|King of West Francia|
|Reign||29 June 922 – 15 June 923|
|Coronation||29 June 922, Rheims|
|Predecessor||Charles the Simple|
|Born||15 August 866|
|Died||15 June 923 (aged 57)|
|Spouse|| Aelis |
Béatrice of Vermandois
| Emma of France |
Hugh the Great
|Father||Robert the Strong|
|Mother||Adelaide of Tours|
Robert I (15 August 866 – 15 June 923), was the elected King of West Francia from 922 to 923. Before his election to the throne he was Count of Poitiers, Count of Paris and Marquis of Neustria and Orléans. He succeeded the overthrown Carolingian king Charles the Simple, who in 898 had succeeded Robert's brother, king Odo.
Robert was born in 866 as the posthumous son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, who was elected king of West Francia in 888.In time West Francia evolved into the Kingdom of France; and under Odo, the royal capital was fixed in Paris. Robert and Odo came from the Robertian dynasty out of which the Capetian dynasty grew.
In 885 Robert participated in the defence of Paris during the Viking siege of Paris.He was appointed by Odo as the ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys. Robert also secured the office of Dux Francorum , a military dignity of high importance.
He did not claim the crown of West Francia when his brother died in 898; instead recognizing the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles the Simple. Charles then confirmed Robert in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of Vikings. Robert defeated a large band of Vikings in the Loire Valley in 921, after which the defeated invaders converted to Christianity and settled near Nantes.
The peace between King Charles the Simple and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921 when Charles' favoritism towards Hagano aroused rebellion. Supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lotharingia, and was himself crowned king of the Franks (rex Francorum) at Rheims on 29 June 922.
Robert's rule was contested by the Viking leader Rollo, who had settled in the Duchy of Normandy in 911 with the permission of Charles the Simple. During Robert's reign, Rollo remained loyal to Charles, who continued to contest his deposition.Gathering an army, Charles marched against Robert, and on 15 June 923 at the Battle of Soissons Robert was killed. However, his army won the battle and Charles was captured. Charles remained a captive until his death in 929. Robert was succeeded as king by his son-in-law Rudolph, Count of Burgundy, also known as Raoul.
Robert's first wife was Aelis.By her, he had:
Robert married for the second time c. 890 to Beatrice of Vermandois, daughter of Herbert I, Count of Vermandois. Together they had:
Hugh the Great was the duke of the Franks and count of Paris.
Henry I, called the Great, was Duke of Burgundy from 965 to his death and Count of Nevers through his first marriage. He is sometimes known as Odo-Henry or Otto-Henry, since his birth name was "Odo" and he only adopted "Henry" on being elected duke of Burgundy.
Richard I, also known as Richard the Fearless, was the count of Rouen from 942 to 996. Dudo of Saint-Quentin, whom Richard commissioned to write the "De moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum", called him a dux. However, this use of the word may have been in the context of Richard's renowned leadership in war, and not as a reference to a title of nobility. Richard either introduced feudalism into Normandy or he greatly expanded it. By the end of his reign, the most important Norman landholders held their lands in feudal tenure.
Fulk I of Anjou — Foulques le Roux — held the county of Anjou first as viscount, then count, until his death.
Charles was the Duke of Lower Lorraine from 977 until his death.
Constance of Arles, also known as Constance of Provence, was Queen of France as the third spouse of King Robert II of France.
Baldwin III, called the Young, was Count of Flanders, who briefly ruled the County of Flanders together with his father, Arnulf I, from 958 until his early death.
Odo II was the count of Blois, Chartres, Châteaudun, Beauvais and Tours from 1004 and count of Troyes and Meaux from 1022. He twice tried to make himself a king: first in Italy after 1024 and then in Burgundy after 1032.
Adalbert I of Vermandois, was the son of Herbert II of Vermandois and Adela of France. born about 915, he succeeded his father as Count of Vermandois in 946.
Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, Count of Meaux, and Count of Soissons. He was the first to exercise power over the territory that became the province of Champagne.
Theobald I (913–975), called the Trickster, was first viscount of Blois and viscount of Tours then, from 956, count of Blois, Chartres, and Châteaudun as well as count of Tours.
Robert of Vermandois was Count of Meaux and Count of Troyes, son of Herbert II, Count of Vermandois and his wife, Adele of France, daughter of Robert I of France.
Adele of Vermandois was both a Carolingian as well as a Robertian Frankish noblewoman who was the Countess of Flanders (934–960).
Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou was, by her successive marriages, countess of Gévaudan and Forez, of Toulouse, of Provence, and of Burgundy, and queen of Aquitaine. She was the regent of Gevaudan during the minority of her sons in the 960s, and the regent of Provence during the minority of her stepson from 994 until 999.
Beatrice of Vermandois was a Carolingian aristocrat, queen of Western Francia by marriage to Robert I, and mother of Hugh the Great.
Rozala of Italy was countess consort of Flanders by marriage to Arnulf II of Flanders, and queen of the Franks by marriage to Robert II of France. She was regent of Flanders in 987-988 during the minority of her son Baldwin IV of Flanders.
Herbert the Younger was the Count of Troyes and Meaux. He was the son of Robert of Vermandois and Adelaide Werra, daughter of Gilbert, Duke of Burgundy. He belonged to the Herbertien dynasty, an illegitimate branch of the Carolingian dynasty.
Baldwin II of Boulogne was a son of Arnulf III, Count of Boulogne, whom he succeeded as count of Boulogne.
Ermengarde of Anjou,, was the Countess of Rennes, Regent of Brittany (992–994) and also Countess of Angoulême.
Gerberge of Lorraine was the daughter of Giselbert, Duke of Lorraine, and Gerberga of Saxony, daughter of Henry I the Fowler, King of Germany. She was a descendant of Charlemagne through both her parents. Gerberge died sometime after 7 September 978.