Robert Douglas, 1st Viscount of Belhaven PC (1573 – 14 January 1639), was a Scottish courtier.
The second son of Malcolm Douglas of Mains (executed 1584),by Janet Cunningham, daughter of John Cunningham, of Drumquhassil.
He was Master of the Horse to the Prince Henry, a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to James VI and Charles I and Master of the Household to Charles I.
Douglas was sent with to France with a gift of horses in July 1607.He was knighted in 1609. He led the horse of state at Prince Henry's funeral in December 1612. In July 1616 he went to France with Lord Hay.
He was sworn of the Scottish Privy Council. In 1633, on the coronation of Charles I, he was raised to the Peerage of Scotland as Viscount of Belhaven, in the County of Haddington.
Lord Belhaven married Nicola Moray, daughter of Robert Murray of Abercairny, in 1611. She died in childbed in November 1612. [ citation needed ] They were both legitimised by Act of Parliament when he became a viscount at Charles I's coronation in 1633.[ citation needed ] His son John is assumed to have predeceased him, but his daughter Susanna Douglas married her cousin, Robert Douglas of Blackerston. On his death, his estate including the Gorbals Mansion House passed to his nephew and son-in-law. Lord Belhaven died at Edinburgh in January 1639 and was buried in Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh where his monument remains today. As he had no sons the viscountcy died with him.He had two children by his mistress, Elizabeth Whalley the sister of Edward Whalley, who was subsequently to be a regicide.
Marquess of Queensberry is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. The title has been held since its creation in 1682 by a member of the Douglas family. The Marquesses also held the title of Duke of Queensberry from 1684 to 1810, when it was inherited by the Duke of Buccleuch.
Duke of Hamilton is a title in the Peerage of Scotland, created in April 1643. It is the senior dukedom in that Peerage, and as such its holder is the Premier Peer of Scotland, as well as being head of both the House of Hamilton and the House of Douglas. The title, the town of Hamilton in Lanarkshire, and many places around the world are named after members of the Hamilton family. The ducal family's surname, originally "Hamilton", is now "Douglas-Hamilton". Since 1711, the Dukedom has been held together with the Dukedom of Brandon in the Peerage of Great Britain, and the Dukes since that time have been styled Duke of Hamilton and Brandon, along with several other subsidiary titles.
John Campbell, 1st Earl of Loudoun was a Scottish politician and Covenanter.
Earl of Dumfries is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was originally created for William Crichton, 9th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar, in 1633, and stayed in the Crichton family until the death of the fourth countess in 1742, at which point the title passed to first the Dalrymple and then the McDouall families before finally being inherited by the Marquesses of Bute, where it remains today.
Earl of Dundee is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1660 for John Scrymgeour, 3rd Viscount Dudhope. At his death in 1668, the Duke of Lauderdale declared that the first Earl had no heirs-male, and had the crown seize all of his lands. The earldom of Dundee became dormant and its holdings and offices were granted to Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale, the Duke's younger brother. The title was revived in 1953, when it was determined that the first Earl did indeed have heirs-male, contrary to the assertion of the crown. The title was given to Henry James Scrymgeour-Wedderburn, who had previously served in the House of Commons and in the Cabinet.
Henry Cary, 1st Viscount Falkland, KB, PC was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1601 to 1622. He was created Viscount Falkland in the Scottish peerage in 1620. He was Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1622 until 1629.
Robert Maclellan, 1st Lord Kirkcudbright was Provost of Kirkcudbright in 1607 and was best known for his riotous behavior..
Sir Robert Kerr, 1st Earl of Ancram, was a Scottish nobleman, English politician and writer.
William Cunningham, 4th Earl of Glencairn, 5th Lord of Kilmaurs was a Scottish nobleman, soldier, and "notorious intriguer".
John Stewart, 1st Earl of Traquair was a Scottish statesman who was created Baron Stewart of Traquair in 1628 and Earl of Traquair in 1633.
James Johnstone, 1st Earl of Hartfell was a Scottish peer and royalist.
George Seton, 3rd Earl of Winton was a notable Royalist and Cavalier, the second son of Robert Seton, 1st Earl of Winton and 6th Lord Seton, by his spouse Margaret, daughter of Hugh Montgomerie, 3rd Earl of Eglinton.
Walter Campbell, 3rd of Shawfield and Islay and 9th of Skipness was a Scottish landowner, advocate and Rector of Glasgow University.
David Cunningham of Auchenharvie was the absentee owner of Auchenharvie Castle and a courtier in London. A large number of his letters are preserved in the National Records of Scotland.
Thomas Erskine, 1st Earl of Kellie was a Scottish peer.
The Douglases of Mains are a branch of the Clan Douglas, related to the Lords of Douglas through Archibald I, Lord of Douglas. The first Laird obtained land through marriage into the Galbraith family, which had been granted land in New Kilpatrick by Maldowen, Earl of Lennox. The family produced minor nobles in the Scottish court, perhaps the most notable of which was Malcolm Douglas, the 8th Laird, executed for treason in Edinburgh for conspiracy in the Raid of Ruthven. His second son, Robert Douglas, was made Viscount of Belhaven and is buried in Holyrood Abbey. The family intermarried in the Glasgow area, having links with the Campbells of Blythswood, with landed families across Scotland and more latterly the United Kingdom. The title became extinct in the 20th century; the last 33.5 acres (136,000 m2) of the estate was sold to Dunbartonshire county and was subsequently used for the erection of the secondary school, Douglas Academy, in Milngavie prior to the death of the last heir in 1977.
James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, KG, PC, known as The 3rd Marquess of Hamilton from March 1625 until April 1643, was a Scottish nobleman and influential political and military leader during the Thirty Years' War and the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
John Scrymgeour or Scrimgeour, 1st Viscount of Dudhope was a Scottish politician.
William Ramsay, 1st Earl of Dalhousie was a Scottish nobleman, army officer and politician.
John Sinclair was a Scottish nobleman and the 10th Lord Sinclair. In The Scots Peerage by James Balfour Paul he is designated as the 9th Lord Sinclair in descent starting from William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness and 3rd Earl of Orkney, but historian Roland Saint-Clair designates him as the 10th Lord Sinclair in descent from the father of the 1st Earl of Caithness and 3rd Earl of Orkney, Henry II Sinclair, Earl of Orkney, who is the first person recorded as Lord Sinclair in public records. Roland Saint-Clair references this to an Act of the Scottish Parliament in which the 4th Lord Sinclair was made Lord Sinclair based on his descent from his great-grandfather, Henry II Sinclair, Earl of Orkney, the first Lord Sinclair. Bernard Burke, in his a Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, agrees with the numbering by Roland Saint-Clair and says that Henry Sinclair and William Sinclair were "in reality" the fourth and fifth Lords Sinclair respectively.