Rimutaka (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated

Rimutaka electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Rimutaka electorate, 2014.svg
Rimutaka electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Rimutaka is an electorate returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Chris Hipkins, a member of the Labour Party who has represented the seat since 2008. [1]

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Chris Hipkins New Zealand politician

Christopher John Hipkins is a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He is the Labour Party MP for Rimutaka, and was elected for the first time at the 2008 election. He serves as the Minister of Education for the current and Sixth Labour Government.

Contents

Profile

Centred on Upper Hutt City, the western boundary of the Rimutaka electorate is defined by the Hutt River from Avalon and Naenae in the south, through Stokes Valley, Trentham and Upper Hutt, to Te Marua, Kaitoke, and Cloustonville in the north. Boundary changes in 2014 saw Rimutaka gain Naenae from the Hutt South electorate, while losing Belmont and Kelson to Hutt South. [2]

Upper Hutt City in Wellington, New Zealand

Upper Hutt is a city in the Wellington Region of the North Island of New Zealand, and one of the four cities that constitute the Wellington metropolitan area.

Hutt River (New Zealand) river in New Zealand

The Hutt River flows through the southern North Island of New Zealand. It flows south-west from the southern Tararua Range for 56 kilometres (35 mi), forming a number of fertile floodplains, including Kaitoke, central Upper Hutt and Lower Hutt.

Avalon, New Zealand suburb of Lower Hutt, New Zealand

Avalon is a suburb of Lower Hutt in New Zealand, formed as a private residential development in the 1970s on land formerly occupied by market-gardens on the left (eastern) bank of the Hutt River. It features mostly California-inspired designed houses, often split-level, with 3 or 4 bedrooms.

Population growth in the Rimutaka electorate was 2.4% between 2006 and 2013, less than half the national average (5.3%). Of those employed in 2013: 15.0% were clerical and administrative workers (the highest proportion of any general electorate); 12.6% worked in public administration (third-highest); 10.4% were community and personal service workers (fourth-highest). Of those working on census day 2013, 9.1% travelled to work by train, the third-highest share among general electorates and almost eight times the New Zealand average (1.2%). [2]

The 2013 New Zealand census was the thirty-third national census. "The National Census Day" used for the census was on Tuesday, 5 March 2013. The population of New Zealand was counted as 4,242,048, – an increase of 214,101 or 5.3% over the 2006 census.

History

Rimutaka was created in 1996 ahead of the change to Mixed Member Proportional voting. It was created by merging the old Upper Hutt-based seat of Heretaunga with Stokes Valley, Taitā and a large section of Naenae from the defunct Eastern Hutt seat. Eastern Hutt had been held by Labour's Paul Swain since 1987, while Heretaunga had been won by National's Peter McCardle in 1990. Peter McCardle (who had been re-elected in 1993) defected to New Zealand First in 1996. Swain was the clear winner in every election from 1996 to 2005; the inclusion of the working-class areas of Hutt City helped make Rimutaka safer for the Labour Party, though on the campaign trail in 2008, Labour's chances for winning both party vote and the electorate were summarised as: "Labour support is 'rock solid' in the south of the electorate but things are volatile in Upper Hutt, where there is 'still work to do'". [3]

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

Heretaunga (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Heretaunga is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Upper Hutt, that existed from 1954 until 1996.

Taita ( is one of the northernmost suburbs of the city of Lower Hutt in New Zealand, situated toward the northern end of the city. It lies considerably south of the Taita Gorge which separates Lower Hutt City from Upper Hutt City, and to the west of the Taita Cemetery in the suburb of Naenae.

Following the 2014 boundary review, Rimutaka gained Naenae and a small part of Epuni from the Hutt South electorate and lost Kelson and Belmont to Hutt South.

Naenae

Naenae is a suburb of the city of Lower Hutt, New Zealand. It lies on the eastern edge of the floodplain of the Hutt River, four kilometres from the Lower Hutt Central business district. A small tributary of the Hutt, the Waiwhetu Stream, flows through the suburb. Naenae has a population of around 8,000 people.

Epuni is a suburb of Lower Hutt, New Zealand situated in the south of the North Island of New Zealand. The suburb lies around one kilometre east of the Lower Hutt CBD.

Kelson, New Zealand

Kelson is a suburb of Lower Hutt in Wellington, New Zealand. It is situated on the western hills of the Hutt Valley. To the west of the suburb lies the Belmont Regional Park, while to the east runs the Hutt River and State Highway 2.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

  Labour     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Paul Swain
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Chris Hipkins
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Rimutaka electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Peter McCardle 1

1 McCardle was the National MP for Heretaunga from 1990 to 1996

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Rimutaka [4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Chris Hipkins 21,72555.48+2.9717,18043.3+10.57
National Carolyn O'Fallon13,11633.49-0.8715,43338.9-2.38
Green Stefan Grand-Meyer1,8154.63-0.072,1565.43-4.47
NZ First Talani Meikle1,6044.09-0.772,9387.40-2.83
Conservative Philip Lynch356169
ACT Grae O'Sullivan190147
Opportunities  1,0952.76
Māori  181
Legalise Cannabis  96
Ban 1080  33
United Future  32
People's Party  22
Outdoors  16
Internet  12
Democrats  10
Mana  10
Informal votes347148
Total Valid votes39,15339,678
Labour holdMajority8,609

2014 election

2014 general election: Rimutaka [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Chris Hipkins 19,28652.51+2.2512,17632.73−0.16
National Lewis Holden12,62234.36−6.2715,35241.28−3.16
NZ First Aaron Hunt1,7854.86+4.863,80610.23+6.21
Green Susanne Ruthven1,7274.70−1.123,4229.90−1.41
Conservative Philip Michael Lynch9732.65+2.659554.01+1.25
Internet Mana  3240.87+0.64 [lower-alpha 1]
Legalise Cannabis  1940.52+0.05
Māori  1490.40−0.15
ACT  1260.34−0.34
United Future  1220.33−0.66
Ban 1080  840.23+0.23
Civilian  190.05+0.05
Independent Coalition  190.05+0.05
Democrats  140.04+0.00
Focus  40.01+0.01
Informal votes241159
Total Valid votes36,39337,194
Labour holdMajority6,66418.14+8.52

Electorate (as at 20 September 2014): 46,526 [6]

2011 election

2011 general election: Rimutaka [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Chris Hipkins 17,17151.5812.3111,37533.13-8.18
National Jonathan Fletcher13,88541.71+4.6015,36444.75+4.10
Green Tane Woodley1,9905.98+0.963,4229.97+4.04
ACT Alwyn Courtenay2410.72-0.572350.68-1.87
NZ First  2,1486.26+2.17
Conservative  9552.78+2.78
United Future  3400.99-0.41
Māori  1900.55-0.18
Legalise Cannabis  1640.48+0.13
Mana  800.23+0.23
Libertarianz  280.08+0.04
Alliance  200.06-0.02
Democrats  120.03+0.01
Informal votes879240
Total Valid votes33,28734,333
Labour holdMajority3,2869.87+7.72

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,403 [8]

2008 election

2008 general election: Rimutaka [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Chris Hipkins 13,73539.2714,68541.31
National Richard Whiteside12,98237.1214,45240.65
NZ First Ron Mark 5,25715.031,4534.09
Green Lynette Vigrass1,7555.022,1075.93
United Future Jenni Hurn5221.494991.40
ACT Nigel Kearney4531.309092.56
Progressive John Maurice2720.783450.97
Māori  2600.73
Bill and Ben  2550.72
Kiwi  2420.68
Legalise Cannabis  1220.34
Family Party  850.24
Pacific  570.16
Alliance  280.08
Workers Party  180.05
Libertarianz  130.04
Democrats  80.02
RONZ  70.02
RAM  40.01
Informal votes297126
Total Valid votes34,97635,549
Labour holdMajority7532.15


2005 election

2005 general election: Rimutaka [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Paul Swain 18,68154.74-4.6716,55847.80
National Mike Leddy10,40430.49+11.1811,79134.04
United Future Bernard McLelland1,7775.211,6154.66
Green Michael Morris1,2433.641,4464.17
NZ First David Fowler1,0943.211,7365.01
Independent Dave Reynolds5491.61
ACT John Waugh3801.114141.20
Legalise Cannabis  6911.99
Progressive  4511.30
Destiny  1970.57
Māori  1810.52
Christian Heritage  540.16
Alliance  280.08
Libertarianz  190.05
99 MP  140.04
Democrats  100.03
Family Rights  90.03
One NZ  80.02
Direct Democracy  60.02
RONZ  20.01
Informal votes353145
Total Valid votes34,12834,640
Labour holdMajority8,27724.25-16.10

2002 election

2002 general election: Rimutaka [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Paul Swain 18,68814,856
National Mike Leddy6,0735,387
United Future Wayne Chapman1,9572,933
Green Russel Norman 1,2671,683
ACT Nick Kearney1,1682,004
Independent Nick Kelly376
NZ First  2,641
Legalise Cannabis  179
Alliance  280.08
Informal votes404146
Total Valid votes31,86132,079
Labour holdMajority12,615

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Rimutaka for a list of candidates.

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Related Research Articles

Peter McCardle New Zealand politician

Peter McCardle, is a New Zealand politician. He was an MP from 1990 to 1999, first as a member of the National Party, then as a member of New Zealand First, and finally as an independent. McCardle was deputy mayor of Upper Hutt from 2007 to 2013.

Clutha-Southland Current New Zealand electorate

Clutha-Southland is a parliamentary constituency returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Clutha Southland is Hamish Walker of the National Party. He has held the seat since the 2017 general election.

Bay of Plenty (New Zealand electorate) electorate in New Zealand

Bay of Plenty is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Todd Muller of the National Party, first elected at the 2014 election. He replaced Tony Ryall, also of the National Party, who retired after representing the seat since 1996.

Hamilton East (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Hamilton East is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It is currently held by David Bennett MP of the National Party.

Hutt South Current New Zealand electorate

Hutt South is a parliamentary electorate in the lower Hutt Valley of New Zealand. It is held by Chris Bishop of the National Party following the 2017 election. It was previously held by Trevor Mallard of the Labour Party who announced in July 2016 that he will not contest the seat, but will run as a list-only candidate with the intention of becoming Speaker of the House. Bishop's victory is the first time Hutt South has been held by a National Party MP since the electorate was created in 1996.

Mana (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Mana is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate north of Wellington. It is held by Kris Faafoi of the Labour Party since 2010.

Manukau East Current New Zealand electorate

Manukau East is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that returns one member of parliament to the House of Representatives. It was first formed for the 1996 election. Since the 2014 election it has been held by Jenny Salesa, a member of the Labour Party.

Mount Roskill (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Mount Roskill is a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Phil Goff of the Labour Party held the seat from the 1999 election until he resigned from Parliament on 12 October 2016 after contesting and being elected Mayor of Auckland on 8 October 2016 in the 2016 mayoral election. His resignation necessitated a byelection in this electorate which was won by Michael Wood.

Northcote (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Northcote is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Currently, the MP for Northcote is Dan Bidois of the National Party, who won the seat at the Northcote by-election.

Pakuranga (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Pakuranga is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate. It gave the Social Credit Party one of its few MPs when Neil Morrison held the seat from 1984 to 1987, but otherwise the electorate seat has been held by the National Party since 1972. Its current MP is Simeon Brown who has held the electorate since the 2017 general election.

Te Tai Tokerau Current New Zealand Māori electorate

Te Tai Tokerau is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that was created out of the Northern Maori electorate ahead of the first Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) election in 1996. It was first held by Tau Henare representing New Zealand First for one term, and then Dover Samuels of the Labour Party for two terms. From 2005 to 2014, it was held by MP Hone Harawira. Initially a member of the Māori Party, Harawira resigned from both the party and then Parliament, causing the 2011 by-election. He was returned under the Mana Party banner in July 2011 and confirmed at the November 2011 general election. In the 2014 election, he was beaten by Labour's Kelvin Davis, ending the representation of the Mana Party in Parliament.

Te Tai Tonga Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives

Te Tai Tonga is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Te Tai Tonga is Rino Tirikatene of the Labour Party, who in 2011 defeated Rahui Katene of the Māori Party, who in turn had won the seat in 2008.

Waiariki (New Zealand electorate)

Waiariki is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that was first established for the 1999 election. Since the 2017 election, it has been held by former broadcaster Tamati Coffey after he defeated Te Ururoa Flavell.

Wellington Central (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Wellington Central is an electorate, represented by a Member of Parliament in the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its MP since November 2008 has been Labour Party's Grant Robertson.

Ōhāriu (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Ōhāriu, previously spelled Ohariu and then Ōhariu, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It first existed from 1978 to 1993, and was recreated for the 2008 election. In 2008, it was the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the recreated electorate in 2008. He announced on 21 August 2017, he would not be seeking re-election in the 2017 general election.

Botany (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Botany is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was contested for the first time at the 2008 general election, and won by Pansy Wong for the National Party. Following Wong's resignation in late 2010, a by-election returned Jami-Lee Ross, who was confirmed by the voters in the 2011 general election. Ross left the National Party in October 2018 and became an independent.

Ikaroa-Rāwhiti

Ikaroa-Rāwhiti is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate. It was formed for the 1999 election and held by Parekura Horomia of the Labour Party until his death in 2013. A by-election to replace him was held on 29 June 2013 and was won by Labour's Meka Whaitiri, who remains the incumbent after the 2014 election.

Taupō (New Zealand electorate)

Taupō is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. Taupo first existed between 1963 and 1981, and was recreated for the introduction of MMP in 1996. The current MP for Taupō is Louise Upston of the National Party. She has held this position since 2008.

Eastern Hutt former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Eastern Hutt is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1978 to 1996. It was represented by two Labour MPs.

References

  1. New Zealand Parliament – Chris Hipkinsn MP
  2. 1 2 "Rimutaka electorate profile". Parliamentary Library. June 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2016. CC-BY-icon-80x15.png  This article incorporates textby the Parliamentary Library available under the CC BY 3.0 license.
  3. "Labour stronghold shapes up as a battleground". stuff.co.nz. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2008.[ dead link ]
  4. "Official Count Results – Rimutaka". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  5. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 20 September 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  6. 2011 election results
  7. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  8. 2008 election results
  9. election result Rimutaka 2005
  10. election result Rimutaka 2002 Archived 15 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine