Dahl in 1954
|Books edited ↙||1|
|References and footnotes|
Roald Dahl (1916–1990) was a British author and scriptwriter,and "the most popular writer of children's books since Enid Blyton", according to Philip Howard, the literary editor of The Times . He was raised by his Norwegian mother, who took him on annual trips to Norway, where she told him the stories of trolls and witches present in the dark Scandinavian fables. Dahl was influenced by the stories, and returned to many of the themes in his children's books. His mother also nurtured a passion in the young Dahl for reading and literature.
During the Second World War Dahl was a pilot in the Royal Air Force (RAF) until he crashed in the Libyan desert; the subsequent injuries left him unfit to fly. He was posted to Washington as an assistant air attaché, ostensibly a diplomatic post, but which also included espionage and propaganda work.In 1942 the writer C. S. Forester asked him to provide details of his experiences in North Africa which Forester hoped to use in an article in The Saturday Evening Post . Instead of the notes which Forester expected, Dahl sent a finished story for which he was paid $900. The work led to The Gremlins , a serialised story in Cosmopolitan about a mischievous and fictional RAF creature, the gremlin; the work was published as Dahl's first novel in 1943. Dahl continued to write short stories, although these were all aimed at the adult market. They were sold to magazines and newspapers, and were later compiled into collections, the first of which was published in 1946. Dahl began to make up bedtime stories for the children, and these formed the basis of several of his stories. His first children's novel, James and the Giant Peach , was published in 1961, which was followed, along with others, by Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964), Fantastic Mr Fox (1970), Danny, the Champion of the World (1975), The BFG (1982) and Matilda in 1988.
Dahl's first script was for a stage work, The Honeys , which appeared on Broadway in 1955. He followed this with a television script, "Lamb to the Slaughter", for the Alfred Hitchcock Presents series. He also co-wrote screenplays for film, including for You Only Live Twice (1967) and Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1968).In 1982 Dahl published the first of three editions of poems—all aimed at children. The following year he edited a book of ghost stories. He also wrote several works of non-fiction, including three autobiographies, a cookery book, a safety leaflet for the British railways and a book on measles, which was about the death of his daughter Olivia from measles encephalitis.
As at 2019, Dahl's works have been translated into 63 languages and have sold more than 200 million books worldwide. His awards for contribution to literature include the 1983 World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement, and the British Book Awards' Children's Author of the Year in 1990. In 2008 The Times placed Dahl 16th on its list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". He has been referred to by The Independent as "one of the greatest storytellers for children of the 20th century". On his death in 1990, Howard considered him "one of the most widely read and influential writers of our generation".
|Title||Year of first|
|First edition publisher||Scope|
|The Gremlins||1943||Random House, New York||Children|
|Sometime Never: A Fable for Supermen||1948||Charles Scribner's Sons, New York||Adult|
|James and the Giant Peach||1961||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|Charlie and the Chocolate Factory||1964||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|The Magic Finger||1966||Harper & Row, New York||Children|
|Fantastic Mr Fox||1970||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator||1972||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|Danny, the Champion of the World||1975||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|The Enormous Crocodile||1978||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Children|
|My Uncle Oswald||1979||Michael Joseph, London||Adult|
|The Twits||1980||Jonathan Cape, London||Children|
|George's Marvellous Medicine||1981||Jonathan Cape, London||Children|
|The BFG||1982||Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York||Children|
|The Witches||1983||Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York||Children|
|The Giraffe and the Pelly and Me||1985||Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York||Children|
|Matilda||1988||Viking Kestrel, New York||Children|
|Esio Trot||1990||Jonathan Cape, London||Children|
|The Vicar of Nibbleswicke||1991||Century, London||Children|
|The Minpins||1991||Jonathan Cape, London||Children|
|Title||Year of first publication||First edition publisher||Scope|
|Over to You: Ten Stories of Flyers and Flying||1946||Reynal & Hitchcock, New York||Adult|
|Someone Like You||1953||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Adult|
|Kiss Kiss||1960||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Adult|
|Twenty-Nine Kisses from Roald Dahl||1969||Michael Joseph, London||Adult|
|Switch Bitch||1974||Alfred A. Knopf, New York||Adult|
|The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar and Six More||1977||Jonathan Cape, London||Adult|
|The Best of Roald Dahl||1978||Vintage Books, New York||Adult|
|Tales of the Unexpected||1979||Michael Joseph, London||Adult|
|More Tales of the Unexpected||1980||Michael Joseph, London||Adult|
|A Roald Dahl Selection: Nine Short Stories||1980||Longmans, London||Adult|
|Two Fables||1986||Viking Press, London||Adult|
|Ah, Sweet Mystery of Life: The Country Stories of Roald Dahl||1989||Michael Joseph, London||Adult|
|The Roald Dahl Treasury||1997||Jonathan Cape, London||Children|
Many of Dahl's works were used as the basis for films or television programmes. The following are where he is credited as the writer of the performed script.
|Title||Year of first|
publication or production
|First edition publisher,|
|The Honeys||1955||–||Stage work||Produced at the Longacre Theatre on Broadway.|
|Alfred Hitchcock Presents : "Lamb to the Slaughter"||1958||–||Television script|
|Way Out : "William and Mary"||1961||–||Television script||Also introduced by Dahl on CBS|
|You Only Live Twice||1967||–||Film script||With Jack Bloom|
|Chitty Chitty Bang Bang||1968||–||Film script||With Ken Hughes|
|Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory||1971||–||Film script|
|The Night Digger||1971||–||Film script|
|The BFG: Plays for Children||1976||Puffin Books, London||Stage work|
|Charlie and the Chocolate Factory: A Play||1976||Puffin Books, London||Stage work|
|James and the Giant Peach: A Play||1982||Puffin Books, London||Stage work|
|Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator: A Play||1984||Allen & Unwin, London||Stage work|
|Fantastic Mr Fox: A Play||1987||Puffin Books, London||Stage work|
|Title||Year of first|
|First edition publisher|
|Revolting Rhymes||1982||Jonathan Cape|
|Dirty Beasts||1984||Farrar, Strauss and Giroux|
|Rhyme Stew||1989||Jonathan Cape|
|Title||Year of first|
|First edition publisher||Description||Notes|
|Roald Dahl's Book of Ghost Stories||1983||Jonathan Cape, London||Adult; short story collection||Editor only|
|Title||Year of first|
|First edition publisher||Scope||Notes|
|Boy: Tales of Childhood||1984||Jonathan Cape, London||Autobiography|
|Going Solo||1986||Jonathan Cape, London||Autobiography|
|Measles, a Dangerous Illness||1988||Sandwell Health Authority||Medical/Autobiographical||About the death of his daughter Olivia from measles encephalitis|
|Memories with Food at Gipsy House||1991||Viking Press, London||Cook book||With Felicity Dahl; reissued in softcover in 1996 as Roald Dahl's Cookbook|
|Roald Dahl's Guide to Railway Safety||1991||British Railways Board, London||Safety booklet|
|The Dahl Diary 1992||1991||Puffin Books, London||Diary|
|My Year||1993||Jonathan Cape, London||Autobiography|
|The Roald Dahl Diary 1997||1996||Puffin Books, London||Diary|
|The Mildenhall Treasure||1999||Jonathan Cape, London||History||First published in book form in The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar and Six More before release in 1999 as a single title edition|
Cecil Louis Troughton Smith, known by his pen name Cecil Scott "C. S." Forester, was an English novelist known for writing tales of naval warfare, such as the 12-book Horatio Hornblower series depicting a Royal Navy officer during the Napoleonic wars. The Hornblower novels A Ship of the Line and Flying Colours were jointly awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction in 1938. His other works include The African Queen.
Leonard Cyril Deighton is a British author. His publications have included cookery books, history and military history, but he is best known for his spy novels.
Roald Dahl was a British novelist, short-story writer, poet, screenwriter, and wartime fighter pilot. His books have sold more than 250 million copies worldwide.
A Christmas Carol. In Prose. Being a Ghost Story of Christmas, commonly known as A Christmas Carol, is a novella by Charles Dickens, first published in London by Chapman & Hall in 1843 and illustrated by John Leech. A Christmas Carol recounts the story of Ebenezer Scrooge, an elderly miser who is visited by the ghost of his former business partner Jacob Marley and the spirits of Christmas Past, Present and Yet to Come. After their visits, Scrooge is transformed into a kinder, gentler man.
Boy: Tales of Childhood (1984) is an autobiographical book by British writer Roald Dahl. This book describes his life from birth until leaving school, focusing on living conditions in Britain in the 1920s and 1930s, the public school system at the time, and how his childhood experiences led him to writing as a career. It ends with his first job, working for Royal Dutch Shell. His autobiography continues in the book Going Solo. An expanded edition titled More About Boy was published in 2008, featuring the full original text and illustrations with additional stories, letters, and photographs.
Sir Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, was an English author, humorist and scriptwriter. After being educated at Dulwich College, to which he remained devoted all his life, he was employed by a bank, but disliked the work and wrote magazine pieces in his spare time. In 1902 he published his first novel, The Pothunters, set at the fictional public school of St. Austin's; his early stories continued the school theme. He also used the school setting in his short story collections, which started in 1903 with the publication of Tales of St. Austin's.
The Gremlins is a book written by Roald Dahl and published in 1943.
Going Solo is a book by Roald Dahl, first published by Jonathan Cape in London in 1986. It is a continuation of his autobiography describing his childhood, Boy and detailed his travel to Africa and exploits as a World War II pilot.
Fifinella was a female gremlin designed by Walt Disney for a proposed film from Roald Dahl's book The Gremlins. During World War II, the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) asked permission to use the image as their official mascot, and the Disney Company granted them the rights.
"Robin Hood's Progress to Nottingham" is Child ballad 139, an original story that is part of the Robin Hood canon. This song has survived as, among other forms, a late 17th-century English broadside ballad, and is one of several ballads about the medieval folk hero that form part of the Child ballad collection, which is one of the most comprehensive collections of traditional English ballads.
Winston Churchill, in addition to his careers of soldier and politician, was a prolific writer under the pen name 'Winston S. Churchill'. After being commissioned into the 4th Queen's Own Hussars in 1895, Churchill gained permission to observe the Cuban War of Independence, and sent war reports to The Daily Graphic. He continued his war journalism in British India, at the Siege of Malakand, then in the Sudan during the Mahdist War and in southern Africa during the Second Boer War.
Agatha Christie (1890–1976) was an English crime novelist, short-story writer and playwright. Her reputation rests on 66 detective novels and 14 short-story collections that have sold over two billion copies—an amount surpassed only by the Bible and the works of William Shakespeare. Her works contain several regular characters with whom the public became familiar, including Hercule Poirot, Miss Marple, Tommy and Tuppence Beresford, Parker Pyne and Harley Quin. Christie wrote more Poirot stories than any of the others, even though she thought the character to be "rather insufferable". Following the publication of the 1975 novel Curtain, Poirot's obituary appeared on the front page of The New York Times.
Raymond Chandler (1888–1959) was an American-British novelist and screenwriter. He was born in Chicago, Illinois and lived in the US until he was seven, when his parents separated and his Anglo-Irish mother brought him to live near London; he was educated at Dulwich College from 1900. After working briefly for the British Civil Service, he became a part-time teacher at Dulwich, supplementing his income as a journalist and writer—mostly for The Westminster Gazette and The Academy. His output—consisting largely of poems and essays—was not to his taste, and the critic Paul Bishop considers the work as "lifeless", while Contemporary Authors describes it as "lofty in subject and mawkish in tone". Chandler returned to the US in 1912 where he trained to become an accountant in Los Angeles. In 1917 he enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, saw combat in the trenches in France where he was wounded, and was undergoing flight training in the fledgling Royal Air Force when the war ended.
Arthur Conan Doyle KStJ, DL (1859–1930) was a Scottish writer and physician. In addition to the series of stories chronicling the activities of Sherlock Holmes and his friend Dr John Watson for which he is well-known, Doyle wrote on a wide range of topics, both fictional and non-fictional. In 1876 Doyle entered the University of Edinburgh Medical School, where he became a pupil of Joseph Bell, whose deductive processes impressed his pupil so much that the teacher became the chief model for Holmes. Doyle began writing while still a student, and in October 1879 he had his first work—"The Mystery of the Sasassa Valley"—published in Chambers's Journal. He continued writing short works—both fictional and non-fictional—throughout his career, and had over 200 stories and articles published.
RMS Nova Scotia was a 6,796 GRT UK transatlantic ocean liner and Royal Mail Ship. In World War II she was requisitioned as a troop ship. In 1942 a German submarine sank her in the Indian Ocean with the loss of 858 of the 1,052 people aboard.
Len Deighton is an English author known for his novels, works of military history, screenplays and cookery writing. He had a varied career, including as a pastry cook, waiter, co-editor of a magazine, teacher and air steward before writing his first novel in 1962: The IPCRESS File. He continued to produce what his biographer John Reilly considers "stylish, witty, well-crafted novels" in spy fiction, including three trilogies and a prequel featuring Bernard Samson.
Gipsy House is a house in the village of Great Missenden in the English county of Buckinghamshire. It was the home of the writer Roald Dahl and his family for several decades. The house is situated on Whitefield Lane, an old drovers' road on the outskirts of the village.
Olivia Twenty Dahl was the eldest child of the writer Roald Dahl and the American actress Patricia Neal. Dahl died at the age of 7 from measles.