Richard Kidder

Last updated

Richard Kidder, Bishop of Bath and Wells Bp Richard Kidder.jpg
Richard Kidder, Bishop of Bath and Wells

Richard Kidder (1633–1703) was an English Anglican churchman, Bishop of Bath and Wells, from 1691 to his death. He was a noted theologian.

Contents

Biography

He was educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, where he was a sizar, from 1649, graduating 1652. [1] He became a Fellow there in 1655, and vicar of Stanground, Huntingdonshire, in 1659. [2] He was deprived in 1662. [3]

He was rector of Rayne Parva, Essex, from 1664 to 1674, having conformed to the Act of 1662. He was later vicar of St. Martin Outwich, London, and in 1689 a royal chaplain, [4] and dean of Peterborough.

His A Demonstration of the Messias [5] has been identified as a significant influence on the librettist Charles Jennens, in writing the words for the Messiah of Handel. [6] This book also took up suggestions of Joseph Mede on multiple authorship of the Book of Zechariah . [7]

He was killed in the Great Storm of 1703, on 26 November (7 December in today's calendar); [8] he was in bed with his wife in the episcopal palace at Wells when the chimney fell on both of them. [9]

Works

Notes

  1. "Kidder, Richard (KDR649R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. Concise Dictionary of National Biography.
  3. , CNDB.
  4. CNDB
  5. A Demonstration of the Messias. In which the Truth of the Christian Religion is proved, against all the Enemies thereof; but especially against the Jews. In three volumes, published 1684, 1699, 1700.
  6. ; Michael Marissen, Rejoicing against Judaism in Handel's Messiah, Journal of Musicology, Spring 2007, Vol. 24, No. 2, Pages 167-194.
  7. Bible Survey: The Book of Zechariah
  8. 27 November, Every-Day Book
  9. Newsletter 35
Church of England titles
Preceded by Dean of Peterborough
16891691
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Bath and Wells
16911703
Succeeded by

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Book of Zechariah</span> Book of the Hebrew Bible

The Book of Zechariah, attributed to the Hebrew prophet Zechariah, is included in the Twelve Minor Prophets in the Hebrew Bible.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nevi'im</span> Second major division of the Hebrew Bible

Nevi'im is the second major division of the Hebrew Bible, between the Torah (instruction) and Ketuvim (writings). The Nevi'im are divided into two groups. The Former Prophets consists of the narrative books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings; while the Latter Prophets include the books of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the Twelve Minor Prophets.

The Boyle Lectures are named after Robert Boyle, a prominent natural philosopher of the 17th century and son of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork. Under the terms of his Will, Robert Boyle endowed a series of lectures or sermons which were to consider the relationship between Christianity and the new natural philosophy then emerging in European society.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jean Le Clerc (theologian)</span> Genevan theologian and biblical scholar

Jean Le Clerc, also Johannes Clericus, was a Genevan theologian and biblical scholar. He was famous for promoting exegesis, or critical interpretation of the Bible, and was a radical of his age. He parted with Calvinism over his interpretations and left Geneva for that reason.

John Clarke (1682–1757) was an English natural philosopher and Dean of Salisbury from 1728 to his death in 1757.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Jennens</span> English landowner and art patron (1700–1773)

Charles Jennens was an English landowner and patron of the arts. As a friend of Handel, he helped author the libretti of several of his oratorios, most notably Messiah.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Isaiah 53</span> 53rd chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible

Isaiah 53 is the fifty-third chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Isaiah and is one of the Nevi'im. Chapters 40 through 55 are known as "Deutero-Isaiah" and date from the time of the Israelites' exile in Babylon.

The New Testament frequently cites Jewish scripture to support the claim of the Early Christians that Jesus was the promised Jewish Messiah, but few of these citations are actual predictions in their original context. The majority of these quotations and references are taken from the Book of Isaiah, but they range over the entire corpus of Jewish writings.

In Jewish eschatology Mashiach ben Yoseph or Messiah ben Joseph, also known as Mashiach bar/ben Ephraim, is a Jewish messiah from the tribe of Ephraim and a descendant of Joseph. The figure's origins are much debated. Some regard it as a rabbinic invention, but others defend the view that its origins are in the Torah.

The Archdeacon of Tuam was a post held in the Diocese of Tuam, from the creation of the diocese at the Synod of Rathbreasail in 1111.

Isaac Chauncy (1632–1712) was an English dissenting minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Edwards (divine)</span>

John Edwards (1637–1716) was an English Calvinistic divine.

<i>Messiah</i> Part I First part of Handels English-language oratorio Messiah

Messiah, the English-language oratorio composed by George Frideric Handel in 1741, is structured in three parts. The wordbook was supplied by Charles Jennens. This article covers Part I and describes the relation of the musical setting to the text. Part I begins with the prophecy of the Messiah and his virgin birth by several prophets, namely Isaiah. His birth is still rendered in words by Isaiah, followed by the annunciation to the shepherds as the only scene from a Gospel in the oratorio, and reflections on the Messiah's deeds. Part II covers the Passion, death, resurrection, ascension, and the later spreading of the Gospel. Part III concentrates on Paul's teaching of the resurrection of the dead and Christ's glorification in heaven.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Revelation 19</span> Chapter of the New Testament

Revelation 19 is the nineteenth chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate. In this chapter, heaven exults over the fall of Babylon the Great.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zechariah 9</span>

Zechariah 9 is the ninth of the total 14 chapters in the Book of Zechariah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Zechariah, and is a part of the Book of the Twelve Minor Prophets. This chapter is a part of a section consisting of Zechariah 9–14. It concerns about the advance of an enemy, but God defends Jerusalem and his king will triumphantly enter the city to bring peace among all nations. This chapter also contains a continuation of the subject in the seventh chapter. The part about the king's entry into Jerusalem is quoted in the New Testament, especially in the event of Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem.

<i>Der Messias</i>

Der Messias, K. 572, is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's 1789 German-language version of Messiah, George Frideric Handel's 1741 oratorio. On the initiative of Gottfried van Swieten, Mozart adapted Handel's work for performances in Vienna.