Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos

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The Duke of Buckingham
and Chandos

Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos by John Jackson, 1830.jpeg
The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos by John Jackson.
Lord Privy Seal
In office
3 September 1841 2 February 1842
Monarch Queen Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel
Preceded by The Earl of Clarendon
Succeeded by The Duke of Buccleuch
Personal details
Born11 February 1797 (1797-02-11)
Stowe House, Buckinghamshire
Died29 July 1861 (1861-07-30) (aged 64)
Great Western Hotel, Paddington, London
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s)Lady Mary Campbell
(1795–1862)
Children Lady Anna Eliza Mary Gore-Langton
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Parents Richard Temple-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Lady Anne Brydges
Alma mater Oriel College, Oxford
The Grenville Armorial produced between 1822 and 1839 for Richard Temple-Grenville, Marquess of Chandos, the son of the 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. The centrepiece of the Gothic Library at Stowe House, it shows 719 quarterings of the family. Stowe Armorial.jpg
The Grenville Armorial produced between 1822 and 1839 for Richard Temple-Grenville, Marquess of Chandos, the son of the 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. The centrepiece of the Gothic Library at Stowe House, it shows 719 quarterings of the family.
2ndDukeOfBuckinghamAndChandos.JPG

Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, KG , GCH , PC , FSA (11 February 1797 29 July 1861), styled Viscount Cobham from birth until 1813, Earl Temple between 1813 and 1822 and Marquess of Chandos between 1822 and 1839, was a British Tory politician. He served as Lord Privy Seal between 1841 and 1842.

Contents

Two events in his life were remarkable, given the era he lived in and the position he held in society as a duke: firstly, he obtained a divorce at a time when it required an Act of Parliament; secondly, despite the great wealth to which he was born, he declared bankruptcy with debts of over a million pounds in 1847.

Background and education

Born at Stowe, Buckinghamshire, the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos was the son of the Richard Nugent-Temple-Grenville, Earl Temple (later created the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos) and Lady Anne Brydges, the only surviving child of the 3rd Duke of Chandos. In addition to being the Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos, Lady Anne was suo jure Lady Kinloss. In 1799, Richard Temple-Nugent-Grenville changed the already triple-barrelled family name to Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville by royal license to reflect his wife's family. [1]

The second Duke was a paternal grandson of the 1st Marquess of Buckingham and a great-grandson of Prime Minister George Grenville. He was educated at Eton and Oriel College, Oxford. [2]

Political career

Buckingham sat as Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire between 1818 and 1839, when he succeeded his father in the dukedom and entered the House of Lords. [2] Two years later, in September 1841, he was sworn of the Privy Council [3] and appointed Lord Privy Seal [3] by Sir Robert Peel, a post he held only until February 1842. He was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Hanoverian Order in 1835, elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1840 [2] and made a Knight of the Garter in 1842. [4]

Personal life

In 1819, Buckingham married Lady Mary Campbell, daughter of Lieut-Gen The 4th Earl of Breadalbane (later created Marquess of Breadalbane). They had one son, Richard, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, and one daughter, Lady Anna, but were divorced in 1850 after Buckingham had lost his inheritance. Anna went to campaign for women's rights. [5] At that time, divorce required an Act of Parliament.

In 1847, eight years after succeeding his father as Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, Richard was declared bankrupt with debts over a million pounds (£92.1 million as of 2020). This occasioned the sale of his Keynsham estate in Somerset in 1841, Avington Park in 1847 and ultimately the auction sale of the contents of the main family seat at Stowe House in August–September 1848, one of the handful of most prominent English country house contents auctions of the 19th century. [6]

Buckingham died at the Great Western Hotel, Paddington, London, in July 1861, aged 64, and was succeeded in the dukedom by his only son. His former wife died less than a year later in June 1862, aged 66. [2]

Related Research Articles

Duke of Buckingham, referring to Buckingham, is a title that has been created several times in the peerages of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom. There have also been Earls of Buckingham and Marquesses of Buckingham.

Marquess of Buckingham may refer to:

George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of Buckingham British politician

George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of Buckingham, was a British statesman.

Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos British politician

Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, styled Earl Temple from 1784 to 1813 and known as The Marquess of Buckingham from 1813 to 1822, was a British landowner and politician.

Viscount Cobham peerage title

Viscount Cobham is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain that was created in 1718. Owing to its special remainder, the title has passed through several families. Since 1889, it has been held by members of the Lyttelton family.

Lord Kinloss Scottish peerage title

Lord Kinloss is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1602 for Edward Bruce, later Master of the Rolls, with remainder to his heirs and assigns whatsoever. In 1604 he was also made Lord Bruce of Kinloss, with remainder to his heirs male, and in 1608 Lord Bruce of Kinloss, with remainder to any of his heirs. He was succeeded by his son, the second Lord, who was killed in a duel in 1613.

Earl Temple of Stowe

Earl Temple of Stowe, in the County of Buckingham, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1822 for Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Marquess of Buckingham, who was created Marquess of Chandos and Duke of Buckingham and Chandos at the same time. In contrast to the Marquessate and Dukedom, which were created with remainder to the heirs male of his body only, the Earldom was created with remainder to (1) the heirs male of his body, failing which to (2) the heirs male of his deceased great-grandmother the 1st Countess Temple, failing which to (3) his granddaughter Lady Anna Grenville and the heirs male of her body, and then to possible younger daughters of Lord Temple and the heirs male of their bodies.

The baronetcy of Temple of Stowe, in the Baronetage of England was created 24 September 1611 for Thomas Temple, eldest son of John Temple of Stowe, Buckinghamshire. His great-grandson Sir Richard, 4th Baronet, was created Baron Cobham 19 October 1714, and Viscount Cobham and Baron Cobham 23 May 1718, the latter with a special remainder, failing his male issue to his sisters and their heirs male. On his death 13 September 1749 the barony of 1714 became extinct, the viscountcy and barony of 1718 passed to his elder sister, and the baronetcy passed to his second cousin once removed William Temple, of Nash House, who became 5th Baronet. On the death of Sir William's nephew Sir Richard, 7th Baronet, on the 15 November 1786, the baronetcy became dormant.

Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos soldier, politician and administrator from England

Richard Plantagenet Campbell Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos,, styled Earl Temple until 1839 and Marquess of Chandos from 1839 to 1861, was a British soldier, politician and administrator of the 19th century. He was a close friend and subordinate of Benjamin Disraeli and served as the Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1867 to 1868 and Governor of Madras from 1875 to 1880.

Earl Nugent was a title the Peerage of Ireland. It was created on 21 July 1776 for Robert Craggs-Nugent, 1st Viscount Clare, with remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to his son-in-law The 3rd Earl Temple and the heirs male of his body. Craggs-Nugent had already been made Baron Nugent, of Carlanstown in the County of Westmeath, and Viscount Clare, in the Peerage of Ireland on 19 January 1767. He died 13 October 1788, when the barony and viscountcy became extinct, and the earldom, under the terms of the special remainder, passed to his son-in-law, formerly known as Lord Temple, now The 1st Marquess of Buckingham. The earldom remained in his family until the death of The 5th Earl Nugent, also The 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, on 26 March 1889. See Viscount Cobham for further history of the title. The barony of Nugent was revived in 1800 in favour of his daughter, Mary, Marchioness of Buckingham. See Baron Nugent.

There has been a Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire almost continuously since the position was created by King Henry VIII in 1535. The only exception to this was the English Civil War and English Interregnum between 1643 and 1660 when there was no king to support the Lieutenancy. The following list consists of all known holders of the position: earlier records have been lost and so a complete list is not possible. Since 1702, all Lord Lieutenants have also been Custos Rotulorum of Buckinghamshire.

William Stephen Temple-Gore-Langton, 4th Earl Temple of Stowe, known as William Gore-Langton until 1892, was a British Conservative politician.

James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos PC, styled Viscount Wilton from birth until 1744 and Marquess of Carnarvon from 1744 to 1771, was a British peer and politician.

William Henry Powell Gore-Langton DL, JP, was a British Conservative Party politician.

Mary Elizabeth Morgan-Grenville, 11th Lady Kinloss was a British peeress.

1st Earl Temple may refer to:

Lady Anna Eliza Mary Gore-Langton, néeTemple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville was an English campaigner for women's rights.

Duchess of Buckingham is a title given to the wife of the Duke of Buckingham, an extinct title created several times, formerly in the Peerage of England and latterly in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was first created in 1444.

Avington Park

Avington House is a 16th-century English country house which stands in Avington Park in the Itchen Valley near Winchester, Hampshire. It is a Grade I listed building.

Anne Elizabeth Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Duchess of Buckingham English plantation and slave owner

Anne Elizabeth Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Duchess of Buckingham was an English plantation and slave owner.

References

  1. Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 2186. ISBN   0-9711966-2-1.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Stephen, Leslie (1890). Dictionary of National Biography. p. 130. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. 1 2 "No. 20014". The London Gazette . 3 September 1841. p. 2221.
  4. "No. 20090". The London Gazette . 12 April 1842. p. 1017.
  5. Elizabeth Crawford, ‘Langton, Lady Anna Eliza Mary Gore- (1820–1879)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 7 Nov 2017
  6. Beckett, J. V. (1994). The Rise and Fall of the Grenvilles: Dukes of Buckingham and Chandos, 1710 to 1921. Manchester University Press. pp. 228–230. ISBN   9780719037573 . Retrieved 10 October 2018.

Bibliography

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Selby Lowndes
Thomas Grenville
Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire
1818–1839
With: William Selby Lowndes 1818–1820
Robert Smith 1820–1831
John Smith 1831–1835
Sir George Dashwood, Bt 1832–1835
Sir William Young 1835–1839
George Simon Harcourt 1835–1839
Succeeded by
Sir William Young
George Simon Harcourt
Caledon Du Pré
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Clarendon
Lord Privy Seal
1841–1842
Succeeded by
The Duke of Buccleuch
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Richard Temple-Grenville
Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
1839–1861
Succeeded by
Richard Temple-Grenville
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Anne Brydges, Lady Kinloss
Lord Kinloss
1836–1861
Succeeded by
Richard Temple-Grenville