Robert Sanders, 1st Baron Bayford

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The Lord Bayford

JP PC
Lord Bayford.jpg
Treasurer of the Household
In office
1918–1919
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by James Craig
Succeeded by Bolton Eyres-Monsell
Personal details
Born20 June 1867
Died24 February 1940
Spouse(s)Lucy Halliday (m. 1893-1940)
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford

Robert Arthur Sanders, 1st Baron Bayford, PC, JP (20 June 1867 – 24 February 1940) was an English politician.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Contents

Background and education

The son of Arthur Sanders, of Fernhill, Isle of Wight, Sanders was born in Paddington, London, and educated at Harrow and Balliol College, Oxford where he graduated with 1st class honours in Law. He became a barrister at the Inner Temple in 1891.

Isle of Wight County and island of England

The Isle of Wight is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England. It is in the English Channel, between 2 and 5 miles off the coast of Hampshire, separated by the Solent. The island has resorts that have been holiday destinations since Victorian times, and is known for its mild climate, coastal scenery, and verdant landscape of fields, downland and chines.

Paddington area within the City of Westminster, in central London

Paddington is an area within the City of Westminster, in central London, located in the West End of London. First a medieval parish then a metropolitan borough, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital; and Paddington Green Police Station.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom, as well as the largest city within the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

Political career

Sanders was Conservative Member of Parliament for Bridgwater, Somerset from 1910 until 1923. During this time he also served from 1911 to 1917 as a Lieutenant-Colonel with the Royal North Devon Yeomanry, serving at Gallipoli, and in Egypt and Palestine. He was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Somerset in 1912. [1]

Conservative Party (UK) Political party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, sometimes informally called the Tories, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 313 Members of Parliament, and also has 249 members of the House of Lords, 4 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 11 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 8,916 local councillors.

Bridgwater (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885-2010

Bridgwater was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, until 2010 when it was replaced by the Bridgwater and West Somerset constituency. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Somerset County of England

Somerset is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west. It is bounded to the north and west by the Severn Estuary and the Bristol Channel, its coastline facing southeastern Wales. Its traditional border with Gloucestershire is the River Avon. Somerset's county town is Taunton.

He was Treasurer of the Household (Government Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Commons), 1918–1919, and a junior Lord of the Treasury from 1919 until 1921. He then held ministerial office as Under-Secretary of State for War from 1921 to 1922 and Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries from 1922 to 1924. He was created a Baronet in the 1920 New Year Honours [2] and appointed to the Privy Council in 1922, entitling him to the style "The Right Honourable".

The Treasurer of the Household is a member of the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. The position is usually held by one of the government deputy Chief Whips in the House of Commons. The Treasurer was a member of the Board of Green Cloth, until the Board of Green Cloth disappeared in the reform of local government licensing in 2004, brought about by the Licensing Act 2003.

The position of Under-Secretary of State for War was a British government position, first applied to Evan Nepean. In 1801 the offices for War and the Colonies were merged and the post became that of Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. The position was re-instated in 1854 and remained until 1947, when it was combined with that of Financial Secretary to the War Office. In 1964 the War Office, Admiralty and Air Ministry were merged to form the Ministry of Defence, and the post was abolished.

Baronet A hereditary title awarded by the British Crown

A baronet or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess, is the holder of a baronetcy, a hereditary title awarded by the British Crown. The practice of awarding baronetcies was originally introduced in England in the 14th century and was used by James I of England in 1611 as a means of raising funds.

He sat for Wells from 1924 to 1929, when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Bayford, of Stoke Trister in the County of Somerset. [3]

Wells (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Wells is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by James Heappey of the Conservative Party.

Personal life

Sanders married Lucy Sophia, daughter of William Halliday, in 1893. They had one son and two daughters. As his only son committed suicide in 1920, the title became extinct on Bayford's death in February 1940, aged 72. Lady Bayford died in September 1957. [4]

Footnotes

  1. "No. 28579". The London Gazette . 9 February 1912. p. 979.
  2. "No. 31712". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1919. p. 2.
  3. "No. 33510". The London Gazette . 28 June 1929. p. 4268.
  4. "Robert Arthur Sanders, 1st and last Baron Bayford". The Peerage. Retrieved 5 November 2017.

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References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Montgomery
Member of Parliament for Bridgwater
January 19101923
Succeeded by
William Morse
Preceded by
Arthur Hobhouse
Member of Parliament for Wells
19241929
Succeeded by
Anthony Muirhead
Political offices
Vacant
Title last held by
James Craig
Treasurer of the Household
1918–1919
Succeeded by
Bolton Eyres-Monsell
Preceded by
The Viscount Peel
Under-Secretary of State for War
1921–1922
Succeeded by
Walter Guinness
Preceded by
Arthur Griffith-Boscawen
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries
1922–1924
Succeeded by
Noel Buxton