|Died||29 December 2018 63) (aged|
|Alma mater||York University|
|Occupation(s)|| Film director |
Ringo Lam Ling-Tung (simplified Chinese :林岭东; traditional Chinese :林嶺東; pinyin :Lín Lǐngdōng, Cantonese: Lam Ling-tung, 8 December 1955 – 29 December 2018) was a Hong Kong film director, producer, and screenwriter. Born in Hong Kong in 1955, Lam initially went to acting school. After finding he preferred making films to acting, he went to Canada to study film. In 1983, he returned and began filming comedy films. After the commercial success of his film Aces Go Places IV , he was allowed to develop his own film. Lam directed City on Fire in 1987, which led him to winning his first Hong Kong Film Award.
Lam followed up City on Fire with other similar films that shared a dark view of Hong Kong society. Many of these films starred Chow Yun-fat. In 1996, Lam made his first American film, Maximum Risk starring Jean-Claude Van Damme. Lam would continue working on film productions in both Hong Kong and two more American productions with Jean-Claude Van Damme until 2003.
Lam died at his home on 29 December 2018.
Ringo Lam was born in British Hong Kong in 8 December 1955.   Lam started his career by enrolling in the TVP Actors Training Program in 1973.  At the program, he met Chow Yun Fat with whom he would later collaborate on several films.  After taking a few acting roles, Lam went to Canada and studied film at York University in Toronto. Lam returned to Hong Kong in 1981. 
Lam's first four films were not written by him.  Lam took over as director for Po-Chih Leong after he had finished about one-third of the film Esprit d'amour as the film's producer Karl Maka needed a cheap replacement and hired him.  Lam explained that he had "no choice, I need food, so I do the best I can ..." Lam received sole directing credit for the film.  The film was released on 15 December 1983 in Hong Kong.  Lam's next feature film was The Other Side of Gentleman which was released 28 June 1984 in Hong Kong.  Lam followed this with the romantic comedy film Cupid One released 1985.  The film grossed HK$6,382,935, which was less than his previous two films which both grossed over ten million Hong Kong dollars.    Lam's next film was the fourth film in the Aces Go Places film series, Aces Go Places IV .  Lam stated in interviews that he directed the film as a favor to Karl Maka, who helped give Lam his start.  The film was very successful at the box office grossing HK$27,012,748 in Hong Kong. 
After Aces Go Places IV , Karl Maka allowed Lam to make whatever type of film he wanted.   Lam's had two films released in 1987.  one of which was the first of his On Fire films, City on Fire.  The film is a gangster movie which was made in Hong Kong in the footsteps of A Better Tomorrow (1986) which re-invented the gangster film genre in Hong Kong.  The film was released on 13 February 1987 and earned $19,723,505 in Hong Kong.  Lam won the award for Best Director award at the 1987 Hong Kong Film Awards for City on Fire.  Lam's next film that year was Prison on Fire which had a script that was written in nine days while the film was shot in 20 days. 
In 1988, along with Karl Maka, Lam had a brief acting role in the film The Eighth Happiness .  Lam then continued his On Fire series with School on Fire which was released in Hong Kong on 20 August 1988.  School on Fire was edited with many scenes censored on its release in both Hong Kong and Taiwan.  Lam's final film of the 1980s was Wild Search released in 1989. It grossed a total of HK$15,944,333 in Hong Kong. 
Lam's first film of the 1990s was Undeclared War released in 1990.  The film contained an international cast including Olivia Hussey, Peter Lapis, Danny Lee and Vernon Wells.  The film was not as popular as Lam's previous films in Hong Kong, grossing HK$5,523,958.  Lam's next film Touch and Go was released on 16 May 1991 in Hong Kong.  The film was a comedy starring Sammo Hung.  Lam stated in interviews that Touch and Go was an assignment took for hire in order to keep himself in the film business.  The film grossed less than Undeclared War in Hong Kong.   Lam released a second film in 1991 titled Prison on Fire II . The film was very popular with Hong Kong audiences where it grossed $24,367,261.  Lam's next film Twin Dragons had him partnered with Tsui Hark as a director.  According to Hark, Lam handled most of the action scenes in the film.  Lam also briefly appears in the film as a car mechanic.  Lam's next film Full Contact was released in Hong Kong on 23 July 1992. It grossed a total of HK$16,793,011.  Lam followed it up with Burning Paradise which differed from his previous films by being a period film featuring the Chinese folk hero Fong Sai-yuk opposed a film set in an urban environ.   The film was poorly received at the box office in Hong Kong, being the 145th highest-grossing film of the year.  In 1995, Lam directed another period film set in 1975 starring Andy Lau titled The Adventurers .  The film was shot partially in the Philippines and the United States and grossed HK$14,839,584 in Hong Kong.  
In 1996, Lam made his American debut with the film Maximum Risk starring Jean-Claude Van Damme.  The film was not a big draw at the box office.  Lam returned to Hong Kong where he shot his next film Full Alert which was budgeted at $13 million. The film was shown at film festivals in 1997 including Rotterdam and Berlin.  Full Alert was nominated for five awards at the Hong Kong Film Awards and won the award for best film and best actor (Lau Ching-wan) at the Hong Kong Film Critics Society Awards.   Lam followed up Full Alert the next year with The Suspect which was shot in the Philippines.  The Suspect was not as financially successful as Full Alert, grossing around ten million less.  In 1998, Variety announced that Lam would direct the film Simon Sez with Kevin Elders.  Lam later only contributed to the film as a producer.  Lam directed a Hong Kong production titled Victim . The film featured a supernatural storyline and had its ending changed on its Hong Kong theatrical release.  Half of the release prints contained a scene stating whether or not the actor was possessed by a ghost.  The other half of the movie reflected the original script and did not reveal this. 
Lam's second U.S.-based production, Replicant , was released in 2001.  The film was screened theatrically in France on 11 July 2001.  The film was released direct-to-video in the United States.  Lam directed two more films in 2003: the Hong Kong production Looking for Mr. Perfect and the American direct-to-video release In Hell starring Jean-Claude Van Damme.   Lam next took a break from filmmaking after finding dissatisfaction with the filming environment in Hong Kong after Finding Mr. Perfect did poorly in the box office.  Lam also stated that he wanted to spend more time with his family and "above all, to observe people and learn more about them. I wanted to seek resources, material, and subjects that were worth making into films." 
In 2007, Lam co-directed a section of the portmanteau film Triangle with Tsui Hark and Johnnie To.  Lam stated that his story in the film represented "a metaphor of my attitude towards filmmaking: It is always a love-hate process."  The film was screened out of competition at the Cannes Film Festival. 
In 2014, the Hong Kong newspaper Apple Daily reported that Lam would return to directing with a film with funding from Mei Ah Entertainment with a cast to include Daniel Wu and Shawn Yue.  The film began production in June 2014.  The film marked Lam's first feature-length film in over a decade  Lam's new film was titled Wild City.  Lam stated that he returned to filming after his son had graduated from college and that he would "like to make films that allow me to express myself. It's a device for me to unburden myself, to get things off my chest, and also a mirror to learn more about myself through the film I made. I don't make films for money anymore."  Lam attended the New York Asian Film Festival in 2015 where he was a recipient of the Lifetime Achievement Award. 
Lam's last film, Sky on Fire , was released in 2016; it is the last installment in his "On Fire" series. 
On 29 December 2018, Lam was confirmed dead at his Hong Kong residence at age 63, after his wife found him unresponsive in his bed.   Lam had been working on a film "Eight and a Half" with Milkyway Image with Ann Hui, John Woo, Tsui Hark, Patrick Tam, Johnnie To, Sammo Hung and Yuen Woo-Ping.  Each director was to create a segment based on Hong Kong history.   Without Woo's segment, the film's title was changed to Septet: The Story of Hong Kong and the film was originally set for a release at the 2020 Cannes Film Festival.  The film was screened at the Busan International Film Festival on 21 October 2020.
The annual and highly anticipated Hong Kong International Film Festival was held for its 45th edition in April 2021. Lam is one of the six veteran Hong Kong filmmakers who contributed segments to the Johnnie To-produced anthology film Septet: The story of Hong Kong . The other filmmakers who directed segments are Sammo Hung, Ann Hui On-wah, Patrick Tam, Tsui Hark and Yuen Woo-ping. The short files were shot entirely on 35mm film with each of them touches on a nostalgic and moving story set across different time periods, with every one acting as an ode to the city. 
Lam's first four films were comedies not written by Lam.  When Lam began to shoot the films he wanted to make after the success of Aces Go Places IV, he began his On Fire series.  Lam chose the English titles for these films stating that it gave them "a sense of energy, of action".  The films City on Fire, Prison on Fire and School on Fire do not share any characters or situations, but all have a common bleak view on Hong Kong society.  In these films, Lam looks at controversial issues such as street violence and the abuse of street, prison and school systems. 
Lam rarely employed Cantopop in his films. Lam's films often have Western music, such as City on Fire, which features a blues-oriented saxophone score, and Full Contact, which uses American rock music. 
|You Are Wonderful||1976||Yes|||
|The Other Side of Gentleman||1984||Yes|||
|Aces Go Places IV||1986||Yes|||
|The Thirty Million Rush||1986||Stunt director|||
|City on Fire||1987||Yes||Yes||Yes|||
|Prison on Fire||1987||Yes||Yes|||
|The Eighth Happiness||1988||Yes|||
|School on Fire||1988||Yes||Yes|||
|Rebel from China||1990||Yes|||
|Touch and Go||1991||Yes|||
|Prison on Fire II||1991||Yes|||
|Looking for Mr. Perfect||2003||Yes||Yes|||
|Tarantino: The Disciple of Hong Kong||2011||Yes|||
|Wild City||2015||Yes||Yes|| |
|Sky on Fire||2016||Yes|||
|Septet: The Story of Hong Kong||2020||Yes||Yes||Posthumous release|
A Better Tomorrow is a 1986 Hong Kong crime action film directed and co-written by John Woo, and starring Ti Lung, Leslie Cheung and Chow Yun-fat. The film had a profound influence on Hong Kong action cinema, and has been recognised as a landmark film credited with setting the template for the heroic bloodshed genre, with considerable influence on both the Hong Kong film industry and Hollywood.
Tsui Hark, born Tsui Man-kong, is a Hong Kong film director, producer and screenwriter. Tsui has directed several influential Hong Kong films such as Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain (1983), the Once Upon a Time in China film series (1991–1997) and The Blade (1995). Tsui also has been a prolific writer and producer; his productions include A Better Tomorrow (1986), A Better Tomorrow II (1987), A Chinese Ghost Story (1987), The Killer (1989), The Legend of the Swordsman (1992), The Wicked City (1992), Iron Monkey (1993) and Black Mask (1996). He is viewed as a major figure in the Golden Age of Hong Kong cinema and is regarded by critics as "one of the masters of Asian cinematography".
Twin Dragons is a 1992 Hong Kong action comedy film directed by Ringo Lam and Tsui Hark, and starring Jackie Chan in a double role as identical twin brothers separated at birth.
Johnnie To Kei-fung is a Hong Kong film director, screenwriter and film producer. Popular in his native Hong Kong, To has also found acclaim overseas. Intensely prolific, To has made films in a variety of genres, though in the West he is best known for his action and crime movies, which have earned him critical respect and a cult following, which includes American filmmaker Quentin Tarantino.
The Hong Kong New Wave is a film movement in Chinese-language Hong Kong cinema that emerged in the late 1970s and lasted through the early 2000s until the present time.
Bullet in the Head is a 1990 Hong Kong action film written, produced, edited and directed by John Woo, and starring Tony Leung, Jacky Cheung, Waise Lee and Simon Yam. The film incorporates elements of the action, war, drama, and crime film genres.
The Longest Nite is a 1998 Hong Kong crime thriller film directed by Patrick Yau and Johnnie To, starring Lau Ching-wan and Tony Leung Chiu-wai. The film was produced by To and Wai Ka-fai along with their production company, Milkyway Image.
Yes, Madam is a 1985 Hong Kong action film directed by Corey Yuen, and produced by Sammo Hung, who also appears in a cameo in the film. The film stars Michelle Yeoh as Senior Inspector Ng who teams up with Inspector Carrie Morris to get a hold of microfilm which has been taken unknowingly by low level thieves Asprin and Strepsil.
Triangle is a 2007 Hong Kong action film produced and directed by Tsui Hark, Ringo Lam, and Johnnie To. The film's title refers to both the acclaimed trio of filmmakers and to the uneasy brotherhood of the film's three protagonists. Triangle tells one story which is told in three thirty-minute segments, independently helmed by the three directors. It stars Louis Koo, Simon Yam and Sun Honglei as a group of friends who uncover a hidden treasure that quickly draws attention among others. The film's tagline is "Temptation. Jealousy. Destiny." Each word is often associated with the segments that appear in chronological order.
Hong Kong Cinemagic, sometimes referred to as HKCinemagic, is a bilingual website providing a repository for information about Chinese language films from Hong Kong, China and Taiwan, and the people who created them. The website contains news, interviews, film reviews and a database of people, films and film studios as well as an illustrated glossary of terms. The web magazine has existed in various forms for over a decade. As of March 2009, the database contains over 10,000 films.
The Big Heat (城市特警) is a 1988 Hong Kong action film starring Waise Lee and Joey Wong.
Happy Ghost III is a 1986 Hong Kong comedy film directed by Johnnie To. Produced and written by Raymond Wong, the film stars Wong and Maggie Cheung. This is the third installment in the "Happy Ghost" series, the film is far more frenetically paced than the first two and its much more a film for adults.
Cinema City Enterprises Ltd also known as Cinema Capital Entertainment and Cinema City Entertainment, formerly Cinema City and Films Co. and Cinema City Company Limited was a company that specialized in Hong Kong Cinema. The company had a small catalogue of only 88 movies. Their library covers genres including drama, comedy, horror.
All the Wrong Clues for the Right Solution is a 1981 Hong Kong comedy film directed and co-written by Tsui Hark. The film stars George Lam as Yoho, Karl Maka as Ah Capone and Teddy Robin Kwan as Inspector Robin. Yoho is a down on his luck detective who find himself in trouble with the ganger Ah Capone who is planning to cheat elderly millionaires out of their stocks.
Burning Paradise is a 1994 Hong Kong action film directed by Ringo Lam. The film is set in the Qing dynasty and stars Willie Chi Tian-sheng as Fong Sai Yuk and Yang Sheng as Hung Hei-kwun.
Two Thumbs Up is a 2015 Hong Kong-Chinese action comedy film directed by first-time director Lau Ho-leung and starring Francis Ng, Simon Yam, Leo Ku, Patrick Tam, Mark Cheng, Christie Chen and Philip Keung.
Wild City (迷城) is a 2015 Hong Kong-Chinese action film directed by Ringo Lam and starring Louis Koo, Shawn Yue, Tong Liya and Joseph Chang. It was released on 30 July 2015 in China and on 20 August 2015 in Hong Kong. It is Lam's first feature film since 2007's Triangle.
Peter Mak was a Hong Kong film director and actor. The films he directed include The Wicked City, All Night Long, and Enemy Shadow. As an actor he appeared in Shu zhi suo zhi , Happy Sixteen, Lai Shi, China's Last Eunuch, Tiger Cage, and Twin Dragons.
Septet: The Story of Hong Kong is a 2020 Hong Kong anthology historical drama film directed by Sammo Hung, Ann Hui, Patrick Tam, Yuen Woo-ping, Ringo Lam, Johnnie To and Tsui Hark, seven filmmakers of the Hong Kong New Wave. It is divided into seven stories, each corresponding to a decade in Hong Kong's history, told from the view of ordinary people. It was originally intended for there to be a segment about the 1970s directed by John Woo, but he withdrew for health reasons and the segment was never produced.