Dahl in 1954
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|References and footnotes|
Roald Dahl (1916–1990) was a British author and scriptwriter,and "the most popular writer of children's books since Enid Blyton", according to Philip Howard, the literary editor of The Times . He was raised by his Norwegian mother, who took him on annual trips to Norway, where she told him the stories of trolls and witches present in the dark Scandinavian fables. Dahl was influenced by the stories, and returned to many of the themes in his children's books. His mother also nurtured a passion in the young Dahl for reading and literature.
Roald Dahl was a British novelist, short story writer, poet, screenwriter, and fighter pilot. His books have sold more than 250 million copies worldwide.
Enid Mary Blyton was an English children's writer whose books have been among the world's best-sellers since the 1930s, selling more than 600 million copies. Blyton's books are still enormously popular, and have been translated into 90 languages. She wrote on a wide range of topics including education, natural history, fantasy, mystery, and biblical narratives and is best remembered today for her Noddy, Famous Five and Secret Seven series.
Philip Howard was a distinguished British journalist who worked for over fifty years at The Times.
During the Second World War Dahl was a pilot in the Royal Air Force (RAF) until he crashed in the Libyan desert; the subsequent injuries left him unfit to fly. He was posted to Washington as an assistant air attaché, ostensibly a diplomatic post, but which also included espionage and propaganda work.In 1942 the writer C. S. Forester asked him to provide details of his experiences in North Africa which Forester hoped to use in an article in The Saturday Evening Post . Instead of the notes which Forester expected, Dahl sent a finished story for which he was paid $900. The work led to The Gremlins , a serialised story in Cosmopolitan about a mischievous and fictional RAF creature, the gremlin; the work was published as Dahl's first novel in 1943. Dahl continued to write short stories, although these were all aimed at the adult market. They were sold to magazines and newspapers, and were later compiled into collections, the first of which was published in 1946. Dahl began to make up bedtime stories for the children, and these formed the basis of several of his stories. His first children's novel, James and the Giant Peach , was published in 1961, which was followed, along with others, by Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964), Fantastic Mr Fox (1970), Danny, the Champion of the World (1975), The BFG (1982) and Matilda in 1988.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force. Formed towards the end of the First World War on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world. Following victory over the Central Powers in 1918 the RAF emerged as, at the time, the largest air force in the world. Since its formation, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history. In particular, it played a large part in the Second World War where it fought its most famous campaign, the Battle of Britain.
An air attaché is an Air Force officer who is part of a diplomatic mission; this post is normally filled by a high-ranking officer.
Cecil Louis Troughton Smith, known by his pen name Cecil Scott "C. S." Forester, was an English novelist known for writing tales of naval warfare, such as the 12-book Horatio Hornblower series depicting a Royal Navy officer during the Napoleonic wars. The Hornblower novels A Ship of the Line and Flying Colours were jointly awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction in 1938. His other works include The African Queen.
Dahl's first script was for a stage work, The Honeys , which appeared on Broadway in 1955. He followed this with a television script, "Lamb to the Slaughter", for the Alfred Hitchcock Presents series. He also co-wrote screenplays for film, including for You Only Live Twice (1967) and Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1968).In 1982 Dahl published the first of three editions of poems—all aimed at children. The following year he edited a book of ghost stories. He also wrote several works of non-fiction, including three autobiographies, a cookery book, a safety leaflet for the British railways and a book on measles, which was about the death of his daughter Olivia from measles encephalitis.
The Honeys is a play written by Roald Dahl. It toured Boston, Philadelphia and New Haven before opening on Broadway on 28 April 1955. It starred Hume Cronyn, Jessica Tandy, and Dorothy Stickney. Although it received some good notices, it ran for only 36 performances. Its short run, combined with the difficulties that Dahl had with the play's director, convinced Dahl to stick to short–story writing. The play is based on some of the stories from Someone Like You and revolves around two sisters who decide to murder their husbands. As of 2018, the text of the play has not been published.
Broadway theatre, also known simply as Broadway, refers to the theatrical performances presented in the 41 professional theatres, each with 500 or more seats located in the Theater District and Lincoln Center along Broadway, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Along with London's West End theatre, Broadway theatre is widely considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre in the English-speaking world.
"Lamb to the Slaughter" (1953) is a short story by Roald Dahl. It was initially rejected, along with four other stories, by The New Yorker, but was ultimately published in Harper's Magazine in September 1953. It was adapted for an episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents that starred Barbara Bel Geddes and Harold J. Stone. Originally broadcast on April 13, 1958, this was one of only 17 AHP episodes directed by Hitchcock himself. The episode was ranked #59 of the Top 100 Episodes by TV Guide in 2009. The story was subsequently adapted for Dahl's British TV series Tales of the Unexpected. Dahl included it in his short story compilation Someone Like You. The narrative element of the housewife killing her husband and letting the policemen partake in eating the evidence was also used by Pedro Almodóvar in his 1984 movie What Have I Done to Deserve This?, with a leg of mutton.
As at 2019, Dahl's works have been translated into 63 languages and have sold more than 200 million books worldwide. His awards for contribution to literature include the 1983 World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement, and the British Book Awards' Children's Author of the Year in 1990. In 2008 The Times placed Dahl 16th on its list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". He has been referred to by The Independent as "one of the greatest storytellers for children of the 20th century". On his death in 1990, Howard considered him "one of the most widely read and influential writers of our generation".
The Independent is a Russian-owned British newspaper that was established in 1986 as a politically independent national morning paper published in London. Nicknamed the Indy, it began as a broadsheet and changed to tabloid format in 2003. The last printed edition was published on Saturday 26 March 2016, leaving only an online edition. It tends to take a pro-market stance on economic issues. Until September 2011, the paper described itself on the banner at the top of every newspaper as "free from party political bias, free from proprietorial influence".
|Title||Year of first|
|First edition publisher||Scope|
|The Gremlins||1943||Random House, New York||Children|
|Sometime Never: A Fable for Supermen||1948||Charles Scribner's Sons, New York||Adult|
|James and the Giant Peach||1961||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|Charlie and the Chocolate Factory||1964||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|The Magic Finger||1966||Harper & Row, New York||Children|
|Fantastic Mr Fox||1970||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator||1972||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|Danny, the Champion of the World||1975||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|The Enormous Crocodile||1978||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|My Uncle Oswald||1979||Michael Joseph, London||Adult|
|The Twits||1980||Jonathan Cape, London||Children|
|George's Marvellous Medicine||1981||Jonathan Cape, London||Children|
|The BFG||1982||Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York||Children|
|The Witches||1983||Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York||Children|
|The Giraffe and the Pelly and Me||1985||Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York||Children|
|Matilda||1988||Viking Kestrel, New York||Children|
|Esio Trot||1990||Jonathan Cape, London||Children|
|The Vicar of Nibbleswicke||1991||Century, London||Children|
|The Minpins||1991||Jonathan Cape, London||Children|
|Title||Year of first publication||First edition publisher||Scope|
|Over to You: Ten Stories of Flyers and Flying||1946||Reynal & Hitchcock, New York||Adult|
|Someone Like You||1953||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Adult|
|Kiss Kiss||1960||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Adult|
|Twenty-Nine Kisses from Roald Dahl||1969||Michael Joseph, London||Adult|
|Switch Bitch||1974||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Adult|
|The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar and Six More||1977||Jonathan Cape, London||Adult|
|The Best of Roald Dahl||1978||Vintage Books, New York||Adult|
|Tales of the Unexpected||1979||Michael Joseph, London||Adult|
|More Tales of the Unexpected||1980||Michael Joseph, London||Adult|
|A Roald Dahl Selection: Nine Short Stories||1980||Longmans, London||Adult|
|Two Fables||1986||Viking Press, London||Adult|
|Ah, Sweet Mystery of Life: The Country Stories of Roald Dahl||1989||Michael Joseph, London||Adult|
|The Roald Dahl Treasury||1997||Jonathan Cape, London||Children|
Many of Dahl's works were used as the basis for films or television programmes. The following are where he is credited as the writer of the performed script.
|Title||Year of first|
publication or production
|First edition publisher,|
|The Honeys||1955||–||Stage work||Produced at the Longacre Theatre on Broadway.|
|Alfred Hitchcock Presents : "Lamb to the Slaughter"||1958||–||Television script|
|Way Out : "William and Mary"||1961||–||Television script||Also introduced by Dahl on CBS|
|You Only Live Twice||1967||–||Film script||With Jack Bloom|
|Chitty Chitty Bang Bang||1968||–||Film script||With Ken Hughes|
|Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory||1971||–||Film script|
|The Night Digger||1971||–||Film script|
|The BFG: Plays for Children||1976||Puffin Books, London||Stage work|
|Charlie and the Chocolate Factory: A Play||1976||Puffin Books, London||Stage work|
|James and the Giant Peach: A Play||1982||Puffin Books, London||Stage work|
|Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator: A Play||1984||Allen & Unwin, London||Stage work|
|Fantastic Mr Fox: A Play||1987||Puffin Books, London||Stage work|
|Title||Year of first|
|First edition publisher|
|Revolting Rhymes||1982||Jonathan Cape|
|Dirty Beasts||1984||Farrar, Strauss and Giroux|
|Rhyme Stew||1989||Jonathan Cape|
|Title||Year of first|
|First edition publisher||Description||Notes|
|Roald Dahl's Book of Ghost Stories||1983||Jonathan Cape, London||Adult; short story collection||Editor only|
|Title||Year of first|
|First edition publisher||Scope||Notes|
|Boy: Tales of Childhood||1984||Jonathan Cape, London||Autobiography|
|Going Solo||1986||Jonathan Cape, London||Autobiography|
|Measles, a Dangerous Illness||1988||Sandwell Health Authority||Medical/Autobiographical||About the death of his daughter Olivia from measles encephalitis|
|Memories with Food at Gipsy House||1991||Viking Press, London||Cook book||With Felicity Dahl; reissued in softcover in 1996 as Roald Dahl's Cookbook|
|Roald Dahl's Guide to Railway Safety||1991||British Railways Board, London||Safety booklet|
|The Dahl Diary 1992||1991||Puffin Books, London||Diary|
|My Year||1993||Jonathan Cape, London||Autobiography|
|The Roald Dahl Diary 1997||1996||Puffin Books, London||Diary|
|The Mildenhall Treasure||1999||Jonathan Cape, London||History||First published in book form in The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar and Six More before release in 1999 as a single title edition|
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a 1964 children's novel by British author Roald Dahl. The story features the adventures of young Charlie Bucket inside the chocolate factory of eccentric chocolatier Willy Wonka.
Sophie Dahl is an English author and former fashion model. As a writer, she published her first novella in 2003 entitled The Man with the Dancing Eyes and followed this with Playing With the Grown-ups in 2007. In 2009 she wrote Miss Dahl's Voluptuous Delights, a cookery book which featured recipes that were recreated for a six-part BBC 2 series called The Delicious Miss Dahl.
Boy: Tales of Childhood (1984) is an autobiographical book by British writer Roald Dahl. This book describes his life from birth until leaving school, focusing on living conditions in Britain in the 1920s and 1930s, the public school system at the time, and how his childhood experiences led him to writing as a career. It ends with his first job, working for Royal Dutch Shell. His autobiography continues in the book Going Solo. An expanded edition titled More About Boy was published in 2008, featuring the full original text and illustrations with additional stories, letters, and photographs.
Roald Dahl short stories bibliography is a comprehensive annotated list of short stories written by Roald Dahl.
The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar and Six More is a collection of seven short stories written by Roald Dahl. They are generally regarded as being aimed at a slightly older audience than many of his other children's books.
The Gremlins is a book written by Roald Dahl and published in 1943.
Going Solo is a book by Roald Dahl, first published by Jonathan Cape in London in 1986. It is a continuation of his autobiography describing his childhood, Boy and detailed his travel to Africa and exploits as a World War II pilot.
Fifinella was a female gremlin designed by Walt Disney for a proposed film from Roald Dahl's book The Gremlins. During World War II, the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) asked permission to use the image as their official mascot, and the Disney Company granted them the rights.
Some Time Never: A Fable for Supermen is a 1948 book by Roald Dahl, his first adult novel. Dahl began writing it after editor Maxwell Perkins expressed an interest in publishing a novel length book if Dahl were to write it. The book was met with predominantly poor reception and was considered to be a failure, although it is historically noteworthy as the first novel about nuclear war to be published in the United States after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The story is a darker take on the same premise as Dahl's first children's novel, The Gremlins.
Gary Northfield is a British cartoonist, most famous for his Derek the Sheep comic strip published in DC Thomson's The Beano and BeanoMAX.
The Mildenhall Treasure is a non-fiction work written by British author Roald Dahl. Unlike his later work, the story is not children's fiction. It tells the story of the discovery in 1946 near Mildenhall in Suffolk of the Mildenhall Treasure, now held in the British Museum.
Agatha Christie (1890–1976) was an English crime novelist, short-story writer and playwright. Her reputation rests on 66 detective novels and 14 short-story collections that have sold over two billion copies—an amount surpassed only by the Bible and the works of William Shakespeare. Her works contain several regular characters with whom the public became familiar, including Hercule Poirot, Miss Marple, Tommy and Tuppence Beresford, Parker Pyne and Harley Quin. Christie wrote more Poirot stories than any of the others, even though she thought the character to be "rather insufferable". Following the publication of the 1975 novel Curtain, Poirot's obituary appeared on the front page of The New York Times.
Arthur Conan Doyle KStJ, DL (1859–1930) was a Scottish writer and physician. In addition to the series of stories chronicling the activities of Sherlock Holmes and his friend Dr John Watson for which he is well-known, Doyle wrote on a wide range of topics, both fictional and non-fictional. In 1876 Doyle entered the University of Edinburgh Medical School, where he became a pupil of Joseph Bell, whose deductive processes impressed his pupil so much that the teacher became the chief model for Holmes. Doyle began writing while still a student, and in October 1879 he had his first work—"The Mystery of the Sasassa Valley"—published in Chambers's Journal. He continued writing short works—both fictional and non-fictional—throughout his career, and had over 200 stories and articles published.
Andy Mulligan is an English writer best known for young adult fiction. His work is strongly influenced by his experiences working as a volunteer in Calcutta, India, and as an English and drama teacher in Brazil, Vietnam, the Philippines, and the UK.
Len Deighton is an English author known for his novels, works of military history, screenplays and cookery writing. He had a varied career, including as a pastry cook, waiter, co-editor of a magazine, teacher and air steward before writing his first novel in 1962: The IPCRESS File. He continued to produce what his biographer John Reilly considers "stylish, witty, well-crafted novels" in spy fiction, including three trilogies and a prequel featuring Bernard Samson.
Gale is an educational publishing company based in Farmington Hills, Michigan, west of Detroit. Since 2007, it has been a division of Cengage.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.