Richard Todd

Last updated

Richard Todd

OBE
Richard Todd - 1959.jpg
Publicity photo of Todd, c.1959
Born
Richard Andrew Palethorpe-Todd

(1919-06-11)11 June 1919
Died 3 December 2009(2009-12-03) (aged 90)
Burial placeSt. Guthlac's Church, Little Ponton, Lincolnshire, England
Education Shrewsbury School
Alma mater Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts
Royal Military College, Sandhurst
OccupationActor
Spouse(s)
Catherine Grant-Bogle
(m. 1949;div. 1970)
(died 1998)
Virginia Mailer
(m. 1970;div. 1992)
PartnerPatricia Nelson
Children5 (2 with Bogle, 2 with Mailer, and 1 with Nelson)
Military career
AllegianceFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg  British Army
Years of service1941–1946
RankCaptain
Service number 180649
Unit King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
Parachute Regiment
Battles/wars World War II

Richard Andrew Palethorpe-Todd OBE (11 June 1919 3 December 2009) was an Irish-British actor known for his leading man roles of the 1950s. He received a Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer – Male, and an Academy Award for Best Actor nomination and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor nomination for his performance as Corporal Lachlan MacLachlan in the 1949 film The Hasty Heart . His other notable roles include Jonathan Cooper in Stage Fright (1950), Wing Commander Guy Gibson in The Dam Busters (1955), Sir Walter Raleigh in The Virgin Queen (1955), and Major John Howard in The Longest Day (1962). He was previously a Captain in the British Army during World War II, fighting in the D-Day landings as a member of the 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion. [1]

Contents

Early life & career

Richard Todd was born in Dublin. [2] His father, Andrew William Palethorpe-Todd, was an Irish physician and an international Irish rugby player who gained three caps for his country. [3] Richard spent a few of his childhood years in India, where his father, an officer in the British Army, served as a physician. [4] Later his family moved to Devon, and Todd attended Shrewsbury School.

Upon leaving school, Todd trained for a potential military career at Sandhurst before beginning his acting training at the Italia Conti Academy in London. This change in career led to estrangement from his mother. When he learned at the age of 19 that she had committed suicide, he did not grieve long (or so he admitted in later life). [4]

He first appeared professionally as an actor at the Open Air Theatre, Regent's Park in 1936 in a production of Twelfth Night . He played in regional theatres and then co-founded the Dundee Repertory Theatre in Scotland in 1939. He also appeared as an extra in British films including Good Morning, Boys (1937), A Yank at Oxford (1938) and Old Bones of the River (1939).

Military service

Paratrooper Lt. Richard Todd landed near Pegasus Bridge on 6 June 1944. Pegasus Bridge, June 1944 B5288.jpg
Paratrooper Lt. Richard Todd landed near Pegasus Bridge on 6 June 1944.

Todd enlisted soon after the outbreak of the Second World War, entering the Royal Military College, Sandhurst in late 1939. On 29 January 1941, he was one of 26 cadets injured when 'D' Block of New College was hit by a German bomb in an attack by the Luftwaffe. In his memoirs, he describes seeing the bomb pass through the ceiling in front of him before he was blown out of the building by its blast, landing on a grass bank and suffering lacerations; five cadets were killed in the incident. Todd passed out in the spring of 1941; i.e, completed the course. [5] On the day he received his commission, he tried to join several friends at the Café de Paris in London, but could not get a table booked for the evening. That evening, the venue was destroyed in an air raid and 15 newly commissioned subalterns were killed.

He was commissioned into the 2nd/4th Battalion of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (KOYLI). Following arctic warfare training in Iceland he returned to the UK as a lieutenant (having been promoted to that rank on 1 October 1942). [5] For a short while he was posted, at his request, as liaison officer to the 42nd Armoured Division then applied to join the Parachute Regiment to have a better chance at seeing action. He was accepted and after training was posted to the 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion as part of the 6th Airborne Division. On 6 June 1944, he participated in Operation Tonga during the D-Day landings. [6] He was among the first British soldiers to land in Normandy and the first Irishman. [1] [7] His battalion parachuted after glider-borne forces had landed to capture the Pegasus Bridge near Caen. [6] During the operation he met Major John Howard on the bridge and was involved in helping to repulse counter-attacks by the Heer forces in the area. Five days after D-Day, while still in the bridge defence area, he was promoted to captain. [8] [5] Todd later played Howard in the 1962 film The Longest Day , recreating these events. [9]

After three months fighting in Normandy, the 6th Airborne Division returned to the UK to reconstitute and went back to the continent three months later as emergency reinforcements to halt the Battle of the Bulge the German offensive in the Ardennes. Short of transport as they advanced into Germany, Todd, as the motor transport officer, was responsible for gathering a rag-tag selection of commandeered vehicles to ferry troops forward. After VE day, the division returned to the UK for a few weeks, then was sent on counter-insurgency operations in Palestine. During this posting he was seriously injured when his Jeep overturned, breaking both shoulders and receiving a concussion. He returned to the UK to be demobilised in 1946. [10]

Career

Associated British Picture Corporation

After the war, Todd was unsure what direction to take in his career. His former agent, Robert Lennard, had become a casting agent for Associated British Picture Corporation and advised him to try out for the Dundee Repertory Company. Todd did so, performing in plays such as Claudia, where he appeared with Catherine Grant-Bogle, who became his first wife. Lennard arranged for a screen test and Associated British offered him a long-term contract in 1948. He was cast in the lead in For Them That Trespass (1949), directed by Alberto Cavalcanti. [11] The film was a minor hit and Todd's career was launched. [12]

Todd had appeared in the Dundee Repertory stage version of John Patrick's play The Hasty Heart , portraying the role of Yank and was chosen to appear in the 1948 London stage version of the play, this time in the leading role of Cpl. Lachlan McLachlan. This led to his being cast in that role in the Warner Bros. film adaptation of the play, filmed in Britain, alongside Ronald Reagan and Patricia Neal. Todd was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for the role in 1949. [13] He was also voted favourite British male film star in Britain's National Film Awards. [14] The film was the tenth most popular movie at the British box office in 1949. [15]

Todd became much in demand. He was lent to Constellation Films to appear in the thriller The Interrupted Journey (1949). Alfred Hitchcock then used him in Stage Fright (1950), opposite Marlene Dietrich and Jane Wyman – Hitchcock's first British film in Britain since 1939.

Associated British put him in the drama Portrait of Clare (1950), which did not perform well at the box office. Neither did Flesh and Blood (1951) for London Films, in which Todd had a dual role. Director King Vidor offered Todd a lead in Lightning Strikes Twice (1951).

Disney

Far more popular was The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men (1952), in which Todd played the title role for Walt Disney Productions.

Associated British put him in 24 Hours of a Woman's Life (1952), with Merle Oberon. The Rank Organisation borrowed him for Venetian Bird (1952), directed by Ralph Thomas.

Disney reunited the Robin Hood team in The Sword and the Rose (1953), with Todd as Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk. It was not as popular as Robin Hood in the U.S. but performed well in Europe. The same went for Disney's Rob Roy, the Highland Rogue (1953), in which Todd played the title role. Disney pulled back on making costume films as a result. [16]

In 1953, he appeared in a BBC television adaptation of the novel Wuthering Heights as Heathcliff. Nigel Kneale, responsible for the adaptation, said the production came about purely because Todd had turned up at the BBC and told them that he would like to play Heathcliff for them. Kneale had to write the script in only a week as the broadcast was rushed into production. [17]

20th Century Fox

Todd's career received a boost when 20th Century-Fox signed him to a non-exclusive contract and cast him as the United States Senate Chaplain Peter Marshall in the film version of Catherine Marshall's best selling biography A Man Called Peter (1955), which was a popular success.

Even more popular was The Dam Busters (1955) in which Todd played Wing Commander Guy Gibson. This was the most successful film at the British box office in 1955 [18] and became the defining role of Todd's movie career.

20th Century Fox offered Todd The Virgin Queen (1955), playing Sir Walter Raleigh opposite Bette Davis' Queen Elizabeth I. It did not do as well as Peter. [19]

In France, he played Axel Fersen opposite Michèle Morgan in Marie Antoinette Queen of France (1956), which was popular in France but not widely seen elsewhere. Fox cast him in D-Day the Sixth of June (1956), opposite Robert Taylor, which was a mild success.

Yangtse Incident: The Story of H.M.S. Amethyst (1957) was an attempt to repeat the success of The Dam Busters, with the same director (Michael Anderson) and Todd playing another real-life hero. It was popular in Britain but not on the scale of The Dam Busters. He was Dunois, Bastard of Orléans in Saint Joan (1957), directed by Otto Preminger.

Decline as Star

Chase a Crooked Shadow (1958) was a thriller with director Anderson for Associated British. Intent to Kill (1958) was another thriller, this time for Fox, with Betsy Drake. He returned to war films with Danger Within (1958), a POW story. Then there were more thrillers, with Never Let Go (1960), directed by John Guillermin and co-starring Peter Sellers in a rare straight acting role; Todd gave what has been called one of his best performances. [20]

Few of these films had been overly popular but Todd was still the top-billed star of The Long and the Short and the Tall (1961), with Laurence Harvey and Richard Harris. He tried comedy with Don't Bother to Knock (1961), then made The Hellions (1961).

Todd's cinema career rapidly declined in the 1960s as the counter-culture movement in the Arts became fashionable in Britain, with social-realist dramas commercially replacing the more middle-class orientated dramatic productions that Todd's performance character-type had previously excelled in.

The Boys (1962) was a courtroom drama film in which Todd played the lead prosecuting barrister. He had a good part among the many stars in The Longest Day (1962), playing Major John Howard during the airborne action just before and on D-Day in which he had taken part in 1944 (another actor portrayed Todd); this was his biggest hit for some time. He appeared in The Very Edge (1963), a thriller, then he played Harry Sanders in two films for Harry Alan Towers: Death Drums Along the River(1963) and Coast of Skeletons (1965). He also had a small role in Anderson's Operation Crossbow (1965).

In 1964. he was a member of the jury at the 14th Berlin International Film Festival. [21]

He had a supporting part in The Battle of the Villa Fiorita (1965) and the lead in The Love-Ins (1968).

Later career

In the 1970s, he gained new fans when he appeared as the reader for Radio Four's Morning Story. In the 1980s, his distinctive voice was heard as narrator of Wings Over the World, a 13-part documentary series about the history of aviation shown on Arts & Entertainment television. He appeared before the camera in the episode about the Lancaster bomber. Todd continued to act on television, including roles in Virtual Murder ; Silent Witness and in the Doctor Who story "Kinda" in 1982. In 1989, he appeared in the first episode of the sixth season of Murder, She Wrote in which he played Colonel Alex Schofield in the episode titled "Appointment in Athens".

He formed Triumph Theatre Productions with Duncan C. Weldon and Paul Elliott in the late 1960s. This company produced more than 100 plays, musicals and pantomimes all over the country; some of them starred Todd.

His acting career extended into his 80s, and he made several appearances in British shows such as Heartbeat and The Royal . He appeared in The Royal as Hugh Hurst, a retired solicitor, in the episode "Kiss and Tell" (2003); his last appearance in Heartbeat was as Major Harold Beecham in the 2007 episode "Seeds of Destruction".

Richard Todd was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1993. [22]

He was the subject of This Is Your Life on two occasions: in March 1960 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at the BBC's Lime Grove Studios;[ citation needed ] and in November 1988 when Michael Aspel surprised him on stage at the Theatre Royal Windsor.[ citation needed ]

Unmade projects

Todd was the first choice of author Ian Fleming to play James Bond in Dr. No , but a scheduling conflict gave the role to Sean Connery. In the 1960s, Todd unsuccessfully attempted to produce a film of Ian Fleming's The Diamond Smugglers [13] and a television series based on true accounts of the Queen's Messengers. [13] He was also announced for a proposed film about William Shakespeare. [23]

In his book British Film Character Actors (1982), Terence Pettigrew described Todd as "an actor who made the most of what he had, which could be summed up as an inability to sit still while there was a horse to leap astride, a swollen river to swim or a tree to vanish into."

Personal life

Todd was married twice; both marriages ended in divorce. His first wife was actress Catherine Grant-Bogle, whom he met in Dundee Repertory. They were married from 1949 until 1970. They had a son, Peter (1952–2005), and a daughter, Fiona. In 1960 he had a son Jeremy Todd-Nelson with model Patricia Nelson. He was married to model Virginia Mailer from 1970 until 1992; they had two sons, Andrew and Seumas (1977–1997). [24] In retirement, Todd lived in the village of Little Ponton and later in Little Humby, eight miles from Grantham, Lincolnshire. Two of Todd's five children died by suicide. In 1997, Seumas Palethorpe-Todd shot himself in the head at the family home in Lincolnshire; an inquest determined that the suicide might have been a depressive reaction to the drug he was taking for severe acne. On 21 September 2005, Peter killed himself with a shotgun in East Malling, Kent, following marital difficulties. [25]

Todd was a supporter of Second World War commemoration events, particularly those associated with the Normandy landings and 617 Squadron RAF. He continued to be identified in the public consciousness with Guy Gibson from his portrayal of him in the 1950s film, and attended 617 Squadron anniversaries up to 2008. He narrated a television documentary about the Squadron, and contributed forewords to several books on the subject, including The Dam Buster Story (2003); Filming the Dam Busters (2005); and Bouncing-Bomb Man: The Science of Sir Barnes Wallis (2009).[ citation needed ]

Death

Todd died after a battle with cancer at his home near Grantham in Lincolnshire on 3 December 2009. [26] [27] His body was buried between his two sons Seumas and Peter at St. Guthlac's Church in Little Ponton in the county of Lincolnshire. The gravestone's epitaph reads "Richard Andrew Palethorpe Todd, 1919–2009, husband of Virginia and Kitty, loving father of Peter, Fiona, Andrew, Seumas and Jeremy, Exit Dashing Young Blade" (a reference to the Queen Mother's description of him).

Selected filmography

YearFilmRoleDirectorNotes
1937 Good Morning, Boys Extra in crowd scene Marcel Varnel uncredited
1938 A Yank at Oxford Extra in sporting event Jack Conway uncredited
1938 Old Bones of the River Extra in crowd scene Marcel Varnel uncredited
1949 For Them That Trespass Herbert Edward Logan Alberto Cavalcanti
1949 The Hasty Heart Cpl. Lachlan "Lachie" MacLachlan Vincent Sherman
1949 The Interrupted Journey John North Daniel Birt
1950 Stage Fright Jonathan Cooper Alfred Hitchcock
1950 Portrait of Clare Robert Hart Lance Comfort
1951 Flesh and Blood Charles Cameron / Sutherland Anthony Kimmins
1951 Lightning Strikes Twice Richard Trevelyan King Vidor
1952 The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men Robin Hood Ken Annakin
1952 24 Hours of a Woman's Life The Young Man Victor Saville
1952 Venetian Bird Edward Mercer Ralph Thomas
1953 The Sword and the Rose Charles Brandon Ken Annakin
1954 Rob Roy, the Highland Rogue Rob Roy MacGregor Harold French
1954 The Bed Capitaine Davidson
1955 A Man Called Peter Peter Marshall Henry Koster biopic
1955 The Dam Busters Wing Commander Guy Gibson, V.C, D.S.O., D.F.C. Michael Anderson
1955 The Virgin Queen Sir Walter Raleigh Henry Koster
1956 Marie-Antoinette reine de France Comte Axel von Fersen Jean Delannoy
1956 D-Day the Sixth of June Lt. Col. John Wynter Henry Koster
1957 Yangtse Incident: The Story of H.M.S. Amethyst John Kerans Michael Anderson
1957 Saint Joan Jean de Dunois, Bastard of Orleans Otto Preminger
1958 Chase a Crooked Shadow Ward Prescott Michael Anderson
1958 The Naked Earth Danny Vincent Sherman
1958 Intent to Kill Dr. Bob McLaurin Jack Cardiff
1959 Danger Within Lt. Col. David Baird, M.C Don Chaffey
1960 Never Let Go John Cummings John Guillermin
1961 The Long and the Short and the Tall Sgt. Mitchem Leslie Norman
1961 Don't Bother to Knock Bill Ferguson Cyril Frankel
1961 The Hellions Sgt. Sam Hargis Ken Annakin
1962 Le Crime ne paie pas Col. Roberts William Gérard Oury segment "L'homme de I'avenue"
1962 The Boys Victor Webster Sidney J. Furie
1962 The Longest Day John Howard British Army officer
1963 The Very Edge Geoffrey Lawrence Cyril Frankel
1963 Death Drums Along the River Inspector Harry Sanders Lawrence Huntington
1964 Coast of Skeletons Inspector Harry Sanders Robert Lynn
1965 Operation Crossbow Wing Cmdr. Kendall Michael Anderson
1965 The Battle of the Villa Fiorita Darrell Delmer Daves
1967 The Love-Ins Dr. Jonathan Barnett Arthur Dreifuss
1968 Subterfuge Col. Victor Redmayne Peter Graham Scott
1968 Last of the Long-haired Boys Trigg
1970 Dorian Gray Basil Hallward Massimo Dallamano
1972 Asylum Walter Roy Ward Baker segment "Frozen Fear"
1977 No. 1 of the Secret Service Arthur Loveday Lindsay Shonteff
1978 The Big Sleep Commander Barker Michael Winner
1979 Home Before Midnight Geoffrey Steele Pete Walker
1979 Bloodbath Terence Silvio Narizzano
1983 House of the Long Shadows Sam Allyson Pete Walker
1992 Incident at Victoria Falls Lord Roberts Bill Corcoran

Box-office rankings

British exhibitors regularly listed Todd among the most popular local stars at the box office in various polls:

Select theatre credits

Books

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Mason</span> English actor (1909–1984)

James Neville Mason was an English actor. He achieved considerable success in British cinema before becoming a star in Hollywood. He was the top box-office attraction in the UK in 1944 and 1945; his British films included The Seventh Veil (1945) and The Wicked Lady (1945). He starred in Odd Man Out (1947), the first recipient of the BAFTA Award for Best British Film.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Mills</span> English actor (1908–2005)

Sir John Mills was an English actor who appeared in more than 120 films in a career spanning seven decades. He excelled on camera as an appealing British everyman who often portrayed guileless, wounded war heroes. In 1971, he received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Ryan's Daughter.

<i>The Hasty Heart</i> 1949 film by Vincent Sherman

The Hasty Heart is a 1949 war drama film, an Anglo-American co-production starring Ronald Reagan, Patricia Neal, and Richard Todd and directed by Vincent Sherman. The film is based on the 1945 play of the same name by John Patrick.

<i>The Dam Busters</i> (film) 1955 film directed by Michael Anderson

The Dam Busters is a 1955 British epic war film starring Richard Todd and Michael Redgrave. It was directed by Michael Anderson. The film recreates the true story of Operation Chastise when in 1943 the RAF's 617 Squadron attacked the Möhne, Eder, and Sorpe dams in Nazi Germany with Barnes Wallis's bouncing bomb.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dennis Price</span> English actor (1915-1973)

Dennistoun Franklyn John Rose Price was an English actor, best remembered for his role as Louis Mazzini in the film Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949) and for his portrayal of the omnicompetent valet Jeeves in 1960s television adaptations of P. G. Wodehouse's stories.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter Finch</span> English-Australian actor (1916–1977)

Frederick George Peter Ingle Finch was an English-Australian actor of theatre, film and radio.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Denis Quilley</span> English actor, singer (1927–2003)

Denis Clifford Quilley, OBE was an English actor and singer. From a family with no theatrical connections, Quilley was determined from an early age to become an actor. He was taken on by the Birmingham Repertory Theatre in his teens, and after a break for compulsory military service he began a West End career in 1950, succeeding Richard Burton in The Lady's Not For Burning. In the 1950s he appeared in revue, musicals, operetta and on television as well as in classic and modern drama in the theatre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kenneth More</span> British actor (1914–1982)

Kenneth Gilbert More, CBE was an English film and stage actor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stewart Granger</span> British actor (1913-1993)

Stewart Granger was a British film actor, mainly associated with heroic and romantic leading roles. He was a popular leading man from the 1940s to the early 1960s, rising to fame through his appearances in the Gainsborough melodramas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michael Wilding</span> English actor

Michael Charles Gauntlet Wilding was an English stage, television, and film actor. He is best known for a series of films he made with Anna Neagle; he also made two films with Alfred Hitchcock, Under Capricorn (1949) and Stage Fright (1950); and he guest starred on Hitchcock's TV show in 1963. He was married four times, including to Elizabeth Taylor, with whom he had two sons.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Newton</span> English actor (1905–1956)

Robert Guy Newton was an English actor. Along with Errol Flynn, Newton was one of the more popular actors among the male juvenile audience of the 1940s and early 1950s, especially with British boys. Known for his hard-living lifestyle, he was cited as a role model by the actor Oliver Reed and the Who's drummer Keith Moon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jack Hawkins</span> British actor

John Edward Hawkins, CBE was an English actor who worked on stage and in film from the 1930s until the 1970s. One of the most popular British film stars of the 1950s, he was known for his portrayal of military men.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Laurence Naismith</span> English actor (1908-1992)

Laurence Naismith was an English actor. He made numerous film and television appearances, including starring roles in the musical films Scrooge (1970) and the children's ghost film The Amazing Mr Blunden (1972). He also had memorable roles as Captain Edward Smith of the RMS Titanic in A Night to Remember (1958), the First Sea Lord in Sink the Bismarck! (1960), and Argus in Jason and the Argonauts (1963).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Gregson</span> English actor (1919–1975)

Harold Thomas Gregson, known professionally as John Gregson, was an English actor of stage, television and film, with 40 credited film roles. He was best known for his crime drama and comedy roles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michael Anderson (director)</span> English film director (1920–2018)

Michael Joseph Anderson was an English film director, best known for directing the World War II film The Dam Busters (1955), the epic Around the World in 80 Days (1956) and the dystopian sci-fi film Logan's Run (1976).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nigel Patrick</span> English actor and stage director

Nigel Patrick was an English actor and stage director born into a theatrical family.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Patrick Barr</span> English actor

Patrick David Barr was an English actor. In his career spanning over half a century, he appeared in about 144 films and television series.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anthony Steel (actor)</span> British actor and singer (1920–2001)

Anthony Maitland Steel was a British actor and singer who appeared in British war films of the 1950s such as The Wooden Horse (1950) and Where No Vultures Fly. He was also known for his tumultuous marriage to Anita Ekberg.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Raymond Huntley</span> English actor (1904–1990)

Horace Raymond Huntley was an English actor who appeared in dozens of British films from the 1930s to the 1970s. He also appeared in the ITV period drama Upstairs, Downstairs as the pragmatic family solicitor Sir Geoffrey Dillon, and other television shows, such as the Wodehouse Playhouse,, in 1975..

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alec Guinness</span> British actor (1914–2000)

Sir Alec Guinness was an English actor. After an early career on the stage, Guinness was featured in several of the Ealing comedies, including Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949), in which he played nine different characters, The Lavender Hill Mob (1951), for which he received his first Academy Award nomination, and The Ladykillers (1955). He collaborated six times with director David Lean: Herbert Pocket in Great Expectations (1946), Fagin in Oliver Twist (1948), Col. Nicholson in The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), for which he won both the Academy Award for Best Actor and the BAFTA Award for Best Actor, Prince Faisal in Lawrence of Arabia (1962), General Yevgraf Zhivago in Doctor Zhivago (1965), and Professor Godbole in A Passage to India (1984). In 1970 he played Jacob Marley's ghost in Ronald Neame's Scrooge. He also portrayed Obi-Wan Kenobi in George Lucas's original Star Wars trilogy; for the original 1977 film, he was nominated for Best Supporting Actor at the 50th Academy Awards.

References

  1. 1 2 "Lieutenant Richard Todd". www.pegasusarchive.org. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  2. "Dam Busters star Richard Todd dies aged 90". BBC News. 4 December 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  3. "Varsity match venues, uncapped Barbarians..." scrum.com. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
  4. 1 2 "Richard Todd". The Daily Telegraph . 6 December 2009. Retrieved 13 December 2009.
  5. 1 2 3 "British Army officer histories". Unit Histories. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  6. 1 2 Ambrose, Stephen E. (1985) [2003]. Pegasus Bridge . London: Simon and Schuster. p.  105. ISBN   978-0-7434-5068-3.
  7. Richardson, Neil. "Extract: The story of an Irishman in WW II: Richard Todd – actor and soldier". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  8. Holland, James, Normandy '44, ISBN 9780552176118
  9. "Extract: The story of an Irishman in WW II: Richard Todd – actor and soldier". The Journal. 11 November 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  10. Todd, Richard (1986). Caught in the act: The Story of my Life. Hutchinson. ISBN   0-09-163800-3. OCLC   982188986.
  11. "Richard Todd is newest find for British films". The Australian Women's Weekly . 9 July 1949. p. 38. Retrieved 25 July 2012 via National Library of Australia.
  12. Nepean, E. (1957, Feb 09). Round the British studios. Picture show, 68, 11
  13. 1 2 3 Todd, Richard. Caught in the Act, Hutchinson, 1986 ISBN   0-09-163800-3
  14. "Jean Simmons Named No. 1 British Film Star". The Daily News (FIRST ed.). Perth. 22 April 1950. p. 5. Retrieved 18 December 2013 via National Library of Australia.
  15. "TOPS AT HOME". The Courier-Mail . Brisbane. 31 December 1949. p. 4. Retrieved 24 April 2012 via National Library of Australia.
  16. Disney Reports Income Gain Los Angeles Times 4 June 1954: A7.
  17. Murray, Andy (2006). Into the Unknown: The Fantastic Life of Nigel Kneale (paperback). London: Headpress. p. 34. ISBN   978-1-900486-50-7.
  18. "'The Dam Busters'." Times [London, England], 29 December 1955, p. 12, via The Times Digital Archive. Retrieved: 11 July 2012.
  19. Richard Todd INTERNATIONAL STAR: RICHARD TODD Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 10 Apr 1955: h20.
  20. Vagg, Stephen (17 November 2020). "John Guillermin: Action Man". Filmink.
  21. "Berlinale 1964: Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
  22. TCM
  23. "Hope tops list for popularity". The Mail . Adelaide. 30 December 1950. p. 5 Supplement: Sunday Magazine. Retrieved 10 July 2012 via National Library of Australia.
  24. Deaths England and Wales 1984–2006
  25. "Suicide of actor's depressed son". BBC News. 3 March 2006. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  26. "Dambusters star Richard Todd dies aged 90". BBC News. 4 December 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  27. Richard Todd, Dashing Actor, Dies at 90
  28. "Success Of British Films." Times [London, England] 29 December 1950: 4. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 11 July 2012.
  29. "COMEDIAN TOPS FILM POLL". The Sunday Herald . Sydney. 28 December 1952. p. 4. Retrieved 27 April 2012 via National Library of Australia.
  30. "'The Dam Busters'." Times [London, England] 29 December 1955: 12. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 11 July 2012.
  31. Most Popular Film of the Year. The Times (London, England), Thursday, 12 December 1957; p. 3; Issue 54022
  32. "Richard Todd off stage". The Canberra Times . 3 February 1973. p. 11. Retrieved 18 December 2013 via National Library of Australia.