Richard Todd

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Richard Todd

OBE
Richard Todd - 1959.jpg
Publicity photo of Todd, c.1959
Born
Richard Andrew Palethorpe Todd

(1919-06-11)11 June 1919
Dublin, Ireland
Died 3 December 2009(2009-12-03) (aged 90)
OccupationActor
Spouse(s)
Catherine Grant-Bogle
(m. 1949;div. 1970)

Virginia Mailer
(m. 1970;div. 1992)
Children5 (2 with Bogle, 1 with Nelson and 2 with Mailer)
Military career
AllegianceFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg  British Army
Years of service1941–1946
Unit King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
Parachute Regiment
Battles/warsWorld War II

Richard Andrew Palethorpe Todd OBE (11 June 1919 – 3 December 2009) was an Irish born English actor. He received a Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer – Male, as well as an Academy Award for Best Actor nomination and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor nomination for his role in the film The Hasty Heart (1949).

The Golden Globe for New Star of the Year – Actor was an award given by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at their annual Golden Globe Awards. The award was first introduced at the 6th Golden Globe Awards in 1948 where it was given to actor Richard Widmark for his performance in the 1947 film Kiss of Death. It was awarded as the Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer – Male until 1975. There were no awards in 1949, and between 1954 and 1965 there were multiple winners. From 1976 to 1979, the award was called Best Acting Debut in a Motion Picture – Male. From 1980 to 1983, the award was called New Star of the Year in a Motion Picture – Male. A male actor did not receive the Award in 1982. The final recipient of the award was actor Ben Kingsley for his performance as the title character in the 1982 film Gandhi. The category was discontinued following the 1983 ceremony.

Academy Award for Best Actor award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry. The award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actress winner.

The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. Previously, there was a single award for "Best Actor in a Motion Picture" but the splitting allowed for recognition of it and the Best Actor – Musical or Comedy.

Contents

Biography

Early life

Richard Todd was born as Richard Andrew Palethorpe-Todd in Dublin, Ireland. [2] His father, Andrew William Palethorpe Todd, was an Irish physician and an international Irish rugby player who gained three caps for his country. [3] Richard spent a few of his childhood years in India, where his father, an officer in the British Army, served as a physician. [4]

Dublin Capital and chief port of Ireland, cultural, educational and business centre

Dublin is the capital of, and largest city in, Ireland. It is on the east coast of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, at the mouth of the River Liffey, and is bordered on the south by the Wicklow mountains. It has an urban area population of 1,173,179, while the population of the Dublin Region, as of 2016, was 1,347,359, and the population of the Greater Dublin area was 1,904,806.

Ireland national rugby union team sports team

The Ireland national rugby union team represents the island of Ireland in rugby union. They are ranked second in the world by World Rugby as of 19 November 2018. The team competes annually in the current Six Nations Championship, which they have won fourteen times outright and shared nine times in its various formats. The team also competes every four years in the Rugby World Cup, where they reached the quarter-final stage in all but two competitions. Ireland is also one of the four unions that make up the British and Irish Lions – players eligible to play for Ireland are also eligible for the Lions.

Cap (sport) sports game

In sport, a cap is a metaphorical term for a player's appearance in a game at international level. The term dates from the practice in the United Kingdom of awarding a cap to every player in an international match of association football. In the early days of football, the concept of each team wearing a set of matching shirts had not been universally adopted, so each side would distinguish itself from the other by wearing a specific sort of cap.

Education

Later his family moved to Devon and Todd attended Shrewsbury School. Upon leaving school, Todd trained for a potential military career at Sandhurst before beginning his acting training at the Italia Conti Academy in London.

Devon County of England

Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south. It is part of South West England, bounded by Cornwall to the west, Somerset to the north east, and Dorset to the east. The city of Exeter is the county town. The county includes the districts of East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge, Torridge, and West Devon. Plymouth and Torbay are each geographically part of Devon, but are administered as unitary authorities. Combined as a ceremonial county, Devon's area is 6,707 km2 and its population is about 1.1 million.

Shrewsbury School

Shrewsbury School is an English co-educational independent school for pupils aged 13 to 18 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, founded by Edward VI in 1552 by Royal Charter. The present campus, to which the school moved in 1882, is on the banks of the River Severn.

Royal Military Academy Sandhurst British Army officer initial training centre

The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, commonly known simply as Sandhurst, is one of several military academies of the United Kingdom and is the British Army's initial officer training centre. It is located in the town of Sandhurst, Berkshire, though its ceremonial entrance is in Camberley, southwest of London. The Academy's stated aim is to be "the national centre of excellence for leadership". All British Army officers, including late-entry officers who were previously Warrant Officers, as well as other men and women from overseas, are trained at The Academy. Sandhurst is the British Army equivalent of the Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth, Royal Air Force College Cranwell, and the Commando Training Centre Royal Marines.

This change in career led to estrangement from his mother. When he learned at age 19 that she had committed suicide, he did not grieve long for her, he admitted in later life. [4]

Early Career: Founding Scottish theatre company, theatre and film

He first appeared professionally as an actor at the Open Air Theatre, Regent's Park in 1936 in a production of Twelfth Night . He played in regional theatres and then co-founded the Dundee Repertory Theatre in Scotland in 1939. He also appeared as an extra in British films like Good Morning, Boys (1937), A Yank at Oxford (1938) and Old Bones of the River (1939).

<i>Twelfth Night</i> play by William Shakespeare

Twelfth Night, or What You Will is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written around 1601–1602 as a Twelfth Night's entertainment for the close of the Christmas season. The play centres on the twins Viola and Sebastian, who are separated in a shipwreck. Viola falls in love with Duke Orsino, who in turn is in love with the Countess Olivia. Upon meeting Viola, Countess Olivia falls in love with her thinking she is a man.

Dundee Repertory Theatre theatre in Dundee, Scotland

Dundee Repertory Theatre or Dundee Rep is a theatre and arts company in the city of Dundee, Scotland. It operates as both a producing house - staging at least six of its own productions each year, and a receiving house - hosting work from visiting companies throughout Scotland and the United Kingdom including drama, musicals, contemporary & classical dance, children’s theatre, comedy, jazz and opera. It is home to the Dundee Rep Ensemble, Scotland’s only full-time company of actors, as well as Scotland’s principal contemporary dance company, Scottish Dance Theatre. ‘’’The Rep’’’ building is located in Tay Square at the centre of the city’s "cultural quarter" in the West End.

<i>Good Morning, Boys</i> 1937 film by Marcel Varnel

Good Morning, Boys is a 1937 British comedy film directed by Marcel Varnel and featuring Will Hay, Graham Moffatt, Martita Hunt, Lilli Palmer and Peter Gawthorne. It was made at the Gainsborough Studios in Islington.

World War 2

Captain Richard Todd landed near Pegasus Bridge on 6 June 1944. Pegasus Bridge, June 1944 B5288.jpg
Captain Richard Todd landed near Pegasus Bridge on 6 June 1944.

At the beginning of World War 2, Todd joined the British Army, receiving a commission in 1941. He served in the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (KOYLI) before joining the Parachute Regiment and the 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion as part of the British 6th Airborne Division. On 6 June 1944, as a captain, he participated in Operation Tonga during the D-Day landings. [5] He was among the first British soldiers to land in Normandy as part of Operation Overlord. His battalion parachuted in after glider-borne forces had landed to capture the Pegasus Bridge near Caen. [5] During the operation he met John Howard on the bridge and organized the repulse of several counter-attacks by the Wehrmacht forces holding the area. [6] (Todd played Howard in the film The Longest Day , recreating these events, while another actor played Todd.) [7] [8]

British Army land warfare branch of the British Armed Forces of the United Kingdom

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.

Officer (armed forces) member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority

An officer is a member of an armed forces or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.

Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry

The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (KOYLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army. It officially existed from 1881 to 1968, but its predecessors go back to 1755. In 1968, the regiment was amalgamated with the Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry, the King's Shropshire Light Infantry and the Durham Light Infantry to form The Light Infantry, which in turn was merged with the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment, the Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment and the Royal Green Jackets to become The Rifles in 2007.

Acting career

After the war, Todd was unsure what direction to take in his career. His former agent, Robert Lennard, had become a casting agent for Associated British Picture Corporation and advised him to try out for the Dundee Repertory Company. Todd did so, performing in plays such as Claudia, where he appeared with Claudia Grant-Bogle. Lennard arranged for a screen test and Associated British offered him a long-term contract in 1948. He was cast in the lead in For Them That Trespass (1949), directed by Alberto Cavalcanti. [9] The film was a minor hit and Todd's career was launched. [10]

The Hasty Heart

Todd had appeared in the Dundee Repertory stage version of John Patrick's play The Hasty Heart , portraying the role of Yank and was subsequently chosen to appear in the 1948 London stage version of the play, this time in the leading role of Cpl. Lachlan McLachlan. This led to his being cast in that role in the Warner Bros. film adaptation of the play, which was filmed in Britain alongside Ronald Reagan and Patricia Neal. Todd was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for the role in 1949. [11] He was also voted favourite British male film star in Britain's National Film Awards. [12] The film was the tenth most popular movie at the British box office in 1949. [13]

Todd was now in much demand. He was lent out to a new company, Constellation Films, to appear in a thriller, The Interrupted Journey (1949). Alfred Hitchcock then used him in Stage Fright (1950), opposite Marlene Dietrich and Jane Wyman – Hitchcock's first British film located in Britain since 1939.

Associated British put him in a drama, Portrait of Clare (1950), which did not perform particularly well at the box office. Neither did Flesh and Blood (1951), for London Films, in which Todd had a dual role. Director King Vidor offered Todd a lead in a Hollywood movie, Lightning Strikes Twice (1951). Far more popular was The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men (1952), in which Todd played the title role for the Disney Corporation.

Associated British put him in another thriller, 24 Hours of a Woman's Life (1952), with Merle Oberon. The Rank Organisation borrowed him for a thriller, Venetian Bird (1952), directed by Ralph Thomas.

Disney reunited the Robin Hood team in The Sword and the Rose (1953), with Todd as Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk. It was not as popular as Robin Hood in the US but performed well in Europe. The same went for Disney's, Rob Roy, the Highland Rogue (1953), in which Todd played the title role. Disney pulled back on making costume films as a result. [14]

In 1953, he appeared in a BBC Television adaptation of the novel Wuthering Heights , as Heathcliff. Nigel Kneale, responsible for the adaptation, said the production came about purely because Todd had turned up at the BBC and told them that he would like to play Heathcliff for them. Kneale had to write the script in only a week as the broadcast was rushed into production. [15]

A Man Called Peter and The Dam Busters

Todd's career received a boost when 20th Century-Fox signed him to a non-exclusive contract and cast him as the United States Senate Chaplain Peter Marshall in the film version of Catherine Marshall's best selling biography, A Man Called Peter (1955), which was a popular success.

Even more popular was The Dam Busters (1955) in which Todd played Wing Commander Guy Gibson. This was the most successful film at the British box office in 1955 [16] and which would become the defining role of Todd's movie career.

20th Century Fox offered Todd another historical picture, The Virgin Queen (1955), playing Sir Walter Raleigh opposite Bette Davis' Queen Elizabeth I. It do not do as well as Peter.

In France he played Axel Fersen opposite Michèle Morgan in Marie Antoinette Queen of France (1956), which was popular in France but not widely seen elsewhere. Fox cast him in a war film, D-Day the Sixth of June (1956), opposite Robert Taylor, which was a mild success.

Yangtse Incident: The Story of H.M.S. Amethyst (1957) was an attempt to repeat the success of The Dam Busters, with the same director (Michael Anderson) and Todd playing another real life hero. It was popular in Britain but not on the scale of The Dam Busters. He was Dunois, Bastard of Orléans in Saint Joan (1957), directed by Otto Preminger.

Chase a Crooked Shadow (1958) was a thriller with director Anderson for Associated British. Intent to Kill (1958) was another thriller, this time for Fox, with Betsy Drake. He returned to war films with Danger Within (1958), a POW story. Then there were more thrillers, with Never Let Go (1960), directed by John Guillermin and co-starring Peter Sellers in a rare dramatic role.

Few of these films had been overly popular but Todd was still the top billed star of The Long and the Short and the Tall (1961), with Laurence Harvey and Richard Harris. He tried comedy with Don't Bother to Knock (1961), then made an adventure film in South Africa, The Hellions (1961).

Professional decline

His career in films rapidly declined in the 1960s as the counter-culture movement in the Arts became fashionable in England, with social-realist dramas commercially replacing the more middle-class orientated dramatic productions that Todd's performance character-type had previously excelled in.

The Boys (1962) was a courtroom drama film in which Todd played the lead prosecuting barrister. He had a decent part among the many stars in The Longest Day (1962), Todd's biggest hit in a long time. The Very Edge (1963) was a thriller, then he played Harry Sanders in two films for Harry Alan Towers, Death Drums Along the River (1965) and Coast of Skeletons (1965). He also had a small role in Anderson's Operation Crossbow (1965).

In 1964 he was a member of the jury at the 14th Berlin International Film Festival. [17]

He had a supporting part in The Battle of the Villa Fiorita (1965) and the lead in The Love-Ins (1968).

In the 1970s, he gained new fans when he appeared as the reader for Radio Four's Morning Story. In the 1980s his distinctive voice was heard as narrator of the series Wings Over the World, a show about the history of aviation shown on Arts & Entertainment television. He appeared before the camera in the episode about the Lancaster bomber. Todd continued to act on television, including roles in Virtual murder , Silent Witness and in the Doctor Who story Kinda in 1982. In 1989 he appeared in the first episode of the sixth series of the television whodunit; Murder, She Wrote in which he played Colonel Alex Schofield in the episode entitled Appointment in Athens.

He formed Triumph Theatre Productions with Duncan C Weldon and Paul Elliott in the late 1960s. This company produced over 100 plays, musicals and pantomimes all over the country. Some of them starred Todd.

His active acting career extended into his eighties, and he made several appearances in British shows such as Heartbeat and The Royal . He appeared in The Royal as Hugh Hurst a retired solicitor in tbe episode Kiss and Tell (2003); his last appearance in Heartbeat being when he played Major Harold Beecham in the 2007 episode Seeds of Destruction.

Richard Todd was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1993. [18]

He was the subject of This Is Your Life on two occasions, in March 1960 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at the BBC's Lime Grove Studios, and in November 1988, when Michael Aspel surprised him on stage at the Theatre Royal Windsor.

Unmade projects

Todd was the first choice of author Ian Fleming to play James Bond in Dr. No , but a scheduling conflict gave the role to Sean Connery. In the 1960s, Todd unsuccessfully attempted to produce a film of Ian Fleming's The Diamond Smugglers [11] and a television series based on true accounts of the Queen's Messengers. [11] He was also announced for a proposed film about William Shakespeare. [19]

In his book British Film Character Actors (1982), Terence Pettigrew described Todd as 'an actor who made the most of what he had, which could be summed up as an inability to sit still while there was a horse to leap astride, a swollen river to swim or a tree to vanish into.'

Personal life

Both Todd's marriages ended in divorce. His first was to actress Catherine Grant-Bogle, whom he met in Dundee Repertory and was married to from 1949 until 1970; they had a son Peter (1952–2005) and a daughter Fiona. In 1960 he had a son Jeremy with model Patricia Nelson. He was married to model Virginia Mailer from 1970 until 1992; they had two sons, Andrew and Seamus (1977–1997). [20] In retirement, Todd lived in the village of Little Ponton and later in Little Humby, 8 miles from Grantham, Lincolnshire.

Two of Todd's five children died by suicide. In 1997, Seamus Palethorpe-Todd shot himself in the head in the family home in Lincolnshire. An inquest determined that the suicide might have been a depressive reaction to the drug he was taking for severe acne. On 21 September 2005, Peter killed himself with a shotgun in East Malling, Kent, following marital difficulties. [21]

His sons' suicides affected Todd profoundly; he admitted to visiting their adjoining graves regularly. He told the Daily Mail that dealing with those tragedies was like his experience of war, "You don't consciously set out to do something gallant. You just do it because that is what you are there for."

Legacy

Todd, with his own military record, was a keen supporter of remembrance events especially those associated with the Normandy landings and the Dambusters. He continued to be identified in the public consciousness with Guy Gibson, the role he played in The Dam Busters .

Todd appeared at many Dambusters' anniversaries at Derwent Dam. His final appearance was in May 2008 with Les Munro (the last surviving pilot from the raid on the Ruhr dams).

The actor also narrated at least one TV documentary about the Dambusters and contributed forewords to many books on the subject, including The Dam Busters by Jonathan Falconer (2003), Filming the Dam Busters by Jonathan Falconer (2005) and most recently Bouncing-Bomb Man: The Science of Sir Barnes Wallis by Iain Murray (2009).

Death

Todd died at his home near Grantham, Lincolnshire on 3 December 2009. [22] [23] His body was buried between his two sons Seamus and Peter at St. Guthlac's Church in Little Ponton, in the county of Lincolnshire. The gravestone's epitaph reads – Richard Andrew Palethorpe Todd, 1919–2009, husband of Virginia and Kitty, loving father of Peter, Fiona, Andrew, Seamus and Jeremy, exit Dashing young Blade – a reference to the description made by the Queen Mother of the actor.

Selected filmography

Box office rankings

British exhibitors regularly listed Todd among the most popular local stars at the box office in various polls:

Select theatre credits

Books

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References

  1. "He died peacefully in his sleep on Thursday at his home near Grantham in Lincolnshire.". See under 'Death' below
  2. "BBC News – Dam Busters star Richard Todd dies aged 90". news.bbc.co.uk. 4 December 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  3. "Varsity match venues, uncapped Barbarians..." scrum.com. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
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  5. 1 2 Ambrose, Stephen E. (1985) [2003]. Pegasus Bridge. London: Simon and Schuster. p. 105. ISBN   978-0-7434-5068-3.
  6. "D-DAY SPECIAL: We take film legend Richard Todd back to the scene of his toughest real-life battle". News International. 3 August 2009.
  7. "The Longest Day – Full Credits". Turner Classic Movies. Time Warner Company. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  8. "Extract: The story of an Irishman in WW II: Richard Todd – actor and soldier".
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  10. Nepean, E. (1957, Feb 09). Round the British studios. Picture show, 68, 11. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1879656089
  11. 1 2 3 Todd, Richard. Caught in the Act, Hutchinson, 1986 ISBN   0-09-163800-3
  12. "Jean Simmons Named No. 1 British Film Star". The Daily News (FIRST ed.). Perth. 22 April 1950. p. 5. Retrieved 18 December 2013 via National Library of Australia.
  13. "TOPS AT HOME". The Courier-Mail . Brisbane. 31 December 1949. p. 4. Retrieved 24 April 2012 via National Library of Australia.
  14. Disney Reports Income Gain Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 4 June 1954: A7.
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  23. Richard Todd, Dashing Actor, Dies at 90
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  27. Most Popular Film of the Year. The Times (London, England), Thursday, 12 December 1957; p. 3; Issue 54022
  28. "Richard Todd off stage". The Canberra Times . 3 February 1973. p. 11. Retrieved 18 December 2013 via National Library of Australia.