated by grasses and sedges, and typically have brown mosses. Fens frequently have a high diversity of other plant species including carnivorous plants such as Pinguicula. They may also occur along large lakes and rivers where seasonal changes in water level maintain wet soils with few woody plants. The distribution of individual species of fen plants is often closely connected to water regimes and nutrient concentrations.
Charles Sutherland Elton was an English zoologist and animal ecologist. He is associated with the development of population and community ecology, including studies of invasive organisms.
The British Ecological Society is a learned society in the field of ecology that was founded in 1913. It is the oldest ecological society in the world. The Society's original objective was "to promote and foster the study of Ecology in its widest sense" and this remains the central theme guiding its activities today. The Society had, circa 2013 around 4,000 members of which 14% are students. It has always had an international membership and currently 42% are outside the United Kingdom, in a total of 92 countries. The head office is located in London.
Wicken Fen is a 254.5 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest west of Wicken in Cambridgeshire. It is also a National Nature Reserve, and a Nature Conservation Review site. It is protected by international designations as a Ramsar wetland site of international importance, and part of the Fenland Special Area of Conservation under the Habitats Directive.
Sir Harry Godwin, FRS was a prominent English botanist and ecologist of the 20th century. He is considered to be an influential peatland scientist, who coined the phrase "peat archives" in 1981. He had a long association with Clare College, Cambridge.
The River Dyfi is a river in Mid Wales. It is approximately 30 miles (48 km) long. Its estuary forms the border between the counties of Gwynedd and Ceredigion, and its lower reaches have historically been considered the boundary between North and South Wales.
(John) Philip Grime is an ecologist and emeritus professor at the University of Sheffield. He is best known for his Universal adaptive strategy theory, for the unimodal relationship between species richness and site productivity, for the Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis, for the DST classification and, with Simon Pierce, universal adaptive strategy theory (UAST) and the twin filter model of community assembly and eco-evolutionary dynamics.
Henry Harold Welch Pearson, was a British-born South African botanist, chiefly remembered for founding Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden in 1913.
Anthony Russell Bean is an Australian botanist who works at the Queensland Herbarium and Brisbane Botanic Gardens, Mount Coot-tha. Since 1982, he has led the Eucalyptus Study Group of the Society for Growing Australian Plants.
Margaret Jane Benson was an English botanist specialising in paleobotany, and one of the first female members of the Linnean Society of London. Most of her career was spent as the head of the Department of Botany at Royal Holloway College, University of London from 1893 to 1922. In 1927, a botanical laboratory was dedicated in her name. She travelled extensively with Ethel Sargant, collecting specimens, laboratory equipment, and meeting other botanists around the world. Her students included Dame Helen Gwynne-Vaughan, Theodora Lisle Prankerd and Nesta Ferguson.
George Elwood Nichols (1882–1939) was a botanist, bryologist, algologist and ecologist, one of the founders of the Ecological Society of America. The standard author abbreviation Nichols is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.
Michael Douglas Crisp is an emeritus professor in the Research School of Biology at the Australian National University located in Canberra. In 1976 he gained a PhD from the University of Adelaide, studying long-term vegetation changes in arid zones of South Australia. Together with others he has revised various pea-flowered legume genera.
Paul Irwin Forster obtained his doctorate in 2004 with his thesis: The pursuit of plants : studies on the systematics, ecology and chemistry of the vascular flora of Australia and related regions, from the University of Queensland.
Verona Margaret Conway was a British plant ecologist and Unitarian minister. She undertook international recognised research on the palaeoecology of the Pennines and the ecology of Cladium mariscus.
Margaret Williamson Rea was an Irish botanist.
Dale Hadley Vitt is an American bryologist and peatland ecologist, recognized as a leading expert on peatlands. From 1989 to 1991 he was the president of the American Bryological and Lichenological Society.
Barbara Ann Whitlock is a botanist, who earned a PhD from Harvard University, with a dissertation entitled Systematics and evolution of chocolate and its relatives c. 2000, an interest which continues.
Bruce Pettit McCune is an American lichenologist, botanist, plant ecologist, and software developer for analysis of ecological data.
Barbara Louise Chilvers is a New Zealand marine biologist who researches marine mammals. She is Professor of Wildlife Ecology in the School of Veterinary Science at Massey University and Director of Wildbase Oiled Wildlife Response at the university.
Brenda Faulkner Shore was a New Zealand botanist who attained the rank of Associate Professor before she retired in 1983.
| Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
Richard Henry Yapp