Robert Digby (Royal Navy officer)

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Robert Digby
AdmiralRobertDigby.jpg
Admiral Digby
Born20 December 1732
Water Orton
Died25 February 1815 (1815-02-26) (aged 82)
AllegianceUnion flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branchNaval Ensign of Great Britain (1707-1800).svg  Royal Navy
Rank Admiral
Commands held North American Station
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War

Admiral Robert Digby (20 December 1732 – 25 February 1815) was a Royal Navy officer who also served briefly as a Member of Parliament (MP). He is the namesake of Digby, Nova Scotia.

Contents

The Prince George, Digby's flagship arrives in New York on 16 Oct 1781, the 17 year old Prince William Henry is a member of the crew L'Arrive du Prince Quillaume Henry a Nouvelle York (NYPL Hades-1785675-1650660).jpg
The Prince George, Digby's flagship arrives in New York on 16 Oct 1781, the 17 year old Prince William Henry is a member of the crew

Digby was the third son of Charlotte Fox and the Hon. Edward Digby (1693–1746), eldest son of William Digby, 5th Baron Digby. [2] He entered the navy aged twelve or thirteen, and became Captain of HMS Solebay at the age of 23 in 1755, rising to Second-in-Command of the Channel Fleet in 1779. [2] He was appointed in 1781 as Admiral of the Red and given the command of the North American Station. [2]

After the surrender of New York City in 1783, Digby helped to organise the evacuation of some 1,500 United Empire Loyalists to the small port of Conway in Nova Scotia. [2] The settlement he led transformed the tiny village into a town, which in 1787 was renamed Digby. [2] The town's museum was also named the Admiral Digby Museum in his honor.

He was recalled to home waters in 1787, was promoted to Admiral of the Blue, and retired from the navy in 1794. [2]

Family

His father died before inheriting the family's title, Baron Digby (in the peerage of Ireland), and on the death in 1752 of the 5th Baron, the title passed to the admiral's oldest brother Edward. When Edward died in 1757, the title was inherited by their brother Henry, and Robert was elected to succeed Edward as MP for Wells in Somerset, holding the seat from 1757 to 1761. (Because the family's title was in the peerage of Ireland, it did not confer a seat in the House of Lords, and did not disqualify the holder from election to the British House of Commons).

He married Eleanor Jauncey (née Elliot), daughter of Andrew Elliot, Lieutenant-Governor of New York. They had no children. [3]

Notes

  1. "Washington Authorizes Plan to Kidnap Future King". 8 January 2014.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Admiral Digby Museum
  3. Lundy, Darryl. "p. 5990 § 59899 : Eleanor Elliot". The Peerage.[ unreliable source ]

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References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Wells
1757–1761
With: Charles Tudway
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by Commander-in-Chief, North American Station
1781–1783
Succeeded by