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Robert L. Doughton
|36th Dean of the United States House of Representatives|
November 6, 1952 –January 3, 1953
|Preceded by||Adolph J. Sabath|
|Succeeded by||Sam Rayburn|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from North Carolina's 8th & 9th district
March 4, 1911 –January 3, 1953
|Preceded by|| Charles H. Cowles (8th)|
Alfred L. Bulwinkle (9th)
|Succeeded by|| Walter Lambeth (8th)|
Hugh Q. Alexander (9th)
|Member of the North Carolina Senate |
from the 35th district
|Preceded by||E. F. Lovill|
|Succeeded by||John M. Wagoner|
Robert Lee Doughton
November 7, 1863
Laurel Springs, North Carolina
|Died||October 1, 1954 90) (aged|
Laurel Springs, North Carolina
Robert Lee "Bob" Doughton (November 7, 1863 – October 1, 1954), of Alleghany County, North Carolina, sometimes known as "Farmer Bob," was a member of the United States House of Representatives from North Carolina for 42 consecutive years (1911–1953). A Democrat originally from Laurel Springs, North Carolina, he was the Dean of the United States House of Representatives for his last few months in Congress. He is the longest-serving member ever of the United States House of Representatives from the state of North Carolina.
Doughton's father was a captain in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War; he named his son Robert after Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Robert earned the equivalent of a high-school diploma from the Traphill Academy. Although he never attended college, he was awarded honorary bachelor's degrees from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Catawba College during his political career.
Doughton was married twice. His first wife, Boyd Greer, died in 1895 after only two years of marriage. He remarried in 1898 to Lillie Hix; they remained married until her death in 1946. He had two sons and two daughters. His elder brother was Rufus A. Doughton, who was at various times Speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives and Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina. Doughton was a member and deacon of the Laurel Springs Baptist Church. After his death in 1954 at the age of 90 he was buried next to his wife Lillie in the church cemetery. In the 1990s Rufus Doughton's former home in Laurel Springs was restored, and it is now a popular bed-and-breakfast for tourists to the region.
The Robert L. Doughton House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
In private life, Doughton was a prosperous farmer and banker. By 1900 he owned over 5,000 acres (20 km2) of land in his native Alleghany County, North Carolina, where he raised herds of prized Hereford and Holstein cows. He was also the owner and president of the Deposit Savings and Loan Bank in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina; when the bank merged in 1936 with several other banks and formed the Northwestern Bank, Doughton briefly served as the new bank's director. His interest in farming led to his being named to the North Carolina Board of Agriculture in 1903; this marked the beginning of his career in politics. Before being elected to Congress, Doughton served one term in the North Carolina Senate (1908–09) and was director of the state Prison Board (1909–11).
Doughton was for 18 years (1933–1947 and 1949–1953) the Chairman of the powerful U.S. House Committee on Ways and Means, and as such he co-sponsored, held hearings on, and oversaw the passage of the Social Security Act in 1935. Doughton was also instrumental in the creation of the Blue Ridge Parkway, America's most-traveled scenic highway. The largest park and recreational area on the parkway is named in his honor. Doughton is also known for introducing the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, which effectively served as a federal ban on marijuana prohibition in the United States in lieu of federal authority to directly regulate medicines or drugs.
AlleghanyCounty is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,155. Its county seat is Sparta.
The Blue Ridge Parkway is a National Parkway and All-American Road in the United States, noted for its scenic beauty. The parkway, which is America's longest linear park, runs for 469 miles (755 km) through 29 Virginia and North Carolina counties, linking Shenandoah National Park to Great Smoky Mountains National Park. It runs mostly along the spine of the Blue Ridge, a major mountain chain that is part of the Appalachian Mountains. Its southern terminus is at U.S. 441 on the boundary between Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the Cherokee Indian Reservation in North Carolina, from which it travels north to Shenandoah National Park in Virginia. The roadway continues through Shenandoah as Skyline Drive, a similar scenic road which is managed by a different National Park Service unit. Both Skyline Drive and the Virginia portion of the Blue Ridge Parkway are part of Virginia State Route 48, though this designation is not signed.
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Hugh Quincy Alexander was a Democratic U.S. Representative from North Carolina between 1953 and 1963.
Rufus A. Doughton (1857–1946) was a member of the North Carolina General Assembly from Alleghany County, North Carolina and Speaker of the state House of Representatives for one term (1891).
James Iver McKay (1793–1853) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from North Carolina. He was born in 1793, near Elizabethtown, North Carolina. He pursued classical studies and then law. He was appointed United States attorney for the district of North Carolina on March 6, 1817, and also served in the North Carolina General Assembly. He was elected as a Jacksonian to the 22nd through 24th congresses (1831–1837) and as a Democrat to the 25th through 30th congresses (1837–1849). He served as chairman of the: Committee on Military Affairs, Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads, Committee on Expenditures in the Department of War, Ways and Means Committee. He was also the chief sponsor of the Walker Tariff of 1846; and was the favorite son of the North Carolina delegation at the 1848 Democratic National Convention for Vice President.
Alfred Dockery was an American Congressional Representative from North Carolina. He was also a Confederate States Army Militia General in Tennessee during the American Civil War.
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Oliver Hart Dockery, son of Alfred Dockery, was a farmer and a politician, elected as a Republican Congressional Representative from North Carolina after the Civil War. Before the war he was elected in 1858 to one term in the State house of representatives.
Oconee Hill Cemetery is a cemetery in Athens, Georgia, United States. The extant cemetery opened in 1856 and is located near the University of Georgia.
North Carolina's 5th congressional district covers the northwestern corner of North Carolina from the Appalachian Mountains to the Piedmont Triad. While the bulk of its territory is in the mountains, it stretches just far enough east to grab its largest city, Winston-Salem. Although that city is heavily Democratic, and the college town of Boone leans Democratic, the rest of the district is overwhelmingly Republican. Large portions were controlled by Republicans even during the “Solid South” era as much of northwestern North Carolina was Quaker or mountaineer and therefore resisted secession. Two counties in the district – Avery and Yadkin – have never voted for a Democratic Presidential candidate since their creation, and Wilkes County has never done so since before the Second Party System.
Charles Holden Cowles was a North Carolina Republican politician who served one term in the United States House of Representatives. He was the son of Calvin J. Cowles, a prominent Republican who was the son-in-law of William W. Holden. His uncle was Democratic Congressman William H. H. Cowles.
Clifton Rodes Breckinridge was a Democratic alderman, congressman, diplomat, businessman and veteran of the Confederate Army and Navy. He was a member of the prominent Breckinridge family, the son of Vice President of the United States and Confederate General John C. Breckinridge and the great-grandson of U.S. Senator and Attorney General of the United States John Breckinridge.
North Carolina Highway 88 (NC 88) is a 41.3-mile-long (66.5 km) primary state highway in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Primarily in the High Country, it runs from the Tennessee state line near Trade east to NC 18 in Laurel Springs.
Doughton Park is the largest recreation area the National Park Service manages on the Blue Ridge Parkway. It is located between mile markers 238.5 - 244.7 and at 36° 30' 59.0394" N, -81° 8' 40.92" W. The park is named after North Carolina politician Robert L. Doughton.
Laurel Springs is an unincorporated community in Alleghany County, North Carolina, United States. Laurel Springs is located at the junction of North Carolina Highway 18 and North Carolina Highway 88 near the Ashe County line, 10.2 miles (16.4 km) southwest of Sparta. Laurel Springs has a post office with ZIP code 28644.
Robert L. Doughton House is a historic home located at Laurel Springs, Alleghany County, North Carolina It was built in 1899, and is a two-story frame farmhouse in a vernacular Queen Anne style influenced frame cottage. It features a steeply pitched hip roof, with a two-story, one-bay gable roof projection. It was the home of Robert L. Doughton (1863-1954), one of North Carolina's foremost politicians of the first of the 20th century. In the 1990s Rufus A. Doughton's house was restored, and it is now a popular bed-and-breakfast for tourists to the region.
Robert Houston Curry was a Democrat who served a single term from 1888 to 1892 in the Louisiana House of Representatives for his adopted Bossier Parish in northwestern Louisiana.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Charles H. Cowles
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from North Carolina's 8th congressional district
Alfred L. Bulwinkle
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from North Carolina's 9th congressional district
Hugh Q. Alexander
Adolph Joachim Sabath
| Dean of the House |
November 1952 – January 1953