Richard Muther (1860–1909) was a German critic and historian of art, born at Ohrdruf in Germany.
He studied at Heidelberg and at Leipzig, where he took his doctor's degree. In 1895 he became professor of art history at the University of Breslau.
He was one of the more prominent German art historians of his time, although he has been described as more popular with the general public than with the art fraternity of his day.The Russian artist Alexandre Benois wrote of Muther's appeal by saying that his ideas, "became common property and permeated the society so much that even the most conservative people started using 'Muther's parlance'".
He wrote Geschichte der Malerei –1900); which appeared in English as The history of painting from the fourth to the early nineteenth century (2 volumes, 1907), translated and edited by George Kriehn. In 1907 The history of modern painting (4 volumes) was published in English.(five volumes, 1899
He was also the author of books on Leonardo da Vinci (1900), Lucas Cranach (1903), Rembrandt (1904), Francisco Goya (1904), Diego Velázquez (1907), Jean-François Millet (1907) and Gustave Courbet (1908). His Die deutsche Bücherillustration der Gothik und Frührenaissance was later translated into English and published as German book illustration of the Gothic period and the early Renaissance (1460–1530) (1972).
Carl Gustav Adolf von Harnack was a Baltic German Lutheran theologian and prominent Church historian. He produced many religious publications from 1873 to 1912. He was ennobled in 1914.
Salomon Reinach was a French archaeologist, religious historian and was a major figure in the Franco-Jewish establishment in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He was vice president of the most important contemporary Jewish organization, the Alliance Israelite Universelle, and a founder of the Jewish Colonization Association.
Johann Michael Adolf Furtwängler was a German archaeologist, teacher, art historian and museum director. He was the father of the conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler and grandfather of the German archaeologist Andreas Furtwängler.
Richard Lydekker was an English naturalist, geologist and writer of numerous books on natural history.
Wilhelm von Bode was a German art historian and museum curator. Born Arnold Wilhelm Bode in Calvörde, he was ennobled in 1913. He was the creator and first curator of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, now called the Bode Museum in his honor, in 1904.
George H. Kriehn, Ph.D. was an American writer and lecturer on art.
Max Jakob Friedländer was a German museum curator and art historian. He was a specialist in Early Netherlandish painting and the Northern Renaissance, who volunteered at the Kupferstichkabinett Berlin in 1891 under Friedrich Lippmann. On Lippmann's recommendation, Wilhelm von Bode took him on as his assistant in 1896 for the paintings division. He was appointed deputy director of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum under Bode in 1904 and became director himself from 1924 to 1932, working on his history From Van Eyck to Bruegel and the 14-volume survey Early Netherlandish Painting. In 1933 he was dismissed as a "non-Aryan" and in 1939 had to move to Amsterdam as a result of being a Jew. He attained the rank and title of geheimrat under the German Empire. He also donated several works to the collection and worked in the art trade as an advisor, to Hermann Göring among others.
Walther Eichrodt was a German Old Testament scholar and Protestant theologian.
Algernon Graves was a British art historian and art dealer, who specialised in the documentation of the exhibition and sale of works of art. He created reference sources that began the modern discipline of provenance research.
Ian Duncan Colvin was a British journalist and historian. Of Scottish extraction, he was educated at Inverness College and the University of Edinburgh. Moving about the British Empire, he worked first on the staff of the Allahabad Pioneer (1900–03). In voyage on the steamship Umona to his next position with the Cape Times, Colvin was shipwrecked on an atoll of the Maldives. He joined a small group in a lifeboat which after nine days reached Colombo. He then proceeded to Cape Town (1903–07) where he wrote on the political and cultural scene in those formative years of the Union of South Africa. His research into the history of South Africa led to two volumes "South Africa" and "The Cape of Adventure". In 1907 Colvin returned to the United Kingdom where he joined The Morning Post.
Joseph Anton Friedrich Wilhelm Ihne was a German historian who was a native of Fürth. He was the father of architect Ernst von Ihne (1848–1917).
Physikalische Zeitschrift was a German scientific journal of physics published from 1899 to 1945 by S. Hirzel Verlag. In 1924, it merged with Jahrbuch der Radioaktivität und Elektronik. From 1944 onwards, the journal published the Reichsberichte für Physik.
Heinrich Weinel was a German Protestant theologian.
Max Neuburger was an Austrian physician and historian of medicine.
Hugo Magnus was a German ophthalmologist and historian of medicine. He was of Jewish ancestry.
Nils Forsberg was a Swedish painter who lived and worked in Paris for much of his career.
Leopold Witte was a German Protestant theologian and educator. He was the son of Dante scholar Karl Witte (1800–1883).
Heinrich Richard Hamann was a German art historian.
Johannes Dierauer was a Swiss historian and librarian. He taught history classes at the Cantonal School in St. Gallen from 1868 to 1907 and, from 1874 to 1920, served as the head of the City Library of St. Gallen.
Theodor Levin was a German art historian and art writer. Until the early 1890s, he worked as curator and librarian of art and literature as well as professor of art history at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf.