Rimutaka (New Zealand electorate)

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Rimutaka electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Rimutaka electorate, 2014.svg
Rimutaka electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Rimutaka is an electorate returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Chris Hipkins, a member of the Labour Party who has represented the seat since 2008. [1] A decision to rename the electorate to Remutaka can be expected in April 2020.

Contents

Profile

Centred on Upper Hutt City, the western boundary of the Rimutaka electorate is defined by the Hutt River from Avalon and Naenae in the south, through Stokes Valley, Trentham and Upper Hutt, to Te Marua, Kaitoke, and Cloustonville in the north. Boundary changes in 2014 saw Rimutaka gain Naenae from the Hutt South electorate, while losing Belmont and Kelson to Hutt South. [2]

Population growth in the Rimutaka electorate was 2.4% between 2006 and 2013, less than half the national average (5.3%). Of those employed in 2013: 15.0% were clerical and administrative workers (the highest proportion of any general electorate); 12.6% worked in public administration (third-highest); 10.4% were community and personal service workers (fourth-highest). Of those working on census day 2013, 9.1% travelled to work by train, the third-highest share among general electorates and almost eight times the New Zealand average (1.2%). [2]

History

Rimutaka was created in 1996 ahead of the change to Mixed Member Proportional voting. It was created by merging the old Upper Hutt-based seat of Heretaunga with Stokes Valley, Taitā and a large section of Naenae from the defunct Eastern Hutt seat. Eastern Hutt had been held by Labour's Paul Swain since 1987, while Heretaunga had been won by National's Peter McCardle in 1990. Peter McCardle (who had been re-elected in 1993) defected to New Zealand First in 1996. Swain was the clear winner in every election from 1996 to 2005; the inclusion of the working-class areas of Hutt City helped make Rimutaka safer for the Labour Party, though on the campaign trail in 2008, Labour's chances for winning both party vote and the electorate were summarised as: "Labour support is 'rock solid' in the south of the electorate but things are volatile in Upper Hutt, where there is 'still work to do'". [3]

Following the 2014 boundary review, Rimutaka gained Naenae and a small part of Epuni from the Hutt South electorate and lost Kelson and Belmont to Hutt South.

In 2015, the New Zealand Geographic Board started the process of investigation whether the Rimutaka Pass, from which the electorate takes its name, should be renamed. The pass was formally named Remutaka Pass on 17 December 2015 when the Minister for Land Information, Louise Upston, confirmed the decision of the New Zealand Geographic Board. [4] In the 2019/2020 boundary review, the Representation Commission is proposing to rename the Rimutaka electorate to Remutaka. A final decision is expected in April 2020. The renamed electorate would first be used in the 2020 general election and the successful candidate would first represent the area in the 53rd Parliament. [5]

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

  Labour     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Paul Swain
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Chris Hipkins
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Rimutaka electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Peter McCardle 1

1 McCardle was the National MP for Heretaunga from 1990 to 1996

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Rimutaka [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Chris Hipkins 21,72555.48+2.9717,18043.3+10.57
National Carolyn O'Fallon13,11633.49-0.8715,43338.9-2.38
Green Stefan Grand-Meyer1,8154.63-0.072,1565.43-4.47
NZ First Talani Meikle1,6044.09-0.772,9387.40-2.83
Conservative Philip Lynch356169
ACT Grae O'Sullivan190147
Opportunities  1,0952.76
Māori  181
Legalise Cannabis  96
Ban 1080  33
United Future  32
People's Party  22
Outdoors  16
Internet  12
Democrats  10
Mana  10
Informal votes347148
Total Valid votes39,15339,678
Labour holdMajority8,609

2014 election

2014 general election: Rimutaka [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Chris Hipkins 19,28652.51+2.2512,17632.73−0.16
National Lewis Holden12,62234.36−6.2715,35241.28−3.16
NZ First Aaron Hunt1,7854.86+4.863,80610.23+6.21
Green Susanne Ruthven1,7274.70−1.123,4229.90−1.41
Conservative Philip Michael Lynch9732.65+2.659554.01+1.25
Internet Mana  3240.87+0.64 [lower-alpha 1]
Legalise Cannabis  1940.52+0.05
Māori  1490.40−0.15
ACT  1260.34−0.34
United Future  1220.33−0.66
Ban 1080  840.23+0.23
Civilian  190.05+0.05
Independent Coalition  190.05+0.05
Democrats  140.04+0.00
Focus  40.01+0.01
Informal votes241159
Total Valid votes36,39337,194
Labour holdMajority6,66418.14+8.52

Electorate (as at 20 September 2014): 46,526 [8]

2011 election

2011 general election: Rimutaka [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Chris Hipkins 17,17151.5812.3111,37533.13-8.18
National Jonathan Fletcher13,88541.71+4.6015,36444.75+4.10
Green Tane Woodley1,9905.98+0.963,4229.97+4.04
ACT Alwyn Courtenay2410.72-0.572350.68-1.87
NZ First  2,1486.26+2.17
Conservative  9552.78+2.78
United Future  3400.99-0.41
Māori  1900.55-0.18
Legalise Cannabis  1640.48+0.13
Mana  800.23+0.23
Libertarianz  280.08+0.04
Alliance  200.06-0.02
Democrats  120.03+0.01
Informal votes879240
Total Valid votes33,28734,333
Labour holdMajority3,2869.87+7.72

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,403 [10]

2008 election

2008 general election: Rimutaka [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Chris Hipkins 13,73539.2714,68541.31
National Richard Whiteside12,98237.1214,45240.65
NZ First Ron Mark 5,25715.031,4534.09
Green Lynette Vigrass1,7555.022,1075.93
United Future Jenni Hurn5221.494991.40
ACT Nigel Kearney4531.309092.56
Progressive John Maurice2720.783450.97
Māori  2600.73
Bill and Ben  2550.72
Kiwi  2420.68
Legalise Cannabis  1220.34
Family Party  850.24
Pacific  570.16
Alliance  280.08
Workers Party  180.05
Libertarianz  130.04
Democrats  80.02
RONZ  70.02
RAM  40.01
Informal votes297126
Total Valid votes34,97635,549
Labour holdMajority7532.15


2005 election

2005 general election: Rimutaka [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Paul Swain 18,68154.74-4.6716,55847.80
National Mike Leddy10,40430.49+11.1811,79134.04
United Future Bernard McLelland1,7775.211,6154.66
Green Michael Morris1,2433.641,4464.17
NZ First David Fowler1,0943.211,7365.01
Independent Dave Reynolds5491.61
ACT John Waugh3801.114141.20
Legalise Cannabis  6911.99
Progressive  4511.30
Destiny  1970.57
Māori  1810.52
Christian Heritage  540.16
Alliance  280.08
Libertarianz  190.05
99 MP  140.04
Democrats  100.03
Family Rights  90.03
One NZ  80.02
Direct Democracy  60.02
RONZ  20.01
Informal votes353145
Total Valid votes34,12834,640
Labour holdMajority8,27724.25-16.10

2002 election

2002 general election: Rimutaka [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Paul Swain 18,68814,856
National Mike Leddy6,0735,387
United Future Wayne Chapman1,9572,933
Green Russel Norman 1,2671,683
ACT Nick Kearney1,1682,004
Independent Nick Kelly376
NZ First  2,641
Legalise Cannabis  179
Alliance  280.08
Informal votes404146
Total Valid votes31,86132,079
Labour holdMajority12,615

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Rimutaka for a list of candidates.

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

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References

  1. New Zealand Parliament – Chris Hipkinsn MP
  2. 1 2 "Rimutaka electorate profile". Parliamentary Library. June 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2016. CC-BY-icon-80x15.png  This article incorporates textby the Parliamentary Library available under the CC BY 3.0 license.
  3. "Labour stronghold shapes up as a battleground". stuff.co.nz. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2008.[ dead link ]
  4. "Notice of final determinations of the Minister for Land Information on official geographic names". New Zealand Gazette . 17 December 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  5. "What's happening now in the boundary review". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  6. "Official Count Results – Rimutaka". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  7. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 20 September 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  8. 2011 election results
  9. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  10. 2008 election results
  11. election result Rimutaka 2005
  12. election result Rimutaka 2002 Archived 15 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine