Rio de Janeiro Metro

Last updated
Rio de Janeiro Metro
Logo MetroRio.svg
Metro Rio 01 2013 Ipanema Osorio 5408.JPG
Overview
Native nameMetrôRio
OwnerRio Trilhos (State of Rio de Janeiro)
Locale Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines3 (Lines 1, 2 & 4) [1] [2] [3]
Number of stations41 [1] [3]
Daily ridership625 205 (2014) [4]
Annual ridership228.2 million (2014) [4]
Website metrorio.com.br
Operation
Began operationMarch 5, 1979 [5]
Operator(s)Concessão Metroviária do Rio de Janeiro S.A. (Invepar)
Technical
System length58 km (36 mi) [1] [3]
Track gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
System map

Public transport map of Rio de Janeiro.png

The Rio de Janeiro Metro (Portuguese: MetrôRioIPA:  [meˌtɾo ˈʁi.u] , commonly referred to as just the Metrô [meˈtɾo] ) is a rapid transit network that serves the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Metrô was inaugurated on March 5, 1979 and consisted of five stations operating on a single line. [5] The system currently covers a total of 58 kilometres (36 mi), [3] serving 41 stations, [1] [3] divided into three lines: Line 1 (16 kilometres (9.9 mi)); [2] Line 2 (30.2 kilometres (18.8 mi)), [2] which together travel over a shared stretch of line that covers 10 stations [6] of an approximate distance of 5 kilometers; and Line 4 (16 kilometres (9.9 mi)). [3] Metrô Rio has the second highest passenger volume of the metro systems in Brazil, after the São Paulo Metro.

Contents

Line 1 (orange line) serves downtown Rio, tourist areas in the South Zone, and several neighbourhoods in the North Zone. It is a semicircular line, and is fully underground. It runs from Uruguai Station to Ipanema/General Osório Station. Line 2 (green line) serves working-class residential neighborhoods extending toward the north. It is a northwest-to-southeast line, and almost completely above-ground (mostly at grade and partly elevated). This line started as a light rail, but due to increasing numbers of commuters, it gradually changed to rapid transit or metro. Because of its origin as light rail, it is at grade except for Estácio Station (the former connection station between lines 1 and 2), which is underground and Cidade Nova Station, which is elevated, and Line 4 (yellow line), connecting Barra da Tijuca/Jardim Oceânico Station in the West Zone to Ipanema/General Osório Station on Line 1.

The Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro remains responsible for the expansion of the metro network through Rio Trilhos. In late December 2007, the lease was renewed until 2038 [7] and Metrô Rio assumed responsibility for the construction of Cidade Nova Station , which serves as a link between Line 2 and Line 1 ending the need to transfer stations, with the purchase of 114 cars, and construction of Uruguai Station, extending Line 1 further north.

The extension works of Line 2, called Line 1A, which ended the need for a transfer at Estácio Station and allowed the direct connection from Pavuna Station to Botafogo were started by Metrô Rio on November 13, 2008 and the tracks were completed in December 2009. With the extension, the 250 thousand passengers that circulate daily on Line 2 do not need to change trains any more in order to get to the South Zone. The interconnection of the two metro lines will reduce, by up to 13 minutes, the journey time from Pavuna station to the city's downtown, the destination of 83% of Line 2's passengers. [8]

History

Cardeal Arcoverde Station (nicknamed "Batcave") in Copacabana. Inside Cardeal Arcoverde Metro Station - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil.jpg
Cardeal Arcoverde Station (nicknamed "Batcave") in Copacabana.

Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil and the most popular tourist attraction in the country. After 1950, the number of motor vehicles on the roads increased dramatically. Rio de Janeiro lies in a hilly region, between the mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. The landscape of the city is extremely uneven, making travelling by car or bus a very time-consuming task through the narrow streets. These conditions are ideal for trams but not for the increasing traffic of motor vehicles. By the early 1960s, traffic jams, pollution, and smog had become a serious problem in the city. To overcome these problems, local transport authorities decided to reduce the tram network and switch over to a metro network.

On December 14, 1968, the Companhia do Metropolitano do Rio de Janeiro (Metro Company of Rio de Janeiro in English) was created through State Law number 1736. [9] In March 1975, with LawDecree number 25, the company effectively came into existence. On June 23, 1970, construction work started in Jardim da Glória. From 1971 to 1974, owing to a lack of resources, construction work stopped and was only resumed a year later. The Rio de Janeiro Metro began operating in March 1979, during the administration of governor Chagas Freitas. In the beginning, there were only five stations: Praça Onze, Central, Presidente Vargas, Cinelândia Station, and Glória Station, operating from 9:00 AM to 3:00 PM.

In its initial 10 days, the system transported more than half a million people, averaging sixty thousand passengers per day. At that time, the subway worked with only four trains of four cars each, with an average interval of eight minutes. In December of the same year, the operating schedule was extended until 11:00 PM, including Saturdays. In 1980, the metro system began to be expanded with the opening of Uruguaiana Station and Estácio stations. The two new stations caused larger passenger demand, compelling an increase in the number of trains from four to six.

The Carioca station in Downtown Rio de Janeiro, the busiest station with more than eighty thousand passengers a day, was finished in January 1981. By the end of the same year, the stations Catete Station, Morro Azul (now called Flamengo Station), and Botafogo Station were completed. In November 1981, Line 2 (or Linha 2 in Portuguese) started operating with only two stations: São Cristóvão and Maracanã Station (which serves the Maracanã football stadium). In December, completing the southern section of the first Line 1, Largo do Machado Station began service. In 1982, the complementary inaugurations of the northern section of Line 1 started, with the beginning of operations of the Afonso Pena, São Francisco Xavier and Saens Peña stations.

Ipanema/General Osorio Station. The bus is part of the Metro na Superficie (Metro in Surface), the metro extension bus service. Metro Rio 01 2013 5414.JPG
Ipanema/General Osório Station. The bus is part of the Metrô na Superfície (Metro in Surface), the metro extension bus service.

To allow the completion of the second line to Irajá, in 1983, the trains on this line began operating from 6:00 AM to 2:00 PM. After a month, this schedule was extended until 8 PM, and a free bus service was established, integrating the Estácio, São Cristóvão, and Maracanã stations. After the conclusion of the works, the Pre-Metro and Maria da Graça, Del Castilho, Inhaúma Station and Irajá Station stations were opened. In 1984 the commercial operation of the second line began with five trains on workdays with a five-and-a-half-minute interval during the week.

Following the expansion, the Triagem station was inaugurated in July 1988, the year of the creation of the subway/train integration ticket. In 1991, the Engenho da Rainha station was inaugurated. From 1991 to 1996, two stations were opened, Thomaz Coelho and Vicente de Carvalho. In this period, the time interval of the nine stations of the second line was reduced to six minutes. In July 1998, Cardeal Arcoverde Station, in the traditional neighbourhood of Copacabana, was inaugurated. Five more stations became operational in the following two months: Irajá Station, Colégio Station, Coelho Neto, Engenheiro Rubens Paiva, Acari/Fazenda Botafogo and Pavuna Station.

In 1997, the Carnival Operation (Operação de Carnaval in Portuguese) began with continuous service during the Rio Carnival festivity days. In December of that year the system was privatised and the management and operation of the company passed into the hands of the Consortium Opportrans with a concession of 20 years, leaving the responsibility for expansion of the network in the hands of the state government of Rio de Janeiro through the company Rio Trilhos. The Rio Reveillón (New Year's Eve celebrations) is highlighted by the performance of Opportrans that since 1999 has conducted a Special Operation to ensure a party for all. Tickets illustrated scheduled appointments to avoid overcrowding and provide the best service.

Bicycles in a metro station in Rio. Bike Rio 01 2013 5425.JPG
Bicycles in a metro station in Rio.

In 2003 Siqueira Campos Station in Copacabana was inaugurated. Cantagalo Station beyond Siqueira Campos was due to be completed in March 2006 but owing to financial problems the opening date was postponed to December 15. [10] This was again postponed and the final opening took place in February 2007. At the same time construction began on the subway extension to General Osório station in Ipanema. This was opened in December 2009.

In late December 2007, Metro Rio renewed the concession, then defined as for another 20 years, to 2038.

Line 1A from Pavuna to Botafogo opened in December 2009 with a connection between São Cristóvão and Central. Passenger traffic at Estácio is reduced and the elimination of the need to transfer between Lines 1 and 2 saves up to 13 minutes of journey time. A new station on the new section, Cidade Nova, was opened in November 2010; [11] the station is on Avenida Presidente Vargas and serves the City Hall.

In June 2010, the construction of Line 4 began, linking Ipanema to Barra da Tijuca, where most events of the 2016 Olympic Games occurred.

System

Metrô Rio
BSicon BUS2.svg
BSicon BAHN.svg
BSicon uKINTa.svg
Pavuna
BSicon uBHF.svg
Engenheiro Rubens Paiva
BSicon uhKRZWae.svg
Rio Acari
BSicon uBHF.svg
Acari/Fazenda Botafogo
BSicon BUS2.svg
BSicon uINT.svg
Coelho Neto
BSicon uBHF.svg
Colégio
BSicon uBHF.svg
Irajá
BSicon uBHF.svg
Vicente de Carvalho
BSicon uBHF.svg
Thomaz Coelho
BSicon uBHF.svg
Engenho da Rainha
BSicon uBHF.svg
Inhaúma
BSicon BUS2.svg
BSicon uINT.svg
Nova América/Del Castilho
BSicon uBHF.svg
Maria da Graça
BSicon uhSTRa.svg
BSicon BAHN.svg
BSicon uhINT.svg
Triagem
BSicon uhSTRe.svg
BSicon uTUNNEL1.svg
BSicon uBHF.svg
Maracanã
BSicon BAHN.svg
BSicon uINT.svg
São Cristóvão
BSicon utKBHFa.svg
BSicon utSTR.svg
Uruguai
BSicon BUS2.svg
BSicon utINT.svg
BSicon utSTR.svg
Saens Peña
BSicon BUS2.svg
BSicon utINT.svg
BSicon utSTR.svg
São Francisco Xavier
BSicon utBHF.svg
BSicon utSTR.svg
Afonso Pena
BSicon utdSTR.svg
BSicon utv-SHI2gr.svg
BSicon BUS2.svg
BSicon c.svg
BSicon utvBHF-KBHFe.svg
BSicon cd.svg
BSicon utSTR.svg
Estácio
BSicon utSTR.svg
BSicon utBHF.svg
Cidade Nova
BSicon utBHF.svg
BSicon utSTR.svg
Praça Onze
BSicon utdSTR.svg
BSicon utv-SHI2r.svg
BSicon BAHN.svg
BSicon c.svg
BSicon utvINT.svg
BSicon cd.svg
Central
BSicon d.svg
BSicon utvBHF.svg
Presidente Vargas
BSicon d.svg
BSicon utvBHF.svg
Uruguaiana
BSicon d.svg
BSicon utvBHF.svg
Carioca
BSicon d.svg
BSicon utvBHF.svg
Cinelândia
BSicon d.svg
BSicon utvBHF.svg
Glória
BSicon d.svg
BSicon utvBHF.svg
Catete
BSicon BUS2.svg
BSicon c.svg
BSicon utvINT.svg
BSicon cd.svg
Largo do Machado
BSicon d.svg
BSicon utvBHF.svg
Flamengo
BSicon BUS2.svg
BSicon c.svg
BSicon utvBHF-KBHFe.svg
BSicon cd.svg
Botafogo
BSicon BUS2.svg
BSicon utINT.svg
Cardeal Arcoverde
BSicon utBHF.svg
Siqueira Campos
BSicon utBHF.svg
Cantagalo
BSicon BUS2.svg
BSicon utKINTxe.svg
General Osório
BSicon utBHF.svg
Nossa Senhora da Paz
BSicon utBHF.svg
Jardim de Alah
BSicon utBHF.svg
Antero de Quental
BSicon utBHF.svg
São Conrado
BSicon utKBHFe.svg
Jardim Oceânico

Rolling stock

The cars are of monoblock construction in stainless steel. Passenger train composition normally use six cars (four on rare occasions), but Line 2 was planned to use eight cars. Older stock driving cars can accommodate a maximum of 351 passengers (40 seated), while non-driving cars accommodate a maximum of 378 passengers (48 seated). Thus, in six-car configurations the maximum number of passengers that can be transported is 2,214.

Line 1 is served by exclusively old types of rolling stock, which are full metro. Since Line 2 was formerly a light rail line, there are some old types of stock that have been converted from light rail to metro stock. New B type stock is full metro stock. This line was initially served by old A type stock, built by La Brugeoise et Nivelles and Cobrasma.

Inside each coach, seat arrangement is both parallel and perpendicular to the windows. When the left side has parallel seats, the right side has perpendicular seats, and vice versa. Each vertical seat has a handle for easier standing. There are vertical stanchions from ceiling to floor for standing passengers, one set in front of the horizontal seats, another set at the middle of the coach. Both A and B type trains are air-conditioned.

Lines 1, 2 and 4 share EMUs built by CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles Co. Ltd. The 6-car trains were designed in 18 months and all 19 sets are currently operating in passenger service. The trains entered revenue service 23 months after contract award.

Lines

All stations are underground. Cinelândia and Central stations have island platforms. Carioca, Saens Peña, Botafogo and General Osório stations have both side and island platforms, although Saens Peña consists of two island platforms and three tracks. The northernmost of the three tracks appears to be disused and planned for use after the Line 1 extension. Saens Peña is a very busy station, with train turnarounds made very quickly. All other stations have side platforms, up and down tracks are divided by a low wall at stations with side platforms. Siqueira Campos, Carioca, Central, Uruguaiana are Cardeal Arcoverde have a large mezzanine floor between surface and underground tracks.

Central, which is a major interchange point between the Metro, local and longer-distance bus lines, and the SuperVia train network, is the busiest station on the network. The Cardeal Arcoverde station was dynamited out of the base of São João Mountain and retains a cavelike structure. General Osório has some painting in the hallways to remember prehistoric attempts at communication.

Uruguai Station opened in March 2014, becoming the new terminal station of Line 1 in the North Side of Rio de Janeiro. [12]

Line 1A is actually an extension of Line 2 to Botafogo station. Line 2 is elevated from Irajá to Colégio. Many of the stations have island platforms, although Pavuna has both side and island platforms. Underground from Central to Botafogo.

Owing to its origin as light rail, it is fully above-ground (except Estácio station, which is underground). Most stations like Irajá and others, have an island platform, whereas some stations like Triagem have side platforms. Maracanã station is directly linked by an overbridge to the Maracanã Stadium across the street.

Connections

  • Line 1 is fully underground with Cardeal Arcoverde being the deepest station. This station is under São João mountain. Non-free interchange with the Santa Teresa Tram is possible at Carioca (indefinitely suspended in 2011) and with the SuperVia trains at Central. Interchange to Line 2 is possible at all stations between Botafogo and Central on weekdays. [6] There is interchange with Line 2 at Estácio on weekends and holidays. Interchange to bus is possible at Cardeal Arcoverde, Botafogo, Largo do Machado, Estácio, São Francisco Xavier and Sáenz Peña.
  • Line 2 is fully above-ground, except stations on Line 1A. It is elevated from Irajá to Colégio and the rest is at grade, except Cidade Nova and Triagem, which are elevated. Interchange with the train is possible at Triagem, Pavuna, São Cristóvão and Central. Interchange to line 1 is possible at Line 1A stations on weekdays, and at Estácio on weekends and holidays. Bus interchange is possible at Nova América/Del Castilho, Coelho Neto and Pavuna.

Fare structure

Jardim Oceanico Metro Station. Salao principal da Estacao Jardim Oceanico.jpg
Jardim Oceânico Metro Station.

The Barra Expresso included a single ticket pass and the fare for a bus trip to Barra da Tijuca, a neighborhood located in the West Side of Rio. This integration ended when Line 4 was opened to the public.

Modernization

Cantagalo Metro Station. Cantagalo station.jpg
Cantagalo Metro Station.

The investment of R$1.15 billion included also the purchase of 19 additional compositions; 114 new cars [14] with a technology that allows the passengers to circulate inside the train. The first of the new compositions was scheduled to arrive in December 2010 and the others to start operating gradually before December 2011. These cars were intended for use on Line 2 and have a dimensioned air conditioning system to bear the sun and heat's direct incidence, as most part of the line is in the surface. With the increase of 63% of the fleet, the concessionaire also planned to standardize the compositions of Lines 1 and 2: all 49 trains will have six cars.

The control, signalization, ventilation and energy systems will be also expanded and modernized. The energy supply for the metro's operation will be reinforced with two new proper sub-stations, at Uruguaiana and Largo do Machado Stations, and with the remodeling of São Cristóvão and Central sub-stations. On the other hand, the signalization will be automated in the two lines. Metrô Rio will enhance the ventilation at the stations and will modernize all equipment of the Control and Operations Center, from where the complete daily operation is monitored. These actions, combined with the extension of Line 2, will allow Metrô Rio to transport more than 1.1 million passengers/day.

Expansion

Uruguai Station Estacaouruguai.jpg
Uruguai Station

The construction of Pavuna-Botafogo Direct Connection is also part of an investment package of R$1.15 billion undertaken by Metrô Rio, [14] as part of the renewal of the concession contract with the Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro in December 2007. Titled 21st Century Metro, the project, which also includes the expansion of Line 1 and other enhancements, will allow the subway capacity to almost double, from 600,000 passengers/day to more than 1.1 million passengers/day. The extension of Line 1 started in 2012, with the recovery works of 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of via in the Tijuca neighborhood, from Saens Peña square to the corner of Rua Conde the Bonfim with Rua Uruguai, the site of Uruguai Station. The expansion of Line 1 was expected to be completed in 2014, the year of 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil, and the last station of the expansion, Uruguai Station, opened in March 2014, becoming the new north/west terminal station of Line 1. [12]

Line 4 (yellow line) was completed on July 30, 2016, connecting Barra da Tijuca neighbourhood in the West Zone, passing under São Conrado and Rocinha, to Ipanema/General Osório Station. All stations are underground, but when arriving in Barra da Tijuca, trains exit a tunnel, pass briefly by an elevated bridge and go underground again. [3] [15]

Line 3 is proposed to connect Rio de Janeiro to Niterói via a 4 km tunnel underneath the Guanabara Bay. [16]

See also

Related Research Articles

Rio de Janeiro Capital of state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Rio de Janeiro, or simply Rio, is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area and the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro is the capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's third-most populous state. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", by UNESCO on 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape.

Niterói Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Niterói is a municipality of the state of Rio de Janeiro in the southeast region of Brazil. It lies across Guanabara Bay facing the city of Rio de Janeiro and forms part of the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Area. It was the state capital, as marked by its golden mural crown, from 1834 to 1894 and again from 1903 to 1975. It has an estimated population of 511,786 inhabitants (2018) and an area of 129.375 km2 (49.952 sq mi), making it the fifth most populous city in the state. It has the highest Human Development Index of the state and the seventh largest among Brazil's municipalities in 2010. Individually, it is the second municipality with the highest average monthly household income per capita in Brazil and appears in 13th place among the municipalities of the country according to social indicators related to education. The city has the nicknames of Nikity, Nicki City and the Smile City (Cidade Sorriso).

Botafogo Neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Botafogo is a beachfront neighborhood (bairro) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is a mostly upper middle class and small commerce community, and is located between the hills of Mundo Novo, Dona Marta and São João. The word Botafogo also refers to a Latin American ballroom dance move, named so because the area of Botafogo is where it originated.

General Osório Station metro station in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

General Osório is a station on Line 1 of the Rio de Janeiro Metro located in the Ipanema borough of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is the line's southern terminus. The station opened in December 2009.

Santa Teresa Tram historic tramway in Rio de Janeiro

The Santa Teresa Tram is a historic tram line in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It connects the city centre with the primarily residential, inner-city neighbourhood of Santa Teresa, in the hills immediately southwest of downtown. It is mainly maintained as a tourist attraction and is nowadays considered a heritage tramway system, having been designated a national historic monument in 1988. The line has a very unusual gauge: 1,100 mm. The main line is 6.0 kilometres long.

History of Rio de Janeiro aspect of history

Several years after the Portuguese first explored Brazil, French traders in search of pau-brasil reached the rich area extending from the Cape Frio coast to the beaches and islands of Guanabara Bay, the economic and, above all, strategic importance of which was already well-known.

The South Zone is an area of the city of Rio de Janeiro situated between the Tijuca Massif, the Atlantic Ocean and Guanabara Bay. Most of it is made up of neighbourhoods along the Atlantic coastline, such as São Conrado, Vidigal, Leblon, Ipanema, Copacabana, and Leme.

Line 1 of the Rio de Janeiro Metro serves the city's downtown business centre, the tourist areas in the city's South Zone, and several neighbourhoods in the North Zone. It is a semi-circular line, and is fully underground. It runs from Uruguai to General Osório.

Line 4 is a line of the Rio de Janeiro Metro.

Aldeia Campista was a neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, close to contemporary Vila Isabel, Tijuca, Maracanã and Andaraí.

Bus rapid transit in Brazil

The first bus rapid transit in Brazil (BRT) was built in 1974 in the city of Curitiba by the then mayor, architect Jaime Lerner, and became the first BRT in the world. The goal of the system is to provide high quality rail transit service to customers and at a comparable cost to that of a bus transit. Curitiba's success inspired the implementation of similar plans in more than 100 cities around the world, including the Brazilian cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Manaus, Goiânia, Aracaju, Salvador, Recife, and Brasília.

The Taça da Prefeitura do Distrito Federal, commonly also Torneio Municipal do Rio de Janeiro, was a tournament for clubs of the then capital of Brazil Rio de Janeiro which was held for the first time in 1938 and which took place annually from 1943 to 1948. The last edition was in 1951. In 1996 the competition was revived for one more time as Taça Cidade Maravilhosa, the "Cup of the Marvellous City", after the byname of Rio de Janeiro. The importance of the tournament is subordinate and it always remained in the shadow of the state championship known as Campeonato Carioca.

Faria Lima (São Paulo Metro) metro station in Sao Paulo, Brazil

Faria Lima is a metro station on Line 4-Yellow of the São Paulo Metro operated by ViaQuatro. It is localized in Avenida Brigadeiro Faria Lima, between Rua Teodoro Sampaio and Rua Cardeal Arcoverde, in the district of Pinheiros. Had its civil construction concluded on February 2010. The prediction for the commercial operation was March 2010, but was delayed to 25 May 2010, day which line started operating between stations Faria Lima and Paulista. The delay was caused by the train tests. The station should also have a connection with future Line 20-Pink (Lapa–Afonsina).

Cardeal Arcoverde Station metro station in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Cardeal Arcoverde Station is a subway station on the Rio de Janeiro Metro servicing the Copacabana area. It opened in July 1998.

Uruguai Station metro station in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Uruguai Station is a station on the Rio de Janeiro Metro that services the neighbourhood of Tijuca in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro.

São Cristóvão Station metro station in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

São Cristóvão Station is a railway station in São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro which is serviced by the Rio de Janeiro Metro and SuperVia.

Miguel Santa Maria Mochon, better known as Padre Miguel, was a Spanish Catholic priest, whose name was given to the Rio de Janeiro neighborhood of Padre Miguel.

Outline of Rio de Janeiro Overview of and topical guide to Rio de Janeiro

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Rio de Janeiro:

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "METRÔ RIO - Concessão Metroviára Do Rio De Janeiro S/A" [METRÔ RIO - Concession Metroviára Of Rio De Janeiro S/A](pdf) (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. December 31, 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-14.
  2. 1 2 3 "EXTENSÕES DAS LINHAS EM KILÔMETROS" [LENGTH OF THE LINES IN KILOMETERS] (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. Archived from the original on 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Temer participa de inauguração da Linha 4 do Metrô no Rio" [President Temer takes part in inauguration of Rio's metro's line four](url) (in Portuguese). G1 Portal. 30 July 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
  4. 1 2 http://www.metrorio.com.br/Content/Upload/ArqConteudo/Demonstracoes_Financeiras_2014.pdf
  5. 1 2 "History - How it all began". MetrôRio. Retrieved 2014-06-14.
  6. 1 2 "Maps". MetrôRio. Retrieved 2014-06-14.
  7. "MetrôRio". Invepar. Retrieved 2014-08-28.
  8. "Linha 2" (blog) (in Portuguese). Metrô do Rio (não oficial).[ full citation needed ]
  9. "Decreto-lei 35/75 | Decreto-lei nº 35, de 15 de Março de 1975" [Decree-Law 35/75 | Legislative Decree No. 35 of March 15, 1975] (in Portuguese). JusBrasil. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
  10. Thomé, Juliet (August 6, 2006). "Estação Cantagalo do metrô será inaugurada em dezembro" [Cantagalo metro station will be opened in December]. SRZD (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014-08-29.
  11. "Metrô Rio inaugura a estação Cidade Nova" [Metro Rio inaugurates Cidade Nova station]. R7 (in Portuguese). November 1, 2010. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
  12. 1 2 Hearst, Chesney (March 17, 2014). "New Tijuca Metro Station Opened in Rio: Daily - Rio de Janeiro's Zona Norte neighborhood of Tijuca has a new subway (metro) station; the Estação Uruguai". The Rio Times. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  13. "Meios e Tarifas" [Fares and Payments] (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. Retrieved 2020-03-13.
  14. 1 2 "History - A new time has come". MetrôRio. Retrieved 2014-08-28.
  15. "O que é o projeto" [What is the project] (in Portuguese). Metrô Linha 4. Archived from the original on 2015-03-26. Retrieved 2014-08-24.
  16. "Work set to begin on Rio de Janeiro Line 3". Metro Report. 2 November 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2019.